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  • EBA De Gruyter EBooks  (31)
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  • 1
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    2019
    ISBN: 9780231547260 
    Contributer: Emanuel, Susan , Maza, Sarah
    Title: Vice, Crime, and Poverty
    Subtitle: How the Western Imagination Invented the Underworld
    Publisher(s): Columbia University Press
    Year of publication: 2019
    Document type: Online Resource
    ISBN: 9780231547260
    Terms of use: Vorläufiger Zugriff bis zum Jahresende
    Abstract: Beggars, outcasts, urchins, waifs, prostitutes, criminals, convicts, madmen, fallen women, lunatics, degenerates-part reality, part fantasy, these are the grotesque faces that populate the underworld, the dark inverse of our everyday world. Lurking in the mirror that we hold up to our society, they are our counterparts and our doubles, repelling us and yet offering the tantalizing promise of escape. Although these images testify to undeniable social realities, the sordid lower depths make up a symbolic and social imaginary that reflects our fears and anxieties-as well as our desires.In Vice, Crime, and Poverty, Dominique Kalifa traces the untold history of the concept of the underworld and its representations in popular culture. He examines how the myth of the lower depths came into being in nineteenth-century Europe, as biblical figures and Christian traditions were adapted for a world turned upside-down by the era of industrialization, democratization, and mass culture. From the Parisian demimonde to Victorian squalor, from the slums of New York to the sewers of Buenos Aires, Kalifa deciphers the making of an image that has cast an enduring spell on its audience. While the social conditions that created that underworld have changed, Vice, Crime, and Poverty shows that, from social-scientific ideas of the underclass to contemporary cinema and steampunk culture, its shadows continue to haunt us
    Link(s): Fulltext
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  • 2
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    2019
    ISBN: 9781501735134 
    Title: The Act of Living
    Subtitle: Street Life, Marginality, and Development in Urban Ethiopia
    Publisher(s): Cornell University Press
    Year of publication: 2019
    Document type: Online Resource
    ISBN: 9781501735134
    Terms of use: Vorläufiger Zugriff bis zum Jahresende
    Abstract: The Act of Living explores the relation between development and marginality in Ethiopia, one of the fastest growing economies in Africa. Replete with richly depicted characters and multi-layered narratives on history, everyday life and visions of the future, Marco Di Nunzio's ethnography of hustling and street life is an investigation of what is to live, hope and act in the face of the failing promises of development and change. Di Nunzio follows the life trajectories of two men, "Haile" and "Ibrahim," as they grow up in the Ethiopian capital Addis Ababa, enter street life to get by, and turn to the city's expanding economies of work and entrepreneurship to search for a better life. Apparently favourable circumstances of development have not helped them achieve social improvement. As their condition of marginality endures, the two men embark in restless attempts to transform living into a site for hope and possibility.By narrating Haile and Ibrahim's lives, The Act of Living explores how and why development continues to fail the poor, how marginality is understood and acted upon in a time of promise, and why poor people's claims for open-endedness can lead to better and more just alternative futures. Tying together anthropology, African studies, political science, and urban studies, Di Nunzio takes readers on a bold exploration of the meaning of existence, hope, marginality, and street life
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  • 3
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    2019
    ISBN: 9781487580278 
    Title: Margin/Alias
    Subtitle: Language and Colonization in Canadian and Quebecois Fiction
    Publisher(s): University of Toronto Press
    Year of publication: 2019
    Document type: Online Resource
    ISBN: 9781487580278
    Terms of use: Vorläufiger Zugriff bis zum Jahresende
    Abstract: Two critical discourses central to current Canadian literary theory emerged in the late 1960s and early 1970s: post-colonialism as a political paradigm and postmodernism as a literary practice in Canadian and Québécois fiction. Sylvia Söderlind considers the current debate about the relationship between these two discourses, and proposes a methodology that makes it possible to identify and distinguish between features pertaining to the two. The theoretical question she poses is whether and how it is possible determine the degree of what writers and critics variously call 'linguistic alienation,' 'alterity,' or 'marginality' in literary texts. Literary studies of marginality generally focus on theme, but Söderlind shows that a text's thematic claim to marginal status is not always corroborated by its textual strategies. Her proposed methodology is used to determine when and to what degree a text's claim to marginality is justified, as opposed to when it is used as an 'alias.' The author draws on the theory of 'minor literatures' outlined by Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari and, in particular, on their concepts of territoriality. Their theories are combined with methodologies more immediately applicable to literary texts, notably the semiotics of Yuri Lotman and Boris Uspenskij and the deconstruction of Jacques Derrida. The textual analyses of novels by Leonard Cohen, Hubert Aquin, David Godfrey, André Langevin, and Robert Kroetsch yield some perhaps unexpected results, which are elucidated through a consideration of a wider corpus. This study opens up to an inquiry into the possibility of reading from the margin, a strategy solicited by certain kinds of postmodern and postcolonial texts. It concludes with some provocative questions about the postmodern critic's relationship to the literary text and its author
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  • 4
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    2018
    ISBN: 9780231547284 
    Title: Queer Terror
    Subtitle: Life, Death, and Desire in the Settler Colony
    Publisher(s): Columbia University Press
    Year of publication: 2018
    Document type: Online Resource
    ISBN: 9780231547284
    Terms of use: Vorläufiger Zugriff bis zum Jahresende
    Abstract: After Sept. 11, 2001, George W. Bush declared, "Either you are with us, or you are with the terrorists." Bush's assertion was not simply jingoist bravado-it encapsulates the civilizationalist moralism that has motivated and defined the United States since its beginning, linking the War on Terror to the nation's settlement and founding.In Queer Terror, C. Heike Schotten offers a critique of U.S. settler-colonial empire that draws on political, queer, and critical indigenous theory to situate Bush's either/or moralism and reframe the concept of terrorism. The categories of the War on Terror exemplify the moralizing politics that insulate U.S. empire from critique, render its victims deserving of its abuses, and delegitimize resistance to it as unthinkable and perverse. Schotten provides an anatomy of this moralism, arguing for a new interpretation of biopolitics that is focused on sovereignty and desire rather than racism and biology. This rethinking of biopolitics puts critical political theory of empire in dialogue with the insights of both native studies and queer theory. Building on queer theory's refusal of sanctity, propriety, and moralisms of all sorts, Schotten ultimately contends that the answer to Bush's ultimatum is clear: dissidents must reject the false choice he presents and stand decisively against "us," rejecting its moralism and the sanctity of its "life," in order to further a truly emancipatory, decolonizing queer politics
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  • 5
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    2018
    ISBN: 9781501731372 
    Person(s): Jurik, Nancy
    Title: Bootstrap Dreams
    Subtitle: U.S. Microenterprise Development in an Era of Welfare Reform
    Publisher(s): Cornell University Press
    Year of publication: 2018
    Document type: Online Resource
    ISBN: 9781501731372
    Terms of use: Vorläufiger Zugriff bis zum Jahresende
    Abstract: Declines in real wages, increases in the number of poor families, and cutbacks to welfare and other safety-net programs have stimulated the popularity of microenterprise development programs (MDPs). These programs typically offer training and loans to individuals seeking to operate very small businesses. MDPs are often presented as a path to the self-sufficiency that comes with entrepreneurship and as an example of the success of market-based alternatives to government programs. In Bootstrap Dreams, Nancy C. Jurik analyzes the origins and maturation of these programs in the United States.Based on a national sample of fifty programs and an eight-year case study of one in particular, this is a rare book about microenterprise development. Jurik understands the positive social mission of MDPs, but she is not blind to the problems that they encounter. Jurik's clear perception of potential difficulties and her keen ability to place the microenterprise movement in the larger context of welfare reform and globalization make Bootstrap Dreams a valuable book
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  • 6
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    2018
    ISBN: 9781501720505 
    Title: Stalin's Outcasts
    Subtitle: Aliens, Citizens, and the Soviet State, 1926-1936
    Publisher(s): Cornell University Press
    Year of publication: 2018
    Document type: Online Resource
    ISBN: 9781501720505
    Terms of use: Vorläufiger Zugriff bis zum Jahresende
    Abstract: "I served not in defense of the bourgeois order, but only for a crumb of bread since I was burdened with five small children."From 1923 to 1925 I worked as a musician but later my earnings weren't steady and I quickly stopped. Without an income to live on, I was drawn to the nonlaboring path."As a man almost completely illiterate and therefore not prepared for any kind of work, I was forced to return to my craft as a barber."I am as ignorant as a pipe."Golfo Alexopoulos focuses on the lishentsy ("outcasts") of the interwar USSR to reveal the defining features of alien and citizen identities under Stalin's rule. Although portrayed as "bourgeois elements," lishentsy actually included a wide variety of people, including prostitutes, gamblers, tax evaders, embezzlers, and ethnic minorities, in particular, Jews. The poor, the weak, and the elderly were frequent targets of disenfranchisement, singled out by officials looking to conserve scarce resources or satisfy their superiors with long lists of discovered enemies.Alexopoulos draws heavily on an untapped resource: an archive in western Siberia that contains over 100,000 individual petitions for reinstatement. Her analysis of these and many other documents concerning "class aliens" shows how Bolshevik leaders defined the body politic and how individuals experienced the Soviet state. Personal narratives with which individuals successfully appealed to officials for reinstatement allow an unusual view into the lives of "outcasts." From Kremlin leaders to marked aliens, many participated in identifying insiders and outsiders and challenging the terms of membership in Stalin's new society
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  • 7
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    2018
    ISBN: 9781501729232 
    Title: Walking the Victorian Streets
    Subtitle: Women, Representation, and the City
    Publisher(s): Cornell University Press
    Year of publication: 2018
    Document type: Online Resource
    ISBN: 9781501729232
    Terms of use: Vorläufiger Zugriff bis zum Jahresende
    Abstract: Literary traditions of urban description in the nineteenth century revolve around the figure of the stroller, a man who navigates and observes the city streets with impunity. Whether the stroller appears as fictional character, literary persona, or the nameless, omnipresent narrator of panoramic fiction, he casts the woman of the streets in a distinctive role. She functions at times as a double for the walker's marginal and alienated self and at others as connector and contaminant, carrier of the literal and symbolic diseases of modern urban life. In Walking the Victorian Streets, Deborah Epstein Nord explores the way in which the female figure is used as a marker for social suffering, poverty, and contagion in texts by De Quincey, Lamb, Pierce Egan, and Dickens.What, then, of the female walker and urban chronicler? While the male spectator enjoyed the ability to see without being seen, the female stroller struggled to transcend her role as urban spectacle and her association with sexual transgression. In novels, nonfiction, and poetry by Elizabeth Gaskell1 Flora Tristan, Margaret Harkness, Amy Levy, Maud Pember Reeves, Beatrice Webb, Helen Bosanquet, and others, Nord locates the tensions felt by the female spectator conscious of herself as both observer and observed. Finally, Walking the Victorian Streets considers the legacy of urban rambling and the uses of incognito in twentieth-century texts by George Orwell and Virginia Woolf
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  • 8
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    2017
    ISBN: 9781442688919 
    Person(s): Dossa, Parin
    Title: Racialized Bodies, Disabling Worlds
    Subtitle: Storied Lives of Immigrant Muslim Women
    Publisher(s): University of Toronto Press
    Year of publication: 2017
    Document type: Online Resource
    ISBN: 9781442688919
    Terms of use: Vorläufiger Zugriff bis zum Jahresende
    Abstract: In Racialized Bodies, Disabling Worlds, Parin Dossa explores the lives of Canadian Muslim women who share their stories of social marginalization and disenfranchisement in a disabling world. She shows how these women, who are subjected to social erasure in policy and research, define their identities and claim their humanity using the language of everyday life. Based on narrative ethnography, Racialized Bodies, Disabling Worlds makes a case for positive acknowledgement of perceived differences of nationality, religion, multiple-abilities, and gendered and race-based identities. It offers a powerful argument for bridging two disparate bodies of work: disability studies and anti-racist feminism. Most significantly, it shows how racialized Muslim women with disabilities are redefining the parameters of their social worlds and developing a distinctively pluralistic understanding of abilities. This ground-breaking work gives presence to the lives of people who are otherwise rendered socially invisible
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  • 9
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    2017
    ISBN: 9781501713798 
    Title: Deaf in the USSR
    Subtitle: Marginality, Community, and Soviet Identity, 1917-1991
    Publisher(s): Cornell University Press
    Year of publication: 2017
    Document type: Online Resource
    ISBN: 9781501713798
    Terms of use: Vorläufiger Zugriff bis zum Jahresende
    Abstract: In Deaf in the USSR, Claire L. Shaw asks what it meant to be deaf in a culture that was founded on a radically utopian, socialist view of human perfectibility. Shaw reveals how fundamental contradictions inherent in the Soviet revolutionary project were negotiated-both individually and collectively- by a vibrant and independent community of deaf people who engaged in complex ways with Soviet ideology.Deaf in the USSR engages with a wide range of sources from both deaf and hearing perspectives-archival sources, films and literature, personal memoirs, and journalism-to build a multilayered history of deafness. This book will appeal to scholars of Soviet history and disability studies as well as those in the international deaf community who are interested in their collective heritage. Deaf in the USSR will also enjoy a broad readership among those who are interested in deafness and disability as a key to more inclusive understandings of being human and of language, society, politics, and power
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  • 10
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    2017
    ISBN: 9781400884773 
    Title: At Home in the World
    Subtitle: Women Writers and Public Life, from Austen to the Present
    Publisher(s): Princeton University Press
    Year of publication: 2017
    Document type: Online Resource
    ISBN: 9781400884773
    Terms of use: Vorläufiger Zugriff bis zum Jahresende
    Abstract: A bold new literary history that says women's writing is defined less by domestic concerns than by an engagement with public lifeIn a bold and sweeping reevaluation of the past two centuries of women's writing, At Home in the World argues that this body of work has been defined less by domestic concerns than by an active engagement with the most pressing issues of public life: from class and religious divisions, slavery, warfare, and labor unrest to democracy, tyranny, globalism, and the clash of cultures. In this new literary history, Maria DiBattista and Deborah Epstein Nord contend that even the most seemingly traditional works by British, American, and other English-language women writers redefine the domestic sphere in ways that incorporate the concerns of public life, allowing characters and authors alike to forge new, emancipatory narratives.The book explores works by a wide range of writers, including canonical figures such as Jane Austen, Charlotte Brontë, George Eliot, Harriet Jacobs, Edith Wharton, Virginia Woolf, Willa Cather, Gertrude Stein, and Toni Morrison; neglected or marginalized writers like Mary Antin, Tess Slesinger, and Martha Gellhorn; and recent and contemporary figures, including Nadine Gordimer, Anita Desai, Edwidge Danticat, and Jhumpa Lahiri. DiBattista and Nord show how these writers dramatize tensions between home and the wider world through recurrent themes of sailing forth, escape, exploration, dissent, and emigration. Throughout, the book uncovers the undervalued public concerns of women writers who ventured into ever-wider geographical, cultural, and political territories, forging new definitions of what it means to create a home in the world.The result is an enlightening reinterpretation of women's writing from the early nineteenth century to the present day
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