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  • 1
    Book
    Book
    2020
    ISBN: 9783864907098  ISBN: 3864907098 
    Language: German
    ISBN: 9783864907098
    ISBN: 3864907098
    Source: Alma/SFX Local Collection
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  • 2
    Language: German
    Description: In dieser Arbeit wurde der Einfluss von Naturprozessen auf alpinistische Aktivitäten in denGesäusebergen untersucht. Gemäß eines integrativen Ansatzes war die zentrale Frage, wie groß derEinfluss von Naturprozessen auf das Begehen oder nicht Begehen von Kletterrouten / Wänden in denverschiedenen Zeitperioden bis in die Gegenwart gewesen ist. Dies mit dem Hinblick darauf, dass sichdie Einstellung / Wertevorstellungen der AlpinistInnen im Lauf der Zeit geändert haben. Im theoretischen Teil der Arbeit wurde mittels des Vergleichs von Inhalten der Sekundärliteratur aufdie Geschichte des Alpinismus, alpine Gefahren und das Untersuchungsgebiet eingegangen. Imempirischen Teil wurden Führerwerke verschiedener Epochen im Hinblick auf relevanteGesichtspunkte analysiert. Zudem wurden Interviews mit fachkundigen Personen geführt. DieErgebnisse dieser beiden Säulen des empirischen Teils wurden miteinander und mit den Kenntnissenaus dem theoretischen Teil in Bezug gesetzt. Kontroverse Aspekte wurden in einemDiskussionskapitel näher behandelt. Es hat sich gezeigt, dass der jeweiligen Einstellung der AlpinistInnen in den verschiedenen Epochengrößerer Einfluss auf die Auswahl von Klettertouren beigemessen werden kann, als denNaturprozessen per se bzw. in anderer Weise mit Naturprozessen in ihrer Erscheinung als Gefahrenumgegangen wird. Die Zwischenkriegszeit hat sich als äußerst prägnant herausgestellt. In dieser Zeitwurden gezielt Gefahren, beispielsweise in Form von steinschlaggefährdeten Klettertouren / Wänden, aufgesucht. Heute gibt es eine hohe Heterogenität bei der Einstellung der KlettererInnen, doch ist beim Großteil ein sehr hohes Sicherheitsbewusstsein festzustellen. Daher werden Gefahren,auch in Form von Naturprozessen, möglichst gemieden. This diploma thesis explores the impact of natural processes on mountaineering in the Gesäusemountains.According to an integrative approach, the thesis focuses on the question howmountaineering (or not mountaineering) of climbing routes or rock faces has been influenced bynatural processes within different periods of time up to now. The changing attitudes of the alpinistswere also considered in this context. By comparing the content of secondary literature, the theoretical part of the thesis focuses on thehistory of alpinism, alpine dangers and the area of investigation. Within the empirical part of thethesis, guide literature from different ages is analysed with regard to relevant aspects. In addition tothat, interviews with experts were conducted and are connected to both the empirical and thetheoretical part. Controversial aspects about mountaineering are discussed in a separate chapter inmore detail. In conclusion, it can be said that the alpinists chose their climbing tours according to their attitudesrather than because of natural processes. Moreover, they did not think of the natural processes as athreat. The interwar period appears to be especially interesting: the alpinists were systematicallylooking for dangerous tours, for instance climbing walls that were constantly under the danger offalling rocks. Today, there are numerous different kinds of attitudes among mountaineers, but atrend towards safety can be observed. Dangers that emerge from natural processes are generally avoided. Peter Thaller Abweichender Titel laut Übersetzung des Verfassers/der Verfasserin Zusammenfassungen in Deutsch und Englisch Karl-Franzens-Universität Graz, Diplomarbeit, 2018 (VLID)2581713
    Subject(s): Bergsteigen
    Source: unipub Repository
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  • 3
    Book
    Book
    2020
    ISBN: 0300231946  ISBN: 9780300231946 
    Language: English
    Description: An interdisciplinary cultural history of exploration and mountaineering in the nineteenth century.
    Subject(s): Mountaineering ; Mountaineering in art ; Mountaineering in literature ; Mountaineering-History-19th century
    ISBN: 0300231946
    ISBN: 9780300231946
    Source: De Gruyter eBooks
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  • 4
    Language: English
    In: European journal of applied physiology, 2013-08, Vol.113 (8), p.2025-2037
    Description: Impairment of cognitive performance during and after high-altitude climbing has been described in numerous studies and has mostly been attributed to cerebral hypoxia and resulting functional and structural cerebral alterations. To investigate the hypothesis that high-altitude climbing leads to cognitive impairment, we used of neuropsychological tests and measurements of eye movement (EM) performance during different stimulus conditions. The study was conducted in 32 mountaineers participating in an expedition to Muztagh Ata (7,546 m). Neuropsychological tests comprised figural fluency, line bisection, letter and number cancellation, and a modified pegboard task. Saccadic performance was evaluated under three stimulus conditions with varying degrees of cortical involvement: visually guided pro- and anti-saccades, and visuo-visual interaction. Typical saccade parameters (latency, mean sequence, post-saccadic stability, and error rate) were computed off-line. Measurements were taken at a baseline level of 440 m and at altitudes of 4,497, 5,533, 6,265, and again at 440 m. All subjects reached 5,533 m, and 28 reached 6,265 m. The neuropsychological test results did not reveal any cognitive impairment. Complete eye movement recordings for all stimulus conditions were obtained in 24 subjects at baseline and at least two altitudes and in 10 subjects at baseline and all altitudes. Measurements of saccade performances showed no dependence on any altitude-related parameter and were well within normal limits. Our data indicates that acclimatized climbers do not seem to suffer from significant cognitive deficits during or after climbs to altitudes above 7,500 m. We demonstrated that investigation of EMs is feasible during high-altitude expeditions.
    Subject(s): Adult ; Altitude ; Biomedicine ; Cognition ; Cognitive function ; Female ; High altitude ; Human Physiology ; Humans ; Hypoxia ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Mountaineering - physiology ; Neuropsychological testing ; Neuropsychological Tests ; Occupational Medicine/Industrial Medicine ; Saccades ; Saccadic eye movement ; Sports Medicine
    ISSN: 1439-6319
    E-ISSN: 1439-6327
    Source: Alma/SFX Local Collection
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  • 5
    Book
    Book
    2020
    ISBN: 9780198857891  ISBN: 0198857896 
    Language: English
    Description: This book examines the relationship between Romantic-period writing and the activity that Samuel Taylor Coleridge christened ‘mountaineering’ in 1802. It argues that mountaineering developed as a pursuit in Britain during the Romantic era, earlier than is generally recognized, and shows how writers including William and Dorothy Wordsworth, Ann Radcliffe, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, John Keats, and Walter Scott were central to the activity’s evolution. It explores how the desire for physical ascent shaped Romantic-period literary culture, and investigates how the figure of the mountaineer became crucial to creative identities and literary outputs. Illustrated with twenty-five images from the period, the book shows how mountaineering in Britain had its origins in scientific research, antiquarian travel, and the search for the picturesque and the sublime. It considers how writers engaged with mountaineering’s power dynamics and investigates issues including the politics of the summit view (what Wordsworth terms ‘visual sovereignty’), the relationships between different types of ‘mountaineers’, and the role of women in the developing cultures of ascent. Placing the work of canonical writers alongside a wide range of other types of mountaineering literature, this book reassesses key Romantic-period terms and ideas, such as vision, insight, elevation, revelation, transcendence and the sublime. It opens up new ways of understanding the relationship between Romantic-period writers and the world that they experienced through their feet and hands, as well as their eyes, as they moved through the challenging landscapes of the British mountains.
    Subject(s): English literature ; Literary Studies (Romanticism) ; Mountaineering ; Mountaineering in literature ; Romanticism ; Romanticism-Great Britain
    ISBN: 9780198857891
    ISBN: 0198857896
    Source: Oxford Scholarship Online
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  • 6
    Language: German
    Description: TitelBerg ? ErfahrungenTitelzusatzBergsport ? ein kulturdynamisches PhänomenAutorinElfriede Maria LacknerUniversitätKarl ? Franzens -Universität GrazInstitutGeisteswissenschaftliche FakultätInstitut für Volkskunde und KulturanthropologieBetreuerin Prof_in Dr. Johanna RolshovenEinreichung November 2010Umfang120 BlSchlagwörter Kulturanalyse, Feldforschung, Alpingeschichte,Qualitative Forschungsmethoden , TypDiplomarbeit Kurzfassung ? deutschDie Diplomarbeit erhebt Formen des Bergsports zu Beginn des 21. Jahrhunderts und zeigt die gesellschaftliche Wertung aktiver Freizeitgestaltung. Die Motivfrage für sportliche Aktivität und die Bedeutung der Kontinuität von Bergsport in einer im Wandel begriffenen Gesellschaft werden anhand qualitativer Methoden empirisch erhoben und interpretiert. Die Kulturanalyse des Phänomens Bergsport klärt den historischen, regionalen, sozialen und wirtschaftlichen Kontext, der diese Praxis bestimmt. Das Aufgreifen dieses Bedürfnisses nach Naturbegegnung und Raumaneignung, nach Sozialität und Selbstverwirklichung im Freizeitbereich wird erhoben, Faktoren, die dieses erworbene Erbe des Alltagslebens alpiner Regionen beeinflusste werden aufgezeigtIm Zentrum der Darstellung steht der Wandel der Bergerfahrungen des Menschen innerhalb von 200 Jahren, der Mythos des Berges wurde vom sportlichen Zugang abgelöst. Die Veränderungen der vergangenen 25 Jahre, in denen das Bergerleben zur touristischen Bergkultur erhoben wurde, gehen über in ein Bergerleben als Alternative zu Leistungsdruck und Überbelastung, in einer modernen Welt. Fallstudien zeigen, dass es ein generationsübergreifendes Erleben ist. TITLE:MOUNTAIN EXPERIENCESUBTITLE:ALPINE SPORTS ? THE DYNAMICS OF ACULTURAL PHENOMENONAUTHORS NAME:ELFRIEDE MARIA LACKNERUNIVERSITY:KARL-FRANZENS-UNIVERSITÄT GRAZINSTITUTION:ARTS FACULTY; INSTITUTE FORETHNOGRAPHICSTUDIESSUPERVISOR:Prof. Dr. JOHANNA ROLSHOVENFILING DATE OF PAPER:NOVEMBER, 2010DATA VOLUME:120 BIKEYWORDS:ANALYZING SOCIAL SETTINGS;ETHNOGRAPHIC FIELDWORK;ALPINE HISTORY;QUALITATIVE RESEARCH METHODS.TYPE OF PAPER:DIPLOMA THESISAbstract in EnglishThe thesis investigates the new forms of alpine sports that feature at the beginning of the 21st century, and the valuation of society of active leisure time activities. The question of why sportive activities are carried out, and why alpine sports have shown a continuing popular trend in a society of permanent change is discussed here by way of qualitative methods, including empirical studies. Analyzing social settings inevitably reveal the historical, regional, social, and economic contexts that have had an impact on this very heritage of every day life in alpine regions. Likewise, the desire for meeting nature, i.e. meeting culture, which may result in appropriation of space and self-presentation in the fields of leisure time activities and tourism, is also under discussion. It is the transformation of mountain experience made by humans within a span of time of 200 years that are highlighted, during which period the anthropogonic myth has given way to the sportive access to the mountaineering phenomenon of today; however, the changes of the past 25 years which have seen a shift from the purely sportive experience of mountaineering to tourism-geared events are also considered, as are alpine sports which offer a true alternative to mans ubiquitous pressure to perform and their feeling of being under too great a permanent strain in modern life. vorgelegt von Elfriede Maria Lackner Abweichender Titel laut Übersetzung der Verfasserin/des Verfassers Zsfassung in engl. Sprache Graz, Univ., Dipl.-Arb., 2011 (VLID)215355
    Subject(s): Bergsteigen
    Source: unipub Repository
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  • 7
    Language: English
    Description: In dieser Master Thesis werden Kaufverhalten und Kaufentscheidungen von Hobby-Bergsportlern in Österreich in Bezug auf Nachhaltigkeit untersucht. Dabei wird die Manifestation von Diskrepanzen zwischen Werten und Verhalten (attitude-behavior gap) analysiert. Zielsetzung ist die Identifizierung von Einflussfaktoren auf den Entscheidungsprozess beim Kauf von Bekleidung. Diese Entscheidungsprozesse werden sowohl für Mode als auch für Bergsportkleidung untersucht, dabei ergeben sie deutliche Unterschiede. Die Interviews zeigen deutlich, dass die Hobby-Bergsportler ihrer Bergbekleidung mehr Wert zumessen als anderen Bekleidungsstücken. Daraus lässt sich eine Werteverschiebung hin zu den Freizeitaktivitäten ableiten. In dieser Studie werden qualitative Interviews diskursanalytisch ausgewertet. Die Analyse verbindet den 'attitude-behavior gap' und das Kaufverhalten und ermöglicht es, die Einstellungen der Sportler zu erfassen. In Bezug auf Bekleidung lässt sich eine starke Diskrepanz zwischen grundlegenden ökologischen Werten und dem tatsächlichen Verhalten feststellen. Bekleidung besitzt in Bezug auf Nachhaltigkeitsüberlegungen einen geringen Stellenwert. Fehlendes Wissen sowie angenommene Vorurteile sind dabei hauptursächlich für die Diskrepanz zwischen Werten und Verhalten. In this Master Thesis the purchase decision and the decision-making process of hobby mountaineers in Austria are analyzed. The focus lies on the attitude-behavior gap. The aim is to identify influencing factors in the purchase decision of garments. The mountaineers display differences in their decision-making process for fashion and for outdoor garments. Over all, the focus group values outdoor gear more than other garment and shows a value shift towards leisure activities. Qualitative semi structured interviews are analyzed with a discourse analysis. The analysis connects the purchase behavior of the mountaineers with their attitudes, and therefore allows taking a deeper look at the attitude-behavior gap. The existence of the gap can be confirmed through the statements of the interviewees. Missing knowledge and preconceptions are the main drivers for the attitude-behavior gap. by Annette Karoline Arngart Behrendt, BA Zusammenfassungen in Deutsch und Englisch Karl-Franzens-Universität Graz, Masterarbeit, 2017 (VLID)2046932
    Subject(s): Bergsteigen ; Kaufverhalten ; Nachhaltigkeit ; Sportartikel
    Source: unipub Repository
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  • 8
    Book
    Book
    2016
    ISBN: 9781469625034  ISBN: 1469625032  ISBN: 9781469625041  ISBN: 1469625040 
    Language: English
    Description: Though the Alps may appear to be a peaceful place, the famed mountains once provided the backdrop for a political, environmental, and cultural battle as Germany and Austria struggled to modernize. Tait Keller examines the mountains' threefold role in transforming the two countries, as people sought respite in the mountains, transformed and shaped them according to their needs, and over time began to view them as national symbols and icons of individualism.In the mid-nineteenth century, the Alps were regarded as a place of solace from industrial development and the stresses of urban life. Soon, however, mountaineers, or the so-called apostles of the Alps, began carving the crags to suit their whims, altering the natural landscape with trails and lodges, and seeking to modernize and nationalize the high frontier. Disagreements over the meaning of modernization opened the mountains to competing agendas and hostile ambitions. Keller examines the ways in which these opposing approaches corresponded to the political battles, social conflicts, culture wars, and environmental crusades that shaped modern Germany and Austria, placing the Alpine borderlands at the heart of the German question of nationhood.
    Subject(s): 1789–1900 ; 19th century ; 20th century ; Alps, Eastern ; Alps, Eastern - History - 20th century ; Austria ; Austria & Hungary ; Ecology & Evolutionary Biology ; Europe ; Germany ; HISTORY ; Mountaineering
    ISBN: 9781469625034
    ISBN: 1469625032
    ISBN: 9781469625041
    ISBN: 1469625040
    Source: eBook Academic Collection - Worldwide
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  • 9
    Language: English
    In: European journal of applied physiology, 2015-05, Vol.115 (5), p.947-957
    Description: This study investigated the hand and wrist muscle capacities among expert rock climbers and compared them with those of non-climbers. The objective was to identify the adaptations resulting from several years of climbing practice.Twelve climbers (nine males and three females) and 13 non-climber males participated in this study. Each subject performed a set of maximal voluntary contractions about the wrist and the metacarpo-phalengeal joints during which net joint moments and electromyographic activities were recorded. From this data set, the muscle capacities of the five main muscle groups of the hand (wrist flexors, wrist extensors, finger flexors, finger extensors and intrinsic muscles) were estimated using a biomechanical model. This process consisted in adjusting the physiological cross-sectional area (PCSA) and the maximal muscle stress value from an initial generic model.Results obtained from the model provided several new pieces of information compared to the analysis of only the net joint moments. Particularly, the capacities of the climbers were 37.1 % higher for finger flexors compared to non-climbers and were similar for finger extensor and for the other muscle groups. Climbers thus presented a greater imbalance between flexor and extensor capacities which suggests a potential risk of pathologies.The practice of climbing not only increased the strength of climbers but also resulted in specific adaptations among hand muscles. The proposed method and the obtained data could be re-used to optimize the training programs as well as the rehabilitation processes following hand pathologies.
    Subject(s): Adolescent ; Adult ; Biomechanics ; Biomedicine ; Electromyography ; Engineering Sciences ; Female ; Fingers - physiology ; Hand - physiology ; Hand modeling ; Hand Strength - physiology ; Human health and pathology ; Human Physiology ; Humans ; Life Sciences ; Male ; Mechanics ; Mountaineering - physiology ; Muscle capacities ; Muscle Strength - physiology ; Muscle, Skeletal - physiology ; Occupational Medicine/Industrial Medicine ; Physical Endurance - physiology ; Sport climbing ; Sports Medicine ; Tissues and Organs ; Training ; Wrist - physiology ; Young Adult
    ISSN: 1439-6319
    E-ISSN: 1439-6327
    Source: Alma/SFX Local Collection
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  • 10
    Language: German
    Description: Die vorliegende Arbeit beschäftigt sich mit den Themen Risiko, Risikomanagement und Risikoverhalten im Bergsport. Es soll ein Einblick in ein sehr umfangreiches Themengebiet verschafft werden und Antworten zur Sinnhaftigkeit von Risikomanagement im Bergsport gefunden werden. Die Arbeit soll einerseits als Leitfaden für ein mögliches Risikomanagement im alpinen Sportbereich dienen und Methoden zur Reduktion von Risiken kritisch hinterfragen. Andererseits sollen auch die möglichen positiven Aspekte die Risiken und Ängste mit sich bringen beschrieben werden, da man sie meist als sehr negativ empfindet. Risikoerfahrungen und Ängste sollen als Möglichkeiten zur persönlichen Weiterentwicklung dienen. Dabei werden Ängste und Wahrnehmungen positiv, aber auch negativ von Gruppenphänomenen beeinflusst, wodurch es zu Verzerrungen kommen kann. Das Ziel dieser Arbeit ist es, die unterstützenden und die einschränkenden Aspekte von Risikomanagement und Risikoverhalten aufzuzeigen. The purpose of this thesis is to provide an overview of the three topics risk, risk management and risk behavior in mountaineering. Within this wide ranged topic answers should be delivered according to the significance of risk management in mountaineering. On the one hand, the thesis should be seen as a guideline for possible applications of risk management during mountaineering activities and as discussion of selected risk reducing methods. On the other hand, positive aspects of of risk and fear are dealt with, as these factors are often perceived rather negatively. It is important for ones own self-development to have certain experiences related to risks and fears, as they are necessary for a persons professional and personal development. Fears and perception are partly effected by group dynamics in a positive way, but can also be influenced in a negative way instead, which could lead to a distortion in our evaluation. This thesis aims to analyse both supportive and hindering aspects of risk management and risk behavior. vorgelegt von David Koller Abweichender Titel laut Übersetzung des Verfassers/der Verfasserin Zusammenfassungen in Deutsch und Englisch Karl-Franzens-Universität Graz, Diplomarbeit, 2017 (VLID)2004048
    Subject(s): Bergsteigen ; Risikoverhalten
    Source: unipub Repository
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