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  • 1
    Language: English
    In: Educational evaluation and policy analysis, 2002-12-01, Vol.24 (4), p.305-331
    Description: We developed a zero-to-five index of the strength of accountability in 50 states based on the use of high-stakes testing to sanction and reward schools, and analyzed whether that index is related to student gains on the NAEP mathematics test in 1996-2000. The study also relates the index to changes in student retention in the 9th grade and to changes in high school completion rates over the same period. The results show that students in high-accountability states averaged significantly greater gains on the NAEP 8th-grade math test than students in states with little or no state measures to improve student performance. Furthermore, students in high-accountability states do not have significantly higher retention or lower high school completion rates.
    Subject(s): Basic skills ; Coefficients ; Grade repetition ; High school students ; High schools ; Hispanics ; Mathematics ; Outcomes of education ; Survival rates ; Test scores
    ISSN: 0162-3737
    E-ISSN: 1935-1062
    Source: Hellenic Academic Libraries Link
    Source: JSTOR Arts & Sciences IV
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  • 2
    Book
    Book
    2018
    ISBN: 9780804799768  ISBN: 0804799768 
    Language: English
    Description: Each year, over 40,000 new students enter America's law schools. Each new crop experiences startlingly high rates of depression, anxiety, fatigue, and dissatisfaction. Kathryne M. Young was one of those disgruntled law students. After finishing law school (and a PhD), she set out to learn more about the law school experience and how to improve it for future students. Young conducted one of the most ambitious studies of law students ever undertaken, charting the experiences of over 1000 law students from over 100 different law schools, along with hundreds of alumni, dropouts, law professors, and more.How to Be Sort of Happy in Law School is smart, compelling, and highly readable. Combining her own observations and experiences with the results of her study and the latest sociological research on law schools, Young offers a very different take from previous books about law school survival. Instead of assuming her readers should all aspire to law-review-and-big-firm notions of success, Young teaches students how to approach law school on their own terms: how to tune out the drumbeat of oppressive expectations and conventional wisdom to create a new breed of law school experience altogether. Young provides readers with practical tools for finding focus, happiness, and a sense of purpose while facing the seemingly endless onslaught of problems law school presents daily. This book is an indispensable companion for today's law students, prospective law students, and anyone who cares about making law students' lives better. Bursting with warmth, realism, and a touch of firebrand wit, How to Be Sort of Happy in Law School equips law students with much-needed wisdom for thriving during those three crucial years.
    ISBN: 9780804799768
    ISBN: 0804799768
    Source: eBook Academic Collection - Worldwide
    Source: De Gruyter eBooks
    Source: Ebook Central - Academic Complete
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  • 3
    Language: English
    In: Biological psychiatry (1969), 2006, Vol.60 (7), p.722-729
    Description: Pre-clinical and clinical studies have shown acute stress may impair working memory and visuo-spatial ability. This study was designed to clarify the nature of stress-induced cognitive deficits in soldiers and how such deficits may contribute to operational or battlefield errors. One hundred eighty-four Special Operations warfighters enrolled in Survival School completed pre-stress measures of dissociation and trauma exposure. Subjects were randomized to one of three assessment groups (Pre-stress, Stress, Post-stress) and were administered the Rey Ostereith Complex Figure (ROCF). All subjects completed post-stress measures of dissociation. ROCF copy and recall were normal in the Pre- and Post-stress groups. ROCF copy and recall were significantly impaired in the Stress Group. Stress group ROCF copy performance was piecemeal, and ROCF recall was impaired. Symptoms of dissociation were negatively associated with ROCF recall in the Stress group. Baseline dissociation and history of traumatic stress predicted cognitive impairment during stress. Stress exposure impaired visuo-spatial capacity and working memory. In rats, monkeys, and humans, high dopamine and NE turnover in the PFC induce deficits in cognition and spatial working memory. Improved understanding of stress-induced cognitive deficits may assist in identification of soldiers at risk and lead to the development of better countermeasures.
    Subject(s): Adult ; Biological and medical sciences ; Cognition ; dissociation ; Dissociative Disorders - etiology ; Female ; Form Perception ; Fundamental and applied biological sciences. Psychology ; Human ; Humans ; Learning. Memory ; Male ; Medical colleges ; Memory ; Memory Disorders - etiology ; Memory, Short-Term ; military performance ; Military personnel ; Military Personnel - psychology ; Pattern Recognition, Visual ; pre-frontal cortex ; Psychology. Psychoanalysis. Psychiatry ; Psychology. Psychophysiology ; Short-term memory ; Soldiers ; Space Perception ; Stress, Psychological - complications ; survival school ; Training ; trauma exposure
    ISSN: 0006-3223
    E-ISSN: 1873-2402
    Source: Backfile Package - All of Back Files EBS [ALLOFBCKF]
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  • 4
    Book
    Book
    2013
    ISBN: 0816674299  ISBN: 0816674280  ISBN: 9780816674282  ISBN: 9780816674299 
    Language: English
    Description: In the late 1960s, Indian families in Minneapolis and St. Paul were under siege. Clyde Bellecourt remembers, "We were losing our children during this time; juvenile courts were sweeping our children up, and they were fostering them out, and sometimes whole families were being broken up." In 1972, motivated by prejudice in the child welfare system and hostility in the public schools, American Indian Movement (AIM) organizers and local Native parents came together to start their own community school. For Pat Bellanger, it was about cultural survival. Though established in a moment of crisis, the school fulfilled a goal that she had worked toward for years: to create an educational system that would enable Native children "never to forget who they were." While AIM is best known for its national protests and political demands, the survival schools foreground the movement's local and regional engagement with issues of language, culture, spirituality, and identity. In telling of the evolution and impact of the Heart of the Earth school in Minneapolis and the Red School House in St. Paul, Julie L. Davis explains how the survival schools emerged out of AIM's local activism in education, child welfare, and juvenile justice and its efforts to achieve self-determination over urban Indian institutions. The schools provided informal, supportive, culturally relevant learning environments for students who had struggled in the public schools. Survival school classes, for example, were often conducted with students and instructors seated together in a circle, which signified the concept of mutual human respect. Davis reveals how the survival schools contributed to the global movement for Indigenous decolonization as they helped Indian youth and their families to reclaim their cultural identities and build a distinctive Native community. The story of these schools, unfolding here through the voices of activists, teachers, parents, and students, is also an in-depth history of AIM's founding and early community organizing in the Twin Cities-and evidence of its long-term effect on Indian people's lives.
    Subject(s): Education ; Ethnic Studies ; Geschichte (Histor) ; HISTORY ; Indianer ; Midwest (IA, IL, IN, KS, MI, MN, MO, ND, NE, OH, SD, WI) ; Minnesota ; Native American Studies ; Schule ; SOCIAL SCIENCE ; Sociology ; State & Local ; United States ; Vintners ; Wine industry
    ISBN: 0816674299
    ISBN: 0816674280
    ISBN: 9780816674282
    ISBN: 9780816674299
    Source: Ebook Central - Academic Complete
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  • 5
    Article
    Article
    2004
    ISSN: 0193-9459 
    Language: English
    In: Western journal of nursing research, 2004-06, Vol.26 (4), p.444-460
    Description: This article is a historical case study of the organizational lifecycle of the DePauw University School of Nursing in Greencastle, Indiana. Few studies have examined schools of nursing over their entire lifecycles. The school was created in 1954, existed for 40 years, and closed in 1994. Organizational lifecycle theory posits that organizations undergo four stages: creation, transformation, decline, and closing or death. We used this theory to guide our study, which was based on data from interviews, archival documents, and institutional records. We found that factors associated with the creation of this organization had long-lasting effects, the external environment profoundly influenced the school, and that a shift in shared values and institutional linkages contributed to its closure. As society’s need and demand for nurses increases, the continuance of schools of nursing and reasons for their demise merits the attention of faculty and administrators.
    Subject(s): Case studies ; Education ; Education, Nursing, Baccalaureate ; History ; History, 19th Century ; History, 20th Century ; Humans ; Indiana ; Life cycles ; Nursing ; Nursing schools ; Organizational Case Studies ; Organizational change ; Organizational Culture ; Organizational Innovation ; Organizational research ; Schools, Nursing - history ; Schools, Nursing - organization & administration ; Social Environment ; Social Values ; Transformation ; USA
    ISSN: 0193-9459
    E-ISSN: 1552-8456
    Source: Hellenic Academic Libraries Link
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  • 6
    Language: English
    In: Behavioral disorders, 1993-02-01, Vol.18 (2), p.139-147
    Description: School survival skills are behaviors which enhance the likelihood of academic success. In general, academically successful students have a greater knowledge of school survival skills and actively apply these skills in classroom settings. The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of a multicomponent instructional system, known as a modified version of the School Survival Skills Curriculum, in developing and improving the school survival skills of students with behavioral disorders. Using a pretest-posttest group design, the experimental group demonstrated significant improvement in their overall use of school survival skills as measured by the School Survival Skills Scale. However, no significant differences were shown for students' grade point averages. Implications for practice are discussed.
    Subject(s): Academic achievement ; Academic education ; Behavior ; Behavioral disorders ; Control groups ; Education ; Educational psychology ; High school students ; High schools ; Learning ; Pedagogy ; Pretests ; Secondary school curricula ; Secondary schools ; Social skills ; Special education ; Students ; Teachers ; Teenagers
    ISSN: 0198-7429
    E-ISSN: 2163-5307
    Source: JSTOR Arts & Sciences XII
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  • 7
    Dissertation
    Dissertation
    1982
    ISBN: 9780315102293  ISBN: 0315102292 
    Language: English
    Subject(s): Education
    ISBN: 9780315102293
    ISBN: 0315102292
    Source: ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global
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  • 8
    Article
    Article
    1987
    ISSN: 0014-1836 
    Language: English
    In: Ethnomusicology, 1987-04-01, Vol.31 (2), p.261-272
    Subject(s): Ceremonies ; Christianity ; Communities ; Drums ; ethnomusicology ; folk music ; Hymns ; Indian culture ; Iroquois Indians ; Longhouses ; Oneida Indians ; Powwows ; Singing ; Soaring Eagle Drum ; Soaring Eagle Survival School ; Tradition ; Traditions ; United States ; Wisconsin
    ISSN: 0014-1836
    E-ISSN: 2156-7417
    Source: International Bibliography of the Social Sciences (IBSS)
    Source: JSTOR Arts & Sciences III
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  • 9
    Language: English
    In: The Lancet (British edition), 2015, Vol.385 (9972), p.977-1010
    Description: Summary Background Worldwide data for cancer survival are scarce. We aimed to initiate worldwide surveillance of cancer survival by central analysis of population-based registry data, as a metric of the effectiveness of health systems, and to inform global policy on cancer control. Methods Individual tumour records were submitted by 279 population-based cancer registries in 67 countries for 25·7 million adults (age 15–99 years) and 75 000 children (age 0–14 years) diagnosed with cancer during 1995–2009 and followed up to Dec 31, 2009, or later. We looked at cancers of the stomach, colon, rectum, liver, lung, breast (women), cervix, ovary, and prostate in adults, and adult and childhood leukaemia. Standardised quality control procedures were applied; errors were corrected by the registry concerned. We estimated 5-year net survival, adjusted for background mortality in every country or region by age (single year), sex, and calendar year, and by race or ethnic origin in some countries. Estimates were age-standardised with the International Cancer Survival Standard weights. Findings 5-year survival from colon, rectal, and breast cancers has increased steadily in most developed countries. For patients diagnosed during 2005–09, survival for colon and rectal cancer reached 60% or more in 22 countries around the world; for breast cancer, 5-year survival rose to 85% or higher in 17 countries worldwide. Liver and lung cancer remain lethal in all nations: for both cancers, 5-year survival is below 20% everywhere in Europe, in the range 15–19% in North America, and as low as 7–9% in Mongolia and Thailand. Striking rises in 5-year survival from prostate cancer have occurred in many countries: survival rose by 10–20% between 1995–99 and 2005–09 in 22 countries in South America, Asia, and Europe, but survival still varies widely around the world, from less than 60% in Bulgaria and Thailand to 95% or more in Brazil, Puerto Rico, and the USA. For cervical cancer, national estimates of 5-year survival range from less than 50% to more than 70%; regional variations are much wider, and improvements between 1995–99 and 2005–09 have generally been slight. For women diagnosed with ovarian cancer in 2005–09, 5-year survival was 40% or higher only in Ecuador, the USA, and 17 countries in Asia and Europe. 5-year survival for stomach cancer in 2005–09 was high (54–58%) in Japan and South Korea, compared with less than 40% in other countries. By contrast, 5-year survival from adult leukaemia in Japan and South Korea (18–23%) is lower than in most other countries. 5-year survival from childhood acute lymphoblastic leukaemia is less than 60% in several countries, but as high as 90% in Canada and four European countries, which suggests major deficiencies in the management of a largely curable disease. Interpretation International comparison of survival trends reveals very wide differences that are likely to be attributable to differences in access to early diagnosis and optimum treatment. Continuous worldwide surveillance of cancer survival should become an indispensable source of information for cancer patients and researchers and a stimulus for politicians to improve health policy and health-care systems. Funding Canadian Partnership Against Cancer (Toronto, Canada), Cancer Focus Northern Ireland (Belfast, UK), Cancer Institute New South Wales (Sydney, Australia), Cancer Research UK (London, UK), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (Atlanta, GA, USA), Swiss Re (London, UK), Swiss Cancer Research foundation (Bern, Switzerland), Swiss Cancer League (Bern, Switzerland), and University of Kentucky (Lexington, KY, USA).
    Subject(s): Abridged Index Medicus ; Adolescent ; Adult ; Age Distribution ; Aged ; Aged, 80 and over ; Analysis ; Cancer ; Cancer and Oncology ; Cancer och onkologi ; Child ; Child, Preschool ; Clinical Medicine ; Female ; Global Health ; Humans ; Infant ; Infant, Newborn ; Internal Medicine ; Klinisk medicin ; Life Sciences ; Male ; Matematik ; Mathematics ; Medical and Health Sciences ; Medical research ; Medicin och hälsovetenskap ; Middle Aged ; Mortality ; Natural Sciences ; Naturvetenskap ; Neoplasms - mortality ; Patient outcomes ; Population ; Prevention ; Probability Theory and Statistics ; Registries ; Sannolikhetsteori och statistik ; Sex Distribution ; Surveillance ; Survival Analysis ; Young Adult
    ISSN: 0140-6736
    ISSN: 1474-547X
    E-ISSN: 1474-547X
    Source: Backfile Package - All of Back Files EBS [ALLOFBCKF]
    Source: Elsevier Journal Backfiles on ScienceDirect (DFG Nationallizenzen)
    Source: SWEPUB Freely available online
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  • 10
    Language: English
    In: The New England journal of medicine, 2010-09-30, Vol.363 (14), p.1324-1334
    Description: This study evaluated whether the addition of a monoclonal antibody against the tumor-associated disialoganglioside GD2, in combination with GM-CSF and interleukin-2, to standard therapy consisting of isotretinoin alone improved outcomes in children with high-risk neuroblastoma. Neuroblastoma, a cancer of the sympathetic nervous system responsible for 12% of deaths associated with cancer in children under 15 years of age, 1 is a heterogeneous disease, with nearly 50% of patients having a high-risk phenotype characterized by widespread dissemination of the cancer and poor long-term survival, even if intensive multimodal treatments are used. 2 The initial results of the last randomized, controlled trial showing a significant improvement in outcomes were published over a decade ago 3 , 4 and established the standard therapy for high-risk neuroblastoma: myeloablative therapy with stem-cell rescue, followed by the treatment of minimal residual disease with isotretinoin. However, . . .
    Subject(s): Antibodies, Monoclonal - adverse effects ; Antibodies, Monoclonal - therapeutic use ; Antineoplastic Agents - therapeutic use ; Biological and medical sciences ; Cancer ; Cancer therapies ; Child ; Child, Preschool ; Combined Modality Therapy ; Cytokines ; Drug Therapy, Combination ; Gangliosides - immunology ; General aspects ; Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor - therapeutic use ; Humans ; Immunotherapy - adverse effects ; Infant ; Intention to Treat Analysis ; Interleukin-2 - therapeutic use ; Isotretinoin - therapeutic use ; Medical sciences ; Neuroblastoma - drug therapy ; Neuroblastoma - mortality ; Neuroblastoma - therapy ; Neurology ; Ovarian cancer ; Stem Cell Transplantation ; Survival Analysis ; Transplants & implants ; Tumors of the nervous system. Phacomatoses
    ISSN: 0028-4793
    E-ISSN: 1533-4406
    Source: Elektronische Zeitschriftenbibliothek - Frei zugängliche E-Journals
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