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  • 1
    Article
    Article
    2013
    ISSN: 0147-2011 
    Language: English
    In: Society, Vol.50(5), pp.530-531
    Subject(s): French ; 20th Century ; Cultural History ; France ; Sociology
    ISSN: 0147-2011
    E-ISSN: 19364725
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  • 2
    Language: English
    In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 29 April 2014, Vol.111(17), pp.6184-9
    Description: Modern domestic plants and animals are subject to human-driven selection for desired phenotypic traits and behavior. Large-scale genetic studies of modern domestic populations and their wild relatives have revealed not only the genetic mechanisms underlying specific phenotypic traits, but also allowed for the identification of candidate domestication genes. Our understanding of the importance of these genes during the initial stages of the domestication process traditionally rests on the assumption that robust inferences about the past can be made on the basis of modern genetic datasets. A growing body of evidence from ancient DNA studies, however, has revealed that ancient and even historic populations often bear little resemblance to their modern counterparts. Here, we test the temporal context of selection on specific genetic loci known to differentiate modern domestic chickens from their extant wild ancestors. We extracted DNA from 80 ancient chickens excavated from 12 European archaeological...
    Subject(s): Gallus Gallus ; Animal Domestication ; Breed Formation ; Cultural History ; Selective Sweep ; Animals, Domestic -- Genetics ; Chickens -- Genetics ; DNA -- Genetics
    ISSN: 0027-8424
    E-ISSN: 1091-6490
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  • 3
    Article
    Article
    2012
    ISSN: 0002-8762 
    Language: English
    In: American historical review, Jun 2012, Vol.117(3), pp.746-771
    Description: Cook both acknowledges the importance of the development of cultural history and interrogates its meaning. It's hard to escape 'the cultural turn,' he notes, citing as evidence the fact that in Google Books alone, this phrase generates more than 100,000 hits, many of which refer to works of academic history. Like Surkis and Wilder, however, he questions its very nature and historicity. Above all, he seeks to explicate the broader patterns of recent 'turn talk,' a fast-forming discourse that has increasingly come to define people's broader sense of cultural history. But he also challenges turn talk's larger assumptions. Indeed, his central contention is that much of this talk has made it harder to see the shifting contours of cultural history--how it has changed, the varied forms it has taken, and what it means to practice it now.
    Subject(s): Cultural History ; Discourse ; Historical Analysis ; Cultural Influence ; History ; Development ; Sociology
    ISSN: 0002-8762
    E-ISSN: 19375239
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  • 4
    Article
    Article
    2012
    ISSN: 0002-8762 
    Language: English
    In: American historical review, Jun 2012, Vol.117(3), pp.723-745
    Description: Wilder argues that the analytical openings created by the linguistic and cultural turns were foreclosed through a process of domestication whereby new 'optics' gave way to routine research topics that reaffirmed traditional historiographical practices and assumptions. He stresses that proponents of the turns themselves bear some responsibility for this development insofar as they framed the turns in terms of a new theoretical consensus, decisive transformations, and professional rapprochement following divisive discussion. Because the linguistic turn conflated positivistic social history with structural analysis more generally, and because it tended to restrict 'theory' to poststructuralism, its advocates tended to marginalize critical social theory and history concerned with large-scale social processes. Wilder forcefully argues for the need both to recover the linguistic turn's commitment to fundamental epistemological questioning and to reclaim for history Marxism's concern with social formations and long-term transformations.
    Subject(s): Social History ; Structural Analysis ; Marxism ; Cultural History ; Epistemology ; Social Theory ; Sociology
    ISSN: 0002-8762
    E-ISSN: 19375239
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  • 5
    Article
    Article
    2012
    ISSN: 0002-8762 
    Language: English
    In: American historical review, Jun 2012, Vol.117(3), pp.794-803
    Description: Thomas submits each of the four essays to a critical reading, arguing especially with some of Surkis' and Wilder's claims and interpretations. But her comment, which is both critical and appreciative of the authors' intellectual engagement, doesn't end with these historiographical issues. Rather, she urges people to go beyond the concerns evoked by 'turn talk' and confront the challenges of climate change and environmental crisis, which she discusses in the last pages of her comment. Calling for a new materialism, she urges, in a sense, a qualitatively different kind of turn, one that will produce new questions, new objects of study, and new types of evidence beyond those developed through the social, linguistic, cultural, and imperial turns.
    Subject(s): Intellectuals ; Materialism ; Climate Change ; Linguistics ; Historiography ; Cultural History ; Sociology
    ISSN: 0002-8762
    E-ISSN: 19375239
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  • 6
    Language: English
    In: American journal of physical anthropology, Mar 2013, Vol.150(3), pp.482-491
    Description: The Bantu languages are widely distributed throughout sub‐ ;Saharan Africa. Genetic research supports linguists and historians who argue that migration played an important role in the spread of this language family, but the genetic data also indicates a more complex process involving substantial gene flow with resident populations. In order to understand the Bantu expansion process in east Africa, mtDNA hypervariable region I variation in 352 individuals from the Taita and Mijikenda ethnic groups was analyzed, and we evaluated the interactions that took place between the Bantu- and non-Bantu-speaking populations in east Africa. The Taita and Mijikenda are Bantu-speaking agropastoralists from southeastern Kenya, at least some of whose ancestors probably migrated into the area as part of Bantu migrations that began around 3,000 BCE. Our analyses indicate that they show some distinctive differences that reflect their unique cultural histories. The Taita are genetically more diverse than the Mijikenda with larger estimates of genetic diversity. The Taita cluster with other east African groups, having high frequencies of haplogroups from that region, while the Mijikenda have high frequencies of central African haplogroups and cluster more closely with central African Bantu-speaking groups. The non‐ ;Bantu speakers who lived in southeastern Kenya before Bantu speaking groups arrived were at least partially incorporated into what are now Bantu-speaking Taita groups. In contrast, gene flow from non-Bantu speakers into the Mijikenda was more limited. These results suggest a more complex demographic history where the nature of Bantu and non-Bantu interactions varied throughout the area. Am J Phys Anthropol 150:482-491, 2013. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Copyright John Wiley & Sons. Reproduced with permission. An electronic version of this article is available online at http://www.interscience.wiley.com
    Subject(s): Ethnic Groups ; Language ; DNA ; Population ; Genetics ; Cultural History ; Kenya ; Africa ; Anthropology
    ISSN: 0002-9483
    E-ISSN: 10968644
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  • 7
    Language: English
    In: International Journal of Psychology, October 2013, Vol.48(5), pp.829-836
    Description: The political, social, and cultural history of a nation modulates the representations of rights and duties. The aim of this research is to compare students from two countries (Italy and Burundi) in terms of how they define their rights and duties. In the two countries, there are differences both in the legal protection of fundamental rights and in regard to material conditions, which in turn ensure the effectiveness of rights. Focus groups structured around nine questions were conducted in Burundi and in Italy. The discussions with Italian and Burundian students showed some clear differences. Although both groups speak of rights as something to be safeguarded and something that everyone is born with, Italian students do not recognize the complementarity of rights and duties and consider the latter simply as a limit and an obstacle to individual enhancement. On the contrary, Burundian adolescents seem more aware of their personal responsibilities and their role in protecting human rights. Adapted from the source document.
    Subject(s): Italy ; Burundi ; Adolescents ; Complementarity ; Human Rights ; Cultural History ; Article
    ISSN: 0020-7594
    E-ISSN: 1464066X
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  • 8
    Language: English
    In: Journal of black studies, Jul 2010, Vol.40(6), pp.1094-1106
    Description: This article examines inscriptions of the Black body in French colonial performances. It shows how stage representations of the Negro in exhibitions, theatre, and cinema have consistently portrayed Africans predominantly in bodily terms and thus invented an archetype of the colonial subject akin to an animal. In addition, the article points that although the imperial system purposely characterized the Other as merely physical - in opposition to the European defined as cognitive and intellectual - a number of African intellectuals and artists have involuntarily continued to promote the same stereotypes and archetypes in discourses portraying African identities in mostly corporeal terms. Reprinted by permission of Sage Publications, Inc.
    Subject(s): Theatre ; Cultural History ; Cinema ; Films ; Cultural Studies ; Anthropology
    ISSN: 0021-9347
    E-ISSN: 15524566
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  • 9
    Language: Polish
    In: Przegląd Humanistyczny, 2014, Vol.442(1), pp.121-124
    Description: Reviews and Notices; Recenzje i przeglądy
    Subject(s): Cultural History
    ISSN: 0033-2194
    Source: Central and Eastern European Online Library (C.E.E.O.L.)
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  • 10
    Article
    Article
    2018
    ISSN: 03057410 
    Language: English
    In: The China Quarterly, Jun 2018, Vol.234, pp.592-594
    Description: Earlier, he served in the Swedish embassies in Beijing and in Tokyo; and in 2000-2005 he was director of the Museum of Far Eastern Antiquities, in Stockholm, Sweden. Since 2005, he has been teaching anthropology and Asian studies at Cornell University. Beyond the Neon Lights: Everyday Shanghai in the Early Twentieth Century (University of California Press, 1999/2004), Street Criers: A Cultural History of Chinese Beggars (Stanford University Press, 2005), and The Birth of a Republic: Francis Stafford's Photographs of China's 1911 Revolution and Beyond (University of Washington Press, 2010). From the Great Experiment to the Harmonious Society: Thirty Years of Economic Reforms to Build a New China [in Italian] (Franco Angeli, 2011); the Special Issue "Circumventing the Cold War: the parallel diplomacy of economic and cultural exchanges between Western Europe and Socialist China in the 1950s and 1960s" (co-edited with A. Romano) and "Western European Industrialists and China's Dream of Self-reliance:...
    Subject(s): Cultural History ; Cultural History
    ISSN: 03057410
    E-ISSN: 14682648
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