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  • 1
    Print-Journal/Serial
    Print-Journal/Serial
    1.1993/94(1995) -
    ISSN: 1219-0616 
    Institution(s): Central European University Department of Medieval Studies
    Title: Annual of medieval studies at CEU
    Publisher(s): Budapest : CEU
    Published Volumes: 1.1993/94(1995) -
    Document type: Journal/Serial
    ISSN: 1219-0616
    Parallel edition(s): Erscheint auch als: Annual of medieval studies at CEU: Budapes : Central European University, 1995-: Online-Ressource: Online-Ausgabe
    Footnote: Ind. 1/10.1993/2004 in: 11.2005
    Classification (RVK):
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  • 2
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    2019-2020
    ISBN: 9780812296280 
    Contributer: Jordan, William Chester
    Title: Knights, Lords, and Ladies
    Subtitle: In Search of Aristocrats in the Paris Region, 1180-1220
    Publisher(s): University of Pennsylvania Press
    Year of publication: 2019-2020
    Document type: Online Resource
    ISBN: 9780812296280
    Terms of use: Vorläufiger Zugriff bis zum Jahresende
    Abstract: At the beginning of the twelfth century, the region around Paris had a reputation for being the land of unruly aristocrats. Entrenched within their castles, the nobles were viewed as quarrelling among themselves, terrorizing the countryside, harassing churchmen and peasants, pillaging, and committing unspeakable atrocities. By the end of the century, during the reign of Philip Augustus, the situation was dramatically different. The king had created the principal governmental organs of the Capetian monarchy and replaced the feudal magnates at the royal court with loyal men of lesser rank. The major castles had been subdued and peace reigned throughout the countryside. The aristocratic families remain the same, but no longer brigands, they had now been recruited for royal service.In his final book, the distinguished historian John Baldwin turned to church charters, royal inventories of fiefs and vassals, aristocratic seals and documents, vernacular texts, and archaeological evidence to create a detailed picture of the transformation of aristocratic life in the areas around Paris during the four decades of Philip Augustus's reign. Working outward from the reconstructed biographies of seventy-five individuals from thirty-three noble families, Baldwin offers a rich description of their domestic lives, their horses and war gear, their tourneys and crusades, their romantic fantasies, and their penances and apprehensions about final judgment.Knights, Lords, and Ladies argues that the aristocrats who inhabited the region of Paris over the turn of the twelfth century were important not only because they contributed to Philip Augustus's increase of royal power and because they contributed to the wealth of churches and monasteries but also for their own establishment as an elite and powerful social class
    Link(s): Fulltext
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  • 3
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    2019-2020
    ISBN: 9780812296716 
    Title: Dead Voice
    Subtitle: Law, Philosophy, and Fiction in the Iberian Middle Ages
    Publisher(s): University of Pennsylvania Press
    Year of publication: 2019-2020
    Document type: Online Resource
    ISBN: 9780812296716
    Terms of use: Vorläufiger Zugriff bis zum Jahresende
    Abstract: Conceived and promulgated by Alfonso X, King of Castile and León (r. 1252-1282) and created by a workshop of lawyers, legal scholars, and others, the set of books known as the Siete Partidas is both a work of legal theory and a legislative document designed to offer practical guidelines for the rendering of legal decisions and the management of good governance. Yet for all its practical reach, which extended over centuries and as far as the Spanish New World, it is an unusual text, argues Jesús R. Velasco, one that introduces canon and ecclesiastical law in the vernacular for explicitly secular purposes, that embraces intellectual disciplines and fictional techniques that normally lie outside legal science, and that cultivates rather than shuns perplexity.In Dead Voice, Velasco analyzes the process of the Siete Partidas's codification and the ways in which different cultural, religious, and legal traditions that existed on the Iberian peninsula during the Middle Ages were combined in its innovative construction. In particular, he pays special attention to the concept of "dead voice," the art of writing the law in the vernacular of its clients as well as in the language of legal professionals. He offers an integrated reading of the Siete Partidas, exploring such matters as the production, transmission, and control of the material text; the collaboration between sovereignty and jurisdiction to define the environment where law applies; a rare legislation of friendship; and the use of legislation to characterize the people as "the soul of the kingdom," endowed with the responsibility of judging the stability of the political space.Presenting case studies beyond the Siete Partidas that demonstrate the incorporation of philosophical and fictional elements in the construction of law, Velasco reveals the legal processes that configured novel definitions of a subject and a people
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  • 4
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    2019-2020
    ISBN: 9780812296761 
    Person(s): Bainton, Henry
    Title: History and the Written Word
    Subtitle: Documents, Literacy, and Language in the Age of the Angevins
    Publisher(s): University of Pennsylvania Press
    Year of publication: 2019-2020
    Document type: Online Resource
    ISBN: 9780812296761
    Terms of use: Vorläufiger Zugriff bis zum Jahresende
    Abstract: Coming upon the text of a document such as a charter or a letter inserted into the fabric of a medieval chronicle and "ed in full or at length, modern readers might well assume that the chronicler is simply doing what good historians have always done-that is, citing his source as evidence. Such documentary insertions are not ubiquitous in medieval historiography, however, and are in fact particularly characteristic of the history-writing produced by the Angevins in England and Northern France in the later twelfth century.In History and the Written Word, Henry Bainton puts these documentary gestures center stage in an attempt to understand what the chroniclers were doing historiographically, socially, and culturally when they transcribed a document into a work of history. Where earlier scholars who have looked at the phenomenon have explained this increased use of documents by considering the growing bureaucratic state and an increasing historiographical concern for documentary evidence, Bainton seeks to resituate these histories, together with their authors and users, within literate but sub-state networks of political power. Proposing a new category he designates "literate lordship" to describe the form of power with which documentary history-writing was especially concerned, he shows how important the vernacular was in recording the social lives of these literate lords and how they found it a particularly appropriate medium through which to record their roles in history.Drawing on the perspectives of modern and medieval narratology, medieval multilingualism, and cultural memory, History and the Written Word argues that members of an administrative elite demonstrated their mastery of the rules of literate political behavior by producing and consuming history-writing and its documents
    Link(s): Fulltext
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  • 5
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    2019-2020
    ISBN: 9780812296488 
    Person(s): Barker, Hannah
    Title: That Most Precious Merchandise
    Subtitle: The Mediterranean Trade in Black Sea Slaves, 1260-1500
    Publisher(s): University of Pennsylvania Press
    Year of publication: 2019-2020
    Document type: Online Resource
    ISBN: 9780812296488
    Terms of use: Vorläufiger Zugriff bis zum Jahresende
    Abstract: The history of the Black Sea as a source of Mediterranean slaves stretches from ancient Greek colonies to human trafficking networks in the present day. At its height during the fourteenth and early fifteenth centuries, the Black Sea slave trade was not the sole source of Mediterranean slaves; Genoese, Venetian, and Egyptian merchants bought captives taken in conflicts throughout the region, from North Africa, sub-Saharan Africa, the Balkans, and the Aegean Sea. Yet the trade in Black Sea slaves provided merchants with profit and prestige; states with military recruits, tax revenue, and diplomatic influence; and households with the service of enslaved women, men, and children.Even though Genoa, Venice, and the Mamluk sultanate of Egypt and Greater Syria were the three most important strands in the web of the Black Sea slave trade, they have rarely been studied together. Examining Latin and Arabic sources in tandem, Hannah Barker shows that Christian and Muslim inhabitants of the Mediterranean shared a set of assumptions and practices that amounted to a common culture of slavery. Indeed, the Genoese, Venetian, and Mamluk slave trades were thoroughly entangled, with wide-ranging effects. Genoese and Venetian disruption of the Mamluk trade led to reprisals against Italian merchants living in Mamluk cities, while their participation in the trade led to scathing criticism by supporters of the crusade movement who demanded commercial powers use their leverage to weaken the force of Islam.Reading notarial registers, tax records, law, merchants' accounts, travelers' tales and letters, sermons, slave-buying manuals, and literary works as well as treaties governing the slave trade and crusade propaganda, Barker gives a rich picture of the context in which merchants traded and enslaved people met their fate
    Link(s): Fulltext
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  • 6
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    2020
    ISBN: 9781501513787 
    Contributer: Dawson, Timothy , Ropa, Anastasija
    Title: The Horse in Premodern European Culture
    Publisher(s): Medieval Institute Publications
    Year of publication: 2020
    Document type: Online Resource
    ISBN: 9781501513787
    Terms of use: Vorläufiger Zugriff bis zum Jahresende
    Abstract: This volume provides a unique introduction to the most topical issues, advances, and challenges in medieval horse history. Medievalists who have a long-standing interest in horse history, as well as those seeking to widen their understanding of horses in medieval society will find here informed and comprehensive treatment of chapters from disciplines as diverse as archaeology, legal, economic and military history, urban and rural history, art and literature. The themes range from case studies of saddles and bridles, to hippiatric treatises, to the medieval origins of dressage literary studies. It shows the ubiquitous - and often ambiguous - role of the horse in medieval culture, where it was simultaneously a treasured animal and a means of transport, a military machine and a loyal companion. The contributors, many of whom have practical knowledge of horses, are drawn from established and budding scholars working in their areas of expertise
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  • 7
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    2019-2020
    ISBN: 9780812296495 
    Person(s): Guynn, Noah D.
    Title: Pure Filth
    Subtitle: Ethics, Politics, and Religion in Early French Farce
    Publisher(s): University of Pennsylvania Press
    Year of publication: 2019-2020
    Document type: Online Resource
    ISBN: 9780812296495
    Terms of use: Vorläufiger Zugriff bis zum Jahresende
    Abstract: As Noah D. Guynn observes, early French farce has been summarily dismissed as pure filth for centuries. Renaissance humanists, classical moralists, and Enlightenment philosophes belittled it as an embarrassing reminder of the vulgarity of medieval popular culture. Modern literary critics and theater historians often view it as comedy's poor relation-trite, smutty pap that served to divert the masses and to inure them to lives of subservience. Yet, as Guynn demonstrates in his reexamination of the genre, the superficial crudeness and predictability of farce belie the complexities of its signifying and performance practices and the dynamic, contested nature of its field of reception. Pure Filth focuses on overlooked and occluded content in farce, arguing that apparently coarse jokes conceal finely drawn, and sometimes quite radical, perspectives on ethics, politics, and religion.Engaging with cultural history, political anthropology, and critical, feminist, and queer theory, Guynn shows that farce does not pander to the rabble in order to cultivate acquiescence or curb dissent. Rather, it uses the tools of comic theater-parody and satire, imitation and exaggeration, cross-dressing and masquerade-to address the urgent issues its spectators faced in their everyday lives: economic inequality and authoritarian rule, social justice and ethical renewal, sacramental devotion and sacerdotal corruption, and heterosocial relations and household politics. Achieving its subtlest effects by employing the lewdest forms of humor, farce reveals that aspirations to purity, whether ethical, political, or religious, are inevitably mired in the very filth they repudiate
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  • 8
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    2019-2020
    ISBN: 9780812296730 
    Title: Conversion, Circumcision, and Ritual Murder in Medieval Europe
    Publisher(s): University of Pennsylvania Press
    Year of publication: 2019-2020
    Document type: Online Resource
    ISBN: 9780812296730
    Terms of use: Vorläufiger Zugriff bis zum Jahresende
    Abstract: In 1230, Jews in the English city of Norwich were accused of having seized and circumcised a five-year-old Christian boy named Edward because they "wanted to make him a Jew." Contemporaneous accounts of the "Norwich circumcision case," as it came to be called, recast this episode as an attempted ritual murder. Contextualizing and analyzing accounts of this event and others, with special attention to the roles of children, Paola Tartakoff sheds new light on medieval Christian views of circumcision. She shows that Christian characterizations of Jews as sinister agents of Christian apostasy belonged to the same constellation of anti-Jewish libels as the notorious charge of ritual murder. Drawing on a wide variety of Jewish and Christian sources, Tartakoff investigates the elusive backstory of the Norwich circumcision case and exposes the thirteenth-century resurgence of Christian concerns about formal Christian conversion to Judaism. In the process, she elucidates little-known cases of movement out of Christianity and into Judaism, as well as Christian anxieties about the instability of religious identity.Conversion, Circumcision, and Ritual Murder in Medieval Europe recovers the complexity of medieval Jewish-Christian conversion and reveals the links between religious conversion and mounting Jewish-Christian tensions. At the same time, Tartakoff does not lose sight of the mystery surrounding the events that spurred the Norwich circumcision case, and she concludes the book by offering a solution of her own. She posits that Christians and Jews understood these events in fundamentally irreconcilable ways, illustrating the chasm that separated Christians and Jews in a world in which some Christians and Jews knew each other intimately
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  • 9
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    2019-2020
    ISBN: 9780812296563 
    Contributer: Poole, Kristen , Williams, Owen
    Title: Early Modern Histories of Time
    Subtitle: The Periodizations of Sixteenth- and Seventeenth-Century England
    Publisher(s): University of Pennsylvania Press
    Year of publication: 2019-2020
    Document type: Online Resource
    ISBN: 9780812296563
    Terms of use: Vorläufiger Zugriff bis zum Jahresende
    Abstract: Early Modern Histories of Time examines how a range of chronological modes intrinsic to the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries shaped the thought-worlds of those living during this time and explores how these temporally indigenous models can productively influence our own working concepts of historical period. This innovative approach thus moves beyond debates about where we should divide linear time (and what to call the ensuing segments) to reconsider the very concept of "period." Bringing together an eminent cast of literary scholars and historians, the volume develops productive historical models by drawing on the very texts and cultural contexts that are their objects of study. What happens to the idea of "period" when English literature is properly placed within the dynamic currents of pan-European literary phenomena? How might we think of historical period through the palimpsested nature of buildings, through the religious concept of the secular, through the demographic model of the life cycle, even through the repetitive labor of laundering? From theology to material culture to the temporal constructions of Shakespeare, and from the politics of space to the poetics of typology, the essays in this volume take up diverse, complex models of sixteenth- and seventeenth-century temporality and contemplate their current relevance for our own ideas of history. The volume thus embraces the ambiguity inherent in the word "contemporary," moving between our subjects' sense of self-emplacement and the historiographical need to address the questions and concerns that affect us today.Contributors: Douglas Bruster, Euan Cameron, Heather Dubrow, Kate Giles, Tim Harris, Natasha Korda, Julia Reinhard Lupton, Kristen Poole, Ethan H. Shagan, James Simpson, Nigel Smith, Mihoko Suzuki, Gordon Teskey, Julianne Werlin, Owen Williams, Steven N. Zwicker
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  • 10
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    2019-2020
    ISBN: 9781501514227 
    Title: Monsters in Society
    Subtitle: Alterity, Transgression, and the Use of the Past in Medieval Iceland
    Publisher(s): Medieval Institute Publications
    Year of publication: 2019-2020
    Document type: Online Resource
    ISBN: 9781501514227
    Terms of use: Vorläufiger Zugriff bis zum Jahresende
    Abstract: Dragons, giants, and the monsters of learned discourse are rarely encountered in the Sagas of Icelanders, and therefore, the general teratological focus on physical monstrosity yields only limited results when applied to them. This, however, does not equal an absence of monstrosity - it only means that monstrosity is conceived of differently. This book shifts the view of monstrosity from the physical to the social, accounting for the unique social circumstances presented in the Íslendingasögur and demonstrating how closely interwoven the social and the monstrous are in this genre. Employing literary and cultural theory as well as anthropological and historical approaches, it reads the monsters of the Íslendingasögur in their literary and socio-cultural context, demonstrating that they are not distractions from feud and conflict, but that they are in fact an intrinsic part of the genre's re-imagining of the past for the needs of the present
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