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  • 1
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    2020
    ISBN: 9781108594677  ISBN: 9781108484268 (hardback) 
    Title: Housing and politics in urban India
    Subtitle: opportunities and contention
    Publisher(s): Cambridge University Press
    Year of publication: 2020
    Document type: Online Resource
    Physical description: 1 online resource (xvi, 232 pages)
    ISBN: 9781108594677 , 9781108484268 (hardback)
    Terms of use: Vorläufiger Zugriff bis zum Jahresende
    Abstract: Providing adequate housing in an increasingly urbanised world is a major challenge of current times. This book puts together a compelling story based on fine-grained analysis of housing processes, as lived by slum-dwellers and their voice-bearers. It situates the lived experience of claiming adequate housing within informal transactions and negotiations of patronage networks vis-à-vis the formal institutional opportunities and closures of Indian democracy. In doing so, this research extends an innovative array of conceptual and methodological tools to grasp the context in which housing claims succeed and fail. This book contributes by responding to critical areas of social movement scholarship and by displaying community engagements and tactical strategies to bring about transformative change to claim adequate housing and resist co-opting forces for socially sustainable housing futures
    Link(s): Fulltext
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  • 2
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    2020
    ISBN: 9781108649377  ISBN: 9781108491938 (hardback)  ISBN: 9781108741330 (paperback) 
    Title: Demanding development
    Subtitle: the politics of public goods provision in India's urban slums
    Publisher(s): Cambridge University Press
    Year of publication: 2020
    Document type: Online Resource
    Physical description: 1 online resource (xvii, 304 pages)
    ISBN: 9781108649377 , 9781108491938 (hardback) , 9781108741330 (paperback)
    Terms of use: Vorläufiger Zugriff bis zum Jahresende
    Abstract: India's urban slums exhibit dramatic variation in their access to local public goods and services - paved roads, piped water, trash removal, sewers, and streetlights. Why are some vulnerable communities able to demand and secure development from the state while others fail? Drawing on more than two years of fieldwork in the north Indian cities of Bhopal and Jaipur, Demanding Development accounts for the uneven success of India's slum residents in securing local public goods and services. Auerbach's theory centers on the political organization of slum settlements and the informal slum leaders who spearhead resident efforts to make claims on the state - in particular, those slum leaders who are party workers. He finds striking variation in the extent to which networks of party workers have spread across slum settlements. Demanding Development shows how this variation in the density and partisan distribution of party workers across settlements has powerful consequences for the ability of residents to politically mobilize to improve local conditions
    Link(s): Fulltext
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  • 3
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    2020
    ISBN: 9780691200088 
    Title: Ballad of the Bullet
    Subtitle: Gangs, Drill Music, and the Power of Online Infamy
    Publisher(s): Princeton University Press
    Year of publication: 2020
    Document type: Online Resource
    ISBN: 9780691200088
    Terms of use: Vorläufiger Zugriff bis zum Jahresende
    Abstract: How poor urban youth in Chicago use social media to profit from portrayals of gang violence, and the questions this raises about poverty, opportunities, and public voyeurismAmid increasing hardship and limited employment options, poor urban youth are developing creative online strategies to make ends meet. Using such social media platforms as YouTube, Twitter, and Instagram, they’re capitalizing on the public’s fascination with the ghetto and gang violence. But with what consequences? Ballad of the Bullet follows the Corner Boys, a group of thirty or so young men on Chicago’s South Side who have hitched their dreams of success to the creation of “drill music” (slang for “shooting music”). Drillers disseminate this competitive genre of hyperviolent, hyperlocal, DIY-style gangsta rap digitally, hoping to amass millions of clicks, views, and followers—and a ticket out of poverty. But in this perverse system of benefits, where online popularity can convert into offline rewards, the risks can be too great.Drawing on extensive fieldwork and countless interviews compiled from daily, close interactions with the Corner Boys, as well as time spent with their families, friends, music producers, and followers, Forrest Stuart looks at the lives and motivations of these young men. Stuart examines why drillers choose to embrace rather than distance themselves from negative stereotypes, using the web to assert their supposed superior criminality over rival gangs. While these virtual displays of ghetto authenticity—the saturation of social media with images of guns, drugs, and urban warfare—can lead to online notoriety and actual resources, including cash, housing, guns, sex, and, for a select few, upward mobility, drillers frequently end up behind bars, seriously injured, or dead.Raising questions about online celebrity, public voyeurism, and the commodification of the ghetto, Ballad of the Bullet offers a singular look at what happens when the digital economy and urban poverty collide
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  • 4
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    2019
    ISBN: 9781442685291 
    Title: Hard Choices
    Subtitle: Financial Exclusion, Fringe Banks and Poverty in Urban Canada
    Publisher(s): University of Toronto Press
    Year of publication: 2019
    Document type: Online Resource
    ISBN: 9781442685291
    Terms of use: Vorläufiger Zugriff bis zum Jahresende
    Abstract: When low-income city dwellers lack access to mainstream banking services, many end up turning to 'fringe banks,' such as cheque-cashers and pawnshops, for some or all of their financial transactions. This predicament of 'financial exclusion' - faced by those underserved by conventional financial institutions - is comprehensively examined in Jerry Buckland's powerful study, Hard Choices.The first account of the nature and causes of financial exclusion in Canada, Hard Choices thoroughly integrates economic and social data on consumer choice, bank behaviour, and government policy. Buckland demonstrates why the current two-tier system of banking is becoming increasingly dysfunctional, especially in the context of new credit products that aggravate income inequality and stifle local economic growth. Featuring a foreword by esteemed economics scholar John P. Caskey, Hard Choices presents pragmatic policy improvements on both the public and private levels that can promote and build financial inclusion for all
    Link(s): Fulltext
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  • 5
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    2019
    ISBN: 9781316756225  ISBN: 9781107170322 (hardback)  ISBN: 9781316621363 (paperback) 
    Title: Uneven urbanscape
    Subtitle: spatial structures and ethnoracial inequality
    Publisher(s): Cambridge University Press
    Year of publication: 2019
    Document type: Online Resource
    Physical description: 1 online resource (xiii, 246 pages)
    ISBN: 9781316756225 , 9781107170322 (hardback) , 9781316621363 (paperback)
    Terms of use: Vorläufiger Zugriff bis zum Jahresende
    Abstract: Uneven Urbanscape takes a new theoretically grounded view of how society produces and reproduces ethnoracial economic inequality. Drawing on empirically rich documentation and quantitative analysis utilizing multiple data sources, including the US Bureau of the Census, Ong and Gonzalez assess the patterns, causes, and consequences of urban spatial disparities, specifically in home ownership, employment, and education. They focus on the global city of Los Angeles in order to examine outcomes across small geographic units that approximate neighborhoods and places, and to analyze the location-specific effects of geographic access and isolation within the region. Using a mix of micro-level data and aggregated statistics, Uneven Urbanscape provides one of the most comprehensive understandings of urban ethnoracial disparities and inequalities from 1960 to the present day
    Link(s): Fulltext
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  • 6
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    2019
    ISBN: 9780231547260 
    Contributer: Emanuel, Susan , Maza, Sarah
    Title: Vice, Crime, and Poverty
    Subtitle: How the Western Imagination Invented the Underworld
    Publisher(s): Columbia University Press
    Year of publication: 2019
    Document type: Online Resource
    ISBN: 9780231547260
    Terms of use: Vorläufiger Zugriff bis zum Jahresende
    Abstract: Beggars, outcasts, urchins, waifs, prostitutes, criminals, convicts, madmen, fallen women, lunatics, degenerates-part reality, part fantasy, these are the grotesque faces that populate the underworld, the dark inverse of our everyday world. Lurking in the mirror that we hold up to our society, they are our counterparts and our doubles, repelling us and yet offering the tantalizing promise of escape. Although these images testify to undeniable social realities, the sordid lower depths make up a symbolic and social imaginary that reflects our fears and anxieties-as well as our desires.In Vice, Crime, and Poverty, Dominique Kalifa traces the untold history of the concept of the underworld and its representations in popular culture. He examines how the myth of the lower depths came into being in nineteenth-century Europe, as biblical figures and Christian traditions were adapted for a world turned upside-down by the era of industrialization, democratization, and mass culture. From the Parisian demimonde to Victorian squalor, from the slums of New York to the sewers of Buenos Aires, Kalifa deciphers the making of an image that has cast an enduring spell on its audience. While the social conditions that created that underworld have changed, Vice, Crime, and Poverty shows that, from social-scientific ideas of the underclass to contemporary cinema and steampunk culture, its shadows continue to haunt us
    Link(s): Fulltext
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  • 7
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    2018
    ISBN: 9780824874841 
    Title: Down and Out in Late Meiji Japan
    Publisher(s): University of Hawaii Press
    Year of publication: 2018
    Document type: Online Resource
    ISBN: 9780824874841
    Terms of use: Vorläufiger Zugriff bis zum Jahresende
    Abstract: A sweeping work of original scholarship, Down and Out in Late Meiji Japan examines the daily lives of Japan's hinmin (poor people), particularly urban slum-dwellers, in the late 1800s and early 1900s. James Huffman draws on newspaper articles, official surveys, and reminiscences to recreate for readers life as experienced by the poor themselves-something not attempted before in scholarship on this era. He begins by explaining the causes behind the fast-increasing numbers of poor neighborhoods in major cities after the late 1880s and goes on to describe in fascinating detail what those neighborhoods looked like and what their inhabitants did for a living: collecting night soil, weaving textiles, making match boxes and other piecework, pulling rickshaws, building the structures that made Japan "modern," and supplying much of the era's entertainment, including sex. He also explores what hinmin did outside of work: what they ate, where they did their wash, how they stretched their meager budgets by using pawn brokers, and how they dealt with illness and other disasters and grappled with the painful necessity of sending children to work rather than to school.Huffman argues that despite the tremendous challenge of day-to-day living, hinmin confronted life as energetic agents, embracing it as avidly as members of the more affluent classes. Reading sources carefully, and often against the grain, he reveals that many of the poor found meaning in their work, took an active and even influential part in their cities' politics, and nursed ambitions for a better life. And nearly all took part in the pleasures and festivities that urban neighborhoods offered. Later chapters examine poverty outside the cities and the large-scale emigration of indigent farmers to Hawai'i's sugar plantations, beginning in 1885. In his conclusion, Huffman looks at late-Meiji hardship in light of twenty-first-century poverty and the global income disparity that has captured the public's attention in recent years
    Link(s): Fulltext
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  • 8
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    2018
    ISBN: 9780190918118 
    Contributer: Moller, David Wendell
    Title: Dying at the margins
    Subtitle: reflections on justice and healing for inner-city poor
    Publisher(s): Oxford University Press
    Year of publication: 2018
    Document type: Online Resource
    ISBN: 9780190918118
    Terms of use: Vorläufiger Zugriff bis zum Jahresende
    Terms of use: Previously issued in print: 2018
    Abstract: 'Dying at the Margins' gives voice to the most vulnerable and disempowered population - the urban dying poor - and connects them to the voices of leaders in end-of-life-care. Chapters written by these experts in the field discuss the issues that challenge patients and their loved ones, as well as offering insights into how to improve the quality of their lives. Demystifying stereotypes that surround poverty, Moller illuminates how faith, remarkable optimism, and an unassailable spirit provide strength and courage to the dying poor
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  • 9
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    2018
    ISBN: 9781442663411 
    Title: Making a Difference in Urban Schools
    Subtitle: Ideas, Politics, and Pedagogy
    Publisher(s): University of Toronto Press
    Year of publication: 2018
    Document type: Online Resource
    ISBN: 9781442663411
    Terms of use: Vorläufiger Zugriff bis zum Jahresende
    Abstract: What can be done to improve the educational experiences of students who live in cities with increasingly high levels of diversity and inequality? Making a Difference in Urban Schools evaluates how school and community leaders have worked to change urban education in Canada for the better over the past fifty years.This analytic and comparative study traces the evolution of urban education in Toronto and Winnipeg from the 1960s onward. Jane Gaskell and Ben Levin identify important contrasts between the experiences in each city as a result of their different demographics, institutional structures, cultures, and politics. They also highlight the common issues and dilemmas faced by reformers in these two cities, across Canada, and globally - including many that persist and remain controversial to this day
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  • 10
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    2018
    ISBN: 9780691188546 
    Contributer: Katz, Michael B.
    Title: The "Underclass" Debate
    Subtitle: Views from History
    Publisher(s): Princeton University Press
    Year of publication: 2018
    Document type: Online Resource
    ISBN: 9780691188546
    Terms of use: Vorläufiger Zugriff bis zum Jahresende
    Abstract: Do ominous reports of an emerging "underclass" reveal an unprecedented crisis in American society? Or are social commentators simply rediscovering the tragedy of recurring urban poverty, as they seem to do every few decades? Although social scientists and members of the public make frequent assumptions about these questions, they have little information about the crucial differences between past and present. By providing a badly needed historical context, these essays reframe today's "underclass" debate. Realizing that labels of "social pathology" echo fruitless distinctions between the "deserving" and "undeserving" poor, the contributors focus not on individual and family behavior but on a complex set of processes that have been at work over a long period, degrading the inner cities and, inevitably, the nation as a whole. How do individuals among the urban poor manage to survive? How have they created a dissident "infrapolitics?" How have social relations within the urban ghettos changed? What has been the effect of industrial restructuring on poverty? Besides exploring these questions, the contributors discuss the influence of African traditions on the family patterns of African Americans, the origins of institutions that serve the urban poor, the reasons for the crisis in urban education, the achievements and limits of the War on Poverty, and the role of income transfers, earnings, and the contributions of family members in overcoming poverty. The message of the essays is clear: Americans will flourish or fail together
    Link(s): Fulltext
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