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  • 1
    Article
    Article
    2013
    ISSN: 0263-2764 
    Language: English
    In: Theory, Culture & Society, November 2013, Vol.30(6), pp.110-131
    Description: This contribution examines the media history of swarm research and the significance of swarming techniques to current socio-technological processes. It explores how the procedures of swarm intelligence should be understood in relation to the concept of cultural techniques. This brings the concept into proximity with recent debates in posthuman (media) theory, animal studies and software studies. Swarms are conceptualized as zootechnologies that resist methods of analytical investigation. Synthetic swarms first emerged as operational collective structures by means of the reciprocal computerization of biology and biologization of computer science. In a recursive loop, swarms inspired agent-based modelling, which in turn provided biological researchers with enduring knowledge about dynamic collectives. This conglomerate led to the development of advanced, software-based 'particle systems'. Swarm intelligence has become a fundamental cultural technique related to dynamic processes and an effective metaphor for the collaborative efforts of society. [Reprinted by permission of Sage Publications Ltd., copyright holder.]
    Subject(s): Agents ; Computer Simulation ; Cultural Techniques ; Media ; Scientific Visualization ; Social Swarming ; Swarms ; Social Sciences (General)
    ISSN: 0263-2764
    E-ISSN: 1460-3616
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  • 2
    Article
    Article
    2018
    ISSN: 2364-2114 
    In: Digital Culture & Society, 2018, Vol.4(1), pp.107-132
    Description: This article seeks to situate collective or swarm robotics (SR) on a conceptual pane which on the one hand sheds light on the peculiar form of AI which is at play in such systems, whilst on the other hand it considers possible consequences of a widespread use of SR with a focus on swarms of Unmanned Aerial Systems (Swarm UAS). The leading hypothesis of this article is that Swarm Robotics create a multifold “spatial intelligence”, ranging from the dynamic morphologies of such collectives via their robust self-organization in changing environments to representations of these environments as distributed 4D-sensor systems. As is shown on the basis of some generative examples from the field of UAS, robot swarms are imagined to literally penetrate space and control it. In contrast to classical forms of surveillance or even “sousveillance”, this procedure could be called perveillance.
    ISSN: 2364-2114
    E-ISSN: 2364-2122
    Source: Walter de Gruyter GmbH
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  • 3
    Article
    Article
    2014
    ISSN: 1875-1504 
    Language: English
    In: Footprint, 01 November 2014, Vol.8(2)
    Description: After a first wave of digital architecture in the 1990s, the last decade saw some approaches where agent-based modelling and simulation (ABM) was used for generative strategies in architectural design. By taking advantage of the self-organisational capabilities of computational agent collectives whose global behaviour emerges from the local interaction of a large number of relatively simple individuals (as it does, for instance, in animal swarms), architects are able to understand buildings and urbanscapes in a novel way as complex spaces that are constituted by the movement of multiple material and informational elements. As a major, zoo-technological branch of ABM, Computational Swarm Intelligence (SI) coalesces all kinds of architectural elements – materials, people, environmental forces, traffic dynamics, etc. – into a collective population. Thereby, SI and ABM initiate a shift from geometric or parametric planning to time-based and less prescriptive software tools. Agent-based...
    Subject(s): Visual Arts
    ISSN: 1875-1504
    E-ISSN: 1875-1490
    Source: Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)
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  • 4
    Article
    Article
    2017
    ISSN: 2215-0897 
    Language: English
    In: Spool, 01 December 2017, Vol.4(1), pp.17-25
    Description: Not only recent Science Fiction – e.g., Star Trek Beyond (USA 2016) – celebrates the capacities of robot collectives. Also RoboCup, an annual robot soccer competition, or Harvard University’s Kilobot Project show stunning examples of the central idea behind Swarm Robotics: »[U]sing swarms is the same as getting a bunch of small cheap dumb things to do the same job as an expensive smart thing« (Beni/Wang 1989). This article examines some crucial aspects of the techno-history of a research field which intertwines engineering and biological knowledge and whose applications deal with compelling questions about synchronization and self-organization in changing environments – on the ground, in the air, and under water....
    Subject(s): Architecture
    ISSN: 2215-0897
    E-ISSN: 2215-0900
    Source: Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)
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  • 5
    Article
    Article
    2018
    ISSN: 0170-6233 
    Language: German
    In: Berichte zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte, December 2018, Vol.41(4), pp.403-408
    Description: . In the course of the great success of theory programs and the funding of young researchers within media studies and the history of science over the past 15 years, a generation of scholars has emerged (including the authors of this article) who have been genuinely trained in approaching interdisciplinary...
    Subject(s): History Of Science ; Media Studies ; Interdisciplinary Methods ; History Of Technology ; Wissenschaftsgeschichte ; Medienwissenschaft ; Interdisziplinäre Methoden ; Technikgeschichte
    ISSN: 0170-6233
    E-ISSN: 1522-2365
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  • 6
    Article
    Article
    2018
    In: Zeitschrift für Medienwissenschaft, 09/01/2018, Vol.10(19, 2/2018), pp.10-20
    E-ISSN: 2296-4126
    Source: CrossRef
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  • 7
    Article
    Article
    2011
    ISSN: 1869-1722 
    Language: German
    In: Zeitschrift für Medienwissenschaft, 05/2011, Vol.4(1), pp.58-70
    ISSN: 1869-1722
    Source: CrossRef
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  • 8
    Language: German
    Description: Der Zauber der Medien speist sich aus ihrem Geheimnis: Den Usern von heute sind Laptop, Smartphone oder Tablet eine Blackbox, die ihre Sinne im Bann hält und die Techniktricks im Inneren hinter einer opaken Oberfläche verbirgt. Doch solche Verzauberung ist nicht neu. Umihr auf die Spur zu kommen, nähert sich dieses Buch der Mediengeschichte der Zauberei an der Schwelle zwischen magischem Moment und Ent-Täuschung. Nicht seltenfolgt einer geradezu übernatürlich wirkenden Zaubervorführung die wissenschaftliche Erklärung und Offenlegung ihrer Tricks. Ein solcher Akt der Entzauberung mag zwar magische Momente als faulen Zauber demaskieren. Er rückt dafür jedoch die Technologien der Täuschung ins Rampenlicht: Erst die Ausnutzung physikalischer Gesetze, das Konstruieren mechanischer Zauberapparate und das Spiel mit der Wahrnehmung der Zuschauer machen deren ,Verzauberung’ möglich. Sie erlaubt, die Frage nach Wissen, dem medialen Zugriff auf unsere Sinne und dem sinnlichen Zugriff auf unsere Welt erneut zu stellen.
    Subject(s): Talking Head ; Spiritismus ; Techniktricks ; Technikgeschichte ; Tricktechnik ; Trick Photography ; Zauberhandbuch ; Zauberei ; Mediengeschichte ; Informationsgesellschaft ; Ubiquitous Computing
    ISBN: 9783957960801
    ISBN: 9783957960812
    Source: DOAB (OAPEN Foundation)
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  • 9
    Language: English
    Description: Swarming has become a fundamental cultural technique related to dynamic processes and an effective metaphor for the collaborative efforts of society. This book examines the media history of swarm research and its significance to current socio-technological processes. It shows that the hype about collective intelligence is based on a reciprocal computerization of biology and biologization of computer science: After decades of painstaking biological observations in the ocean, experiments in aquariums, and mathematical model-making, it was swarms-inspired computer simulation which provided biological researchers with enduring knowledge about animal collectives. At the same time, a turn to biological principles of self-organization made it possible to adapt to unclearly delineated sets of problems and clarify the operation of opaque systems - from logistics to architecture, or from crowd control to robot collectives. As zootechnologies, swarms offer performative, synthetic, and approximate...
    Subject(s): Communication Studies Biological Sciences History of Science & Technology
    Source: JSTOR Books
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  • 10
    Book
    Book
    2019
    ISBN: 9462986207 
    Language: German
    Description: Swarming has become a fundamental cultural technique related to dynamic processes and an effective metaphor for the collaborative efforts of society. This book examines the media history of swarm research and its significance to current socio-technological processes. It shows that the hype about collective intelligence is based on a reciprocal computerization of biology and biologization of computer science: After decades of painstaking biological observations in the ocean, experiments in aquariums, and mathematical model-making, it was swarms-inspired computer simulation which provided biological researchers with enduring knowledge about animal collectives. At the same time, a turn to biological principles of self-organization made it possible to adapt to unclearly delineated sets of problems and clarify the operation of opaque systems - from logistics to architecture, or from crowd control to robot collectives. As Zootechnologies, swarms offer performative, synthetic, and approximate...
    Subject(s): Science ; Life Sciences ; Biology ; Social Science ; Media Studies ; Technology &Amp; Engineering ; History ; Electronic books;
    ISBN: 9462986207
    Source: Walter de Gruyter GmbH
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