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  • 1
    Article
    Article
    2015
    ISSN: 1614-3485  ISSN: 2510-5019 
    Language: English
    In: Zeitschrift für Arbeitsmarktforschung, 2015-08, Vol.48 (2), p.151-168
    Description: This paper discusses the specific features of the German model as a specific variety of capitalism that is distinct from the Anglo-Saxon model because it builds more on social security and social partnership. It argues that the German model has experienced increasing pressure due to growth in systemic unemployment since the mid-1970s. The situation worsened as a result of the financial distress experienced after re-unification. Therefore, although painful for some groups of workers, the labor market reforms implemented from 2003 to 2005 were necessary to keep the German model alive. I argue that a certain erosion of the German model resulting from less collective bargaining coverage, labor market segmentation and higher wage inequality has falsely been attributed to the reforms. Rather, these phenomena are caused by long-run trends that were already occurring in the 1990s or even earlier.The German economy successfully passed the stress test of the Great Recession and is exhibiting ongoing employment growth. Basic features of the German model such as long tenures for qualified prime-age workers or the dual training system remain essentially intact. Hence, the German model is not dead, but vitally alive. However, some prudent counter-measures need to be implemented to fight against creeping erosion from segmentation and inequality. These should be taken with a sense of proportion in order to not jeopardize the great employment-related successes of the reform.Der Aufsatz diskutiert entlang verschiedener Dimensionen die Kennzeichen des deutschen Modells als einer besonderen Spielart des Kapitalismus. Diese unterscheidet sich vom angelsächsischen Modell, da sie stärker auf soziale Absicherung und Sozialpartnerschaft setzt. Er argumentiert, dass das deutsche Modell aufgrund der seit Mitte der 1970er Jahre schubartig angewachsenen Sockelarbeitslosigkeit zunehmend unter Druck geraten ist. Die Situation verschlechterte sich noch aufgrund der finanziellen Belastungen durch die deutsche Wiedervereinigung. Obgleich schmerzhaft für bestimmte Arbeitnehmergruppen, waren die in den Jahren 2003 bis 2005 durchgeführten Arbeitsmarktreformen letztlich unvermeidlich, um einen Kollaps des Systems zu verhindern. Gewisse Erosionserscheinungen am deutschen Modell wie die rückläufige Tarifabdeckung, die zunehmende Segmentation des Arbeitsmarktes und die höhere Lohnungleichheit werden fälschlicherweise den Reformen zugeschrieben. Die empirischen Fakten belegen, dass diesen Phänomenen längerfristige Trends zugrunde liegen, die schon vor den Reformen in den 1990er Jahren oder sogar früher einsetzten.Nach den Reformen überstand die deutsche Wirtschaft den Stresstest der Großen Rezession erfolgreich und zeigte nachhaltiges Beschäftigungswachstum. Wesentliche Bestandteile des deutschen Modells wie die langen Betriebszugehörigkeiten von qualifizierten Facharbeiter/innen, das duale Ausbildungssystem, die starke Exportorientierung sowie eine solide finanzierte Sozialversicherung sind im Wesentlichen erhalten geblieben. Deswegen ist das deutsche Modell keineswegs abgewickelt, sondern im Kern weiterhin sehr lebendig. Eine gewisse Bedrohung ergibt sich aus den schleichenden Erosionserscheinungen durch wachsende Segmentation und Ungleichheit. Hierauf sollte mit ausgewogenen Gegenmaßnahmen reagiert werden, die jedoch nicht die Beschäftigungserfolge des bisherigen Reformprozesses wieder in Frage stellen sollten.
    Subject(s): Economic Policy ; Economics / Management Science ; Human Resource Management ; Inequality ; J10 ; J28 ; J31 ; J50 ; Labor Economics ; Labor market ; Labor market reforms ; P10 ; Population Economics ; Regional/Spatial Science ; Segmentation ; Sociology, general ; Systemic unemployment
    ISSN: 1614-3485
    ISSN: 2510-5019
    E-ISSN: 1614-3485
    E-ISSN: 2510-5027
    Source: Alma/SFX Local Collection
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  • 2
    Language: English
    In: The World Bank economic review, 2021-05, Vol.35 (2), p.398-413
    Description: Economists often default to the assumption that cash is always preferable to an in-kind transfer. Do beneficiaries feel the same way? This paper addresses this issue using longitudinal household data from Ethiopia, where a large-scale social safety net intervention (PSNP) operates. Even though most payments are made in cash, and even though the (temporal) transaction costs associated with food payments are higher than payments received as cash, most beneficiaries stated that they prefer their payments only or partly in food. Higher food prices induce shifts in stated preferences toward in-kind transfers. More food-secure households, those closer to food markets and to financial services are more likely to prefer cash. Though shifts occur, the stated preference for food is dominant: In no year do more than 17 percent of households prefer only cash. There is suggestive evidence that stated preferences for food are also driven by self-control concerns.
    ISSN: 0258-6770
    E-ISSN: 1564-698X
    Source: Business Source Ultimate
    Source: EconLit with Full Text
    Source: World Bank e-Library
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  • 3
    Book
    Book
    2013
    ISBN: 1107609135  ISBN: 9781107028029  ISBN: 1107028027  ISBN: 9781107609136 
    Language: English
    Description: This edited volume offers original scholarship on economic and social human rights from leading and new cutting-edge scholars in the fields of economics, law, political science, sociology and anthropology. It analyzes the core economic and social rights and the crucial topic of non-discrimination, and includes an innovative section on 'meta' rights. The main chapters answer important questions about economic and social rights performance around the world by emphasizing the obstacles that prevent governments from fulfilling their obligations. The interdisciplinary analysis offers a detailed and up-to-date discussion to help scholars and policy makers find the best ways to instantiate economic and social rights. The authors examine the role of the associated obligations, and especially the obstacles to respect, protect and fulfil those obligations. The book's introductory and concluding chapters address conceptual issues and correct mistakes often made by critics of economic and social rights.
    Subject(s): Economic aspects ; Human rights ; Social aspects
    ISBN: 1107609135
    ISBN: 9781107028029
    ISBN: 1107028027
    ISBN: 9781107609136
    Source: eBook Academic Collection - Worldwide
    Source: Cambridge Core All Books
    Source: Ebook Central - Academic Complete
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  • 4
    Book
    Book
    2008
    ISBN: 9783899427462  ISBN: 3899427467 
    Language: German
    Subject(s): capitalism ; Gesellschaft ; Kapitalismus ; Political Science ; Politics ; Politik ; Politikwissenschaft ; social policy ; Society ; Sociology ; Sozialer Wandel ; Sozialpolitik ; Soziologie ; Welfare state
    ISBN: 9783899427462
    ISBN: 3899427467
    Source: De Gruyter eBooks
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  • 5
    Book
    Book
    2020
    ISBN: 1447352955  ISBN: 9781447352952 
    Language: English
    Description: Research into minimum income standards and reference budgets around the world is compared in this illuminating collection from leading academics in the field.
    Subject(s): Cost and standard of living
    ISBN: 1447352955
    ISBN: 9781447352952
    Source: Alma/SFX Local Collection
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  • 6
    Book
    Book
    2020
    ISBN: 9811574278  ISBN: 9789811574276 
    Language: English
    Subject(s): Informal sector (Economics)
    ISBN: 9811574278
    ISBN: 9789811574276
    Source: Springer Economics and Finance eBooks 2020 English/International
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  • 7
    Language: English
    In: Economic policy, 2020-06-11, Vol.35 (102), p.305-356
    Description: Abstract A relevant question within the growing debate on immigration policy concerns the impact of granting immigrants free access to the welfare system. I analyse the case of the European 2004 Accession (A8) countries and the lift of the temporary limitations to benefit eligibility that citizens from these countries faced until April 2011 in the UK. When the restrictions are relaxed A8 immigrants claim more benefits, but labour supply adjustments occur mainly for those who are more in need for assistance, namely women and the less educated, especially in the presence of children. Moreover, I provide evidence on two potential indirect effects. First, my results support the absence of magnet effects, as arrivals do not change from before to after the change in eligibility rules. Second, I show that granting immigrants access to welfare does not change the composition of the incoming flows.
    Subject(s): Access ; Accession ; Composition ; Immigrants ; Immigration policy ; Indirect effects ; Labor supply ; Welfare ; Welfare policy ; Women
    ISSN: 0266-4658
    E-ISSN: 1468-0327
    Source: International Bibliography of the Social Sciences (IBSS)
    Source: Business Source Ultimate
    Source: EconLit with Full Text
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  • 8
    Language: English
    In: The Journal of development studies, 2019-12-13, Vol.55 (sup1), p.1-6
    Description: Effective social protection is increasingly as essential to supporting affected populations in situations of protracted instability and displacement. Despite the growing use of social protection in these settings, there is comparatively little rigorous research on what works, for whom, and why. This special issue contributes by adding seven high-quality studies that raise substantially our understanding of the role of social protection in fragile contexts and in settings of forced displacement and migration. Together, these studies fill knowledge gaps, help support informed decision-making by policy-makers and practitioners, and demonstrate that impact evaluation and the analysis of social protection in challenging humanitarian settings are possible. The studies provide evidence that design choices in implementation, such as which population to target, choice of transfer modality or which messages are delivered with programmes, can make a substantial difference in the realisation of positive benefits among vulnerable populations. Furthermore, the findings of the studies underline the relevance of tailoring programme components to populations, which may benefit more or less from traditional programme implementation models.
    Subject(s): Business & Economics ; Decision making ; Development Studies ; Displacement ; Economics ; FORCED DISPLACEMENT ; FRAGILE STATES ; Humanitarianism ; Intervention ; MIGRATION ; Policy making ; Protection ; Relocation ; SOCIAL PROTECTION ; Social Sciences ; TARGETING ; VULNERABILITY ; Vulnerable people ; Welfare state
    ISSN: 0022-0388
    E-ISSN: 1743-9140
    Source: International Bibliography of the Social Sciences (IBSS)
    Source: Business Source Ultimate
    Source: Taylor & Francis Open Access
    Source: EconLit with Full Text
    Source: Academic Search Ultimate
    Source: Web of Science - Social Sciences Citation Index – 2019〈img src="http://exlibris-pub.s3.amazonaws.com/fromwos-v2.jpg" /〉
    Source: Sociological Abstracts
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  • 9
    Language: English
    In: The World Bank research observer, 2020-02-01, Vol.35 (1), p.87-121
    Description: Abstract In parts of Asia, the South Caucasus, and the Balkans, son preference is strong enough to trigger significant levels of sex selection, resulting in the excess mortality of girls and skewing child sex ratios in favor of boys. Every year, an estimated 1.8 million girls go “missing” because of the widespread use of sex selective practices in these regions. The pervasive use of such practices is reflective of the striking inequities girls face immediately, and it also has possible negative implications for efforts to improve women's status in the long term. Recognizing this as a public policy concern, governments have employed direct measures such as banning the use of prenatal sex selection technology, and providing financial incentives to families that have girls. This study reviews cross-country experiences to take stock of the direct interventions used and finds no conclusive evidence that they are effective in reducing the higher mortality risk for girls. In fact, bans on the use of sex selection technology may inadvertently worsen the status of the very individuals they intend to protect, and financial incentives to families with girls offer only short-term benefits at most. Instead, what seems to work are policies that indirectly raise the value of daughters. The study also underscores the paucity of causal studies in this literature.
    ISSN: 0257-3032
    E-ISSN: 1564-6971
    Source: EconLit with Full Text
    Source: World Bank e-Library
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  • 10
    Article
    Article
    2019
    ISSN: 0013-0133  ISSN: 1468-0297 
    Language: English
    In: The Economic journal (London), 2019-01-01, Vol.129 (617), p.172-208
    Description: We study a Chilean programme that combines home visits to households in extreme poverty with guaranteed access to social services. Its goal was to connect marginalised families to the social system to improve their living conditions. Programme impacts are identified using regression discontinuity exploring the fact that eligibility is a discontinuous function of an index of family income and assets. There is no evidence of short or long-term effects on employment or housing. However, we find short and medium-term impacts on the take-up of subsidies and employment services among families without access to the welfare system prior to the intervention.
    Subject(s): Access ; Business & Economics ; Discontinuity ; Domiciliary visits ; Economic theory ; Economics ; Economics and Business ; Ekonomi och näringsliv ; Eligibility ; Employment agencies ; Households ; Housing ; Living conditions ; Long term effects ; Nationalekonomi ; Poverty ; Samhällsvetenskap ; Social exclusion ; Social Sciences ; Social services ; Subsidies ; Welfare
    ISSN: 0013-0133
    ISSN: 1468-0297
    E-ISSN: 1468-0297
    Source: International Bibliography of the Social Sciences (IBSS)
    Source: Business Source Ultimate
    Source: EconLit with Full Text
    Source: Web of Science - Social Sciences Citation Index – 2019〈img src="http://exlibris-pub.s3.amazonaws.com/fromwos-v2.jpg" /〉
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