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  • 1
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    2019-2020
    ISBN: 9783110645996 
    Title: Enklaven
    Publisher(s): De Gruyter Oldenbourg
    Year of publication: 2019-2020
    Document type: Online Resource
    ISBN: 9783110645996
    Terms of use: Vorläufiger Zugriff bis zum Jahresende
    Abstract: Die Bezeichnung "Enklave" wird für unterschiedliche Phänomene und Prozesse verwendet. Enklaven sind in sozialer, politischer oder wirtschaftlicher Hinsicht von den sie umgebenden Räumen wie Nationalstaaten, Städten oder Wirtschaftssektoren abgegrenzt. Enklaven umschließen soziokulturelle Minderheiten, "Staaten im Staate" oder Produktionszonen, die den Interessen auswärtiger Akteure oder bestimmter Interessengruppen dienen. Innerhalb von Enklaven gelten eigene Regeln. Dieser Band beleuchtet Enklavenbildung am Beispiel der Förderung von Rohstoffen in Afrika
    Link(s): Fulltext
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  • 2
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    2020
    ISBN: 9783110669701 
    Contributer: Balbi, Gabriele , Fickers, Andreas
    Title: History of the International Telecommunication Union
    Subtitle: Transnational techno-diplomacy from the telegraph to the Internet
    Publisher(s): De Gruyter Oldenbourg
    Year of publication: 2020
    Document type: Online Resource
    ISBN: 9783110669701
    Terms of use: Vorläufiger Zugriff bis zum Jahresende
    Abstract: Information and communication technologies are networked. Exchanging information betweentwo points in a network requires both the definition of what kind of information is to beexchanged (standardization) and the definition of rules and procedures of how this informationis produced, circulated, and received (regulation). As such, processes of standardization (thenegotiation and definition of technical standards) and regimes of regulation (theirimplementation and control by a legally and/or politically recognized institution) are at theheart of techno-political diplomacy, because they involve a multitude of actors (technical,economic, and political) and arenas (platforms of negotiation) on national, international, andtransnational levels. As the term techno-diplomacy suggests, these processes are characterizedby strategic actions, and tactical maneuvers among all actors involved and generally require ahigh degree of both technical knowledge and diplomatic skills by the negotiating parties. This book aims at studying the role of one specific actor in the field of standardization andregulation of information and communication technologies, the InternationalTelecommunication Union from its origins in the mid-19th century to nowadays. In this technodiplomatic game, ITU has been indeed an actor and had a key-role in different realms such asregulations of tariffs, technological standardization and homogeneity, establishment of sharednorms, promotion and support of projects and studies for example in developing countries
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  • 3
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Reprint 2019 2020
    ISBN: 9783111638348 
    Title: Schach lebenslänglich
    Subtitle: Erinnerungen eines Erfolgstrainers
    Edition: Reprint 2019
    Publisher(s): De Gruyter
    Year of publication: 2020
    Document type: Online Resource
    ISBN: 9783111638348
    Terms of use: Vorläufiger Zugriff bis zum Jahresende
    Link(s): Fulltext
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  • 4
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    2020
    Person(s): Maul, Daniel
    Title: The International Labour Organization
    Publisher(s): De Gruyter
    Document type: Online Resource
    Physical description: 1 electronic resource (301 pages)
    ISBN (invalid): 9783110650723
    ISBN (invalid): 9783110646665
    ISBN (invalid): 9783110615883
    Identifier: 10.1515/9783110650723
    Footnote: English
    Abstract: This is the first comprehensive account of the International Labour Organization's (100 year-long) history. The Centenary publication shows the ILO as a forum and an actor in the area of Global Social Policy. It opens a perspective on the manifold ways the ILO over a hundred years sought to structure debates on social policy across national borders and render practical contributions for the world of work and the area of social policy at large
    Link(s): Fulltext
    Link(s): Fulltext
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  • 5
    Title: Progress and pathology
    Publisher(s): Manchester University Press
    Document type: Online Resource
    Physical description: 1 electronic resource (392 pages)
    ISBN (invalid): 9781526147547
    Footnote: English
    Abstract: This collaborative volume explores changing perceptions of health and disease in the context of the burgeoning global modernities of the long nineteenth century. During this period, popular and medical understandings of the mind and body were challenged, modified, and reframed by the politics and structures of 'modern life', understood in industrial, social, commercial, and technological terms. Bringing together work by leading international scholars, this volume demonstrates how a multiplicity of medical practices were organised around new and evolving definitions of the modern self. The study offers varying and culturally specific definitions of what constituted medical modernity for practitioners around the world in this period. Chapters examine the ways in which cancer, suicide, and social degeneration were seen as products of the stresses and strains of 'new' ways of living in the nineteenth century, and explore the legal, institutional, and intellectual changes that contributed to both positive and negative understandings of modern medical practice. The volume traces the ways in which physiological and psychological problems were being constituted in relation to each other, and to their social contexts, and offers new ways of contextualising the problems of modernity facing us in the twenty-first century
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    Link(s): Fulltext
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  • 6
    Title: Leeuwenhoeks Legatees and Beijerincks Beneficiaries
    Publisher(s): Amsterdam University Press
    Document type: Online Resource
    Physical description: 1 electronic resource (361 pages)
    ISBN (invalid): 9789048544066
    ISBN (invalid): 9789463720113
    Identifier: 10.5117/9789463720113
    Footnote: English
    Abstract: The title of the book pays tribute to two Dutch scientists without whomvirology would arguably not exist today, at least not in its present guise. Thefirst is Antony van Leeuwenhoek, whose reports of microscopic discoveriesin the early eighteenth century aroused interest in the world of invisiblecreatures. His findings laid the basis for a theory of a particulate causeof infectious diseases, but, as George Rosen wrote, without any tangibleresults in support of the theory (1993/1958, pp. 84-85). Some 250 years laterMartinus Willem Beijerinck launched the discipline of virology with hisidea that tobacco mosaic disease (TMD) was caused by a living contagiousfluid or filterable living pathogen
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    Link(s): Fulltext
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  • 7
    Title: Il cardinale Pietro Gasparri, segretario di Stato (1914-1930)
    Publisher(s): Heidelberg University Publishing (heiUP)
    Document type: Online Resource
    Physical description: 1 electronic resource (304 pages)
    ISBN (invalid): 9783947732869
    Identifier: 10.17885/heiup.631
    Footnote: English
    Abstract: Pietro Gasparri (1852-1934) was a famous jurist, a valued university professor and an able papal diplomat. He headed the Secretary of State and the Roman Curia from November 1914 to January 1930, during a crucial period in the history of Europe and of the Papacy. This book - the outcome of research seminars on "The international policy of the Holy See" held in Rome between 2013 and 2016 in collaboration with the Università europea di Roma and the Institut catholique de Paris - gathers the contributions of an international group of historians and archivists, seniors and PhD students. It focuses on Gasparri in his role as Secretary of State: a central figure of the government of the Church in the twentieth century
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    Link(s): Fulltext
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  • 8
    Title: Subsidies, diplomacy, and state formation in Europe, 1494-1789
    Publisher(s): Lund University Press
    Document type: Online Resource
    Physical description: 1 electronic resource (296 pages)
    ISBN (invalid): 9789198469844
    Footnote: English
    Abstract: French subsidies played a central role in European politics from Charles VIII's invasion of Italy in 1494 until the French Revolution. French kings attempted to frustrate what they viewed as a Habsburg bid to pursue universal monarchy. During the seventeenth century, the French monarchy would embrace the payment of subsidies on a different scale than previously, using alliances in which subsidies played a prominent role to pursue crucial aspects of royal policy. Louis XIII made alliances promising subsidies to support the United Provinces' resumed war against the king of Spain, and for the Danish, Swedish, and various German princes to fight against the Holy Roman Emperor. Louis XIV continued some of these subsidies and used subsidies as a tool in order to implement his own politics. When Louis XIV appeared to Dutch and some English statesmen as aspiring to Universal monarchy, the Dutch and particularly the English used the tool of subsidies to frustrate the French monarch. During the eighteenth century, principally the French and the British, but also the Austrians, used subsidies to procure allies and attempt to maintain the balance of power. The subsidy system prompted significant debates about the legal, political, and moral implications, and was sometimes a source of political conflict between competing power groupings within states. The book argues that participation in the French system of subsidies neither necessarily accelerated nor necessarily retarded state development; but such participation could undoubtedly change political dynamics, the creation of institutions, and the form of states that would emerge
    Link(s): Fulltext
    Link(s): Fulltext
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  • 9
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    2020
    Title: Empire of Liberty
    Publisher(s): De Gruyter
    Document type: Online Resource
    Physical description: 1 electronic resource (580 pages)
    ISBN (invalid): 9783110657746
    ISBN (invalid): 9783110653748
    ISBN (invalid): 9783110653649
    Identifier: 10.1515/9783110657746
    Footnote: German
    Abstract: M. Michaela Hampf analyzes American history from the end of the Civil War to the epochal year 1898. She argues that the rise of the United States to become an imperial power had already begun in the years following 1865. The study takes new methodical approaches to explain America's special path, drawing upon the theory of path-dependency
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    Link(s): Fulltext
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  • 10
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    2020
    Person(s): Moyle, Helen
    Title: Australias Fertility Transition
    Publisher(s): ANU Press
    Document type: Online Resource
    Physical description: 1 electronic resource (318 pages)
    ISBN (invalid): 9781760463366
    Identifier: 10.22459/AFT.2020
    Footnote: English
    Abstract: In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, most countries in Europe and English-speaking countries outside Europe experienced a fertility transition, where fertility fell from high levels to relatively low levels. England and the other English-speaking countries experienced this from the 1870s, while fertility in Australia began to fall in the 1880s. This book investigates the fertility transition in Tasmania, the second settled colony of Australia, using both statistical evidence and historical sources. The book examines detailed evidence from the 1904 New South Wales Royal Commission into the Fall in the Birth Rate, which the Commissioners regarded as applying not only to NSW, but to every state in Australia. Many theories have been proposed as to why fertility declined at this time: theories of economic and social development; economic theories; diffusion theories; the spread of secularisation; increased availability of artificial methods of contraception; and changes in the rates of infant and child mortality. The role of women in the fertility transition has generally been ignored. The investigation concludes that fertility declined in Tasmania in the late 19th century in a period of remarkable social and economic transformation, with industrialisation, urbanisation, improvements in transport and communication, increasing levels of education and opportunities for social mobility. One of the major social changes was in the status and role of women, who became the driving force behind the fertility decline
    Link(s): Fulltext
    Link(s): Fulltext
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