Zeitschrift fur Parlamentsfragen, 0, 2011, Vol.42(2), pp.346-364
A model based on Albert O. Hirschman("Exit, Voice and Loyalty") explains the decision of party member to split off. Contrary to social structural or elite-centered approaches, an actor-centered approach treating the dissatisfaction of party members as the independent variable is seen more fruitful. Dissatisfaction of party members is a regular feature of political life. Striving for an improvement of their own situation, party members can opt for different alternatives of which the formation of a new party is only one. We identify five options available to dissatisfied party members (silence, voice, retreat from politics, formation choice. By applying this theory to the dissatisfaction which the German Social Democratic Party (SPD) in the wake of the Agenda 2010 reforms, it can shown why the WASG (Labour and Social Justice -- The Electoral Alternative) and subsequently the party Die Linke was formed. Adapted from the source document.
Political Parties ; Loyalty ; Left Wing Politics ; Social Democratic Parties ; Reform ; Social Justice ; Variables ; Politics; National-Level Politics ; Article
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