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  • 1
    Language: English
    In: Biological psychiatry (1969), 2006, Vol.60(7), pp.722-729
    Description: Pre-clinical and clinical studies have shown acute stress may impair working memory and visuo-spatial ability. This study was designed to clarify the nature of stress-induced cognitive deficits in soldiers and how such deficits may contribute to operational or battlefield errors. One hundred eighty-four Special Operations warfighters enrolled in Survival School completed pre-stress measures of dissociation and trauma exposure. Subjects were randomized to one of three assessment groups (Pre-stress, Stress, Post-stress) and were administered the Rey Ostereith Complex Figure (ROCF). All subjects completed post-stress measures of dissociation. ROCF copy and recall were normal in the Pre- and Post-stress groups. ROCF copy and recall were significantly impaired in the Stress Group. Stress group ROCF copy performance was piecemeal, and ROCF recall was impaired. Symptoms of dissociation were negatively associated with ROCF recall in the Stress group....
    Subject(s): Cognition ; Dissociation ; Military Performance ; Survival School ; Pre-Frontal Cortex ; Trauma Exposure ; Cognition ; Dissociation ; Military Performance ; Survival School ; Pre-Frontal Cortex ; Trauma Exposure ; Medicine ; Biology ; Chemistry
    ISSN: 0006-3223
    E-ISSN: 1873-2402
    E-ISSN: 18733402
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  • 2
    Language: English
    In: British Journal of Educational Psychology, Sep 2014, Vol.84(3), p.483
    Description: Early childhood malaria is often fatal, but its impact on the development and education of survivors has not received much attention. Malaria impacts cognitive development in a number of ways that may impact later educational participation. In this study, we examine the long-term educational effects...
    Subject(s): Gambia ; Educational Psychology ; Malaria ; Prevention Programs ; Children & Youth ; Survival Analysis ; School Dropouts ; Intervention
    ISSN: 00070998
    E-ISSN: 20448279
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  • 3
    Dissertation
    Dissertation
    2010
    Language: Swedish
    Description: Försvarsmakten genomför skarpa uppdrag på flera platser i världen, både i extrem kyla och hetta för att lyckas lösa påfrestande uppgifter krävs både kunskap och erfarenhet. Syftet med uppsatsen är att undersöka om Militärhögskolan Karlberg bör utbilda sina kadetter i varmt klimat, så att de innehar kunskapen innan de kommer ut på sina förband. Syftet har brutits ned i följande frågeställningar. Huvudfrågeställning: Bör kadetter på militärhögskolan utbildas i varmt klimat?Delfrågor: Definiera vad varmt klimat är, Hur påverkar värmen människan och vilka risker finns? Vilka utbildningar bedriver Försvarsmakten idag över varmt klimat?Varför utbildar inte Militärhögskolan Karlberg sina kadetter i varmt klimat? Jag har använt mig av metoden induktion vilket innebär att jag gjort empiriska iakttagelser i form av intervjuer samt litteratursökning och sedan dragit slutsatser utifrån dessa. Uppsatsens viktigasteslutsatser är: Utbildning i kallt väder är en god grund, men är inte tillräcklig för att behärska ett varmt klimat. En kompletteringsutbildning för varmt klimat bör eftersträvas på officersprogrammet. Denna utbildning bedrivs på överlevnadsskolan och heter SERE B.
    Description: The Swedish Armed Forces have taken part and participated in several countries in the world, both in extreme cold and heat. To succeed in solving challenging tasks requires both knowledge and experience. The purpose of this paper is to find out if the the Military Academy Karlberg should train their cadets in hot weather, so they have the knowledge before they start working within their units. The aim has been divided into the following questions. Main Issue: Should the Military Academy cadets be trained in hot weather? A secondary purpose with the analysis is to answer following issues: Define hot weather? How does heat affect the human body, and what are the risks? What training does the Swedish Armed Forces conduct regarding warm weather today? Why does the Swedish Armed forces not train their cadets in The Military Academy Karlberg on hot weather? I have used the method induction, which means that I have done empirical observations by interviews and through literature search and then drawn conclusions from them.Essay main conclusions are: Training in cold weather is a good basis, but is not sufficient to master a warm climate. A additional training in hot weather should be sought in the officer program. The training is conducted at the Survival School and is called SERE B
    Subject(s): Climate ; Desert ; Jungle ; Africa ; Survival School ; Education ; Cadets ; Klimat ; Öken ; Djungel ; Afrika ; Överlevnadskolan ; Utbildning ; Kadetter ; Social Sciences ; Samhällsvetenskap ; Social Sciences ; Samhällsvetenskap ; Officersprogrammet (Op) ; Officersprogrammet (Op) ; Samhälle/Juridik ; Social And Behavioural Science, Law
    Source: Uppsala University Library
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  • 4
    Language: English
    In: European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2015, Vol.30(1), pp.119-136
    Description: Based on a large longitudinal sample ( N  = 9031) of Luxemburgish secondary school students, this study examined whether variables reflecting the sociodemographic background of the students (gender, nationality and socioeconomic status) as well as the school track proved to be predictors of grade retention. These possible predictors of grade retention were tested against the effect of students’ achievements, represented by their grade point average (GPA). By using Cox regression analysis, we could show that even when the effects of sociodemographic variables were qualified by students’ achievement, male students, immigrant students, students from schools of lower socioeconomic status (SES) districts and students attending the lower track were shown to have a higher risk of experiencing grade retention in comparison to female students, native students, students from schools of higher SES districts or students attending the higher track. The results obtained are discussed with regard to theories of judgment formation drawn from social psychology.
    Subject(s): Predictors ; Grade retention ; Secondary school ; Survival analysis ; Demographic factors
    ISSN: 0256-2928
    E-ISSN: 1878-5174
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  • 5
    Language: English
    In: International journal of injury control and safety promotion, 01 December 2012, Vol.19(4), pp.357-367
    Description: Childhood injuries remain understudied in Uganda. The objective of this study was to determine the extent, nature and determinants of school-related childhood injury risk in north-western Uganda. A cohort of 1000 grade fives from 13 elementary schools was followed-up for one term. Survival and multi-level modelling techniques compared the risk rates across gender, schools and locations. Childhood injuries are common in north-western Uganda. Most of them occur during travel, breaks, practical classes and gardening, while walking, playing, learning and digging. Most injuries result from collisions with objects, sports and falls. Two-thirds of children receive first aid and hospital care. Times to injury were 72.1 and 192.9 person days (p = 0.0000). Gender differences in time to event were significant (p = 0.0091). Girls had better survival rates: cumulative prevalence of childhood injury was 36.1%; with significant gender differences (p = 0.007). Injury rate was 12.3/1000 person...
    Subject(s): School Children ; Injury Risk ; Injury Rates ; Multi-Level Survival Analysis ; Social Welfare & Social Work
    ISSN: 1745-7300
    E-ISSN: 1745-7319
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  • 6
    Article
    Article
    2004
    ISSN: 0193-9459 
    Language: English
    In: Western Journal of Nursing Research, June 2004, Vol.26(4), pp.444-460
    Description: This article is a historical case study of the organizational lifecycle of the DePauw University School of Nursing in Greencastle, Indiana. Few studies have examined schools of nursing over their entire lifecycles. The school was created in 1954, existed for 40 years, and closed in 1994. Organizational lifecycle theory posits that organizations undergo four stages: creation, transformation, decline, and closing or death. We used this theory to guide our study, which was based on data from interviews, archival documents, and institutional records. We found that factors associated with the creation of this organization had long-lasting effects, the external environment profoundly influenced the school, and that a shift in shared values and institutional linkages contributed to its closure. As society’s need and demand for nurses increases, the continuance of schools of nursing and reasons for their demise merits the attention of faculty and administrators. ...
    Subject(s): Organizational Lifecycle ; Baccalaureate Nursing Education ; Nursing School Survival ; Organizational Change ; Case Study Research ; Nursing ; Public Health
    ISSN: 0193-9459
    E-ISSN: 1552-8456
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  • 7
    Language: English
    In: Health education journal, April 2017, Vol.76(3), pp.362-372
    Description: Objective: This pilot study sought to better understand what can be achieved by an evidence-based classroom social and emotional education programme. Design and Methods: A 10-lesson, classroom-based programme that taught about emotional literacy, personal strengths, coping and problem-solving strategies, stress management, emotional regulation and support seeking was provided to 56 students in Years 7 (13 years) and 8 (14 years) in an Australian middle school. Teachers were trained to deliver the programme, with participatory modelling of each activity. Before and after delivery of the programme, students were surveyed for their social and emotional wellbeing using the Kessler 10 (K10) instrument for non-specific psychological distress; the 'Internal Assets', 'School Resources' and 'Cooperation and Communication' questions from the Resilience and Youth Development Module (RYDM) of the California Healthy Kids Survey (CHKS); and questions developed for this study on class connectedness and social and emotional skills. Subsequent to programme completion, focus groups were conducted with teachers and participating students to gauge programme fidelity, utility and engagement. Results: There was an improvement in psychological distress that approached significance (t = 2, df = 42, p = .053), although the symptomatic score remained in the range indicative of medium-level distress. Cooperation and communication improved significantly (t = -2.34, df = 42, p = .024) as did class connectedness (t = -2.46, df = 43, p = .018). There was no change in individual resilience factors, school protective factors, or social and emotional skills. The focus groups were generally positive about the programme, but indicated fidelity was compromised, mainly because the lesson periods were too short. Conclusion: While this small-scale pilot study has a number of limitations, it does indicate the need to improve the psychological wellbeing of middle school students. The findings also provide evidence that brief social and emotional education programmes can have some positive effects. Reprinted by permission of Sage Publications Ltd
    Subject(s): Cooperation ; Education ; Problem Solving ; Social Support ; Mental Stress ; Survival Strategy ; Middle School Students ; Middle Schools ; Emotional Disorders ; Emotional Intelligence ; Australia
    ISSN: 0017-8969
    E-ISSN: 17488176
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  • 8
    Language: English
    In: Journal of Research in Rural Education, 2012, Vol.27(3), p.18
    Description: This case study focuses on a four-district collaborative that shared services for more than 15 years in an effort to retain rural schools and thereby to preserve community identity. With population losses in the four districts and suburbanization in the largest, the collaborative made extensive use of distance education in addition to itinerant teachers and shared administrators. Data concerning dynamics in the collaborative came from interviews with administrators, teachers, students, and parents. Qualitative data analysis surfaced two themes relating to shared services: tenacity in the face of decline, and strategies with limited sustainability. Findings also pointed to a disjuncture between the way administrators and parents, on the one hand and teachers and students, on the other viewed the success of shared services and the probable future of the collaborative. A review of changes in the written plans of the collaborative over a several-year period revealed that sharing of buildings through school consolidation was the inevitable next step. This finding fits with research showing that shared services in rural locales--a strategy initially used to forestall reorganization--often leads to consolidation. (Contains 2 tables and 1 footnote.)
    Subject(s): Rural Schools ; Qualitative Research ; Consolidated Schools ; Distance Education ; Shared Resources and Services ; Institutional Survival ; School District Autonomy ; Educational Resources ; Case Studies ; Interviews ; Change Strategies ; Administrator Attitudes ; Parent Attitudes ; Student Attitudes ; Teacher Attitudes ; Population Trends ; Sustainable Development ; Sustainability ; Educational Administration ; Elementary Secondary Education
    ISSN: 1551-0670
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  • 9
    Language: English
    In: Studies in Higher Education, 2012, Vol.37(4), pp.415-429
    Description: In resource-constrained environments universities increasingly must interact collaboratively and competitively to ensure financial stability. Such interactions are supported by the actions of senior university managers. This study investigated the extent and purpose of the interconnections between members of two groups of pro-vice chancellors (PVCs) with different responsibilities from an established grouping of 16 UK universities (the 1994 Group). Research and teaching occur in different environments, which elicited different actions from PVCs in the same university. PVCs responsible for teaching were almost entirely disconnected from one another, while those responsible for research presented a cohesive network. Drawing on the support of other PVCs, research PVCs collectively lobbied the Higher Education Funding Council for England to influence the resource environment for research, and in small groups secured research funds for their institution. The article argues that these actions may be explained by resource dependence theory. (Contains 1 table and 2 figures.)
    Subject(s): Foreign Countries ; College Administration ; Social Networks ; Goal Orientation ; Financial Support ; Sustainability ; Resource Allocation ; Institutional Cooperation ; Institutional Survival ; Government School Relationship ; Educational Finance ; United Kingdom ; United Kingdom (England) ; Higher Education ; United Kingdom ; United Kingdom (England) ; England
    ISSN: 0307-5079
    E-ISSN: 1470174X
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  • 10
    Language: English
    In: South African Journal of Education, 2017, Vol.37(2), p.1
    Description: Education is one of the strongest predictors of health worldwide. In South Africa, school dropout is a crisis where by Grade 12, only 52% of the age appropriate population remain enrolled. Survival analysis was used to identify the risk of dropping out of secondary school for male and female adolescents and examine the influence of substance use and leisure experience predictors while controlling for demographic and known predictors using secondary, longitudinal data. Results indicated being male, not living with one’s mother, smoking cigarettes in the past month, and lower levels of leisure-related intrinsic motivation significantly predicted dropout. Results support comprehensive prevention programmes that target risk behaviour and leisure.
    Subject(s): South Africa ; Survival Analysis ; School Dropouts ; Secondary Schools ; Academic Achievement ; Leisure ; Teenagers ; Drug Use ; School Dropouts ; Intrinsic Motivation ; Risk Behavior ; Prevention Programs ; Smoking ; Dropping Out ; Substance Abuse ; Leisure ; Secondary Schools ; Age Appropriate ; Cigarettes
    ISSN: 0256-0100
    E-ISSN: 2076-3433
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