Journal of medical virology, 2021-04, Vol.93 (4), p.2301-2306
Assessment of commercial severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS‐CoV‐2) immunoassays for their capacity to provide reliable information on sera neutralizing activity is an emerging need. We evaluated the performance of two commercially available lateral flow immunochromatographic assays (LFIC; Wondfo SARS‐CoV‐2 Antibody test and the INNOVITA 2019‐nCoV Ab test) in comparison with a SARS‐CoV‐2 neutralization pseudotyped assay for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID‐19) diagnosis in hospitalized patients and investigate whether the intensity of the test band in LFIC associates with neutralizing antibody (NtAb) titers. Ninety sera were included from 51 patients with moderate to severe COVID‐19. A green fluorescent protein (GFP) reporter‐based pseudotyped neutralization assay (vesicular stomatitis virus coated with SARS‐CoV‐2 spike protein) was used. Test line intensity was scored using a 4‐level scale (0 to 3+). The overall sensitivity of LFIC assays was 91.1% for the Wondfo SARS‐CoV‐2 Antibody test, 72.2% for the INNOVITA 2019‐nCoV IgG, 85.6% for the INNOVITA 2019‐nCoV IgM, and 92.2% for the NtAb assay. Sensitivity increased for all assays in sera collected beyond day 14 after symptoms onset (93.9%, 79.6%, 93.9%, and 93.9%, respectively). Reactivities equal to or more intense than the positive control line (≥2+) in the Wondfo assay had a negative predictive value of 100% and a positive predictive value of 96.4% for high NtAb50 titers (≥1/160). Our findings support the use of LFIC assays evaluated herein, particularly the Wondfo test, for COVID‐19 diagnosis. We also find evidence that these rapid immunoassays can be used to predict high SARS‐CoV‐2‐S NtAb50 titers.
neutralizing antibodies ; COVID‐19 ; lateral flow immunochromatographic assays ; SARS‐CoV‐2 ; COVID-19 - immunology ; COVID-19 - virology ; Green Fluorescent Proteins ; Immunoglobulin G - blood ; Humans ; Antibodies, Viral - blood ; COVID-19 - diagnosis ; Antibodies, Neutralizing - immunology ; Immunoglobulin M - blood ; COVID-19 - blood ; Immunoassay - methods ; Antibodies, Viral - immunology ; SARS-CoV-2 - immunology ; Spike Glycoprotein, Coronavirus - immunology ; Antibodies, Neutralizing - blood ; COVID-19 Testing - methods ; Index Medicus
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