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  • 1
    Article
    Article
    2014
    ISSN: 1755-7739 
    In: European Political Science Review, 2014, Vol.6(1), pp.47-71
    Description: World politics is no longer a matter of executive multilateralism and technocratic expert decisions. What we see instead is the politicization of international institutions – a twofold process of growing resistance to and the more intensive utilization of these institutions. After providing evidence for this claim, this article develops propositions on the effects of politicization of world politics on the quality of decision making and the content of policies on both the international and national level. On the one hand, the politicization of international institutions arguably heralds a reflexive stage of global governance. The increased participation of societal actors leads to a new mode of decision making in world politics, which includes a notion of global common goods in conjunction with elements of public deliberation. By the same token, increased politicization of international institutions contradicts lamentations about the hollowing-out of national democracies and shows that political participation is in fact partly emigrating to the international level. While politicization has the inherent potential for initiating the democratization of international institutions and making new types of global policies possible, there are on the other hand several dangers associated to this process. First, it may perpetuate existing inequalities between North and South in terms of representation on the global level. Second, the politicization of world politics puts pressure on national democracy, since it moves attention away from national political matters and skews national policies towards universalist positions. Moreover, it arguably provokes the constitution of a new political cleavage, cosmopolitanism vs. communitarianism, which may possibly restructure politics in the 21st century to a large extent. These propositions on the effects of politicization will be developed with the help of empirical illustrations. However, they will not be systematically tested – the purpose of this contribution is to elaborate the analytical potential of a new concept and identify broad trends.
    Subject(s): International Institutions; Democracy; Domestic Politics; Cleavages
    ISSN: 1755-7739
    E-ISSN: 1755-7747
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  • 2
    In: JCMS: Journal of Common Market Studies, March 2012, Vol.50, pp.137-153
    Description: Following the failure of the Constitutional Treaty, executives of European Union (EU) Member States and the European Commission tried to take European integration as a political issue as much off the agenda as possible and limit involvement of citizens in EU decision‐making. This article assesses the viability of this attempt to combat politicization of European integration and comes to the conclusion that it is unlikely to succeed in the long run. Politicization, it is argued, is a direct consequence of the increasing authority of the EU. The executive response to reverse this trend, however, does not address its cause, but rather the intermediating factors in the form of political opportunity structure. Since the cause of politicization remains intact and intermediating factors are unlikely to be controlled by executives, this attempt to reverse politicization is not viable.
    Subject(s): European Integration ; European Union ; Member States ; European Commission ; Citizens ; Decision Making ; Europe ; Economics;
    ISSN: 0021-9886
    E-ISSN: 1468-5965
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  • 3
    Article
    Article
    2018
    ISSN: 1758-5880 
    In: Global Policy, February 2018, Vol.9(1), pp.138-145
    Description: This article aims to contribute to the third generation of global governance research by unfolding the concept of a global governance system consisting of normative principles and patterns of authority relationships and legitimation. The goal is to formulate a positive theory that goes beyond the negative descriptions of global governance as post‐internationalist and helps to move global governance beyond its embryonic state. The major theoretical claim is that the features of the current global governance system have endogenously produced the politicization and counter‐institutionalization of international authorities. Internal tensions of the system fuel legitimation problems and demands for change, which in the end lead – in some cases – to the decline of global governance arrangements or – in other cases – to its deepening via appropriate institutional responses. An intelligent way to manage globalization would be to focus on global accountability and seek like‐minded coalition partners in the South, instead of counting on questionable deals with authoritarian potentates.
    Subject(s): Business;
    ISSN: 1758-5880
    E-ISSN: 1758-5899
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  • 4
    Article
    Article
    2011
    ISSN: 00323470 
    Language: German
    In: Politische Vierteljahresschrift, 1 January 2011, Vol.52(1), pp.78-118
    Description: The article is conceived as a contribution to 'International Political Theory' and pursues two goals. The first is to systematize the many-sided discussion on a good global order. Four basic models of global order with cosmopolitan intent are reconstructed and the empirical premises built into each model identified: the intergovernmental model of global order, cosmopolitan pluralism, cosmopolitan federalism, and cosmopolitan democracy. The empirical evidence for developments favouring these models is then considered. Secondly, the relationship between normative and empirical propositions is to be established in more general terms in order to promote the necessary debate between political theory and international relations. It can be shown that differences in the empirical assessment underlying the models appear to be more important for the design of a global order than differences in the justification-theoretical procedures or moral principles behind them. Der Artikel versteht sich als Beitrag zu einer ‚Internationalen Politischen Theorie‘ und verfolgt zwei Ziele. Zum einen soll die vielfältige Diskussion über eine gute globale Ordnung systematisiert werden. Dabei werden vier Grundmodelle globaler Ordnung in kosmopolitischer Absicht rekonstruiert und die in das jeweilige Modell eingebauten empirischen Prämissen identifiziert: das intergouvernementale Modell globaler Ordnung, der kosmopolitische Pluralismus, der kosmopolitische Föderalismus und die kosmopolitische Demokratie. In der Folge soll dann die Frage beantwortet werden, inwiefern tatsächlich entgegenkommende Entwicklungen in der Empirie für diese Modelle zu beobachten sind. Zum anderen soll allgemeiner das Verhältnis normativer und empirischer Aussagen bestimmt werden, um damit die notwendige Auseinandersetzung zwischen Politischer Theorie und Internationalen Beziehungen zu befördern. Dabei zeigt sich, dass unterschiedliche empirische Einschätzungen, die den Ordnungsmodellen zugrunde liegen, für die Unterschiede in den vorgeschlagenen Ordnungsmodellen gewichtiger zu sein scheinen als Differenzen in den begründungstheoretischen Vorgehensweisen oder den zugrundeliegenden moralischen Prinzipien.
    Subject(s): Political Science;
    ISSN: 00323470
    E-ISSN: 18622860
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  • 5
    Language: German
    In: Politische Vierteljahresschrift, 1 January 2011, Vol.52(4), pp.603-635
    Description: The core thesis of this contribution is that the primarily democratic sources of political legitimacy appear to be declining in significance. The crisis of parliamentary democracy in the West, the political and economic ascent of authoritatively constituted powers worldwide, the emergence of political authority beyond the nation state, and, connected to that, a corresponding rise in conflicting legal systems all point to the fact that underlying social and political developments lead to a shift within the set of established justifications of legitimate authority. In the course of present changes in the political landscape vis-à-vis sources of legitimacy like law, expertise, accountability, and collective identity, primarily democratic sources of political authority like participation and public discourse are beginning to fall by the wayside. Remarkably enough, these changes enjoy a high degree of public acceptance. These developments cause the democratic principle to become relativized in the course of deliberations over good political order; and, to that extent, the question of justification of legitimate authority and with it the question of democracy have been forced back onto the center stage of political controversies all over the world. This has far-reaching implications for political science as a formal discipline – which indeed first began in Germany as Demokratiewissenschaft, the "science of democracy". Die Kernthese des Beitrags lautet: Die originär demokratischen Quellen politischer Legitimität scheinen an Bedeutung zu verlieren. Die Krise der parlamentarischen Demokratie im Westen, der weltpolitische und ökonomische Aufstieg von autoritär verfassten Mächten, die Entstehung politischer Autorität jenseits des Nationalstaates sowie die damit verbundene Entstehung konfligierender Rechtsordnungen verweisen allesamt darauf, dass grundlegende gesellschaftliche und politische Entwicklungen zu einer Verschiebung innerhalb des Sets von etablierten Legitimationsfiguren führen. Originär demokratische Quellen politischer Herrschaft wie Partizipation und öffentliche Deliberation geraten im Zuge der gegenwärtigen Veränderungen der politischen Institutionenlandschaft gegenüber solchen Legitimationsquellen wie Recht, Expertise, Rechenschaftspflichtigkeit und der Steigerung des kollektiven Selbstwertgefühls ins Hintertreffen. Bemerkenswerterweise finden diese Verschiebungen zumeist ein hohes Maß an gesellschaftlicher Akzeptanz. Die genannten Entwicklungen führen somit zu einer Relativierung des demokratischen Prinzips in der Auseinandersetzung über die gute politische Ordnung. Insofern rücken die Frage nach der Begründung von Herrschaft und damit auch die Demokratiefrage wieder in den Mittelpunkt politischer Auseinandersetzungen in der Welt. Das hat weitreichende Implikationen für die Politikwissenschaft als Disziplin - die in Deutschland ja als Demokratiewissenschaft ins Leben gerufen wurde.
    Subject(s): Political Science;
    ISSN: 00323470
    E-ISSN: 18622860
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  • 6
    Article
    Article
    2013
    ISSN: 1430-6387 
    Language: German
    In: Zeitschrift für Politikwissenschaft, 2013, Vol.23(2), pp.289-300
    Description: Simply the relationship between globalization and democracy is not. The times in which globalization is a page exclusively negative regarded as gravediggers for the welfare state and democracy are over. But has long since broken the belief in the material and moral blessings of globalization on the other side. Long ago, the side effects are obvious - not least for the democratic process. Adapted from the source document.
    Subject(s): Globalization ; Democracy ; Politics ; Political Science
    ISSN: 1430-6387
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  • 7
    In: Journal of Political Philosophy, March 2016, Vol.24(1), pp.88-119
    Description: The present article has the aim to reconstruct four basic models of global order with cosmopolitan intent, identifying the empirical premises built into each and, on this basis, to examine the extent to which developments contributing to the realization of each model can be empirically identified. We embark, as it were, on an empirical assessment of the realizability of various normative theories. This empirical assessment asks not so much how close reality is to the model but, rather, to what extent the social and economic pre-requisites of each model can be seen to be developing in the right direction (accommodating developments). As a side effect of this exercise, the article also concludes that the empirical judgments underlying the models of global order are more important than differences in the justification of theoretical procedures or moral principles behind them.
    Subject(s): Cosmopolitanism ; Empiricism ; Models ; Assessment ; Justification ; Judgments ; Realization ; History and Theory; Political Theories and Philosophy;
    ISSN: 0963-8016
    E-ISSN: 1467-9760
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  • 8
    Article
    Article
    2013
    ISSN: 00323470 
    Language: German
    In: Politische Vierteljahresschrift, 1 January 2013, Vol.54(1), pp.173-185
    Description: In engaging with Markus Patberg's constructive criticism, this reply develops a third model for the empirical study of legitimacy, which moves beyond the dichotomy of measurement and judgment. Substantially, I thereby juxtapose Patberg's interpretation of the data as the rise of "critical citizens" with the democratic paradox arising from the decreasing dignity of majority decisions ("critical decisions"). Die Erwiderung entwickelt in Auseinandersetzung mit der konstruktiven Kritik von Markus Patberg ein drittes Modell der empirischen Legitimationsforschung, das sich jenseits der Dichotomie von Messen und Beurteilen ansiedeln lässt. Substanziell setze ich damit der Patbergschen Deutung der Datenlage im Sinne der „critical citizens" das demokratische Paradoxon, das sich durch die abnehmende Dignität von Mehrheitsentscheidungen ergibt („critical decisions“), entgegen.
    Subject(s): Political Science;
    ISSN: 00323470
    E-ISSN: 18622860
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  • 9
    Article
    Article
    2016
    ISSN: 0140-2382 
    Language: English
    In: West European Politics: The Differentiated Politicisation of European Governance, 02 January 2016, Vol.39(1), pp.164-182
    Description: In this commentary, an outside perspective, mainly informed by International Relations (IR) and Political Theory (PT), is taken. From there, three issues are identified that point to the next steps in extending the research programme on politicisation. First, it is argued that an exclusive focus on public media might be too narrow in scope, as important features of politicisation are not taken into account. Second, it is highlighted that chances are missed by placing exclusive focus on the EU, and again an opening up by comparing findings from the study of the EU with developments on other political levels is argued for. Third, the emerging focus on the consequences of politicisation is to be applauded from an opening-up perspective.
    Subject(s): International Institutions ; Politicisation ; Legitimacy ; Government ; History & Archaeology ; International Relations
    ISSN: 0140-2382
    E-ISSN: 1743-9655
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  • 10
    Article
    Article
    2015
    ISSN: 00323470 
    In: Politische Vierteljahresschrift, 2015, Vol.56(2), pp.319-333
    ISSN: 00323470
    E-ISSN: 18622860
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