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  • 1
    Language: English
    In: Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies, 01 August 2012, Vol.48(2), pp.209-227
    Description: This paper assesses the relationship between poverty reduction and economic growth in Indonesia before and after the Asian financial crisis. The annual rate of poverty reduction slowed significantly in the post-crisis period. However, the trend in the growth elasticity of poverty indicates that the power of each percentage point of economic growth to reduce poverty did not change much between the two periods. In both, service sector growth made the largest contribution to poverty reduction in both rural and urban areas. Industrial sector growth largely became irrelevant for poverty reduction in the post-crisis period even though the sector contributed the second-largest share of GDP. Agricultural sector growth, mean-while, remained important, but in rural areas only. The findings suggest the need to formulate an effective strategy to promote sectoral growth in order to speed up the pace of poverty reduction.
    Subject(s): Economic Growth ; Poverty Reduction ; Structural Change ; Economics
    ISSN: 0007-4918
    E-ISSN: 1472-7234
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  • 2
    Language: English
    In: Journal of Southeast Asian Economies, Aug 2018, Vol.35(2), pp.200-222
    Description: When President Joko "Jokowi" Widodo took office in 2014, Indonesia was facing stagnating poverty and high inequality. To address these problems, he quickly introduced several initiatives, mainly in the form of social assistance programmes which gave the poor access to education and health services, as well as food and cash transfers, and grants for villages as mandated by the Village Law. This paper assesses the implications of these initiatives on poverty and inequality, by correlating economic growth with real per capita household consumption growth by quintile at the district level. The results indicate that economic growth has become less pro-poor during the first three years of the Jokowi government. This is indicated by lower growth elasticity of consumption of the poorest 20 per cent of the population, while those of the middle quintiles have increased significantly and that of the richest 20 per cent remains the highest. This suggests that Jokowi's poverty and inequality reduction...
    Subject(s): Indonesia ; Jakarta Indonesia ; Joko Widodo (Jokowi) ; Consumption ; Trends ; Grants ; Generalized Method of Moments ; Access ; Money ; Urban Poverty ; Health Education ; Law ; Antipoverty Programs ; Poverty ; Job Creation ; Studies ; Economic Growth ; Inequality ; Economic Models ; Villages
    ISSN: 23395095
    E-ISSN: 23395206
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  • 3
    Language: English
    In: Journal of International Development, May 2013, Vol.25(4), pp.549-561
    Description: We develop a growth‐employment model that decomposes the Indonesian economy into six components, based on a combination of economic sectors and location, and ascertain the sectors that created the most jobs in Indonesia over the past two decades. We find that urban employment is mostly driven by higher growth in the services sector, especially areas that require skilled personnel. Meanwhile, the agriculture sector growth still drives employment in rural areas, although it appears that the services sector also creates a significant number of jobs. Based on these findings, we provide some policy recommendations. Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
    Subject(s): Employment ; Economic Growth ; Indonesia
    ISSN: 0954-1748
    E-ISSN: 1099-1328
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  • 4
    In: Development Policy Review, March 2018, Vol.36, pp.O552-O563
    Description: The media is increasingly recognized as playing an important role in affecting the behaviour of individuals. In this article, we examine the effect of an expansion of private television broadcast on fertility in Indonesia. Our district fixed effects estimation results show that increasing the share of population with access to private television by one‐standard deviation—from a 78% coverage to a universal coverage—reduces crude birth rate by 6.2%, equivalent to 190,000 fewer births. We find evidence that television causes an increase in the use of modern contraceptives, but no change in the use of traditional contraceptives. The finding that expanding television coverage increases the demand for modern contraceptives shows that policy‐makers need to ensure that modern contraceptive is easily accessible.
    Subject(s): Birth Rate ; Fertility ; Indonesia ; Television
    ISSN: 0950-6764
    E-ISSN: 1467-7679
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  • 5
    Language: English
    In: Social Indicators Research, 2007, Vol.81(3), pp.543-578
    Description: Household consumption expenditure data is crucial for calculating important welfare measures such as poverty headcount rate. However, collecting such data is difficult and cumbersome. As an alternative, we experiment with three methods – consumption correlates model, poverty probability model, and wealth index principal components analysis (PCA) – to predict consumption expenditure and poverty using non-consumption indicators. The purpose is to use these alternatives for rapid monitoring and appraisal of social welfare as an early warning system. We test each method’s performance and find that the consumption correlates model is the best method to predict poverty quickly and relatively accurately. We find that education level, asset ownership, and consumption pattern are the best predictors of expenditure and poverty.
    Subject(s): consumption ; data ; expenditure ; Indonesia ; predictor ; poverty
    ISSN: 0303-8300
    E-ISSN: 1573-0921
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  • 6
    Book chapter
    Book chapter
    2010
    ISBN: 9789812309396 
    In: Poverty and Social Protection in Indonesia, pp.218-233
    ISBN: 9789812309396
    Source: Scopus (Elsevier B.V)〈img src="http://exlibris-pub.s3.amazonaws.com/Scopus.jpg" style="vertical-align:middle;margin-left:7px"〉
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  • 7
    In: Poverty and Social Protection in Indonesia, pp.17-35
    ISBN: 9789812309396
    Source: Scopus (Elsevier B.V)〈img src="http://exlibris-pub.s3.amazonaws.com/Scopus.jpg" style="vertical-align:middle;margin-left:7px"〉
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  • 8
    In: Health Policy and Planning, 2017, Vol. 32(1), pp.91-101
    Description: Indonesia has seen an emergence of local health care financing schemes over the last decade, implemented and operated by district governments. Often motivated by the local political context and characterized by a large degree of heterogeneity in scope and design, the common objective of the district schemes is to address the coverage gaps for the informal sector left by national social health insurance programs. This paper investigates the effect of these local health care financing schemes on access to health care and financial protection. Using data from a unique survey among District Health Offices, combined with data from the annual National Socioeconomic Surveys, the study is based on a fixed effects analysis for a panel of 262 districts over the period 2004–10, exploiting variation in local health financing reforms across districts in terms of type of reform and timing of implementation. Although the schemes had a modest impact on average, they do seem to have provided some contribution to closing the coverage gap, by increasing outpatient utilization for households in the middle quintiles that tend to fall just outside the target population of the national subsidized programs. However, there seems to be little effect on hospitalization or financial protection, indicating the limitations of local health care financing policies. In addition, we see effect heterogeneity across districts due to differences in design features.
    Subject(s): Decentralization ; Health Care Utilization ; Health Financing ; Health Insurance ; Indonesia ; Local Government
    ISSN: 0268-1080
    E-ISSN: 1460-2237
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  • 9
    In: Health Economics, June 2014, Vol.23(6), pp.719-728
    Description: We assess the economic risk of ill health for households in Indonesia and the role of informal coping strategies. Using household panel data from the Indonesian socio‐economic household survey (Susenas) for 2003 and 2004, and applying fixed effects Poisson models, we find evidence of economic risk from illness through medical expenses. For the poor and the informal sector, ill health events impact negatively on income from wage labour, whereas for the non‐poor and formal sector, it is income from self‐employed business activities which is negatively affected. However, only for the rural population and the poor does this lead to a decrease in consumption, whereas the non‐poor seem to be able to protect current household spending. Borrowing and drawing on family network and buffers, such as savings and assets, seem to be key informal coping strategies for the poor, which may have negative long‐term effects. While these results suggest scope for public intervention, the economic risk from income loss for the rural poor is beyond public health care financing reforms. Rather, formal sector employment seems to be a key instrument for financial protection from illness, by also reducing income risk. © 2015 The Authors. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
    Subject(s): Illness ; Income ; Consumption Smoothing ; Coping Strategies ; Indonesia
    ISSN: 1057-9230
    E-ISSN: 1099-1050
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  • 10
    In: Journal of international development, 2013, Vol.25(4), p.549
    ISSN: 0954-1748
    Source: wiso Wirtschaftswissenschaften (GBI-Genios Deutsche Wirtschaftsdatenbank GmbH) 〈img src="http://exlibris-pub.s3.amazonaws.com/wiso_logo.jpg" style="vertical-align:middle;margin-left:7px"〉
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