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  • 1
    Article
    Article
    2012
    ISSN: 2080-2404 
    Language: Polish
    In: Studia BAS, 2012, Issue 1, pp.209-232
    Description: The article describes the wind power industry globally, in the EU, and in Poland – in the context of climate protection requirements. The wind power sector is currently responsible for only 2.5% of global energy production. Between 1996 and 2010, the global installed capacity increased over 30 times. It is estimated that in 2010 this capacity reached 1 million MW. Poland has committed itself to generating 15% of its energy from renewable sources by 2020. Wind power market potential in Poland in 2020 is estimated at 13 GW, which could lead to a greenhouse gas emission reduction of 7.5%. However, currently less than 8.5% of this potential is exploited. Further development of the wind power industry in Poland would also lead to an increase in energy security, growth of small and medium-sized enterprises, and the creation of new jobs.
    Subject(s): Other ; Poland ; Renewable Energy ; Wind Energy ; Lowcarbon Economy ; Climate Policy ; Political Science
    ISSN: 2080-2404
    Source: Central and Eastern European Online Library (C.E.E.O.L.)
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  • 2
    Language: English
    In: Papers on Global Change IGBP, 20 December 2017, Vol.24(1), pp.95-102
    Description: The last 30-year period has been increasingly important for sustainable development, as is evidenced by the UN’s announcement of 17 Sustainable Development Goals to be achieved by 2030. However, many megatrends continue to progress in the direction opposite to that meeting the needs of sustainable development. For the Earth and human civilisation to be protected, it is necessary for a new approach to be developed - a new order that might be termed the civilization/economics of enough, or of moderation. However, convincing societies, including that of Poland, in regard to the benefits of addressing the challenges sustainable development poses is not an easy task; even though a redirecting of the economy and of society along new paths will bring measurable benefits capable of compensating for the costs of transformation.
    Subject(s): Circular Economy ; Civilisation/Economy of Enough or of Moderation ; Consumption ; Megatrends ; Poland ; Resources ; Social Justice ; Sustainable Development ; The Biosphere
    ISSN: 1730802X
    E-ISSN: 23008121
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  • 3
    Language: English
    In: Papers on Global Change IGBP, 1 January 2014, Vol.21(1), pp.73-81
    Subject(s): Meteorology & Climatology;
    ISSN: 1730802X
    E-ISSN: 23008121
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  • 4
    Language: English
    In: Journal of social intervention, 01 December 2015, Vol.24(4), pp.3-22
    Description: ABSTRACTTacit knowledge and dilemmas experienced by youth professionals in a preventive and environment-centred approach to working with parents and childrenOn 1 January 2015 the new Youth Act, one of three recent reforms in the social domain, came into effect in the Netherlands. The Youth Act has profoundly altered the relationship between citizens/parents and professionals. While the welfare state, in which professionals play a central role, is gradually scaled down, parents and young people themselves are given a more active role in both managing and implementing the support they receive. This implies that professionals are expected to help parents implement the practice of self-management and empowerment, whereas in the past their role was to provide care for the parents and young people who were “entitled” to it. This transformation of the youth care sector is unfolding within a dynamic social context that, since 2011, has included the creation of a Youth and Family Centre...
    Subject(s): Preventive and Environment-Centred Approach, Youth Professionals, Centers for Youth and Family, Tacit Knowledge ; Sociology & Social History
    E-ISSN: 1876-8830
    Source: Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)
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  • 5
    Article
    Article
    2017
    ISSN: 1730802X 
    Language: English
    In: Papers on Global Change IGBP, 20 December 2017, Vol.24(1), pp.9-10
    ISSN: 1730802X
    Source: Scopus (Elsevier B.V)〈img src="https://exlibris-pub.s3.amazonaws.com/Scopus.jpg" style="vertical-align:middle;margin-left:7px"〉
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  • 6
    In: EP Europace, 2017, Vol. 19(7), pp.1140-1145
    Description: Aims: Adenosine testing can reveal dormant pulmonary vein (PV) conduction after PV antrum isolation (PVAI). However, the optimal timing for adenosine administration is unknown. We hypothesized that adenosine testing immediately after PVAI reliably reveals PV reconnection and thereby eliminates the need for an observation period.Methods and results: Fifty patients underwent PVAI. Immediately after isolation of a PV pair, adenosine was administered. Both PV pairs were separately tested. If adenosine restored PV conduction, PVs were re-isolated. During a ≥30 min observation period after immediate adenosine-guided isolation, spontaneous reconnection was assessed and reconnected PVs were re-isolated. After the observation period, adenosine testing was repeated. Immediate adenosine testing revealed dormant conduction in 10.4% of the left PVs and 16.3% of the right PVs. All PVs were successfully re-isolated. During a mean observation period of 36 ± 10 min, spontaneous reconnection occurred in 8.2% of the left and 16.3% of the right PVs. None of these PVs had shown reconnection during immediate testing. Late adenosine testing revealed dormant conduction in 12.5% of the left and 16.3% of the right PVs. In patients without reconnection during immediate adenosine testing, 14.6% of the left PVs and 30.6% of the right PVs showed either spontaneous reconnection or restored PV conduction during late adenosine testing.Conclusion: Adenosine testing immediately after PVAI does not reliably exclude later spontaneous or adenosine-induced PV reconnection. Adenosine testing should be performed after an appropriate observation period to reduce risk of PV reconnection.
    Subject(s): Catheter Ablation ; Atrial Fibrillation ; Pulmonary Vein Antrum Isolation ; Adenosine ; Pulmonary Vein Reconnection
    ISSN: 1099-5129
    E-ISSN: 1532-2092
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  • 7
    Language: English
    In: Europace : European pacing, arrhythmias, and cardiac electrophysiology : journal of the working groups on cardiac pacing, arrhythmias, and cardiac cellular electrophysiology of the European Society of Cardiology, September 2016, Vol.18(9), pp.1335-42
    Description: Pulmonary vein antrum isolation (PVAI) is the cornerstone of atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation. There is an ongoing discussion on whether and when to add substrate modification to PVAI. This study evaluates (1) long-term efficacy of PVAI as a primary ablation strategy in all patients independently from AF type and (2) predictors of arrhythmia recurrence. A total of 509 consecutive patients (mean age 57 years, 38.9% non-paroxysmal AF) with AF underwent PVAI. In redo procedures, ablation was restricted to re-pulmonary vein (PV) isolation in case of PV reconnection. If the PVs were found to be isolated, substrate modification was performed. In total, 774 procedures were performed. Mean follow-up duration after the first and last ablation was, respectively, 66 ± 23 and 55 ± 25 months. A single PVAI was sufficient in restoring and maintaining long-term sinus rhythm in 41.3% (n = 210) of patients. Multiple procedures (mean 1.5) with re-PV isolation increased long-term success to 58.3% (n = 297). Additional substrate modification (n = 70) increased success to 62.5% (n = 318). After the last ablation, 87.5% of patients experienced success or significant clinical improvement on or off antiarrhythmic drugs. The incidence of left-sided atrial flutter or atrial tachycardia was 5% after PVAI and increased to 32% after additional substrate modification.... Five-year freedom of atrial tachyarrhythmia could be achieved by PVAI as primary ablation strategy in 58.3% of patients. Additional substrate modification only moderately increased overall success.
    Subject(s): Atrial Fibrillation ; Catheter Ablation ; Long-Term Outcome ; Pulmonary Vein Antrum Isolation ; Atrial Fibrillation -- Surgery ; Catheter Ablation -- Methods ; Pulmonary Veins -- Surgery
    ISSN: 1099-5129
    E-ISSN: 1532-2092
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  • 8
    Language: English
    In: PISM Series, 2009, Issue 4, pp.153-168
    Description: This paper is based on an 18-year experience of the Institute for Sustainable Development (ISD), Warsaw, Poland. The ISD is a typical think-tank institution. Its main mission is looking at the present from the next generation’s perspective. The paper covers general interactions between climate policy and energy policy, with a focus on the situation of Poland.
    Subject(s): Politics / Political Sciences ; Energy ; Energy Policy ; Climate ; Greenhouse ; Nuclear Power ; Environment
    Source: Central and Eastern European Online Library (C.E.E.O.L.)
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  • 9
    Language: English
    In: Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology, 2014, Vol.39(3), pp.201-209
    Description: The success of PVAI in eliminating AF has been proven; however, its impact on the LA remains uncertain. This study aimed to determine the impact of pulmonary vein antrum isolation (PVAI) on left atrial (LA) size and function in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). Consecutive patients with AF were included (n = 206). Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was performed before and after PVAI in all patients. A subgroup (n = 52) underwent delayed enhancement MRI. Maximal LA volume (LAVmax) and minimal LA volume (LAVmin) were assessed by Simpson's rule. LA function was determined by calculating LA ejection fraction (LA EF). LA fibrosis was manually encircled and summed in the region of interest. Single procedure success rate was 64 %. LAVmax decreased post-ablation in all patients (125.1 to 111.9 ml, p 〈 0.001). LAVmin only decreased in patients with a successful outcome post-ablation (65.6 to 58.8 ml, p 〈 0.001). As a result, LA EF only showed a marked reduction in patients with AF recurrences (42.7 % to 37.9 %, p 〈 0.001). Post-ablation LA fibrosis could be visualized in 77 % of patients who underwent delayed enhancement MRI (mean amount 1.4 cm(3)). LA fibrosis showed no correlation with the decrease in LAVmax or LA EF. PVAI resulted in a reduction of LAVmax in all patients, indicating an effect of ablation induced fibrosis. LAVmin only decreased in patients with a successful outcome, indicating an effect of reverse atrial remodeling. As a result, LA function post-ablation was preserved in patients with a successful outcome and decreased in patients with AF recurrence.
    Subject(s): Atrial fibrillation ; Left atrium ; Magnetic resonance imaging ; Pulmonary vein antrum isolation
    ISSN: 1383-875X
    E-ISSN: 1572-8595
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  • 10
    Language: English
    In: Europace 18(9), 1335-1342 (2016)
    Description: AIMS: Pulmonary vein antrum isolation (PVAI) is the cornerstone of atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation. There is an ongoing discussion on whether and when to add substrate modification to PVAI. This study evaluates (1) long-term efficacy of PVAI as a primary ablation strategy in all patients independently from AF type and (2) predictors of arrhythmia recurrence. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 509 consecutive patients (mean age 57 years, 38.9% non-paroxysmal AF) with AF underwent PVAI. In redo procedures, ablation was restricted to re-pulmonary vein (PV) isolation in case of PV reconnection. If the PVs were found to be isolated, substrate modification was performed. In total, 774 procedures were performed. Mean follow-up duration after the first and last ablation was, respectively, 66 ± 23 and 55 ± 25 months. A single PVAI was sufficient in restoring and maintaining long-term sinus rhythm in 41.3% (n = 210) of patients. Multiple procedures (mean 1.5) with re-PV isolation increased long-term success to 58.3% (n = 297). Additional substrate modification (n = 70) increased success to 62.5% (n = 318). After the last ablation, 87.5% of patients experienced success or significant clinical improvement on or off antiarrhythmic drugs. The incidence of left-sided atrial flutter or atrial tachycardia was 5% after PVAI and increased to 32% after additional substrate modification. Independent predictors for arrhythmia recurrence after the last ablation were non-paroxysmal AF, female sex, body mass index, hypertension, and AF duration. CONCLUSION: Five-year freedom of atrial tachyarrhythmia could be achieved by PVAI as primary ablation strategy in 58.3% of patients. Additional substrate modification only moderately increased overall success.
    Subject(s): Journal Article
    Source: Utrecht University
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