International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics, 2007, Vol.68 (3), p.873-882
Background: The majority of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) cells express the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR). The present study evaluates the combination of temozolomide (TMZ), EGFR inhibition, and radiotherapy (RT) in GBM cell lines. Methods and Materials: Human GBM cell lines U87, LN229, LN18, NCH 82, and NCH 89 were treated with various combinations of TMZ, RT, and the monoclonal EGFR antibody cetuximab. Responsiveness of glioma cells to the combination treatment was measured by clonogenic survival. Results: Overall, double and triple combinations of RT, TMZ, and cetuximab lead to additive cytotoxic effects (independent toxicity). A notable exception was observed for U87 and LN 18 cell lines, where the combination of TMZ and cetuximab showed substantial antagonism. Interestingly, in these two cell lines, the combination of RT with cetuximab resulted in a substantial increase in cell killing over that expected for independent toxicity. The triple combination with RT, cetuximab, and TMZ was nearly able to overcome the antagonism for the TMZ/cetuximab combination in U87, however only marginally in LN18, GBM cell lines. Conclusion: It appears that EGFR expression is not correlated with cytotoxic effects exerted by cetuximab. Combination treatment with TMZ, cetuximab and radiation resulted in independent toxicity in three out of five cell lines evaluated, the antagonistic effect of the TMZ/cetuximab combination in two cell lines could indicate that TMZ preferentially kills cetuximab-resistant cells, suggesting for some cross-talk between toxicity mechanisms. Expression of EGFR was no surrogate marker for responsiveness to cetuximab, alone or in combination with RT and TMZ.
Radiology ; Hematology, Oncology and Palliative Medicine ; Human glioma cells ; Temozolomide ; Toxicity ; EGFR ; Radiation ; Cell Survival - drug effects ; Dacarbazine - administration & dosage ; Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols - administration & dosage ; Humans ; Epidermal Growth Factor - metabolism ; Antineoplastic Agents - administration & dosage ; Radiation Dosage ; Cell Survival - radiation effects ; Dose-Response Relationship, Drug ; Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized ; Antibodies, Monoclonal - administration & dosage ; Chemotherapy, Adjuvant - methods ; Glioblastoma - pathology ; Dacarbazine - analogs & derivatives ; Cell Line, Tumor ; Epidermal Growth Factor - antagonists & inhibitors ; Glioblastoma - metabolism ; Cetuximab ; Dose-Response Relationship, Radiation ; Epidermal growth factor ; Radiotherapy ; Gliomas ; Nuclear radiation ; Cells ; ANTIBODIES ; GLIOMAS ; GROWTH FACTORS ; INHIBITION ; IN VITRO ; CELL KILLING ; RADIOLOGY AND NUCLEAR MEDICINE ; TOXICITY ; RADIOTHERAPY ; RECEPTORS
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