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  • 1
    Book
    Book
    2019
    ISBN: 9783110615876  ISBN: 3110615878  ISBN: 311061586X  ISBN: 9783110615869  ISBN: 9783110616040  ISBN: 3110616041 
    Language: English
    Description: What are the implications of globalization for moral behavior? What would global practices look like that were just for all in principle? Is it possible to generalize the basic principles of social justice as they prevail in democratic countries? Or instead, do other, possibly weaker levels of moral responsibility exist at the global level that promote global social justice based on different sets of principles?
    Subject(s): bic Book Industry Communication ; european union ; from c 1900 ; Globalization ; H Humanities ; HP Philosophy ; HPC History of Western philosophy ; HPCF Western philosophy ; HPQ Ethics & moral philosophy ; HPS Social & political philosophy ; migration ; moral philosophy
    ISBN: 9783110615876
    ISBN: 3110615878
    ISBN: 311061586X
    ISBN: 9783110615869
    ISBN: 9783110616040
    ISBN: 3110616041
    Source: De Gruyter eBooks
    Source: De Gruyter Open Access Books
    Source: OAPEN
    Source: DOAB: Directory of Open Access Books
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  • 2
    Book
    Book
    2016
    ISBN: 3518297805  ISBN: 9783518297803 
    Language: German
    Description: Ein recht verstandener Humanismus ist die Antwort auf die aktuelle Unordnung der Welt – so lautet die Zentralthese des neuen Buches von Julian Nida-Rümelin, der unter »Humanismus« weit mehr versteht als eine Geisteshaltung oder gar das angestaubte Relikt längst vergangener Zeiten. Humanismus ist vor allem eine Praxis der Menschlichkeit und damit die einzige Hoffnung auf eine friedliche, gerechte und prosperierende Weltgesellschaft der Zukunft. Damit der Humanismus seine Prägekraft zurückgewinnt, die er in einigen Phasen der Weltgeschichte hatte, muss er revitalisiert, muss er von Grund auf erneuert werden. Die Texte in diesem Band wollen dazu einen Beitrag leisten. Julian Nida-Rümelin lehrt Philosophie und politische Theorie an der Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München. Im Suhrkamp Verlag sind zuletzt erschienen: Demokratie als Kooperation (stw 1430), Ethische Essays (stw 1565) und Philosophie und Lebensform (stw 1932) DE
    Subject(s): Humanism ; Philosophie;Weltgesellschaft;Menschlichkeit
    ISBN: 3518297805
    ISBN: 9783518297803
    Source: Alma/SFX Local Collection
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  • 3
    Language: English
    In: Science and engineering ethics, 2014-06-11, Vol.21 (3), p.619-630
    Description: A number of companies including Google and BMW are currently working on the development of autonomous cars. But if fully autonomous cars are going to drive on our roads, it must be decided who is to be held responsible in case of accidents. This involves not only legal questions, but also moral ones. The first question discussed is whether we should try to design the tort liability for car manufacturers in a way that will help along the development and improvement of autonomous vehicles. In particular, Patrick Lin’s concern that any security gain derived from the introduction of autonomous cars would constitute a trade-off in human lives will be addressed. The second question is whether it would be morally permissible to impose liability on the user based on a duty to pay attention to the road and traffic and to intervene when necessary to avoid accidents. Doubts about the moral legitimacy of such a scheme are based on the notion that it is a form of defamation if a person is held to blame for causing the death of another by his inattention if he never had a real chance to intervene. Therefore, the legitimacy of such an approach would depend on the user having an actual chance to do so. The last option discussed in this paper is a system in which a person using an autonomous vehicle has no duty (and possibly no way) of interfering, but is still held (financially, not criminally) responsible for possible accidents. Two ways of doing so are discussed, but only one is judged morally feasible.
    Subject(s): Accidents, Traffic ; Automation - ethics ; Automobile Driving ; Automobiles - ethics ; Autonomous car ; Autonomous vehicles ; Bioethics ; Biomedical Engineering and Bioengineering ; Computers ; Driverless cars ; Duty to intervene ; Education ; Engineering ; Engineering - ethics ; Ethical ; Ethical Analysis ; Ethical aspects ; Ethics ; general ; Humans ; Liability ; Liability (Law) ; Libel and slander ; Medicine/Public Health ; Moral ; Morals ; Original Paper ; Philosophy ; Philosophy of Science ; Responsibility ; Self-driving car ; Social Responsibility ; Traffic accidents & safety
    ISSN: 1353-3452
    E-ISSN: 1471-5546
    Source: Academic Search Ultimate
    Source: Alma/SFX Local Collection
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  • 4
    Book
    Book
    2020
    ISBN: 3110603535  ISBN: 9783110603538 
    Language: German
    ISBN: 3110603535
    ISBN: 9783110603538
    Source: De Gruyter eBooks
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  • 5
    Book
    Book
    2010
    ISBN: 9783110213508  ISBN: 3110213508 
    Language: English
    Description: Culture is a uniquely human property. Although precursors to cultural practices are found in other animals, these precursors differ in kind from the conditions of human culture that have emerged through evolutionary processes. In order to illuminate the mutual dependence of biological-genetic and cultural evolution, the author investigates technology and the use of tools, as well as the way these abilities are transmitted, in order to understand what properties and abilities separate human beings from animals.
    ISBN: 9783110213508
    ISBN: 3110213508
    Source: eBook Academic Collection - Worldwide
    Source: De Gruyter eBooks
    Source: Ebook Central - Academic Complete
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  • 6
    Book
    Book
    2008
    ISBN: 3110191075  ISBN: 9783110191073 
    Language: English
    Description: Everybody who thinks or speaks possesses consciousness - but nobody is capable of defining exactly what consciousness is. The phenomenon 'consciousness', therefore, is a persistent enigma which is being continually addressed by various disciplines. This volume encompasses the functions of consciousness as analysed by a consortium of scholars from the life sciences and humanities. Empirical results taken from psychiatry and psychology,linguistic and philosophical act and speech analyses, as well as, historical perspectives are all placed in context with one another. renowned contributorsprovides an extensive and systematic introduction
    ISBN: 3110191075
    ISBN: 9783110191073
    Source: De Gruyter eBooks
    Source: Ebook Central - Academic Complete
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  • 7
    Book
    Book
    2018
    ISBN: 9783957431301  ISBN: 3957431301 
    Language: German
    ISBN: 9783957431301
    ISBN: 3957431301
    Source: Brill Online Books
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  • 8
    Language: German
    Source: De Gruyter eBooks
    Source: De Gruyter Open Access Books
    Source: OAPEN
    Source: DOAB: Directory of Open Access Books
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  • 9
    Language: English
    In: Biologie in Unserer Zeit, 2014-08, Vol.44 (4), p.242-249
    Description: Replik auf Kuno Kirschfeld In “Wer denkt, der Mensch oder sein Gehirn?” spricht Kuno Kirschfeld der Philosophie ab, Klärendes zur Frage nach der Funktionsweise menschlichen Denkens beitragen zu können. Julian Nida‐Rümelin hält zum einen die von Kirschfeld unterstützte These für falsch, wonach der Philosophie einerseits und den Naturwissenschaften andererseits zwei miteinander unvereinbare Denkkulturen zugrunde lägen. Vor allem aber geht es dem Autor um die Widerlegung des für Kirschfelds Argumentation zentralen naturalistischen Dogmas, wonach alle Entitäten und Ereignisse mit empirischen, naturwissenschaftlichen Methoden beschreib‐ und erklärbar seien. Seine anti‐naturalistische Position exemplifiziert Nida‐Rümelin anhand einer Kritik am Libet‐Experiment und einer Verteidigung des Konzepts der Willensfreiheit. Stellungnahme zur Replik von Julian Nida‐Rümelin Das Abwägen verschiedener Möglichkeiten vor einer Entscheidung ist Verarbeitung von Information. Um verarbeitet werden zu können, muss Information zunächst gespeichert vorliegen, was nur in einem materiellen, physikalischen Substrat möglich ist, nicht etwa im “Geist”, dem Bewusstsein. Auch die Verarbeitung selbst erfordert ein solches Substrat, im leeren Raum ist sie nicht möglich. Das gilt für alle Denkprozesse, sie können nur in der neuralen Maschinerie unseres Gehirns ablaufen. Ergebnisse von Denkprozessen können uns sodann bewusst werden, aber eben erst in Folge dieser neuralen Prozesse. Weder der “Geist”, noch das Bewusstsein können denken, um dann auf das Gehirn einzuwirken. Response to Kuno Kirschfeld In “Who decides – humans or their brains?”, Kuno Kirschfeld denies that philosophy is able to advance our understanding of the functioning of human thinking. According to Nida‐Rümelin, this point of view is based on a false opposition between two different and incompatible ways of thinking, underlying philosophy on the one hand and natural sciences on the other. Furthermore the author criticizes the naturalistic dogma according to which every single event is explainable by the means of empirical natural sciences and which is central for Kirschfeld's argument. Nida‐Rümelin defends the concept of free will against naturalistic attempts to deny it showing that deliberation, the weighing of reasons, is essential to human nature. Consciousness cannot contribute to our thinking Deliberating before taking a decision is information processing. To do so requires the information to be stored, which is possible in a physical substrate only, not in the mind. Processing also needs such a substrate, both cannot occur in empty space. This holds for thinking in general, because all thinking is information processing. This implies that any thinking happens in the neural machinery of our brain, without contribution of our consciousness. Results of these processes may later become conscious. Conclusion: Consciousness cannot contribute to our thinking, and then affect the brain. In BIUZ 5/2013 schrieb Kuno Kirschfeld vom Max‐Planck‐Institut für biologische Kybernetik über die Frage, wer eigentlich denkt – das Gehirn oder der Geist? Eine spannende Frage, über die sich seiner Ansicht nach Natur‐ und Geisteswissenschaftler auch deshalb nicht einigen können, weil sie nicht die gleiche Sprache sprechen. In dieser Ausgabe der BIUZ führen der Philosoph Julian Nida‐Rümelin von der Universität München und Kuno Kirschfeld die Debatte fort.
    Subject(s): Bewusstsein ; Gehirn ; Geist ; Libet ; Willensfreiheit ; Zwei Kulturen
    ISSN: 0045-205X
    E-ISSN: 1521-415X
    Source: Wiley Online Library All Backfiles
    Source: Alma/SFX Local Collection
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  • 10
    Book
    Book
    2012
    ISBN: 3110219972  ISBN: 9783110219975 
    Language: English
    Description: Rationally coping with situations with uncertain consequences is a matter of universal concern in modern societies.Here a critique of current paradigms of dealing with risk is the starting point for developing an ethics of risk that also takes into account individual rights and justice. The basis for this work is provided by a clear terminological analysis, as well as insights derived from modern decision theory. In addition, the application of this conception of the ethics of risk to contract theory serves to elucidate its political relevance.
    ISBN: 3110219972
    ISBN: 9783110219975
    Source: De Gruyter eBooks
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