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  • 1
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    2020
    ISBN: 9781501747236 
    Title: Policing the Frontier
    Subtitle: An Ethnography of Two Worlds in Niger
    Publisher(s): Cornell University Press
    Year of publication: 2020
    Document type: Online Resource
    ISBN: 9781501747236
    Terms of use: Vorläufiger Zugriff bis zum Jahresende
    Abstract: In Policing the Frontier, the second book in the Police/Worlds series Mirco Göpfert explores what it means to be a gendarme investigating cases, writing reports, and settling disputes in rural Niger. At the same time, he looks at the larger bureaucracy and the irresolvable tension between bureaucratic structures and procedures and peoples' lives. The world of facts and files exists on one side, and the chaotic and messy human world exists on the other.Throughout Policing the Frontier, Göpfert contends that bureaucracy and police work emerge in a sphere of constant and ambivalent connection and separation. Göpfert's frontier in Niger (and beyond) is seen through ideas of space, condition, and project, packed with constraints and possibilities, riddled with ambiguities, and brutally destructive yet profoundly empowering. As he demonstrates, the tragedy of the frontier becomes as palpable as the true impossibility of police work and bureaucracy
    Link(s): Fulltext
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  • 2
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    2020
    ISBN: 9781501747168 
    Title: When There Was No Aid
    Subtitle: War and Peace in Somaliland
    Publisher(s): Cornell University Press
    Year of publication: 2020
    Document type: Online Resource
    ISBN: 9781501747168
    Terms of use: Vorläufiger Zugriff bis zum Jahresende
    Abstract: For all of the doubts raised about the effectiveness of international aid in advancing peace and development, there are few examples of developing countries that are even relatively untouched by it. Sarah G. Phillips's When There Was No Aid offers us one such example.Using evidence from Somaliland's experience of peace-building, When There Was No Aid challenges two of the most engrained presumptions about violence and poverty in the global South. First, that intervention by actors in the global North is self-evidently useful in ending them, and second that the quality of a country's governance institutions (whether formal or informal) necessarily determines the level of peace and civil order that the country experiences.Phillips explores how popular discourses about war, peace, and international intervention structure the conditions of possibility to such a degree that even the inability of institutions to provide reliable security can stabilize a prolonged period of peace. She argues that Somaliland's post-conflict peace is grounded less in the constraining power of its institutions than in a powerful discourse about the country's structural, temporal, and physical proximity to war. Through its sensitivity to the ease with which peace gives way to war, Phillips argues, this discourse has indirectly harnessed an apparent propensity to war as a source of order
    Link(s): Fulltext
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  • 3
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    2019
    ISBN: 9781501743832 
    Title: American Foreign Policy in the Congo 1960-1964
    Publisher(s): Cornell University Press
    Year of publication: 2019
    Document type: Online Resource
    ISBN: 9781501743832
    Terms of use: Vorläufiger Zugriff bis zum Jahresende
    Link(s): Fulltext
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  • 4
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    2019
    ISBN: 9781501736360 
    Title: Metropolitan Fetish
    Subtitle: African Sculpture and the Imperial French Invention of Primitive Art
    Publisher(s): Cornell University Press
    Year of publication: 2019
    Document type: Online Resource
    ISBN: 9781501736360
    Terms of use: Vorläufiger Zugriff bis zum Jahresende
    Abstract: From the 1880s to 1940, French colonial officials, businessmen and soldiers, returning from overseas postings, brought home wooden masks and figures from Africa. This imperial and cultural power-play is the jumping-off point for a story that travels from sub-Saharan Africa to Parisian art galleries; from the pages of fashion magazines, through the doors of the Louvre, to world fairs and international auction rooms; into the apartments of avant-garde critics and poets; to the streets of Harlem, and then full-circle back to colonial museums and schools in Dakar, Bamako, and Abidjan. John Warne Monroe guides us on this journey, one that goes far beyond the world of Picasso, Matisse, and Braque, to show how the Modernist avant-garde and the European colonial project influenced each other in profound and unexpected ways. Metropolitan Fetish reveals the complex trajectory of African material culture in the West and provides a map of that passage, tracing the interaction of cultural and imperial power. A broad and far-reaching history of the French reception of African art, it brings to life an era in which the aesthetic category of "primitive art" was invented
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  • 5
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    2019
    ISBN: 9781501742866 
    Title: Violence as Usual
    Subtitle: Policing and the Colonial State in German Southwest Africa
    Publisher(s): Cornell University Press
    Year of publication: 2019
    Document type: Online Resource
    ISBN: 9781501742866
    Terms of use: Vorläufiger Zugriff bis zum Jahresende
    Abstract: Slaps in the face, kicks, beatings, and other forms of run-of-the-mill violence were a "idian part of life in German Southwest Africa at the beginning of the twentieth century. Unearthing this culture of normalized violence in a settler colony, Violence as Usual uncovers the workings of a powerful state that was built in an improvised fashion by low-level state representatives.Marie A. Muschalek's fascinating portrayal of the daily deeds of African and German men enrolled in the colonial police force called the Landespolizei is a historical anthropology of police practice and the normalization of imperial power. Replete with anecdotes of everyday experiences both of the policemen and of colonized people and settlers, Violence as Usual reexamines fundamental questions about the relationship between power and violence. Muschalek gives us a new perspective on violence beyond the solely destructive and the instrumental. She overcomes, too, the notion that modern states operate exclusively according to modes of rationalized functionality. Violence as Usual offers an unusual assessment of the history of rule in settler colonialism and an alternative to dominant narratives of an ostensibly weak colonial state
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  • 6
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    2019
    ISBN: 9781501735134 
    Title: The Act of Living
    Subtitle: Street Life, Marginality, and Development in Urban Ethiopia
    Publisher(s): Cornell University Press
    Year of publication: 2019
    Document type: Online Resource
    ISBN: 9781501735134
    Terms of use: Vorläufiger Zugriff bis zum Jahresende
    Abstract: The Act of Living explores the relation between development and marginality in Ethiopia, one of the fastest growing economies in Africa. Replete with richly depicted characters and multi-layered narratives on history, everyday life and visions of the future, Marco Di Nunzio's ethnography of hustling and street life is an investigation of what is to live, hope and act in the face of the failing promises of development and change. Di Nunzio follows the life trajectories of two men, "Haile" and "Ibrahim," as they grow up in the Ethiopian capital Addis Ababa, enter street life to get by, and turn to the city's expanding economies of work and entrepreneurship to search for a better life. Apparently favourable circumstances of development have not helped them achieve social improvement. As their condition of marginality endures, the two men embark in restless attempts to transform living into a site for hope and possibility.By narrating Haile and Ibrahim's lives, The Act of Living explores how and why development continues to fail the poor, how marginality is understood and acted upon in a time of promise, and why poor people's claims for open-endedness can lead to better and more just alternative futures. Tying together anthropology, African studies, political science, and urban studies, Di Nunzio takes readers on a bold exploration of the meaning of existence, hope, marginality, and street life
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  • 7
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    2019
    ISBN: 9781501739514 
    Person(s): Surkis, Judith
    Title: Sex, Law, and Sovereignty in French Algeria, 1830-1930
    Publisher(s): Cornell University Press
    Year of publication: 2019
    Document type: Online Resource
    ISBN: 9781501739514
    Terms of use: Vorläufiger Zugriff bis zum Jahresende
    Abstract: During more than a century of colonial rule over Algeria, the French state shaped and reshaped the meaning and practice of Muslim law by regulating it and circumscribing it to the domain of family law, while applying the French Civil Code to appropriate the property of Algerians. In Sex, Law, and Sovereignty in French Algeria, 1830-1930, Judith Surkis traces how colonial authorities constructed Muslim legal difference and used it to deny Algerian Muslims full citizenship. In disconnecting Muslim law from property rights, French officials increasingly attached it to the bodies, beliefs, and personhood.Surkis argues that powerful affective attachments to the intimate life of the family and fantasies about Algerian women and the sexual prerogatives of Muslim men, supposedly codified in the practices of polygamy and child marriage, shaped French theories and regulatory practices of Muslim law in fundamental and lasting ways. Women's legal status in particular came to represent the dense relationship between sex and sovereignty in the colony. This book also highlights the ways in which Algerians interacted with and responded to colonial law. Ultimately, this sweeping legal genealogy of French Algeria elucidates how "the Muslim question" in France became-and remains-a question of sex
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  • 8
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    2019
    ISBN: 9781501744419 
    Title: Food for All in Africa
    Subtitle: Sustainable Intensification for African Farmers
    Publisher(s): Cornell University Press
    Year of publication: 2019
    Document type: Online Resource
    ISBN: 9781501744419
    Terms of use: Vorläufiger Zugriff bis zum Jahresende
    Abstract: Africa requires a new agricultural transformation that is appropriate for Africa, that recognizes the continent's diverse environments and climates, and that takes into account its histories and cultures while benefiting rural smallholder farmers and their families.In this boldly optimistic book, Sir Gordon Conway, Ousmane Badiane, and Katrin Glatzel describe the key challenges faced by Africa's smallholder farmers and present the concepts and practices of Sustainable Intensification (SI) as opportunities to sustainably transform Africa's agriculture sector and the livelihoods of millions of smallholders. The way forward, they write, will be an agriculture sector deeply rooted within SI: producing more with less, using fertilizers and pesticides more prudently, adapting to climate change, improving natural capital, adopting new technologies, and building resilience at every stage of the agriculture value chain.Food for All in Africa envisions a virtuous circle generated through agricultural development rooted in SI that results in greater yields, healthier diets, improved livelihoods for farmers, and sustainable economic opportunities for the rural poor that in turn generate further investment. It describes the benefits of digital technologies for farmers and the challenges of transforming African agricultural policies and creating effective and inspiring leadership.Food for All in Africa demonstrates why we should take on the challenge and provides ideas and methods through which it can be met
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  • 9
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    2018
    ISBN: 9781501718397 
    Title: Democracy in Translation
    Subtitle: Understanding Politics in an Unfamiliar Culture
    Publisher(s): Cornell University Press
    Year of publication: 2018
    Document type: Online Resource
    ISBN: 9781501718397
    Terms of use: Vorläufiger Zugriff bis zum Jahresende
    Abstract: Frederic C. Schaffer challenges the assumption often made by American scholars that democracy has been achieved in foreign countries when criteria such as free elections are met. Elections, he argues, often have cultural underpinnings that are invisible to outsiders. To examine grassroots understandings of democratic institutions and political concepts, Schaffer conducted fieldwork in Senegal, a mostly Islamic and agrarian country with a long history of electoral politics. Schaffer discovered that ideas of "demokaraasi" held by Wolof-speakers often reflect concerns about collective security. Many Senegalese see voting as less a matter of choosing leaders than of reinforcing community ties that may be called upon in times of crisis.By looking carefully at language, Schaffer demonstrates that institutional arrangements do not necessarily carry the same meaning in different cultural contexts. Democracy in Translation asks how social scientists should investigate the functioning of democratic institutions in cultures dissimilar from their own, and raises larger issues about the nature of democracy, the universality of democratic ideals, and the practice of cross-cultural research
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  • 10
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    2018
    ISBN: 9781501717192 
    Person(s): Turner, Victor
    Title: Revelation and Divination in Ndembu Ritual
    Subtitle: Symbol, Myth, and Ritual
    Publisher(s): Cornell University Press
    Year of publication: 2018
    Document type: Online Resource
    ISBN: 9781501717192
    Terms of use: Vorläufiger Zugriff bis zum Jahresende
    Abstract: The core of this book is a complete description of two important Ndembu rituals of affliction (Chihamba and Kayong'u), and an analysis of the system of ideas underlying more than a dozen modes of divination. Written by an internationally-known social scientist, the book demonstrates how the study of small-scale events may reveal as much about what it means to be a human being in society as do grand macrosocial and macrocultural surveys.Drawing on two and a half years of fieldwork, Victor Turner offers two thorough ethnographic studies of Ndembu revelatory ritual and divinatory techniques, with running commentaries on symbolism by a variety of Ndembu informants. Striking a personal note in the introductory chapter, Turner acknowledges his indebtedness to Ndembu ritualists for alerting him to the theoretical relevance of symbolic action in understanding human societies. He believes that ritual symbols, like botanists' stains, enable us to detect and trace the movement of social processes and relationships that often lie below the level of direct observation
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