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  • 1
    Language: English
    In: Educational evaluation and policy analysis, 2002-12-01, Vol.24 (4), p.305-331
    Description: We developed a zero-to-five index of the strength of accountability in 50 states based on the use of high-stakes testing to sanction and reward schools, and analyzed whether that index is related to student gains on the NAEP mathematics test in 1996-2000. The study also relates the index to changes in student retention in the 9th grade and to changes in high school completion rates over the same period. The results show that students in high-accountability states averaged significantly greater gains on the NAEP 8th-grade math test than students in states with little or no state measures to improve student performance. Furthermore, students in high-accountability states do not have significantly higher retention or lower high school completion rates.
    Subject(s): Basic skills ; Coefficients ; Grade repetition ; High school students ; High schools ; Hispanics ; Mathematics ; Outcomes of education ; Survival rates ; Test scores
    ISSN: 0162-3737
    E-ISSN: 1935-1062
    Source: JSTOR Arts & Sciences IV
    Source: Alma/SFX Local Collection
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  • 2
    Language: English
    In: Biological psychiatry (1969), 2006, Vol.60 (7), p.722-729
    Description: Pre-clinical and clinical studies have shown acute stress may impair working memory and visuo-spatial ability. This study was designed to clarify the nature of stress-induced cognitive deficits in soldiers and how such deficits may contribute to operational or battlefield errors. One hundred eighty-four Special Operations warfighters enrolled in Survival School completed pre-stress measures of dissociation and trauma exposure. Subjects were randomized to one of three assessment groups (Pre-stress, Stress, Post-stress) and were administered the Rey Ostereith Complex Figure (ROCF). All subjects completed post-stress measures of dissociation. ROCF copy and recall were normal in the Pre- and Post-stress groups. ROCF copy and recall were significantly impaired in the Stress Group. Stress group ROCF copy performance was piecemeal, and ROCF recall was impaired. Symptoms of dissociation were negatively associated with ROCF recall in the Stress group. Baseline dissociation and history of traumatic stress predicted cognitive impairment during stress. Stress exposure impaired visuo-spatial capacity and working memory. In rats, monkeys, and humans, high dopamine and NE turnover in the PFC induce deficits in cognition and spatial working memory. Improved understanding of stress-induced cognitive deficits may assist in identification of soldiers at risk and lead to the development of better countermeasures.
    Subject(s): Adult ; Biological and medical sciences ; Cognition ; dissociation ; Dissociative Disorders - etiology ; Female ; Form Perception ; Fundamental and applied biological sciences. Psychology ; Human ; Humans ; Learning. Memory ; Male ; Medical colleges ; Memory ; Memory Disorders - etiology ; Memory, Short-Term ; military performance ; Military personnel ; Military Personnel - psychology ; Pattern Recognition, Visual ; pre-frontal cortex ; Psychology. Psychoanalysis. Psychiatry ; Psychology. Psychophysiology ; Short-term memory ; Soldiers ; Space Perception ; Stress, Psychological - complications ; survival school ; Training ; trauma exposure
    ISSN: 0006-3223
    E-ISSN: 1873-2402
    Source: Backfile Package - All of Back Files EBS [ALLOFBCKF]
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  • 3
    Language: English
    In: Technium Social Sciences Journal, 2020-04-01, Vol.7, p.74-85
    Description: Currently, teachers’ salaries in Zimbabwe are insufficient to sustain the harsh economic situation yet teachers seem to be meeting their monthly livelihood demands. A study to explore different survival strategies engaged by teachers under this current flopping economy was conducted in the Gweru urban. A total of 55 participants were randomly selected from five different schools. Questionnaires and in-depth interviews were used to collect data. Descriptive statistics and Chi-Square test for association (SPSS version 21) were used to analyse the data. Findings revealed that teachers have adopted 15 survival strategies to augment their meagre salaries. Over 50% of the teachers indicated that borrowing money from banks/microfinance institutions, conducting extra lessons, poultry production, cross border trading, part-time teaching at private schools, production of horticultural produce and selling of goods (maputi “dried corn”, sweets, peanut butter, snacks etc...) were pillars to their survival in this collapsing economy. Gender influenced the adoption of cross border trading (χ2 = 4.558; p 〈0.05) and hair dressing (χ2 = 10.102; p 〈0.005). Delivery of extra lesson was significantly associated with job title (χ2 = 5.026; p 〈0.05) constituting 70% teachers and 20% headmasters. It was observed that teachers with higher qualifications had a greater chances of being hired as part time private tutors in private schools. A greater proportion of the respondents (70.91%) agreed that venturing into these survival strategies impacted seriously on pupils’ overall performance. Thus teachers are recommended to balance their profession and private business to ensure that pupils’ performance is not compromised.
    Subject(s): flopping economy, survival strategies, teachers, school, livelihood
    E-ISSN: 2668-7798
    Source: HeinOnline Law Journal Library
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  • 4
    Language: English
    In: Technium Social Sciences Journal, 2020-04-01, Vol.7, p.74-85
    Description: Currently, teachers’ salaries in Zimbabwe are insufficient to sustain the harsh economic situation yet teachers seem to be meeting their monthly livelihood demands. A study to explore different survival strategies engaged by teachers under this current flopping economy was conducted in the Gweru urban. A total of 55 participants were randomly selected from five different schools. Questionnaires and in-depth interviews were used to collect data. Descriptive statistics and Chi-Square test for association (SPSS version 21) were used to analyse the data. Findings revealed that teachers have adopted 15 survival strategies to augment their meagre salaries. Over 50% of the teachers indicated that borrowing money from banks/microfinance institutions, conducting extra lessons, poultry production, cross border trading, part-time teaching at private schools, production of horticultural produce and selling of goods (maputi “dried corn”, sweets, peanut butter, snacks etc...) were pillars to their survival in this collapsing economy. Gender influenced the adoption of cross border trading (χ2 = 4.558; p 〈0.05) and hair dressing (χ2 = 10.102; p 〈0.005). Delivery of extra lesson was significantly associated with job title (χ2 = 5.026; p 〈0.05) constituting 70% teachers and 20% headmasters. It was observed that teachers with higher qualifications had a greater chances of being hired as part time private tutors in private schools. A greater proportion of the respondents (70.91%) agreed that venturing into these survival strategies impacted seriously on pupils’ overall performance. Thus teachers are recommended to balance their profession and private business to ensure that pupils’ performance is not compromised.
    Subject(s): flopping economy, survival strategies, teachers, school, livelihood
    E-ISSN: 2668-7798
    Source: HeinOnline Law Journal Library
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  • 5
    Book
    Book
    2013
    ISBN: 0816674299  ISBN: 0816674280  ISBN: 9780816674282  ISBN: 9780816674299 
    Language: English
    Description: In the late 1960s, Indian families in Minneapolis and St. Paul were under siege. Clyde Bellecourt remembers, "We were losing our children during this time; juvenile courts were sweeping our children up, and they were fostering them out, and sometimes whole families were being broken up." In 1972, motivated by prejudice in the child welfare system and hostility in the public schools, American Indian Movement (AIM) organizers and local Native parents came together to start their own community school. For Pat Bellanger, it was about cultural survival. Though established in a moment of crisis, the school fulfilled a goal that she had worked toward for years: to create an educational system that would enable Native children "never to forget who they were." While AIM is best known for its national protests and political demands, the survival schools foreground the movement's local and regional engagement with issues of language, culture, spirituality, and identity. In telling of the evolution and impact of the Heart of the Earth school in Minneapolis and the Red School House in St. Paul, Julie L. Davis explains how the survival schools emerged out of AIM's local activism in education, child welfare, and juvenile justice and its efforts to achieve self-determination over urban Indian institutions. The schools provided informal, supportive, culturally relevant learning environments for students who had struggled in the public schools. Survival school classes, for example, were often conducted with students and instructors seated together in a circle, which signified the concept of mutual human respect. Davis reveals how the survival schools contributed to the global movement for Indigenous decolonization as they helped Indian youth and their families to reclaim their cultural identities and build a distinctive Native community. The story of these schools, unfolding here through the voices of activists, teachers, parents, and students, is also an in-depth history of AIM's founding and early community organizing in the Twin Cities-and evidence of its long-term effect on Indian people's lives.
    Subject(s): Education ; Ethnic Studies ; Geschichte (Histor) ; HISTORY ; Indianer ; Midwest (IA, IL, IN, KS, MI, MN, MO, ND, NE, OH, SD, WI) ; Minnesota ; Native American Studies ; Schule ; SOCIAL SCIENCE ; Sociology ; State & Local ; United States ; Vintners ; Wine industry
    ISBN: 0816674299
    ISBN: 0816674280
    ISBN: 9780816674282
    ISBN: 9780816674299
    Source: Ebook Central - Academic Complete
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  • 6
    Article
    Article
    2004
    ISSN: 0193-9459 
    Language: English
    In: Western journal of nursing research, 2004-06, Vol.26 (4), p.444-460
    Description: This article is a historical case study of the organizational lifecycle of the DePauw University School of Nursing in Greencastle, Indiana. Few studies have examined schools of nursing over their entire lifecycles. The school was created in 1954, existed for 40 years, and closed in 1994. Organizational lifecycle theory posits that organizations undergo four stages: creation, transformation, decline, and closing or death. We used this theory to guide our study, which was based on data from interviews, archival documents, and institutional records. We found that factors associated with the creation of this organization had long-lasting effects, the external environment profoundly influenced the school, and that a shift in shared values and institutional linkages contributed to its closure. As society’s need and demand for nurses increases, the continuance of schools of nursing and reasons for their demise merits the attention of faculty and administrators.
    Subject(s): Education, Nursing, Baccalaureate ; History ; History, 19th Century ; History, 20th Century ; Humans ; Indiana ; Nursing ; Nursing schools ; Organizational Case Studies ; Organizational Culture ; Organizational Innovation ; Organizational research ; Schools, Nursing - history ; Schools, Nursing - organization & administration ; Social Environment ; Social Values
    ISSN: 0193-9459
    E-ISSN: 1552-8456
    Source: Alma/SFX Local Collection
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  • 7
    Language: English
    In: Behavioral disorders, 1993-02-01, Vol.18 (2), p.139-147
    Description: School survival skills are behaviors which enhance the likelihood of academic success. In general, academically successful students have a greater knowledge of school survival skills and actively apply these skills in classroom settings. The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of a multicomponent instructional system, known as a modified version of the School Survival Skills Curriculum, in developing and improving the school survival skills of students with behavioral disorders. Using a pretest-posttest group design, the experimental group demonstrated significant improvement in their overall use of school survival skills as measured by the School Survival Skills Scale. However, no significant differences were shown for students' grade point averages. Implications for practice are discussed.
    Subject(s): Academic achievement ; Academic education ; Behavior ; Behavioral disorders ; Control groups ; Education ; Educational psychology ; High school students ; High schools ; Learning ; Pedagogy ; Pretests ; Secondary school curricula ; Secondary schools ; Social skills ; Special education ; Students ; Teachers ; Teenagers
    ISSN: 0198-7429
    E-ISSN: 2163-5307
    Source: JSTOR Arts & Sciences XII
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  • 8
    Dissertation
    Dissertation
    1982
    ISBN: 9780315102293  ISBN: 0315102292 
    Language: English
    Subject(s): Education
    ISBN: 9780315102293
    ISBN: 0315102292
    Source: ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global
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  • 9
    Article
    Article
    1987
    ISSN: 0014-1836 
    Language: English
    In: Ethnomusicology, 1987-04-01, Vol.31 (2), p.261-272
    Subject(s): Ceremonies ; Christianity ; Communities ; Drums ; ethnomusicology ; folk music ; Hymns ; Indian culture ; Iroquois Indians ; Longhouses ; Oneida Indians ; Powwows ; Singing ; Soaring Eagle Drum ; Soaring Eagle Survival School ; Traditions ; United States ; Wisconsin
    ISSN: 0014-1836
    E-ISSN: 2156-7417
    Source: International Bibliography of the Social Sciences (IBSS)
    Source: JSTOR Arts & Sciences III
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  • 10
    Language: English
    In: The Lancet (British edition), 2015, Vol.385 (9972), p.977-1010
    Description: Summary Background Worldwide data for cancer survival are scarce. We aimed to initiate worldwide surveillance of cancer survival by central analysis of population-based registry data, as a metric of the effectiveness of health systems, and to inform global policy on cancer control. Methods Individual tumour records were submitted by 279 population-based cancer registries in 67 countries for 25·7 million adults (age 15–99 years) and 75 000 children (age 0–14 years) diagnosed with cancer during 1995–2009 and followed up to Dec 31, 2009, or later. We looked at cancers of the stomach, colon, rectum, liver, lung, breast (women), cervix, ovary, and prostate in adults, and adult and childhood leukaemia. Standardised quality control procedures were applied; errors were corrected by the registry concerned. We estimated 5-year net survival, adjusted for background mortality in every country or region by age (single year), sex, and calendar year, and by race or ethnic origin in some countries. Estimates were age-standardised with the International Cancer Survival Standard weights. Findings 5-year survival from colon, rectal, and breast cancers has increased steadily in most developed countries. For patients diagnosed during 2005–09, survival for colon and rectal cancer reached 60% or more in 22 countries around the world; for breast cancer, 5-year survival rose to 85% or higher in 17 countries worldwide. Liver and lung cancer remain lethal in all nations: for both cancers, 5-year survival is below 20% everywhere in Europe, in the range 15–19% in North America, and as low as 7–9% in Mongolia and Thailand. Striking rises in 5-year survival from prostate cancer have occurred in many countries: survival rose by 10–20% between 1995–99 and 2005–09 in 22 countries in South America, Asia, and Europe, but survival still varies widely around the world, from less than 60% in Bulgaria and Thailand to 95% or more in Brazil, Puerto Rico, and the USA. For cervical cancer, national estimates of 5-year survival range from less than 50% to more than 70%; regional variations are much wider, and improvements between 1995–99 and 2005–09 have generally been slight. For women diagnosed with ovarian cancer in 2005–09, 5-year survival was 40% or higher only in Ecuador, the USA, and 17 countries in Asia and Europe. 5-year survival for stomach cancer in 2005–09 was high (54–58%) in Japan and South Korea, compared with less than 40% in other countries. By contrast, 5-year survival from adult leukaemia in Japan and South Korea (18–23%) is lower than in most other countries. 5-year survival from childhood acute lymphoblastic leukaemia is less than 60% in several countries, but as high as 90% in Canada and four European countries, which suggests major deficiencies in the management of a largely curable disease. Interpretation International comparison of survival trends reveals very wide differences that are likely to be attributable to differences in access to early diagnosis and optimum treatment. Continuous worldwide surveillance of cancer survival should become an indispensable source of information for cancer patients and researchers and a stimulus for politicians to improve health policy and health-care systems. Funding Canadian Partnership Against Cancer (Toronto, Canada), Cancer Focus Northern Ireland (Belfast, UK), Cancer Institute New South Wales (Sydney, Australia), Cancer Research UK (London, UK), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (Atlanta, GA, USA), Swiss Re (London, UK), Swiss Cancer Research foundation (Bern, Switzerland), Swiss Cancer League (Bern, Switzerland), and University of Kentucky (Lexington, KY, USA).
    Subject(s): Abridged Index Medicus ; Adolescent ; Adult ; Age Distribution ; Aged ; Aged, 80 and over ; Analysis ; Cancer ; Cancer and Oncology ; Cancer och onkologi ; Child ; Child, Preschool ; Clinical Medicine ; Female ; Global Health ; Humans ; Infant ; Infant, Newborn ; Internal Medicine ; Klinisk medicin ; Male ; Matematik ; Mathematics ; Medical and Health Sciences ; Medicin och hälsovetenskap ; Middle Aged ; Natural Sciences ; Naturvetenskap ; Neoplasms - mortality ; Patient outcomes ; Prevention ; Probability Theory and Statistics ; Registries ; Sannolikhetsteori och statistik ; Sex Distribution ; Survival Analysis ; Young Adult
    ISSN: 0140-6736
    ISSN: 1474-547X
    E-ISSN: 1474-547X
    Source: Backfile Package - All of Back Files EBS [ALLOFBCKF]
    Source: SWEPUB Freely available online
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