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  • 1
    Language: English
    In: World development, 2016-01
    Description: Entrepreneurship education has the potential to enable youth to gain skills and create their own jobs. In Tunisia, a curricular reform created an entrepreneurship track providing business training and coaching to help university students prepare a business plan. We rely on randomized assignment of the entrepreneurship track to identify impacts on students’ labor market outcomes one year after graduation. The entrepreneurship track led to a small increase in self-employment, but overall employment rates remained unchanged. Although business skills improved, effects on personality and entrepreneurial traits were mixed. The program nevertheless increased graduates’ aspirations toward the future.
    Subject(s): entrepreneurship education ; program evaluation ; randomized control trial ; self-employment ; skills ; training
    ISSN: 0305-750X
    E-ISSN: 1873-5991
    Source: Open Knowledge Repository
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  • 2
    Language: English
    In: Nature (London), 2022-04-27, Vol.605 (7909), p.291-297
    Description: Many policies attempt to help extremely poor households build sustainable sources of income. Although economic interventions have predominated historically , psychosocial support has attracted substantial interest , particularly for its potential cost-effectiveness. Recent evidence has shown that multi-faceted 'graduation' programmes can succeed in generating sustained changes . Here we show that a multi-faceted intervention can open pathways out of extreme poverty by relaxing capital and psychosocial constraints. We conducted a four-arm randomized evaluation among extremely poor female beneficiaries already enrolled in a national cash transfer government programme in Niger. The three treatment arms included group savings promotion, coaching and entrepreneurship training, and then added either a lump-sum cash grant, psychosocial interventions, or both the cash grant and psychosocial interventions. All three arms generated positive effects on economic outcomes and psychosocial well-being, but there were notable differences in the pathways and the timing of effects. Overall, the arms with psychosocial interventions were the most cost-effective, highlighting the value of including well-designed psychosocial components in government-led multi-faceted interventions for the extreme poor.
    E-ISSN: 1476-4687
    Source: Get It Now
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  • 3
    Language: English
    In: Journal of population economics, 2017-07-04, Vol.31 (2), p.453-481
    Description: Programs that increase the economic capacity of poor women can have cascading effects on children’s participation in school and work that are theoretically undetermined. We present a simple model to describe the possible channels through which these programs may affect children’s activities. Based on a cluster-randomized trial, we examine how a program providing capital and training to women in poor rural communities in Nicaragua affected children. Children in beneficiary households are more likely to attend school 1 year after the end of the intervention. An increase in women’s influence on household decisions appears to contribute to the program’s beneficial effect on school attendance.
    Subject(s): Accumulation ; Analysis ; Bargaining ; Bioaccumulation ; Capital ; Capital formation ; Child labor ; Child labor practices ; Children ; Children & youth ; Decision making ; Demography ; Economic activity ; Economics ; Economics and Finance ; Education ; Employment ; Empowerment ; Family income ; Gender ; Households ; Human capital ; Intervention ; Labor Economics ; Livestock ; Original Paper ; Poor women ; Population Economics ; Power ; Rural areas ; Rural communities ; Social Policy
    ISSN: 0933-1433
    E-ISSN: 1432-1475
    Source: International Bibliography of the Social Sciences (IBSS)
    Source: Business Source Ultimate
    Source: EconLit with Full Text
    Source: Academic Search Ultimate
    Source: Alma/SFX Local Collection
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  • 4
    Language: English
    In: The World Bank economic review, 2021-11, Vol.35 (4), p.892-920
    Description: The methods to select safety net beneficiaries are the subject of frequent debates. Targeting assessments usually focus on efficiency by documenting the pre-program profile of selected beneficiaries. This study provides a more comprehensive analysis of targeting performance through an experiment embedded in a national cash transfer program in Niger. Eligible villages were randomly assigned to have beneficiary households selected by community-based targeting (CBT), proxy-means testing (PMT), or a formula to identify the food-insecure (FCS). The study considers targeting legitimacy and the impact of targeting choice on program effectiveness based on data collected after program roll-out. PMT is more efficient in identifying households with lower consumption per capita. Nonbeneficiaries find formula-based methods (PMT and FCS) more legitimate than CBT. Manipulation and information imperfections affect CBT, which can explain why it is not the most legitimate. Program impacts on some welfare dimensions are larger among households selected by PMT than CBT.
    ISSN: 0258-6770
    E-ISSN: 1564-698X
    Source: World Bank e-Library
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  • 5
    Book
    Book
    2016
    ISBN: 9781464807800  ISBN: 9781464807794  ISBN: 1464807795  ISBN: 1464807809 
    Language: English
    In: Impact Evaluation in Practice, Second Edition, 2016
    Description: The second edition of the Impact Evaluation in Practice handbook is a comprehensive and accessible introduction to impact evaluation for policy makers and development practitioners. First published in 2011, it has been used widely across the development and academic communities. The book incorporates real-world examples to present practical guidelines for designing and implementing impact evaluations. Readers will gain an understanding of impact evaluations and the best ways to use them to design evidence-based policies and programs. The updated version covers the newest techniques for evaluating programs and includes state-of-the-art implementation advice, as well as an expanded set of examples and case studies that draw on recent development challenges. It also includes new material on research ethics and partnerships to conduct impact evaluation. The handbook is divided into four sections: Part One discusses what to evaluate and why; Part Two presents the main impact evaluation methods; Part Three addresses how to manage impact evaluations; Part Four reviews impact evaluation sampling and data collection. Case studies illustrate different applications of impact evaluations. The book links to complementary instructional material available online, including an applied case as well as questions and answers. The updated second edition will be a valuable resource for the international development community, universities, and policy makers looking to build better evidence around what works in development.
    Subject(s): accountability ; BUSINESS & ECONOMICS ; Business conditions ; Development ; Economic conditions ; Economic Development ; Economic development projects ; economic policy ; Evaluation ; evaluation methods ; evaluation techniques ; experimental methods ; health outcomes ; impact analysis ; M&E ; mixed methods ; monitoring and evaluation ; performance indicators ; program effectiveness ; quantitative methods ; quasi-experimental design ; randomized control ; research methods ; targeting ; value for money
    ISBN: 9781464807800
    ISBN: 9781464807794
    ISBN: 1464807795
    ISBN: 1464807809
    Source: Open Knowledge Repository
    Source: Ebook Central - Academic Complete
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  • 6
    Language: English
    In: Journal of African economies, 2020-02-01, Vol.29 (1), p.63-89
    Description: Abstract Cash transfer programmes have spread rapidly as an instrument to raise household consumption and reduce poverty. Questions remain if cash transfers can foster investments in productive assets in addition to raising immediate consumption among the very poor, particularly in rural Africa. Further, can asset investment gains be sustained over the medium-term after transfer programme termination? We use quasi-experimental methods combining difference-in-differences with matching on baseline observables to estimate the impacts of a bundled transfer programme on asset levels of beneficiary households 18 months after project completion. The results suggest that small regular cash transfers combined with enhanced saving mechanisms can generate asset accumulation among the extreme poor. In this case, the bundled intervention induces sustained investments in livestock assets. These gains occur among the poorest households and are not driven by gains among less poor beneficiaries. A lasting increase in participation in tontines (rotating saving groups) is also found among beneficiary households, suggesting bundled saving enhancement activities may contribute to observed asset gains.
    ISSN: 0963-8024
    E-ISSN: 1464-3723
    Source: EconLit with Full Text
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  • 7
    Language: English
    Description: The second edition of the Impact Evaluation in Practice handbook is a comprehensive and accessible introduction to impact evaluation for policy makers and development practitioners. First published in 2011, it has been used widely across the development and academic communities. The book incorporates real-world examples to present practical guidelines for designing and implementing impact evaluations. Readers will gain an understanding of impact evaluations and the best ways to use them to design evidence-based policies and programs. The updated version covers the newest techniques for evaluating programs and includes state-of-the-art implementation advice, as well as an expanded set of examples and case studies that draw on recent development challenges. It also includes new material on research ethics and partnerships to conduct impact evaluation. The handbook is divided into four sections: Part One discusses what to evaluate and why; Part Two presents the main impact evaluation methods; Part Three addresses how to manage impact evaluations; Part Four reviews impact evaluation sampling and data collection. Case studies illustrate different applications of impact evaluations. The book links to complementary instructional material available online, including an applied case as well as questions and answers. The updated second edition will be a valuable resource for the international development community, universities, and policy makers looking to build better evidence around what works in development.
    Subject(s): Economic development projects ; Evaluation research (Social action programs)
    Source: Ebook Central - Academic Complete
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  • 8
    Language: English
    Description: The State of Economic Inclusion Report 2021 sheds light on one of the most intractable challenges faced by development policy makers and practitioners: transforming the economic lives of the world’s poorest and most vulnerable people. Economic inclusion programs are a bundle of coordinated, multidimensional interventions that support individuals, households, and communities so they can raise their incomes and build their assets. Programs targeting the extreme poor and vulnerable groups are now under way in 75 countries. This report presents data and evidence from 219 of these programs, which are reaching over 90 million beneficiaries. Governments now lead the scale-up of economic inclusion interventions, often building on preexisting national programs such as safety nets, livelihoods and jobs, and financial inclusion, and 93 percent of the total beneficiaries are covered by government programs. The report offers four important contributions: A detailed analysis of the nature of these programs, the people living in extreme poverty and vulnerability whom they support, and the organizational challenges and opportunities inherent in designing and leading them. An evidence review of 80 quantitative and qualitative evaluations of economic inclusion programs in 37 countries. The first multicountry costing study including both government-led and other economic inclusion programs, indicating that programs show potential for cost efficiencies when integrated into national systems. Four detailed case studies featuring programs under way in Bangladesh, India, Peru, and the Sahel, which highlight the programmatic and institutional adaptations required to scale in quite diverse contexts. Data from the report are available on the PEI Data Portal (http://www.peiglobal.org), where users can explore and submit data to build on this baseline.
    Subject(s): ECONOMIC INCLUSION ; EXTREME POVERTY ; FINANCIAL INCLUSION ; GRADUATION ; INCLUSIVE GROWTH ; SOCIAL PROTECTION ; SOCIAL SAFETY NETS
    ISBN: 9781464815980
    ISBN: 1464815984
    ISSN: 9095-6161
    Source: Open Knowledge Repository
    Source: Ebook Central - Academic Complete
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  • 9
    Book
    Book
    2014
    ISBN: 9781464801075  ISBN: 146480107X  ISBN: 1464801088  ISBN: 9781464801082 
    Language: English
    In: Youth Employment in Sub-Saharan Africa, 2014
    Description: High fertility and declining mortality rates have led to a very young population in most Sub-Saharan African countries. The region’s labor force is expected to increase by 11 million people per year over the next 10 years. Most of this increase will be new entrants seeking their first job. While the younger generation is better educated than their parents, they often lack the means to translate that education into productive employment. Today, most work is in nonwage jobs on farms and in household enterprises. Even if greater economic activity were to create the conditions for robust growth and economic transformation, the private modern wage sector in low- and lower-middle-income countries could not absorb all the applicants. This report focuses on how to improve the quality of all jobs and to meet the aspirations of youth. It emphasizes that building a strong foundation for human capital development can play an important role in boosting earnings, and it argues that a balanced approach focused on building skills, raising productivity, and increasing the demand for labor is necessary. Youth Employment in Sub-Saharan Africa notes that many youth employment challenges are problems of employment in general. However, youth is a time of transition, and young people face particular constraints to accessing productive work. The report brings together original analysis of household and labor force surveys; it reviews the experience of a number of promising interventions across the continent; it draws from qualitative studies in several countries; and it surveys the most up-to-date evidence from rigorous evaluations of policies and programs. From this information base, the report provides guidance to policy makers on how to intervene along two dimensions―human capital and the business environment―and in three priority areas―agriculture, household enterprises, and the modern wage sector. The ultimate goals are to increase productivity, improve livelihoods, and multiply opportunities for young people.
    Subject(s): Africa, Sub-Saharan ; Business conditions ; child labor ; child welfare ; Economic conditions ; Economic development ; Employment ; employment policy ; exploitation ; family farms ; household enterprises ; Human capital ; inequality ; job creation ; job seekers ; Labor ; labor costs ; Labor force ; labor markets ; living standards ; migration ; rural finance ; skills development ; training costs ; vocational training ; Youth ; Youth employment ; youth unemployment
    ISBN: 9781464801075
    ISBN: 146480107X
    ISBN: 1464801088
    ISBN: 9781464801082
    Source: Open Knowledge Repository
    Source: Ebook Central - Academic Complete
    Source: World Bank E-Library Archive (DFG Nationallizenzen)
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  • 10
    Book
    Book
    2010
    ISBN: 9780821385418  ISBN: 0821385410  ISBN: 9780821385937  ISBN: 0821385933 
    Language: English
    In: Impact Evaluation in Practice, 2010, p.xvi-xvi
    Description: This book offers an accessible introduction to the topic of impact evaluation and its practice in development. While the book is geared principally towards development practitioners and policymakers designing prospective impact evaluations, we trust that it will be a valuable resource for students and others interested in using impact evaluation. Prospective impact evaluations should be used selectively to assess whether or not a program has achieved its intended results, or to test alternatives for achieving those results. We consider that more and better impact evaluation will help strengthen the evidence base for development policies and programs around the world. If governments and development practitioners can make policy decisions based on evidence - including evidence generated through impact evaluation - our hope is that development resources will be spent more effectively, and ultimately have a greater impact on reducing poverty and improving people?s lives. The three chapters in this handbook provide a non-technical introduction to impact evaluations, including ?Why Evaluate? in Chapter 1, ?How to Evaluate? in Chapter 2 and ?How to Implement Impact Evaluations? in Chapter 3. These elements are the basic ?tools? needed in order to successfully carry out an impact evaluation. From a methodological standpoint our approach to impact evaluation is largely pragmatic: we think that the most appropriate methods should be identified to fit the operational context, and not the other way around. This is best achieved at the outset of the program, through the design of prospective impact evaluation that can be built into the project?s implementation. We argue that gaining consensus between key stakeholders and identifying an evaluation design that fits the political and operational context is as important as the method itself. We also believe strongly that impact evaluations should be upfront about their limitations and caveats. Finally, we strongly encourage policymakers and program managers to consider impact evaluations in a logical framework that clearly sets out the causal pathways by which the program works to produce outputs and influence final outcomes, and to combine impact evaluations with monitoring and selected complementary evaluation approach to gain a full picture of performance.This book builds on a core set of teaching materials developed for the ?Turning Promises to Evidence? workshops organized by the office of the Chief Economist for Human Development (HDNCE) in partnership with regional units and the Development Economics Research Group (DECRG) at the World Bank.
    Subject(s): Business conditions ; Development economics ; Development projects ; Economic conditions ; Economic development ; Economic development projects ; Evaluation ; Evaluation research (Social action programs) ; Human development ; Poverty alleviation ; Welfare policy
    ISBN: 9780821385418
    ISBN: 0821385410
    ISBN: 9780821385937
    ISBN: 0821385933
    Source: International Bibliography of the Social Sciences (IBSS)
    Source: Ebook Central - Academic Complete
    Source: World Bank E-Library Archive (DFG Nationallizenzen)
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