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  • 1
    Article
    Article
    2015
    ISSN: 1614-3485  ISSN: 2510-5019 
    Language: English
    In: Zeitschrift für Arbeitsmarktforschung, 2015-08, Vol.48 (2), p.151-168
    Description: This paper discusses the specific features of the German model as a specific variety of capitalism that is distinct from the Anglo-Saxon model because it builds more on social security and social partnership. It argues that the German model has experienced increasing pressure due to growth in systemic unemployment since the mid-1970s. The situation worsened as a result of the financial distress experienced after re-unification. Therefore, although painful for some groups of workers, the labor market reforms implemented from 2003 to 2005 were necessary to keep the German model alive. I argue that a certain erosion of the German model resulting from less collective bargaining coverage, labor market segmentation and higher wage inequality has falsely been attributed to the reforms. Rather, these phenomena are caused by long-run trends that were already occurring in the 1990s or even earlier.The German economy successfully passed the stress test of the Great Recession and is exhibiting ongoing employment growth. Basic features of the German model such as long tenures for qualified prime-age workers or the dual training system remain essentially intact. Hence, the German model is not dead, but vitally alive. However, some prudent counter-measures need to be implemented to fight against creeping erosion from segmentation and inequality. These should be taken with a sense of proportion in order to not jeopardize the great employment-related successes of the reform.Der Aufsatz diskutiert entlang verschiedener Dimensionen die Kennzeichen des deutschen Modells als einer besonderen Spielart des Kapitalismus. Diese unterscheidet sich vom angelsächsischen Modell, da sie stärker auf soziale Absicherung und Sozialpartnerschaft setzt. Er argumentiert, dass das deutsche Modell aufgrund der seit Mitte der 1970er Jahre schubartig angewachsenen Sockelarbeitslosigkeit zunehmend unter Druck geraten ist. Die Situation verschlechterte sich noch aufgrund der finanziellen Belastungen durch die deutsche Wiedervereinigung. Obgleich schmerzhaft für bestimmte Arbeitnehmergruppen, waren die in den Jahren 2003 bis 2005 durchgeführten Arbeitsmarktreformen letztlich unvermeidlich, um einen Kollaps des Systems zu verhindern. Gewisse Erosionserscheinungen am deutschen Modell wie die rückläufige Tarifabdeckung, die zunehmende Segmentation des Arbeitsmarktes und die höhere Lohnungleichheit werden fälschlicherweise den Reformen zugeschrieben. Die empirischen Fakten belegen, dass diesen Phänomenen längerfristige Trends zugrunde liegen, die schon vor den Reformen in den 1990er Jahren oder sogar früher einsetzten.Nach den Reformen überstand die deutsche Wirtschaft den Stresstest der Großen Rezession erfolgreich und zeigte nachhaltiges Beschäftigungswachstum. Wesentliche Bestandteile des deutschen Modells wie die langen Betriebszugehörigkeiten von qualifizierten Facharbeiter/innen, das duale Ausbildungssystem, die starke Exportorientierung sowie eine solide finanzierte Sozialversicherung sind im Wesentlichen erhalten geblieben. Deswegen ist das deutsche Modell keineswegs abgewickelt, sondern im Kern weiterhin sehr lebendig. Eine gewisse Bedrohung ergibt sich aus den schleichenden Erosionserscheinungen durch wachsende Segmentation und Ungleichheit. Hierauf sollte mit ausgewogenen Gegenmaßnahmen reagiert werden, die jedoch nicht die Beschäftigungserfolge des bisherigen Reformprozesses wieder in Frage stellen sollten.
    Subject(s): Economic Policy ; Population Economics ; Segmentation ; J50 ; Human Resource Management ; Systemic unemployment ; J10 ; J31 ; Labor Economics ; P10 ; Economics / Management Science ; Regional/Spatial Science ; J28 ; Sociology, general ; Labor market reforms ; Inequality ; Labor market
    ISSN: 1614-3485
    ISSN: 2510-5019
    E-ISSN: 1614-3485
    E-ISSN: 2510-5027
    Source: Alma/SFX Local Collection
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  • 2
    Book
    Book
    2013
    ISBN: 1107609135  ISBN: 9781107028029  ISBN: 1107028027  ISBN: 9781107609136 
    Language: English
    Description: This edited volume offers original scholarship on economic and social human rights from leading and new cutting-edge scholars in the fields of economics, law, political science, sociology and anthropology. It analyzes the core economic and social rights and the crucial topic of non-discrimination, and includes an innovative section on 'meta' rights. The main chapters answer important questions about economic and social rights performance around the world by emphasizing the obstacles that prevent governments from fulfilling their obligations. The interdisciplinary analysis offers a detailed and up-to-date discussion to help scholars and policy makers find the best ways to instantiate economic and social rights. The authors examine the role of the associated obligations, and especially the obstacles to respect, protect and fulfil those obligations. The book's introductory and concluding chapters address conceptual issues and correct mistakes often made by critics of economic and social rights.
    Subject(s): Economic aspects ; Social aspects ; Human rights
    ISBN: 1107609135
    ISBN: 9781107028029
    ISBN: 1107028027
    ISBN: 9781107609136
    Source: Cambridge Core All Books
    Source: Ebook Central - Academic Complete
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  • 3
    Book
    Book
    2008
    ISBN: 9783899427462  ISBN: 3899427467 
    Language: German
    Subject(s): Kapitalismus ; Politik ; Sozialer Wandel ; Politikwissenschaft ; Political Science ; social policy ; Soziologie ; Sociology ; Sozialpolitik ; Gesellschaft ; capitalism ; Politics ; Society
    ISBN: 9783899427462
    ISBN: 3899427467
    Source: De Gruyter eBooks
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  • 4
    Book
    Book
    2020
    ISBN: 9811574278  ISBN: 9789811574276 
    Language: English
    Subject(s): Informal sector (Economics)
    ISBN: 9811574278
    ISBN: 9789811574276
    Source: Springer Economics and Finance eBooks 2020 English/International
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  • 5
    Book
    Book
    2020
    ISBN: 1447352955  ISBN: 9781447352952 
    Language: English
    Description: Research into minimum income standards and reference budgets around the world is compared in this illuminating collection from leading academics in the field.
    ISBN: 1447352955
    ISBN: 9781447352952
    Source: Cambridge Core All Books
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  • 6
    Language: English
    In: The Journal of development studies, 2019-12-13, Vol.55 (sup1), p.1-6
    Description: Effective social protection is increasingly as essential to supporting affected populations in situations of protracted instability and displacement. Despite the growing use of social protection in these settings, there is comparatively little rigorous research on what works, for whom, and why. This special issue contributes by adding seven high-quality studies that raise substantially our understanding of the role of social protection in fragile contexts and in settings of forced displacement and migration. Together, these studies fill knowledge gaps, help support informed decision-making by policy-makers and practitioners, and demonstrate that impact evaluation and the analysis of social protection in challenging humanitarian settings are possible. The studies provide evidence that design choices in implementation, such as which population to target, choice of transfer modality or which messages are delivered with programmes, can make a substantial difference in the realisation of positive benefits among vulnerable populations. Furthermore, the findings of the studies underline the relevance of tailoring programme components to populations, which may benefit more or less from traditional programme implementation models.
    Subject(s): MIGRATION ; VULNERABILITY ; FORCED DISPLACEMENT ; SOCIAL PROTECTION ; TARGETING ; FRAGILE STATES ; Development Studies ; Economics ; Business & Economics ; Social Sciences ; Intervention ; Policy making ; Humanitarianism ; Decision making ; Migration ; Welfare state ; Social protection ; Vulnerability ; Relocation ; Protection ; Displacement ; Vulnerable people
    ISSN: 0022-0388
    E-ISSN: 1743-9140
    Source: International Bibliography of the Social Sciences (IBSS)
    Source: Business Source Ultimate
    Source: Taylor & Francis Open Access
    Source: EconLit with Full Text
    Source: Academic Search Ultimate
    Source: Web of Science - Social Sciences Citation Index – 2019〈img src="http://exlibris-pub.s3.amazonaws.com/fromwos-v2.jpg" /〉
    Source: Sociological Abstracts
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  • 7
    Language: English
    ISBN: 9783030420536
    ISBN: 3030420531
    Source: SpringerLink Fully Open Access Books
    Source: OAPEN
    Source: DOAB: Directory of Open Access Books
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  • 8
    Language: English
    In: Economic policy, 2020-06-11, Vol.35 (102), p.305-356
    Description: Abstract A relevant question within the growing debate on immigration policy concerns the impact of granting immigrants free access to the welfare system. I analyse the case of the European 2004 Accession (A8) countries and the lift of the temporary limitations to benefit eligibility that citizens from these countries faced until April 2011 in the UK. When the restrictions are relaxed A8 immigrants claim more benefits, but labour supply adjustments occur mainly for those who are more in need for assistance, namely women and the less educated, especially in the presence of children. Moreover, I provide evidence on two potential indirect effects. First, my results support the absence of magnet effects, as arrivals do not change from before to after the change in eligibility rules. Second, I show that granting immigrants access to welfare does not change the composition of the incoming flows.
    Subject(s): Women ; Labor supply ; Composition ; Indirect effects ; Welfare ; Accession ; Immigration policy ; Access ; Immigrants ; Welfare policy
    ISSN: 0266-4658
    E-ISSN: 1468-0327
    Source: International Bibliography of the Social Sciences (IBSS)
    Source: Business Source Ultimate
    Source: EconLit with Full Text
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  • 9
    Book
    Book
    2020
    ISBN: 0367720132  ISBN: 1760295523  ISBN: 9781760295523  ISBN: 9780367720131 
    Language: English
    Description: Superannuation was once a privilege granted only to company head office staff and career public servants. Now in Australia nearly all workers have access to employer-contributed superannuation, and it is a fundamental pillar of Australia's retirement income system. Workers' Capital tells the story of the Australian superannuation revolution led by trade unions in the 1980s. After a series of hard-fought industrial campaigns, an enormous financial industry was created, involving hundreds of thousands of employers and covering millions of fund members. From having one of the worst retirement savings systems in the developed world, in three decades Australia had one of the best. Now the funds held in Australian superannuation accounts exceed the entire market capitalisation of all the companies on the Australian Stock Exchange. Drawing on interviews with the key players and extensive archival research, Workers' Capital is the first systematic history of the unique Australian system of industry superannuation. 'Startling and informative-I thought I knew a lot about the industry superannuation phenomenon, but this one took me by surprise. For a topic so important, a real page-turner.' Gerard Noonan, Chair of Media Super, former editor of Australian Financial Review Foreword Introduction 1. A lop-sided welfarism 2. Early stirrings 3. The push for universal superannuation 4. Campaigning for award super 5. Legislating universal super 6. The industry funds movement 7. The new mutuals 8. Modern times 9. Looking backwards and forwards Conclusion Bibliography Dr Bernard Mees is a Senior Lecturer in the School of Management and the Centre for People, Organisations and Work (CPOW) at RMIT University, and a former financial services and employee benefits professional. Cathy Brigden is an Associate Professor in the School of Management and CPOW at RMIT University, and is an industrial relations academic and labour historian.
    Subject(s): Pensions ; Old age pensions-Australia-Finance ; Social security-Australia
    ISBN: 0367720132
    ISBN: 1760295523
    ISBN: 9781760295523
    ISBN: 9780367720131
    Source: Ebook Central - Academic Complete
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  • 10
    Book
    Book
    2020
    ISBN: 9780367492922  ISBN: 036749292X  ISBN: 0367492946  ISBN: 9780367492946  ISBN: 1003045537  ISBN: 9781003045533 
    Language: English
    In: NordSTEVA, 2020-07-08
    Description: This book compares and contrasts publicly espoused security concepts in the Nordic region, and explores the notion of societal security. Outside observers often assume that Nordic countries take similar approaches to the security and safety of their citizens. This book challenges that assumption and traces the evolution of ‘societal security’, and its broadly equivalent concepts, in Sweden, Norway, Denmark and Finland. The notion of societal security is deconstructed and analysed in terms of its different meanings and implications for each country, through both country- and issue-focused studies. Each chapter traces the evolution of key security concepts and related practices, allowing for a comparison of similarities and differences between these four countries. Using discourses and practices as evidence, this is the first book to explore how different Nordic nations have conceptualised domestic security over time. The findings will be valuable to scholars from across the geographical and theoretical spectrum, while highlighting how Nordic security discourses and practices may deviate from traditional assumptions about Nordic values. This book will be of much interest to students of security studies, Nordic politics and International Relations. Sebastian Larsson is a Researcher and Teaching Fellow in International Relations at Stockholm University, Sweden. Mark Rhinard is Professor of International Relations at Stockholm University and Senior Research Fellow at the Swedish Institute of International Affairs. Open access – no commercial reuse PART I: Introduction 1. Introduction: Comparing and Conceptualising Nordic Societal Security Sebastian Larsson and Mark Rhinard 2. Societal Security in Theory and Practice Mark Rhinard PART II: Nordic Cases 3. Swedish Total Defence and the Emergence of Societal Security Sebastian Larsson 4. The Emergence and Development of Sammfunnssikkerhet in Norway Claudia Morsut 5. Tracing the Finnish Comprehensive Security Model Vesa Valtonen and Minna Branders 6. Conceptual and Practical Changes to Security in Denmark: Expect the Unexpected, Decide the Undecidable Tobias Liebetrau PART III: Issues and Processes 7. Designing Resilience for Security in the Nordic Region: Implications for Strategy Trine Villumsen Berling and Karen Lund Petersen 8. From ‘Spiritual Defence’ to Robust Resilience in the Finnish Comprehensive Security Model Ari-Elmeri Hyvönen and Tapio Juntunen 9. Countering Radicalisation in Norwegian Terrorism Policy: A Welfare State Approach to Societal Security Sissel Haugdal Jore 10. Threats, Risks, and the (Re)turn to Territorial Security Policies in Sweden Jonatan Stiglund PART IV: Conclusions 11. Conclusion: Convergence and Divergence in Nordic Societal Securities Sebastian Larsson and Mark Rhinard 12. Epilogue: Security Without Society? J. Peter Burgess
    Subject(s): Scandinavian Politics ; Regional Security ; Security Studies - Pol & Intl Relns ; Critical Security ; Samhällsvetenskap ; societal security ; International Relations ; Social Sciences ; Other Social Sciences ; internationella relationer ; Internal Security ; Nordic ; international cooperation ; Annan samhällsvetenskap ; Statsvetenskap ; Globaliseringsstudier ; Political Science ; Globalisation Studies
    ISBN: 9780367492922
    ISBN: 036749292X
    ISBN: 0367492946
    ISBN: 9780367492946
    ISBN: 1003045537
    ISBN: 9781003045533
    Source: DOAB: Directory of Open Access Books
    Source: SWEPUB Freely available online
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