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  • 1
    Article
    Article
    2010
    ISSN: 0003-4819 
    Language: English
    In: Annals of internal medicine, 21 September 2010, Vol.153(6), pp.419; author reply 419-20
    Subject(s): Blood Proteins -- Analysis ; Coronary Disease -- Blood ; Immunoassay -- Standards
    ISSN: 0003-4819
    E-ISSN: 1539-3704
    Source: MEDLINE/PubMed (U.S. National Library of Medicine)
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  • 2
    Language: English
    In: Administrative science quarterly, March 2011, Vol.56(1), pp.61-94
    Description: This study calls into question the completeness of the argument that economic actors who fail to conform to certain identity-based logics—such as the categorical structure of markets—garner less attention and perform poorly, beginning with the observation that some nonconforming actors seem to elicit considerable attention and thrive. By reconceptualizing organizational identity as not just a signal of organizational legitimacy but also a lens used by evaluating audiences to make sense of emerging information, I explore the micro, decision-making foundations on which both conformist and nonconformist organizations may come to be favored. Analyzing the association between organizational conformity and return on investment and capital flows in the global hedge fund industry, 1994-2008, I find that investors allocate capital more readily to nonconforming hedge funds following periods of short-term positive performance. Contrary to prediction, nonconforming funds are also less...
    Subject(s): Business ; Government
    ISSN: 0001-8392
    E-ISSN: 1930-3815
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  • 3
    Article
    Article
    2012
    ISSN: 0148396X 
    In: Neurosurgery, September 2012, Vol.71(3), p.593
    Description: Hemorrhage from cerebral dural arteriovenous fistulae (dAVF) is a considerable source of neurological morbidity and even mortality. To evaluate the natural history of cerebral dAVF. We reviewed our own cohort of 70 dAVF and incorporated results from the literature, synthesizing pooled hemorrhage rates and evaluating risk factors for 395 dAVF in 6 studies. No hemorrhages occurred during 409 lesion-years of follow-up of Borden type I dAVF; however, cortical venous drainage developed in 1.4%. Like type I dAVF, type II dAVF demonstrated a female predilection and were most commonly transverse-sigmoid or cavernous. Eighteen percent of type II dAVF presented with hemorrhage (95% confidence interval [CI]: 8%-36%), and the annual hemorrhage rate was 6% (95% CI: 0.1%-19%). Borden type III dAVF demonstrated a male predilection and were most commonly tentorial or petrosal. Thirty-four percent presented with hemorrhage (95% CI: 0.4%-49%), with an annual hemorrhage rate of 10% (95% CI: 4%-20%), increasing to 21% for those with venous ectasia (95% CI: 4%-66%). The hemorrhage rate decreased to 2% for asymptomatic or minimally symptomatic type II or III dAVF (95% CI: 0.2%-8%), and increased to 10% for those presenting with nonhemorrhagic neurological deficits (95% CI: 0.9%-41%) and to 46% for those presenting with hemorrhage (95% CI: 11%-130%). Venous ectasia is a significant risk factor for hemorrhage among dAVF with cortical venous drainage. In addition, those with hemorrhagic presentation, even compared with nonhemorrhagic neurological deficit presentation, as well as Borden type III dAVF compared with type II dAVF demonstrated a trend toward greater hemorrhage rates.
    Subject(s): Central Nervous System Vascular Malformations;
    ISSN: 0148396X
    E-ISSN: 15244040
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  • 4
    Article
    Article
    2011
    ISSN: 0148-0227 
    In: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, December 2011, Vol.116(A12), pp.n/a-n/a
    Description: Ulysses results indicate that the total magnetic flux inside the heliosphere, Φ, can be obtained from the radial field component measured at a single spacecraft multiplied by the square of the radial distance and averaged over a solar rotation, . However, that result is contrary to a large increase in Φ with distance, called the flux excess, that has been reported by Owens et al. (2008a) and attributed to variations in solar wind speed by Lockwood et al. (2009a, 2009b). Ulysses data and a mathematical simulation are used to show that the cause of the flux excess is the replacement of B by the modulus, |B|. The modulus rectifies some of the large amplitude magnetic field variations normally present in measurements of B and increases the mean, relative to . The variance of the magnetic fluctuations, , decreases less rapidly with distance than B and that produces a progressively larger error in resulting in the flux excess. The advisability of defining Φ in terms of |B|, of using beyond 1 AU and the applicability of the Lockwood et al. (2009b) correction to are questioned. Ulysses data analysis is consistent with flux conservation but not the flux excess The excess is caused by using the modulus instead of BR to compute the flux Modulus includes an error contributed by magnetic field variations to mean value
    Subject(s): Heliospheric Magnetic Field ; Magnetic Flux Excess
    ISSN: 0148-0227
    E-ISSN: 2156-2202
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  • 5
    Language: English
    In: Strategic management journal, June 2016, Vol.37(6), pp.1021-1033
    Description: Research summary: This article focuses on organizational naming as a strategic choice organizations make to overcome liabilities of atypicality. We argue that, in markets presenting an "illegitimacy discount," atypical organizations may use deliberate names--names that communicate the market categories to which organizations claim membership--to offset the consequences of atypicality. Using data from the global hedge fund industry, we show that atypical hedge funds are more likely than typical funds to have deliberate names. Importantly, the selection of a deliberate name is economically significant. First, funds with deliberate names grow faster than funds without deliberate names, especially among atypical funds. Second, while atypicality heightened the likelihood of failure during the recent financial crisis--even after controlling for fund performance--having a deliberate name mitigated this effect. Managerial summary: Differentiation is a core element of many organizations' competitive advantage. Nevertheless, as differentiation implies being atypical among one's competitors, differentiation strategies can also lead to an "illegitimacy discount" whereby differentiators are at risk of being misunderstood, miscategorized, and ignored by consumers. Here we investigate how atypical hedge funds--funds that differentiate themselves from their competitors by investing in notably unique ways--use names to offset the potential consequences associated with the "illegitimacy discount." Our analysis of more than 12,000 hedge funds over 12 years highlighted a trend whereby atypical hedge funds were more likely to choose names that unambiguously associated them with a known investment strategy--for instance, choosing the name "Apex Global Macro Capital" over simply "Apex Capital." Importantly, name selection proved to be economically significant. For example, among atypical hedge funds, those with unambiguous names grew faster than those without. Furthermore, while being atypical increased the level of disinvestment during the recent financial crisis, having an unambiguous name reversed this effect. Organizational names play an important communication role with consumers, which, while highly symbolic, may also help resolve the dual organizational need to both conform to consumer expectations and differentiate from market competitors. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley Sons, Ltd. Copyright John Wiley & Sons. Reproduced with permission. An electronic version of this article is available online at http://www.interscience.wiley.com
    Subject(s): Names ; Organizational Behaviour ; Strategic Management ; Hedge Funds
    ISSN: 0143-2095
    Source: © ProQuest LLC All rights reserved〈img src="https://exlibris-pub.s3.amazonaws.com/PQ_Logo.jpg" style="vertical-align:middle;margin-left:7px"〉
    Source: International Bibliography of the Social Sciences
    Source: International Bibliography of the Social Sciences (IBSS)
    Source: ProQuest Business Collection
    Source: ProQuest Politics Collection
    Source: ProQuest Social Sciences Premium Collection
    Source: ProQuest Sociology Collection
    Source: Social Science Premium Collection
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  • 6
    Article
    Article
    2015
    ISSN: 10477039 
    Language: English
    In: Organization Science, Jan/Feb 2015, Vol.26(1), p.37
    Description: Although diversity provides teams with a variety of advantages, the diversity-performance connection is not always positive. This paper identifies three performance issues that naturally result from diversity and suggests a potential solution for each of them. First, the positive effects associated with diversity often decay over time, in part because heterogeneous people may homogenize with repeated exposure. Second, diverse groups are fragile and experience higher turnover than nondiverse groups. Recruiting similar (redundant) pairs within a heterogeneous group can solve these two problems but also gives rise to a third: fault-line fragmentation. We propose a different structural solution: redundant heterogeneity (RH), in which not only are team members heterogeneous within a hierarchical level of a group or organization but their diversity is matched by similar critical team member characteristics at other hierarchical levels. Thus, we suggest that organizations and teams can take maximal...
    Subject(s): United States–Us ; Studies ; Professional Basketball ; Group Dynamics ; Organization Theory ; Professional Players ; Redundant ; Recruitment ; Turnover ; Segmentation ; Panel Data ; Group Performance ; Basketball ; Heterogeneity ; Teams ; Cooperation ; Coordination ; National Basketball Association
    ISSN: 10477039
    E-ISSN: 15265455
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  • 7
    Article
    Article
    2015
    ISSN: 0012-1622 
    In: Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, September 2015, Vol.57(9), pp.786-787
    Subject(s): Moyamoya Disease -- Diagnosis;
    ISSN: 0012-1622
    E-ISSN: 1469-8749
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  • 8
    In: Strategic Management Journal, June 2016, Vol.37(6), pp.1021-1033
    Description: . . Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
    Subject(s): Atypicality ; Naming ; Categories ; Hedge Funds ; Symbolic Management
    ISSN: 0143-2095
    E-ISSN: 1097-0266
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  • 9
    Article
    Article
    2010
    ISSN: 0009-9147 
    Language: English
    In: Clinical chemistry, January 2010, Vol.56(1), pp.139-40; author reply 140
    Description: Native cryoprecipitate contains both coprecipitants and contaminants, including other serum proteins, viral particles, and bacteria (2).Washing in a cold buffered saline solution may reduce the contamination, but it will also cause the loss of a variable amount of cryoglobulin. All authors confirmed they have contributed to the intellectual content of this paper and have met the following 3 requirements: (a) significant contributions to the conception and design, acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data; (b) drafting or revising the article for intellectual content; and (c) final approval of the published article. All authors confirmed they have contributed to the intellectual content of this paper and have met the following 3 requirements: (a) significant contributions to the conception and design, acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data; (b) drafting or revising the article for intellectual content; and (c) final approval of the published article.
    Subject(s): Cryoglobulinemia -- Diagnosis ; Cryoglobulins -- Analysis
    ISSN: 0009-9147
    E-ISSN: 1530-8561
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  • 10
    In: Strategic management journal, 2016, Vol.37(6), p.1021
    ISSN: 0143-2095
    Source: wiso Wirtschaftswissenschaften (GBI-Genios Deutsche Wirtschaftsdatenbank GmbH) 〈img src="http://exlibris-pub.s3.amazonaws.com/wiso_logo.jpg" style="vertical-align:middle;margin-left:7px"〉
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