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  • 1
    Language: English
    In: The New England journal of medicine, 2016-01-07, Vol.374 (1), p.43-53
    Description: Antilymphocyte globulin (ATG) added to the conditioning regimen before allogeneic hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation resulted in a lower rate of chronic graft-versus-host disease at 2 years than the rate without ATG (32% vs. 68%), with no apparent increased risk of relapse. Chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is a major complication of allogeneic stem-cell transplantation that results in later illness and death and a reduction in quality of life. 1 , 2 Risk factors for chronic GVHD are the use of peripheral blood as a source of stem cells, a history of acute GVHD, and the use of donated stem cells with high numbers of T cells. 3 – 7 In a meta-analysis, the Stem Cell Trialists’ Collaborative Group reported an incidence of extensive chronic GVHD of 47% after peripheral-blood stem-cell transplantation from an HLA-identical sibling. 4 In 2012, more than 70% of the stem-cell transplantations performed in . . .
    Subject(s): Graft vs Host Disease - epidemiology ; Prospective Studies ; Humans ; Immunosuppressive Agents - therapeutic use ; Middle Aged ; Proportional Hazards Models ; Child, Preschool ; Male ; Survival Rate ; Transplantation, Homologous ; Incidence ; Young Adult ; Disease-Free Survival ; Graft vs Host Disease - mortality ; Adolescent ; Antilymphocyte Serum - therapeutic use ; Adult ; Female ; Graft vs Host Disease - prevention & control ; T-Lymphocytes - immunology ; Child ; Chronic Disease ; Prevention ; Treatment outcome ; Graft versus host reaction ; Immunoglobulins ; Dosage and administration ; Analysis ; Graft-versus-host reaction ; Transplants & implants ; Leukemia ; Stem cell transplantation ; Lymphocytes T ; Preventive medicine ; Hemopoiesis ; Globulins ; Risk assessment ; Peripheral blood ; Stem cells ; Bone marrow ; Histocompatibility antigen HLA ; Index Medicus ; Abridged Index Medicus
    ISSN: 0028-4793
    E-ISSN: 1533-4406
    Source: Single Journals
    Source: © ProQuest LLC All rights reserved〈img src="https://exlibris-pub.s3.amazonaws.com/PQ_Logo.jpg" style="vertical-align:middle;margin-left:7px"〉
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  • 2
    Language: English
    In: The lancet oncology, 2015, Vol.16 (15), p.1525-1536
    Description: Summary Background The standard busulfan–cyclophosphamide myeloablative conditioning regimen is associated with substantial non-relapse mortality in patients older than 40 years with acute myeloid leukaemia who are undergoing allogeneic stem-cell transplantation. Because the combination of busulfan plus fludarabine has been proposed to reduce non-relapse mortality, we aimed to compare this treatment with busulfan plus cyclophosphamide as a preparative regimen in these patients. Methods We did an open-label, multicentre, randomised, phase 3 trial for patients with acute myeloid leukaemia at 25 hospital transplant centres in Italy and one in Israel. Eligible patients were aged 40–65 years, had an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status less than 3, and were in complete remission. Patients were randomly assigned 1:1 to receive intravenous busulfan plus cyclophosphamide or busulfan plus fludarabine. Treatment allocations were not masked to investigators or patients. Randomisation was done centrally via a dedicated web-based system using remote data entry, with patients stratified by donor type and complete remission status. Patients allocated to busulfan plus cyclophosphamide received intravenous busulfan 0·8 mg/kg four times per day during 2 h infusions for four consecutive days (16 doses from days −9 through −6; total dose 12·8 mg/kg) and cyclophosphamide at 60 mg/kg per day for two consecutive days (on days −4 and −3; total dose 120 mg/kg). Patients allocated to busulfan plus fludarabine received the same dose of intravenous busulfan (from days −6 through −3) and fludarabine at 40 mg/m2 per day for four consecutive days (from days −6 through −3; total dose 160 mg/m2 ). The primary endpoint was 1-year non-relapse mortality, which was assessed on an intention-to-treat basis; safety outcomes were assessed in the per-protocol population. This trial has been completed and is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov , number NCT01191957. Findings Between Jan 3, 2008, and Dec 20, 2012, we enrolled and randomly assigned 252 patients to receive busulfan plus cyclophosphamide (n=125) or busulfan plus fludarabine (n=127). Median follow-up was 27·5 months (IQR 9·8–44·3). 1-year non-relapse mortality was 17·2% (95% CI 11·6–25·4) in the busulfan plus cyclophosphamide group and 7·9% (4·3–14·3) in the busulfan plus fludarabine group (Gray's test p=0·026). The most frequently reported grade 3 or higher adverse events were gastrointestinal events (28 [23%] of 121 patients in the busulfan plus cyclophosphamide group and 26 [21%] of 124 patients in the busulfan plus fludarabine group) and infections (21 [17%] patients in the busulfan plus cyclophosphamide group and 13 [10%] patients in the busulfan plus fludarabine group had at least one such event). Interpretation In older patients with acute myeloid leukaemia, the myeloablative busulfan plus fludarabine conditioning regimen is associated with lower transplant-related mortality than busulfan plus cyclophosphamide, but retains potent antileukaemic activity. Accordingly, this regimen should be regarded as standard of care during the planning of allogeneic transplants for such patients. Funding Agenzia Italiana del Farmaco.
    Subject(s): Hematology, Oncology and Palliative Medicine ; Cyclophosphamide - administration & dosage ; Humans ; Middle Aged ; Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation ; Induction Chemotherapy ; Male ; Vidarabine - analogs & derivatives ; Antineoplastic Agents - administration & dosage ; Busulfan - administration & dosage ; Transplantation, Homologous ; Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols - therapeutic use ; Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute - drug therapy ; Adult ; Female ; Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute - surgery ; Aged ; Vidarabine - administration & dosage ; Transplantation Conditioning ; Cyclophosphamide ; Product development ; Transplantation ; Busulfan ; Mortality ; Stem cells ; Index Medicus
    ISSN: 1470-2045
    E-ISSN: 1474-5488
    Source: Alma/SFX Local Collection
    Source: © ProQuest LLC All rights reserved〈img src="https://exlibris-pub.s3.amazonaws.com/PQ_Logo.jpg" style="vertical-align:middle;margin-left:7px"〉
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  • 3
    Language: English
    In: Bone marrow transplantation (Basingstoke), 2018-04, Vol.53 (4), p.461-473
    Description: Predicting mobilization failure before it starts may enable patient-tailored strategies. Although consensus criteria for predicted PM (pPM) are available, their predictive performance has never been measured on real data. We retrospectively collected and analyzed 1318 mobilization procedures performed for MM and lymphoma patients in the plerixafor era. In our sample, 180/1318 (13.7%) were PM. The score resulting from published pPM criteria had sufficient performance for predicting PM, as measured by AUC (0.67, 95%CI: 0.63-0.72). We developed a new prediction model from multivariate analysis whose score (pPM-score) resulted in better AUC (0.80, 95%CI: 0.76-0.84, p 〈 0001). pPM-score included as risk factors: increasing age, diagnosis of NHL, positive bone marrow biopsy or cytopenias before mobilization, previous mobilization failure, priming strategy with G-CSF alone, or without upfront plerixafor. A simplified version of pPM-score was categorized using a cut-off to maximize positive likelihood ratio (15.7, 95%CI: 9.9-24.8); specificity was 98% (95%CI: 97-98.7%), sensitivity 31.7% (95%CI: 24.9-39%); positive predictive value in our sample was 71.3% (95%CI: 60-80.8%). Simplified pPM-score can "rule in" patients at very high risk for PM before starting mobilization, allowing changes in clinical management, such as choice of alternative priming strategies, to avoid highly likely mobilization failure.
    Subject(s): Hematopoietic Stem Cell Mobilization - standards ; Predictive Value of Tests ; Area Under Curve ; Hematopoietic Stem Cell Mobilization - methods ; Humans ; Middle Aged ; Risk Factors ; Child, Preschool ; Male ; Patient Selection ; Young Adult ; Multiple Myeloma - therapy ; Adolescent ; Adult ; Female ; Aged ; Retrospective Studies ; Child ; Chemotherapy ; Usage ; Stem cells ; Lymphomas ; Research ; Health aspects ; Cancer ; Index Medicus
    ISSN: 0268-3369
    E-ISSN: 1476-5365
    Source: Nature Open Access
    Source: Elektronische Zeitschriftenbibliothek - Frei zugängliche E-Journals
    Source: Alma/SFX Local Collection
    Source: © ProQuest LLC All rights reserved〈img src="https://exlibris-pub.s3.amazonaws.com/PQ_Logo.jpg" style="vertical-align:middle;margin-left:7px"〉
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  • 4
    Language: English
    In: American journal of hematology, 2015-06, Vol.90 (6), p.E117-E121
    Description: Several studies provided evidence of a consistent antileukemic effect induced by cytomegalovirus (CMV) replication in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients receiving allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), however the use of antithymocyte globulin (ATG) as graft‐versus‐host disease prophylaxis, may potentially abrogate the protective effect of CMV infection. To address this issue, we retrospectively analyzed the risk of relapse in a cohort of 101 patients with AML who received grafts from an unrelated donor after a conditioning regimen including ATG. The cumulative incidence of CMV reactivation, evaluated by RT qPCR, was 59% at 12 months, and 93% of CMV reactivations occurred within the first 100 days post HSCT. The 5‐year cumulative incidence of relapse in patients with CMV reactivation was 29% compared with 37% for patients without CMV reactivation, and the only factor associated with a reduced 5‐year cumulative incidence of relapse was the disease status at HSCT (P 〈 0.001). In the multivariable model adverse cytogenetics (HR 2.42, 95% CI 1.02‐5.72; P = 0.044) and acute GVHD (HR 3.36, 95% CI 1.32‐8.54; P =  0.011) were independent risk factors for reducing overall survival (OS), while the presence of chronic GVHD was associated with a better OS (HR 0.37, 95% CI 0.15‐0.89; P = 0.027). CMV replication was not an independent risk factor for OS (HR 1.06, 95% CI 0.07‐15.75; P = 0.965). In Conclusion, the results of present study suggest that relapse prevention in patients with AML receiving T‐cell depleted HSCT using ATG do not benefit from CMV reactivation. Am. J. Hematol. 90:E117–E121, 2015. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Subject(s): Virus Activation - physiology ; Follow-Up Studies ; Humans ; Middle Aged ; Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation ; Male ; Survival Rate ; Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute - virology ; Antilymphocyte Serum - administration & dosage ; Cytomegalovirus Infections - mortality ; Incidence ; Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute - mortality ; Disease-Free Survival ; Adolescent ; Adult ; Female ; Immunosuppressive Agents - adverse effects ; Unrelated Donors ; Cytomegalovirus - physiology ; Immunosuppressive Agents - administration & dosage ; Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute - therapy ; Antilymphocyte Serum - adverse effects ; Cytomegalovirus infections ; Usage ; Care and treatment ; T cells ; Analysis ; Index Medicus
    ISSN: 0361-8609
    E-ISSN: 1096-8652
    Source: Alma/SFX Local Collection
    Source: © ProQuest LLC All rights reserved〈img src="https://exlibris-pub.s3.amazonaws.com/PQ_Logo.jpg" style="vertical-align:middle;margin-left:7px"〉
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  • 5
    Language: English
    In: Frontiers in medicine, 2020, Vol.7, p.587345
    Description: Monoclonal Gammopathy of Renal Significance (MGRS) is a group of heterogeneous disorders characterized by renal dysfunction secondary to the production of a monoclonal immunoglobulin by a nonmalignant B cell or plasma cell clone. We report the clinical and histological outcomes of two patients with biopsy-proven MGRS: one patient showed membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis with monoclonal k-light chain and C3 deposits, the second patient showed immunotactoid glomerulopathy. Both patients were treated with a 9-month chemotherapy protocol including bortezomib, cyclophosphamide, and dexamethasone. Renal biospy was repeated after 1 year. The estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) increased from 22.5 (baseline) to 40 ml/min per 1.73 m2 after 12 months, then to 51.5 ml/min per 1.73 m2 after 24 months; proteinuria decreased from 4.85 (baseline) to 0.17 g/day after 12 months, then to 0.14 g/day after 24 months. Repeat renal biopsies showed a dramatic improvement of the glomerular proliferative lesions and near complete disappearance of the immune deposits. A bortezomib-based treatment proved very effective and was well-tolerated in the two patients presenting with clinically and histologically aggressive MGRS.
    Subject(s): Bortezomib ; Immunotactoid glomerulonephritis ; C3 glomerulonephritis (C3GN) ; bortezomib ; glomerulonephritis ; monoclonal gammopathy of renal significance (MGRS)
    ISSN: 2296-858X
    E-ISSN: 2296-858X
    Source: PubMed Central
    Source: Directory of Open Access Journals
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  • 6
    Language: English
    In: Leukemia research reports, 2014, Vol.3 (2), p.90-93
    Description: Abstract Hepatosplenic T cell lymphoma (HSTCL) is a type of hematologic neoplasia with a poor prognosis and a high frequency of refractoriness to conventional chemotherapy. The results obtained by high dose chemotherapy followed by autologous stem cells transplantation seem to be a more effective option but still unsatisfactory. Also the role of allogeneic stem cell transplantation is still unclear, although the few cases reported on the literature would seem to show good results in overall survival rates. In this paper, we reported the patient׳s medical history affected by a αβ variant of hepatosplenic T cell successfully rescued with a haploidentical transplant.
    Subject(s): Hematology, Oncology and Palliative Medicine ; Pathology ; Hepatosplenic T-cell lymphoma ; Haploidentical-SCT ; TCR rearrangement ; αβ T-lymphocytes
    ISSN: 2213-0489
    E-ISSN: 2213-0489
    Source: PubMed Central
    Source: Directory of Open Access Journals
    Source: © ProQuest LLC All rights reserved〈img src="https://exlibris-pub.s3.amazonaws.com/PQ_Logo.jpg" style="vertical-align:middle;margin-left:7px"〉
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  • 7
    Language: English
    In: Journal of clinical oncology, 2017, Vol.35 (19), p.2157-2164
    Description: Purpose To compare a reduced-intensity conditioning regimen (RIC) with a myeloablative conditioning regimen (MAC) before allogeneic transplantation in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) within a randomized trial. Patients and Methods Within the European Society of Blood and Marrow Transplantation, we conducted a prospective, multicenter, open-label, randomized phase III trial that compared a busulfan-based RIC with MAC in patients with MDS or secondary acute myeloid leukemia. A total of 129 patients were enrolled from 18 centers. Patients were randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio and were stratified according to donor, age, and blast count. Results Engraftment was comparable between both groups. The CI of acute graft-versus-host disease II to IV was 32.3% after RIC and 37.5% after MAC ( P = .35). The CI of chronic graft-versus-host disease was 61.6% after RIC and 64.7% after MAC ( P = .76). The CI of nonrelapse mortality after 1 year was 17% (95% CI, 8% to 26%) after RIC and 25% (95% CI, 15% to 36%) after MAC ( P = .29). The CI of relapse at 2 years was 17% (95% CI, 8% to 26%) after RIC and 15% (95% CI, 6% to 24%) after MAC ( P = .6), which resulted in a 2-year relapse-free survival and overall survival of 62% (95% CI, 50% to 74%) and 76% (95% CI, 66% to 87%), respectively, after RIC, and 58% (95% CI, 46% to 71%) and 63% (95% CI, 51% to 75%), respectively, after MAC ( P = .58 and P = .08, respectively). Conclusion This prospective, randomized trial of the European Society of Blood and Marrow Transplantation provides evidence that RIC resulted in at least a 2-year relapse-free survival and overall survival similar to MAC in patients with MDS or secondary acute myeloid leukemia.
    Subject(s): Cyclophosphamide - administration & dosage ; Humans ; Middle Aged ; Male ; Vidarabine - analogs & derivatives ; Busulfan - administration & dosage ; Transplantation, Homologous ; Dose-Response Relationship, Drug ; Young Adult ; Myelodysplastic Syndromes - therapy ; Stem Cell Transplantation - methods ; Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute - drug therapy ; Adult ; Female ; Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute - surgery ; Transplantation Conditioning - adverse effects ; Vidarabine - administration & dosage ; Transplantation Conditioning - methods ; Graft vs Host Disease - etiology ; Myelodysplastic Syndromes - surgery ; Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute - therapy ; Myelodysplastic Syndromes - drug therapy ; Stem Cell Transplantation - adverse effects ; Index Medicus
    ISSN: 0732-183X
    E-ISSN: 1527-7755
    Source: Elektronische Zeitschriftenbibliothek - Frei zugängliche E-Journals
    Source: © ProQuest LLC All rights reserved〈img src="https://exlibris-pub.s3.amazonaws.com/PQ_Logo.jpg" style="vertical-align:middle;margin-left:7px"〉
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  • 8
    Language: English
    In: Blood, 2019-11-13, Vol.134 (Supplement_1), p.4952-4952
    Description: Background: Ischemic stroke is rare in young adults, with an incidence of about 10-15% of all the ischemic strokes. In about one third of these patients a cause is missing. Among patients with antiphospholipid antibodies syndrome (APS), stroke is the first thrombotic event in about 13% of cases. Aims of our project were: to evaluate the prevalence of antiphosfolipid antibodies (aPL),to investigate on the prevalence of conventional risk factors and to define the radiological characteristics of the ischemic lesion. Materials and methods: this is a no profit, observational multicenter prospective study. Inclusion criteria were: age older than 18 and younger than 55 years, informed written consent, a clinical and radiological diagnosis of stroke. Patient's data were collected at diagnosis and after 30 days from stroke. If any aPL positivity was found the patient was referred to our service to further/eventually confirm the diagnosis of APS. For each patient these data were collected: age, sex, body mass index, personal and familial history, concomitant co morbidities and therapies, cardiovascular risk factors, drug abuse. CT scan or angioCT or MRI was always performed at diagnosis, aPL profile was determined at diagnosis and eventually confirmed after 12 weeks according to the Sapporo criteria. None of the patients had a previous diagnosis of APS. Results: enrolled patients from January 2017 to December2018 were 46 out of 425 ischemic stroke (10.8%). We found 11/46 aPL positivity patients. Among these patients, 7 were confirmed at 12 weeks (15%). Baselines characteristics of the study population are detailed in table 1. We found a high prevalence of associated conventional cardiovascular risk factors: hypertension (56%), dyslipidemia ( 50%), obesity (55%), smoke ( 52%). We didn't find any correlation between APS and a clear radiological pattern on MRI and CT scan. Conclusions: Prevalence of APS was 15% in our cohort of young patients with stroke, 85% of which had an high risk aPL profile. The detection frequency is similar to the recent APS-ACTION and literature findings. In our cohort stroke was a relapse of a previous ischemic event in 24% of the patients, while in 15% there was a stroke's relapse. Even if these data should be confirmed with a wider number of patients, it seems to be useful to evaluate the presence of aPL in a young patient with ischemic stroke . Disclosures No relevant conflicts of interest to declare.
    ISSN: 0006-4971
    E-ISSN: 1528-0020
    Source: HighWire Press (Free Journals)
    Source: Elektronische Zeitschriftenbibliothek - Frei zugängliche E-Journals
    Source: American Society of Hematology
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  • 9
    Language: English
    In: Blood, 2013-11-15, Vol.122 (21), p.4794-4794
    Description: Introduction Acquired and inherited thrombophilias are associated with unfavourable pregnancy outcome. Low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) has demonstrated utility in the prevention and treatment of thrombosis during the pregnancy. There is no consensus on the dose of LMWH for prophylaxis, between fixed dose and “adjusted” dose according to anti-Xa levels. We report our experience the management of heparin-therapy during pregnancy in thrombophilic women. Methods We performed a retrospective analysis of patients with high risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) and obstetric complications during pregnancy. Table 1 shows the risk factors of VTE in pregnancy. The obstetric complications considered were: preeclampsia, fetal growth restriction, fetal death and recurrent miscarriages. All patients were prescribed enoxaparin 70-100 IU /Kg SC once daily. To determine the dose of LMWH we evaluated levels of anti-factor Xa (chromogenic test) and the utero-placental circulation with color Doppler ultrasound. Dose adjustment was performed if the activity of factor Xa was suboptimal (prophylaxis range 〉 0.4IU/ml and 〈 0.8 IU/ml anti-Xa value) or were detected alteration in the utero-placental circulation. Outcome Measures Time of delivery, birth weights and Apgar-index. Results 70 pregnancies for 68 women were recruited between January 2008 and December 2012. The median age of patients was 35 years (range 25- 43years) and 7 (10%) were over 40. Twenty-four patients had a previous VTE and thirty-six had an obstetric complications. No one patients reported thrombotic and/or hemorrhagic complications during heparin treatment. In 97 % of cases the time of delivery occurred after 36th weeks of pregnancy, with a birth weight greater than 2600 grams and Apgar score index higher than 7. The dose of LMWH had to be adjusted at least once during the course of the pregnancy and the mean daily dose was increased from 4.000UI to 8.000UI between the 12th and 32th week of gestation. Conclusion In pregnancy LMWH thromboprophylaxis enables the modulation of systemic haemostatic parameters by the inhibition of factor Xa and by increasing TFPI levels. In the literature-in some high risk pregnancy- the weight-based dosing of LMWH could seem to fail achieving a prophylactic anticoagulation. In our experience adjusted doses prevent unfavourable events and improve fetal growth. °Carriage of defects of antithrombin, protein C or S, factor V Leiden, G20210A prothrombin mutation, antiphospholipid syndrom Disclosures: No relevant conflicts of interest to declare.
    ISSN: 0006-4971
    E-ISSN: 1528-0020
    Source: HighWire Press (Free Journals)
    Source: Elektronische Zeitschriftenbibliothek - Frei zugängliche E-Journals
    Source: American Society of Hematology
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  • 10
    Language: English
    In: Blood, 2016-12-02, Vol.128 (22), p.5446-5446
    Description: Abstract Background: Expression of p190 BCR-ABL mRNA is generally considered to be confined to patients with acute lymphoid or more rarely myeloid leukemias, whereas p210 BCR-ABL mRNA is the hallmark of CML. In reality it is not uncommon the presence of p190 m-RNA in p210 CML in chronic phase, due to alternative or missplicing. Its presence seems to have no impact on prognosis in the pre-TKI era, although it may be expression of genomic instability. Aim: Primary object of this study was to investigate if the co-expression might influence the rate of early outcome surrogate endpoints such as such as optimal molecular response (EMR; BCR-ABL 〈 10% (IS) at 3 month and BCR-ABL 〈 1% or 6 month). in patients treated with TKI. Methods: Were evaluated patients with CML in chronic phase treated with TKI at our institution. We excluded cases with less than one year of treatment or treated with conventional chemotherapy. The fusion transcripts BCR-ABL were evaluated at diagnosis in peripheral blood by NESTED-PCR and the molecular response were evaluated in peripheral blood with Real-Time PCR. The patients were divided into two groups, "double transcripts" (DT) and "single transcript" (ST). Results: A total of 34 patients were analyzed. The median age was 61 years (range 22-80) and 26 (68%) were male. Ten patients (29%) were DT and twenty-fouru(71%) ST. The distribution according to Sokal score was: 2 (10%), 5 (50%) 3(30%) patients for low, intermediate and high risk in the DT, whereas 13 (54%), 10 (41%) 1 (5%) low, intermediate and high risk in ST, respectively. The optimal response at 3 month was achieved in 3 patients with DT and 20 patients with ST ( 10% vs 83), at 6-month optimal response was achieved in 3 patients with DT and 20 patients with ST (10% vs 83). No patients with BCR-ABL 〉 10 % at 3 months, achieved molecular response at 6 months. Summary/Conclusion: In our study the co-expression of p190 and p210 BCR-ABL transcripts influences the early molecular response to TKI and suggesting the need for a larger validation study Disclosures No relevant conflicts of interest to declare.
    ISSN: 0006-4971
    E-ISSN: 1528-0020
    Source: HighWire Press (Free Journals)
    Source: Elektronische Zeitschriftenbibliothek - Frei zugängliche E-Journals
    Source: American Society of Hematology
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