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  • 1
    Language: English
    In: On the horizon, 2012-08-10, Vol.20 (3), p.164-171
    Description: Purpose - In this paper the aim is to show how the translation of a logical positivist epistemology into neoclassical economics has had profound methodological consequences which over-determine an inability to predict cusps and their associated crises.Design methodology approach - Based on a review of epistemological and methodological literature, it is argued that the financial crises of the past 20 years ought to initiate a questioning of the epistemological foundations of the discipline.Findings - As an alternative, it is suggested that an economics methodology informed by critical realism would increase the probability of a timely prediction of crises.Originality value - The paper de-emphasises falsification as a key criterion for assessing the quality of knowledge, provides more space for non-quantified reflections on relationships, a thicker model of human agency, a well-specified model of collective human economic behaviour as well as an endogenous possibility of dramatic change within the economic domain.
    Subject(s): Asymmetry ; Capitalism ; Comparative analysis ; Discipline ; Economic crisis ; Economics ; Employment ; Epistemology ; Financial institutions ; Political economy ; Recessions ; Science ; Studies
    ISSN: 1074-8121
    E-ISSN: 2054-1708
    Source: Alma/SFX Local Collection
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  • 2
    Language: English
    In: International labour review, 2017-12, Vol.156 (3-4), p.345-365
    Description: This article investigates the role of voluntary initiatives (VIs) as nongovernmental systems of labour regulation in global value chains (GVCs). To identify the conditions conducive to a more active role for labour in VIs, the authors apply Wright's (2000) theory of the factors enabling positive class compromise to a VI implemented in the Indonesian sportswear industry and extend it to the more complex realities of GVCs. They conclude that if VIs are to create conditions under which decent work can be strengthened, the involvement of strong local labour organizations is required while producers' and/or buyers' dependence on workers' cooperation acts as a catalyst.
    Subject(s): Analysis ; Buyers ; Compromises ; Cooperation ; Freedom of association ; Globalization ; Indonesia ; Industry ; International cooperation ; Labor ; Labor movements ; regulation ; Social classes ; Sport clothes ; Sporting goods industry ; Value chain ; value chains
    ISSN: 0020-7780
    E-ISSN: 1564-913X
    Source: International Bibliography of the Social Sciences (IBSS)
    Source: Business Source Ultimate
    Source: Hellenic Academic Libraries Link
    Source: EconLit with Full Text
    Source: HeinOnline Law Journal Library
    Source: Alma/SFX Local Collection
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  • 3
    Language: English
    In: Current sociology, 2010-09, Vol.58 (5), p.715-737
    Description: This article aims to conceptualize the gendered interface between social capital and vulnerability. It emphasizes Pierre Bourdieu’s notion of social capital embedded in his Theory of Practice as a fruitful analytical device for this intersection. The authors’ conceptual thoughts are based on a review of the literature on the role of migration-related social networks from mainly diverse Asian contexts and empirical fieldwork in South and Central Asia.
    Subject(s): Bourdieu, Pierre ; Bourdieu, Pierre (1930-2002) ; Comparative analysis ; Coping ; Females ; Gender ; Literature reviews ; Migration ; Social capital ; Social capital (Sociology) ; Social networks ; Sociology ; Usage ; Vulnerability ; Vulnerability (Psychology) ; Women
    ISSN: 0011-3921
    E-ISSN: 1461-7064
    Source: International Bibliography of the Social Sciences (IBSS)
    Source: Hellenic Academic Libraries Link
    Source: Sociological Abstracts
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  • 4
    Language: English
    In: Progress in development studies, 2010-10, Vol.10 (4), p.345-361
    Description: This article investigates the role of international labour migration from Pakistan’s Northwest for the sending communities’ social resilience. It focuses on the implications of male out‐migration for the women who stay behind. This article refers to Bourdieu’s Theory of Practice to shed light on the gendered nature of vulnerability and resilience. Contradictions identified between heightened vulnerability at the level of individual women and strengthened resilience of the household underline the social construction of scale in the analysis of resilience. With his emphasis on material as well as symbolic resources determining opportunities and well‐being, Bourdieu provides an analytical key for the identification of such ‘uncomfortable layers of resilience’.
    Subject(s): Overseas employment ; Remittances ; Workloads
    ISSN: 1464-9934
    E-ISSN: 1477-027X
    Source: International Bibliography of the Social Sciences (IBSS)
    Source: Business Source Ultimate
    Source: Hellenic Academic Libraries Link
    Source: Academic Search Ultimate
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  • 5
    Language: English
    In: International social security review (English edition), 2015-01, Vol.68 (1), p.95-118
    Description: This article reviews the recent literature on existing mechanisms that allow for the portability of social security entitlements for migrant workers and finds that North–North migrants have the best access to portability. There is limited coordination between origin and destination countries regarding the portability of social entitlements of South–North migrants. These migrants are dealing with discourses and policies that treat them as second class citizens, even as they are providing much‐needed labour to their host countries. South–South migrants are seeing new regional mechanisms addressing portability. However, many of the impacts of these mechanisms are not yet known. Other knowledge gaps on portability relate to internal and South–South migration, the role of gender and other social identities, migrants’ occupations as well as their legal immigration status. Quel est le degré de transférabilité des droits des travailleurs migrants en matière de sécurité sociale? Une analyse bibliographique Cet article passe en revue les études récentes sur les mécanismes existants qui permettent la transférabilité des droits des travailleurs migrants en matière de sécurité sociale. Il montre que les migrants Nord‐Nord sont ceux qui bénéficient du meilleur accès à la transférabilité de leurs droits. En ce qui concerne les migrants Sud‐Nord, la coordination entre pays d'origine et pays d'accueil est limitée dans le domaine de la transférabilité de leurs droits sociaux. Ces migrants font face à des discours et des politiques qui les traitent comme des citoyens de second rang, alors même qu'ils fournissent aux pays d'accueil une main d’œuvre dont ils grand besoin. Quant aux migrants Sud‐Sud, ils voient émerger de nouveaux mécanismes régionaux qui tiennent compte de la transférabilité de leurs droits, mais l'impact de ces mécanismes est encore largement méconnu. Le déficit de connaissances sur la transférabilité des droits des migrants en matière de sécurité sociale concerne également les migrations internes et les migrations Sud‐Sud, le rôle du genre et des autres éléments constitutifs de l'identité sociale, la nature des emplois occupés par les migrants, ainsi que les spécificités de leur statut juridique au regard de l'immigration. ¿Cuán transferible es la seguridad social de los trabajadores migrantes? Repaso bibliográfico Este artículo pasa revista a la bibliografía reciente sobre los mecanismos existentes que permiten la transferencia de los derechos a prestaciones de seguridad social de los trabajadores migrantes y revela que los migrantes de Norte a Norte tienen un mayor acceso a prestaciones transferibles. La coordinación entre los países de origen y de destino es limitada en el caso de la transferencia de las prestaciones sociales de los migrantes de Sur a Norte. Estos migrantes se topan con discursos y políticas que los tratan como ciudadanos de segunda categoría, incluso si ofrecen una mano de obra muy necesaria en los países de acogida. Los migrantes de Sur a Sur observan la aparición de nuevos mecanismos regionales que tienen en cuenta la transferencia de las prestaciones. Sin embargo, aún se desconocen muchos de los efectos de estos mecanismos. Otros aspectos de la transferencia de prestaciones que se desconocen tienen que ver con las migraciones internas y la cooperación de Sur a Sur, el papel del género y de otras identidades sociales, las profesiones de los migrantes, así como su situación migratoria a los ojos de la ley. Wie übertragbar ist die soziale Sicherheit für Wanderarbeitnehmer? Eine Übersicht über die Fachliteratur Dieser Artikel gibt einen Überblick über neuere Fachliteratur über bestehende Mechanismen, die eine Übertragbarkeit von Ansprüchen der sozialen Sicherheit für Wanderarbeitnehmer ermöglichen, und kommt zum Schluss, dass Nord‐Nord‐Migranten den besten Zugang zu Übertragbarkeit haben. Die Koordinierung zwischen Herkunfts‐ und Gastländern in Bezug auf Übertragbarkeit von Ansprüchen der sozialen Sicherheit von Süd‐Nord‐Migranten ist begrenzt. Solche Migranten haben es mit Verlautbarungen und Maßnahmen zu tun, die sie als zweitklassige Bürger behandeln, obwohl sie bitter benötigte Arbeitskräfte für ihre Gastländer bereitstellen. Für Süd‐Süd‐Migranten gibt es neue regionale Übertragbarkeitsmechanismen. Viele der Wirkungen solcher Mechanismen sind jedoch noch unbekannt. Weitere Wissenslücken beziehen sich auf interne und Süd‐Süd‐Migration, die Rolle der Geschlechter und anderer sozialer Identitäten, die Berufe der Migranten sowie deren rechtlichen Immigrationsstatus. Насколъко широки возможности переноса прав на социалъное обеспечение для трудящихся‐мигрантов? Обзор литературы В статъе дан обзор последних публикаций, касающихся механизмов переноса прав на социалъное обеспечение трудящихся‐мигрантов, и сделан вывод о том, что у мигрантов с Севера на Север степенъ портативности прав выше, в то время как у мигрантов с Юга на Север возможности переноса прав на социалъные пособия ограничены вследствие недостаточной координации между страной происхождения и страной трудоустройства. Эти мигранты сталкиваются с дискурсом и политикой, которые делают их гражданами «второго сорта», несмотря на то, что они восполняют острую нехватку рабочих рук в принимающих странах. Для мигрантов с Юга на Юг появляются новые регионалъные механизмы обеспечения переноса прав. Тем не менее, многие последствия применения данных механизмов пока неясны. Недостаточно знаний о переносе прав применителъно к внутренней миграции и миграции с Юга на Юг, роли гендерной и иной социалъной идентичности, профессионалъной принадлежности мигрантов и их правовому иммиграционному статусу. 移民工人社会保障便携性如何?文献述评 本文评论关于现存机制允许移民工人享有社会保障权利便携性的近期文献,并且发现”北北”移民拥有最好的渠道享受(社保)便携性。对于”南北”移民社保权利便携性,来源国和目的地国之间进行的协调十分有限。这些移民正在对付被当作二等公民的话语和政策,即使他们正在为东道国提供急需的劳动力。”南南”移民正目睹解决便携性的新区域机制。然而,这些机制的许多影响目前尚不清楚。关于便携性的其他知识差距涉及国内和南南移民、性别和其他社会身份的作用、移民的职业及其合法移民身份。 إلى أي مدى يمكن نقل مستحقات الضمان الاجتماعي للعمال المهاجرين؟ مراجعة للأدبيّأت يستعرض هذا التقرير مراجعة للأدبيات الأخيرة بشأن الآليات القائمة التي تسمح بنقل مستحقات الضمان الاجتماعي للعمال المهاجرين ويخلص إلى أن المهاجرين من الشمال إلى الشمال هم في الوضع الأفضل للاستفادة من نقل المستحقّات. هناك تنسيق محدود بين البلدان الأصلية للمهاجرين والبلدان التي يقصدونها بشأن إمكانية نقل المستحقات الاجتماعية للمهاجرين من الجنوب إلى الشمال. يتعامل هؤلاء المهاجرون مع الخطابات والسياسات التي تنظر إليهم على أنهم مواطنون من الدرجة الثانية حتى وإن كانوا هم الذين يقدمون اليد العاملة التي تكون البلدان المضيفة في أمس الحاجة إليها. ويشهد المهاجرون من الجنوب إلى الجنوب آليات إقليمية جديدة تتناول موضوع البحث أي إمكانية نقل مستحقات الضمان الاجتماعي. ولكن العديد من الآثار المترتبة على هذه الآليات غير معروفة بعد. هناك فجوات معرفية أخرى بشأن إمكانية نقل المستحقات متصلة بالهجرة الداخلية من الجنوب إلى الجنوب، ودور نوع الجنس والهويّات الاجتماعية الأخرى، ومهن المهاجرين بالإضافة إلى قانونية وضعهم كمهاجرين. Qual é a portabilidade da seguridade social para os trabalhadores migrantes? Uma análise de publicações relevantes O artigo analisa publicações recentes sobre os mecanismos existentes que possibilitam a portabilidade dos direitos à seguridade social para os trabalhadores migrantes e constata que os migrantes Norte‐Norte têm o melhor acesso à portabilidade. Há uma coordenação limitada entre países de origem e destino com relação à portabilidade dos direitos sociais dos migrantes Sul‐Norte. Estes migrantes enfrentam discursos e políticas que os tratam como cidadãos de segunda classe, mesmo que estejam provendo mão de obra extremamente necessária nos países de acolhimento. Os migrantes Sul‐Sul estão presenciando novos mecanismos regionais que tratam da portabilidade. Contudo, muitos dos impactos desses mecanismos ainda não são conhecidos. Outras lacunas do conhecimento sobre a portabilidade referem‐se à migração interna e Sul‐Sul, ao papel do gênero e outras identidades sociais, ocupações dos migrantes, assim como sua situação legal de imigração.
    Subject(s): Abkommen über soziale Sicherheit ; convenio de seguridad social ; convention de sécurité sociale ; Emigration and immigration ; internacional ; international ; Migrant labor ; migrant worker ; Mots clés: champ d'application ; Palabras clave: campo de aplicación ; Schlüsselwörter: Geltungsbereich ; scope of coverage ; social security agreement ; trabajador migrante ; travailleur migrant ; Wanderarbeitnehmer ; Workers
    ISSN: 0020-871X
    E-ISSN: 1468-246X
    Source: Business Source Ultimate
    Source: Hellenic Academic Libraries Link
    Source: Academic Search Ultimate
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  • 6
    Language: English
    In: Feminist economics, 2021-10-02, Vol.27 (4), p.29-61
    Description: This article seeks to clarify the effect of growth on gender equality for the case of Pakistan, a country that has seen periods of high growth alongside the persistence of stark gender inequalities. The paper addresses this aim by estimating gendered sectoral employment elasticities of growth for the period 1984-2017 and investigates their drivers. It finds that the secular trend toward productivity-driven growth since the turn of the millennium has lowered the responsiveness of men's employment to growth impulses in particular. For women, factors related to Pakistan's gender order are more relevant. Greater gender parity in education enables women to benefit from growth in the form of better employment access. The reverse is the case for improvements in relative women's life expectancy, understood as indicative of their social status. The paper interprets the related effect as a reduction in the precarity of women's employment associated with improved status. HIGHLIGHTS Employment dividends of growth are realized in a highly gender-differentiated way. Pakistan's gender order mediates women's volatile employment responses to growth. We use excess women's mortality as an indicator for Pakistan's gender order. Women workers bear the brunt of recessions through the loss and precarity of jobs. Education is especially relevant in reducing women's employment precarity.
    Subject(s): Economic growth ; employment ; gender ; growth elasticity of employment ; inclusive growth ; Pakistan
    ISSN: 1354-5701
    E-ISSN: 1466-4372
    Source: Taylor & Francis Open Access
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  • 7
    Language: English
    In: Progress in development studies, 2016-04, Vol.16 (2), p.111-123
    Description: Given ongoing changes in the world of work that affect both developing and industrialized countries, we argue that it is time to bring the notions of informal and precarious work together. Work-related insecurities offer a conceptual umbrella for the conditions that a large number of workers in the global North and South experience. They emerge in the context of neoliberal globalization, intersecting with social and political marginalizations. This offers starting points for intervention. For instance, for precarious workers’ struggles to be successful, organizational strength needs to be combined with the forging of coalitions that transcend class identities.
    ISSN: 1464-9934
    E-ISSN: 1477-027X
    Source: Business Source Ultimate
    Source: Hellenic Academic Libraries Link
    Source: Academic Search Ultimate
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  • 8
    Article
    Article
    2021
    ISSN: 0971-7927 
    Language: English
    In: Indian journal of labour economics, 2021-06-18, Vol.64 (2), p.309-331
    Description: The SDGs’ commitment to inclusive growth reflects an increasing international concern with the inclusiveness of macro-economic development. Yet, although research underscores that economic growth is not gender-neutral, gender dimensions remain a footnote to these debates. This article explores the connection between growth performance and gender inequalities in the case of Pakistan. The country’s macro-economic performance has been characterised as a case of ‘growth without development’. More specifically, severe gender inequalities and women’s marginalisation in international comparison have persisted even in phases of high GDP growth. This paradoxical situation offers a fertile context for the analysis of how empowering macro-economic growth has been and can be for women. We investigate how empowering growth has been for women in Pakistan by exploring aggregate data on sectoral growth and gendered employment. Our analysis does not suggest the straightforward win–win for growth and women’s empowerment espoused in Pakistan’s national policy vision. Rather, we find that women’s employment is precarious—women are largely viewed as secondary earners engaging in distress sale of labour.
    Subject(s): Article ; Development Economics ; Economics ; Economics and Finance ; Industrial Organization ; Labor Economics
    ISSN: 0971-7927
    E-ISSN: 0019-5308
    Source: Alma/SFX Local Collection
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  • 9
    Language: French
    In: Revue internationale du travail, 2017-12-01, Vol.156 (3-4), p.381-404
    Description: Byline: Karin Astrid SIEGMANN, Jeroen MERK, Peter KNORRINGA Keywords: liberte syndicale; mondialisation; reglementation; chaines de valeur; industries des articles de sport; Indonesie Resume Les initiatives privees participent a la gouvernance du travail au sein des chaines de valeur mondiales, mais les travailleurs n'y jouent souvent qu'un role accessoire. Face a ce constat, les auteurs reprennent les theses de Wright (2000) sur les conditions d'un A'compromis de classe positifA' et les appliquent a l'analyse du protocole sur la liberte syndicale signe dans le secteur du vetement de sport en Indonesie. Ils concluent que les initiatives privees ne contribueront au travail decent que si elles s'appuient sur des syndicats locaux suffisamment puissants et si producteurs et acheteurs se trouvent dans une situation de dependance effective vis-a-vis des travailleurs. Article Note: Les auteurs remercient l'evaluateur anonyme de ses precieuses observations. Les articles paraissant dans la Revue internationale du Travail n'engagent que leurs auteurs, et leur publication ne signifie pas que le BIT souscrit aux opinions qui y sont exprimees.
    Subject(s): Buyers ; Clothing industry ; Conditions ; Cooperation ; Freedom of association ; Labor ; Labor law ; Sport clothes ; Value chain
    ISSN: 0378-5599
    E-ISSN: 1564-9121
    Source: International Bibliography of the Social Sciences (IBSS)
    Source: Business Source Ultimate
    Source: Hellenic Academic Libraries Link
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  • 10
    Language: Spanish
    In: Revista internacional del trabajo, 2017-12-01, Vol.136 (3-4), p.357-378
    Description: Byline: Karin Astrid SIEGMANN, Jeroen MERK, Peter KNORRINGA Keywords: Libertad sindical; Globalizacion; reglamentacion; cadenas de valor; industria de articulos deportivos; Indonesia Resumen Los autores investigan las posibilidades de A'mejora social impulsada por los trabajadoresA' a traves de iniciativas de RSE en cadenas mundiales de valor (CMV). Aplican la teoria de Wright sobre el pacto de clase positivo al analisis del Protocolo de Libertad Sindical concluido en el sector de prendas deportivas de Indonesia, ampliandola para adaptarla a la complejidad de las CMV. A partir de entrevistas, fuentes academicas y periodisticas y observacion participante, concluyen que, para que dichas iniciativas impulsen el trabajo decente, se requiere la participacion de organizaciones de trabajadores fuertes y, como catalizador, una necesidad de cooperar con ellas por parte de los compradores o los productores. Article Note: Los autores dan las gracias al evaluador anonimo por sus valiosos comentarios. La responsabilidad de las opiniones expresadas en los articulos solo incumbe a sus autores, y su publicacion en la Revista Internacional del Trabajo no significa que la OIT las suscriba.
    Subject(s): Freedom of association ; Globalization ; Labor unions ; Sport clothes ; Value chain
    ISSN: 0378-5548
    E-ISSN: 1564-9148
    Source: Business Source Ultimate
    Source: Hellenic Academic Libraries Link
    Source: Academic Search Ultimate
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