IEEE transactions on geoscience and remote sensing, 2016-03, Vol.54 (3), p.1738-1756
Extended attribute profiles (EAPs) have been widely used for the classification of high-resolution hyperspectral images. EAPs are obtained by computing a sequence of attribute operators. Attribute filters (AFs) are connected operators, so they can modify an image by only merging its flat zones. These filters are effective when dealing with very high resolution images since they preserve the geometrical characteristics of the regions that are not removed from the image. However, AFs, being connected filters, suffer the problem of "leakage" (i.e., regions related to different structures in the image that happen to be connected by spurious links will be considered as a single object). Objects expected to disappear at a certain threshold remain present when they are connected with other objects in the image. The attributes of small objects will be mixed with their larger connected objects. In this paper, we propose a novel framework for morphological AFs with partial reconstruction and extend it to the classification of high-resolution hyperspectral images. The ultimate goal of the proposed framework is to be able to extract spatial features which better model the attributes of different objects in the remote sensed imagery, which enables better performances on classification. An important characteristic of the presented approach is that it is very robust to the ranges of rescaled principal components, as well as the selection of attribute values. Our experimental results, conducted using a variety of hyperspectral images, indicate that the proposed framework for AFs with partial reconstruction provides state-of-the-art classification results. Compared to the methods using only single EAP and stacking all EAPs computed by existing attribute opening and closing together, the proposed framework benefits significant improvements in overall classification accuracy.
partial reconstruction ; high spatial resolution ; hyperspectral data ; Shape ; Morphology ; Attribute profiles (APs) ; Feature extraction ; classification ; Image reconstruction ; Hyperspectral imaging ; Research ; Image processing ; Remote sensing ; Geographic information systems ; Engineering Sciences ; Signal and Image processing
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