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  • 1
    Language: English
    In: The World Bank economic review, 2021-05, Vol.35 (2), p.398-413
    Description: Economists often default to the assumption that cash is always preferable to an in-kind transfer. Do beneficiaries feel the same way? This paper addresses this issue using longitudinal household data from Ethiopia, where a large-scale social safety net intervention (PSNP) operates. Even though most payments are made in cash, and even though the (temporal) transaction costs associated with food payments are higher than payments received as cash, most beneficiaries stated that they prefer their payments only or partly in food. Higher food prices induce shifts in stated preferences toward in-kind transfers. More food-secure households, those closer to food markets and to financial services are more likely to prefer cash. Though shifts occur, the stated preference for food is dominant: In no year do more than 17 percent of households prefer only cash. There is suggestive evidence that stated preferences for food are also driven by self-control concerns.
    ISSN: 0258-6770
    E-ISSN: 1564-698X
    Source: Business Source Ultimate
    Source: EconLit with Full Text
    Source: World Bank e-Library
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  • 2
    Book
    Book
    2013
    ISBN: 1107609135  ISBN: 9781107028029  ISBN: 1107028027  ISBN: 9781107609136 
    Language: English
    Description: This edited volume offers original scholarship on economic and social human rights from leading and new cutting-edge scholars in the fields of economics, law, political science, sociology and anthropology. It analyzes the core economic and social rights and the crucial topic of non-discrimination, and includes an innovative section on 'meta' rights. The main chapters answer important questions about economic and social rights performance around the world by emphasizing the obstacles that prevent governments from fulfilling their obligations. The interdisciplinary analysis offers a detailed and up-to-date discussion to help scholars and policy makers find the best ways to instantiate economic and social rights. The authors examine the role of the associated obligations, and especially the obstacles to respect, protect and fulfil those obligations. The book's introductory and concluding chapters address conceptual issues and correct mistakes often made by critics of economic and social rights.
    Subject(s): Economic aspects ; Human rights ; Social aspects
    ISBN: 1107609135
    ISBN: 9781107028029
    ISBN: 1107028027
    ISBN: 9781107609136
    Source: eBook Academic Collection - Worldwide
    Source: Cambridge Core All Books
    Source: Ebook Central - Academic Complete
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  • 3
    Language: English
    In: Oxford economic papers, 2020-06-08
    Description: Abstract This paper analyses the macroeconomic and welfare effects of a higher retirement age within a dynamic overlapping generations framework, wherein exponential discounting and sophisticated quasi-hyperbolic discounting agents coexist in ‘mixed economies’. The transitional dynamics of economic aggregates depend on the proportion of QHD agents, and the extent to which reducing the social security tax rate mitigates crowding-out effects on savings and enables both lower pension contributions and higher pension benefits. Welfare impacts across agent types and cohorts differ accordingly: QHD agents employ the higher retirement age as a commitment mechanism to mitigate the adverse welfare implications of present-biasedness.
    ISSN: 0030-7653
    E-ISSN: 1464-3812
    Source: EconLit with Full Text
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  • 4
    Book
    Book
    2008
    ISBN: 9783899427462  ISBN: 3899427467 
    Language: German
    Subject(s): capitalism ; Gesellschaft ; Kapitalismus ; Political Science ; Politics ; Politik ; Politikwissenschaft ; social policy ; Society ; Sociology ; Sozialer Wandel ; Sozialpolitik ; Soziologie ; Welfare state
    ISBN: 9783899427462
    ISBN: 3899427467
    Source: De Gruyter eBooks
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  • 5
    Book
    Book
    2020
    ISBN: 1447352955  ISBN: 9781447352952 
    Language: English
    Description: Research into minimum income standards and reference budgets around the world is compared in this illuminating collection from leading academics in the field.
    Subject(s): Cost and standard of living
    ISBN: 1447352955
    ISBN: 9781447352952
    Source: Alma/SFX Local Collection
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  • 6
    Language: English
    In: The Journal of development studies, 2019-12-13, Vol.55 (sup1), p.1-6
    Description: Effective social protection is increasingly as essential to supporting affected populations in situations of protracted instability and displacement. Despite the growing use of social protection in these settings, there is comparatively little rigorous research on what works, for whom, and why. This special issue contributes by adding seven high-quality studies that raise substantially our understanding of the role of social protection in fragile contexts and in settings of forced displacement and migration. Together, these studies fill knowledge gaps, help support informed decision-making by policy-makers and practitioners, and demonstrate that impact evaluation and the analysis of social protection in challenging humanitarian settings are possible. The studies provide evidence that design choices in implementation, such as which population to target, choice of transfer modality or which messages are delivered with programmes, can make a substantial difference in the realisation of positive benefits among vulnerable populations. Furthermore, the findings of the studies underline the relevance of tailoring programme components to populations, which may benefit more or less from traditional programme implementation models.
    Subject(s): Business & Economics ; Decision making ; Development Studies ; Displacement ; Economics ; FORCED DISPLACEMENT ; FRAGILE STATES ; Humanitarianism ; Intervention ; MIGRATION ; Policy making ; Protection ; Relocation ; SOCIAL PROTECTION ; Social Sciences ; TARGETING ; VULNERABILITY ; Welfare state
    ISSN: 0022-0388
    E-ISSN: 1743-9140
    Source: International Bibliography of the Social Sciences (IBSS)
    Source: Business Source Ultimate
    Source: Taylor & Francis Open Access
    Source: EconLit with Full Text
    Source: Academic Search Ultimate
    Source: Web of Science - Social Sciences Citation Index – 2019〈img src="http://exlibris-pub.s3.amazonaws.com/fromwos-v2.jpg" /〉
    Source: Sociological Abstracts
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  • 7
    Book
    Book
    2020
    ISBN: 9811574278  ISBN: 9789811574276 
    Language: English
    Description: This book provides a framework to understand the disregarded aspect of emerging market growth which is informal employment. Informal employment in unregistered enterprises or of workers without employment contracts or social protection contributions constitutes 88 per cent of employment in India and is a ubiquitous feature of the economy. A large proportion of informal employment (86 per cent) is self-employment and this category of employment has been neglected in the literature on work and development which has focused instead on wage employment that is a contract for work with another person or enterprise.  Another striking feature of such economies which the book engages with is that, as they have liberalized, informal employment in the registered enterprises or formal part of the economy has grown. The informal sector has been analyzed by recourse to two major approaches. One is a public economics framework that underlines how informal enterprises evolve as they trade-off reduced access to public services such as contract enforcement with the payment of taxes and regulatory compliances. This book extends this literature by focusing on the access to formal sector credit and its potential for financing productive enterprises as a factor that is considered when an enterprise contemplates whether to incorporate or not.  The second leg of the literature takes a labour perspective and emphasizes mandated labour costs such as hiring and firing costs, benefits, and minimum wages as considerations when deciding on whether to engage labour on a formal or informal basis. The book broadens this literature by taking into account how the human capital of workers and the monitoring costs of ensuring that workers are adhering to the terms of negotiated contracts inform the decision with regard to informality. The book will resonate with those academics and policy makers who are engaged with the conundrums of development.
    Subject(s): Informal sector (Economics)
    ISBN: 9811574278
    ISBN: 9789811574276
    Source: Springer Economics and Finance eBooks 2020 English/International
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  • 8
    Language: German
    ISBN: 9783848761555
    ISBN: 3848761556
    Source: Nomos eLibrary
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  • 9
    Article
    Article
    2020
    ISSN: 0257-3032  ISSN: 1564-6971 
    Language: English
    In: The World Bank research observer, 2020-02-01, Vol.35 (1), p.87-121
    Description: In parts of Asia, the South Caucasus, and the Balkans, son preference is strong enough to trigger significant levels of sex selection, resulting in the excess mortality of girls and skewing child sex ratios in favor of boys. Every year, an estimated 1.8 million girls go “missing” because of the widespread use of sex selective practices in these regions. The pervasive use of such practices is reflective of the striking inequities girls face immediately, and it also has possible negative implications for efforts to improve women's status in the long term. Recognizing this as a public policy concern, governments have employed direct measures such as banning the use of prenatal sex selection technology, and providing financial incentives to families that have girls. This study reviews cross-country experiences to take stock of the direct interventions used and finds no conclusive evidence that they are effective in reducing the higher mortality risk for girls. In fact, bans on the use of sex selection technology may inadvertently worsen the status of the very individuals they intend to protect, and financial incentives to families with girls offer only short-term benefits at most. Instead, what seems to work are policies that indirectly raise the value of daughters. The study also underscores the paucity of causal studies in this literature.
    Subject(s): DIRECT INTERVENTION ; FINANCIAL INCENTIVE ; GENDER DISCRIMINATION ; MISSING GIRLS ; MORTALITY RISK ; SEX RATIOS ; SEX SELECTION ; SON PREFERENCE
    ISSN: 0257-3032
    ISSN: 1564-6971
    E-ISSN: 1564-6971
    Source: EconLit with Full Text
    Source: World Bank e-Library
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  • 10
    Article
    Article
    2019
    ISSN: 0013-0133  ISSN: 1468-0297 
    Language: English
    In: The Economic journal (London), 2019-01-01, Vol.129 (617), p.172-208
    Description: We study a Chilean programme that combines home visits to households in extreme poverty with guaranteed access to social services. Its goal was to connect marginalised families to the social system to improve their living conditions. Programme impacts are identified using regression discontinuity exploring the fact that eligibility is a discontinuous function of an index of family income and assets. There is no evidence of short or long-term effects on employment or housing. However, we find short and medium-term impacts on the take-up of subsidies and employment services among families without access to the welfare system prior to the intervention.
    Subject(s): Access ; Business & Economics ; Discontinuity ; Domiciliary visits ; Economic theory ; Economics ; Economics and Business ; Ekonomi och näringsliv ; Eligibility ; Employment agencies ; Households ; Housing ; Living conditions ; Long term effects ; Nationalekonomi ; Poverty ; Samhällsvetenskap ; Social exclusion ; Social Sciences ; Social services ; Subsidies ; Welfare
    ISSN: 0013-0133
    ISSN: 1468-0297
    E-ISSN: 1468-0297
    Source: International Bibliography of the Social Sciences (IBSS)
    Source: Business Source Ultimate
    Source: EconLit with Full Text
    Source: Web of Science - Social Sciences Citation Index – 2019〈img src="http://exlibris-pub.s3.amazonaws.com/fromwos-v2.jpg" /〉
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