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  • 1
    Language: English
    In: Ageing international, 2020-03-05, Vol.45 (4), p.327-343
    Description: Fertility and mortality decline are major drivers of Iran’s population aging. A rapid and sharp fall in fertility rates over the past three decades as well as a substantial rise in life expectancy are causing rapid aging of Iran’s population. The present paper uses the 2015 United Nations Population Division data to discuss the trends, determinants and the implications of population aging in Iran. According to the medium fertility variant, people age 60 and older will represent 31% (almost 29 million people) of Iran’s population by 2050. The population age 65 and older is projected to be 22% (more than 20 million) and that of aged 80 and older 3.8% (around 3.5 million) in 2050, that are almost four-times higher than the corresponding figures in 2015. Data on the speed of population aging show that Iran is the second fastest aging country in the world in terms of the percentage point increase in the population age 60 and over between 2015 and 2050; Iran is second only to South Korea, by less than .01%. The rapid population aging of Iran has significant implications for all societal institutions and decision makers that have to be addressed by the Iranian society. Gender-related issues and socio-economic security in old age are two key issues resulting from such a fast population aging. As with many rapidly aging populations, Iran needs a strategy for social and economic supports for an aging population that will not promote views of aging people as a burden.
    Subject(s): Age ; Aging ; Article ; Fertility ; general ; Population ; Social Sciences ; Trends
    ISSN: 0163-5158
    E-ISSN: 1936-606X
    Source: Academic Search Ultimate
    Source: Alma/SFX Local Collection
    Source: Sociological Abstracts
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  • 2
    Language: English
    In: International social security review (English edition), 2015-01, Vol.68 (1), p.95-118
    Description: This article reviews the recent literature on existing mechanisms that allow for the portability of social security entitlements for migrant workers and finds that North–North migrants have the best access to portability. There is limited coordination between origin and destination countries regarding the portability of social entitlements of South–North migrants. These migrants are dealing with discourses and policies that treat them as second class citizens, even as they are providing much‐needed labour to their host countries. South–South migrants are seeing new regional mechanisms addressing portability. However, many of the impacts of these mechanisms are not yet known. Other knowledge gaps on portability relate to internal and South–South migration, the role of gender and other social identities, migrants’ occupations as well as their legal immigration status. Quel est le degré de transférabilité des droits des travailleurs migrants en matière de sécurité sociale? Une analyse bibliographique Cet article passe en revue les études récentes sur les mécanismes existants qui permettent la transférabilité des droits des travailleurs migrants en matière de sécurité sociale. Il montre que les migrants Nord‐Nord sont ceux qui bénéficient du meilleur accès à la transférabilité de leurs droits. En ce qui concerne les migrants Sud‐Nord, la coordination entre pays d'origine et pays d'accueil est limitée dans le domaine de la transférabilité de leurs droits sociaux. Ces migrants font face à des discours et des politiques qui les traitent comme des citoyens de second rang, alors même qu'ils fournissent aux pays d'accueil une main d’œuvre dont ils grand besoin. Quant aux migrants Sud‐Sud, ils voient émerger de nouveaux mécanismes régionaux qui tiennent compte de la transférabilité de leurs droits, mais l'impact de ces mécanismes est encore largement méconnu. Le déficit de connaissances sur la transférabilité des droits des migrants en matière de sécurité sociale concerne également les migrations internes et les migrations Sud‐Sud, le rôle du genre et des autres éléments constitutifs de l'identité sociale, la nature des emplois occupés par les migrants, ainsi que les spécificités de leur statut juridique au regard de l'immigration. ¿Cuán transferible es la seguridad social de los trabajadores migrantes? Repaso bibliográfico Este artículo pasa revista a la bibliografía reciente sobre los mecanismos existentes que permiten la transferencia de los derechos a prestaciones de seguridad social de los trabajadores migrantes y revela que los migrantes de Norte a Norte tienen un mayor acceso a prestaciones transferibles. La coordinación entre los países de origen y de destino es limitada en el caso de la transferencia de las prestaciones sociales de los migrantes de Sur a Norte. Estos migrantes se topan con discursos y políticas que los tratan como ciudadanos de segunda categoría, incluso si ofrecen una mano de obra muy necesaria en los países de acogida. Los migrantes de Sur a Sur observan la aparición de nuevos mecanismos regionales que tienen en cuenta la transferencia de las prestaciones. Sin embargo, aún se desconocen muchos de los efectos de estos mecanismos. Otros aspectos de la transferencia de prestaciones que se desconocen tienen que ver con las migraciones internas y la cooperación de Sur a Sur, el papel del género y de otras identidades sociales, las profesiones de los migrantes, así como su situación migratoria a los ojos de la ley. Wie übertragbar ist die soziale Sicherheit für Wanderarbeitnehmer? Eine Übersicht über die Fachliteratur Dieser Artikel gibt einen Überblick über neuere Fachliteratur über bestehende Mechanismen, die eine Übertragbarkeit von Ansprüchen der sozialen Sicherheit für Wanderarbeitnehmer ermöglichen, und kommt zum Schluss, dass Nord‐Nord‐Migranten den besten Zugang zu Übertragbarkeit haben. Die Koordinierung zwischen Herkunfts‐ und Gastländern in Bezug auf Übertragbarkeit von Ansprüchen der sozialen Sicherheit von Süd‐Nord‐Migranten ist begrenzt. Solche Migranten haben es mit Verlautbarungen und Maßnahmen zu tun, die sie als zweitklassige Bürger behandeln, obwohl sie bitter benötigte Arbeitskräfte für ihre Gastländer bereitstellen. Für Süd‐Süd‐Migranten gibt es neue regionale Übertragbarkeitsmechanismen. Viele der Wirkungen solcher Mechanismen sind jedoch noch unbekannt. Weitere Wissenslücken beziehen sich auf interne und Süd‐Süd‐Migration, die Rolle der Geschlechter und anderer sozialer Identitäten, die Berufe der Migranten sowie deren rechtlichen Immigrationsstatus. Насколъко широки возможности переноса прав на социалъное обеспечение для трудящихся‐мигрантов? Обзор литературы В статъе дан обзор последних публикаций, касающихся механизмов переноса прав на социалъное обеспечение трудящихся‐мигрантов, и сделан вывод о том, что у мигрантов с Севера на Север степенъ портативности прав выше, в то время как у мигрантов с Юга на Север возможности переноса прав на социалъные пособия ограничены вследствие недостаточной координации между страной происхождения и страной трудоустройства. Эти мигранты сталкиваются с дискурсом и политикой, которые делают их гражданами «второго сорта», несмотря на то, что они восполняют острую нехватку рабочих рук в принимающих странах. Для мигрантов с Юга на Юг появляются новые регионалъные механизмы обеспечения переноса прав. Тем не менее, многие последствия применения данных механизмов пока неясны. Недостаточно знаний о переносе прав применителъно к внутренней миграции и миграции с Юга на Юг, роли гендерной и иной социалъной идентичности, профессионалъной принадлежности мигрантов и их правовому иммиграционному статусу. 移民工人社会保障便携性如何?文献述评 本文评论关于现存机制允许移民工人享有社会保障权利便携性的近期文献,并且发现”北北”移民拥有最好的渠道享受(社保)便携性。对于”南北”移民社保权利便携性,来源国和目的地国之间进行的协调十分有限。这些移民正在对付被当作二等公民的话语和政策,即使他们正在为东道国提供急需的劳动力。”南南”移民正目睹解决便携性的新区域机制。然而,这些机制的许多影响目前尚不清楚。关于便携性的其他知识差距涉及国内和南南移民、性别和其他社会身份的作用、移民的职业及其合法移民身份。 إلى أي مدى يمكن نقل مستحقات الضمان الاجتماعي للعمال المهاجرين؟ مراجعة للأدبيّأت يستعرض هذا التقرير مراجعة للأدبيات الأخيرة بشأن الآليات القائمة التي تسمح بنقل مستحقات الضمان الاجتماعي للعمال المهاجرين ويخلص إلى أن المهاجرين من الشمال إلى الشمال هم في الوضع الأفضل للاستفادة من نقل المستحقّات. هناك تنسيق محدود بين البلدان الأصلية للمهاجرين والبلدان التي يقصدونها بشأن إمكانية نقل المستحقات الاجتماعية للمهاجرين من الجنوب إلى الشمال. يتعامل هؤلاء المهاجرون مع الخطابات والسياسات التي تنظر إليهم على أنهم مواطنون من الدرجة الثانية حتى وإن كانوا هم الذين يقدمون اليد العاملة التي تكون البلدان المضيفة في أمس الحاجة إليها. ويشهد المهاجرون من الجنوب إلى الجنوب آليات إقليمية جديدة تتناول موضوع البحث أي إمكانية نقل مستحقات الضمان الاجتماعي. ولكن العديد من الآثار المترتبة على هذه الآليات غير معروفة بعد. هناك فجوات معرفية أخرى بشأن إمكانية نقل المستحقات متصلة بالهجرة الداخلية من الجنوب إلى الجنوب، ودور نوع الجنس والهويّات الاجتماعية الأخرى، ومهن المهاجرين بالإضافة إلى قانونية وضعهم كمهاجرين. Qual é a portabilidade da seguridade social para os trabalhadores migrantes? Uma análise de publicações relevantes O artigo analisa publicações recentes sobre os mecanismos existentes que possibilitam a portabilidade dos direitos à seguridade social para os trabalhadores migrantes e constata que os migrantes Norte‐Norte têm o melhor acesso à portabilidade. Há uma coordenação limitada entre países de origem e destino com relação à portabilidade dos direitos sociais dos migrantes Sul‐Norte. Estes migrantes enfrentam discursos e políticas que os tratam como cidadãos de segunda classe, mesmo que estejam provendo mão de obra extremamente necessária nos países de acolhimento. Os migrantes Sul‐Sul estão presenciando novos mecanismos regionais que tratam da portabilidade. Contudo, muitos dos impactos desses mecanismos ainda não são conhecidos. Outras lacunas do conhecimento sobre a portabilidade referem‐se à migração interna e Sul‐Sul, ao papel do gênero e outras identidades sociais, ocupações dos migrantes, assim como sua situação legal de imigração.
    Subject(s): Abkommen über soziale Sicherheit ; convenio de seguridad social ; convention de sécurité sociale ; Emigration and immigration ; internacional ; international ; Migrant labor ; migrant worker ; Mots clés: champ d'application ; Palabras clave: campo de aplicación ; Schlüsselwörter: Geltungsbereich ; scope of coverage ; social security agreement ; trabajador migrante ; travailleur migrant ; Wanderarbeitnehmer ; Workers
    ISSN: 0020-871X
    E-ISSN: 1468-246X
    Source: Business Source Ultimate
    Source: Hellenic Academic Libraries Link
    Source: Academic Search Ultimate
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  • 3
    Article
    Article
    2006
    ISSN: 0021-0862 
    Language: English
    In: Iranian studies, 2006-06-01, Vol.39 (2), p.227-252
    Subject(s): Budget allocation ; Education ; Government budgets ; Political revolutions ; Rural areas ; Rural populations ; Social insurance ; Social policy ; Urban areas ; War
    ISSN: 0021-0862
    E-ISSN: 1475-4819
    Source: JSTOR Arts & Sciences VII
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  • 4
    Book chapter
    Book chapter
    2011
    ISBN: 9781849804950  ISBN: 1849804958 
    Language: English
    In: The Financial Crisis and Developing Countries, 2011-07-29
    Subject(s): Development Economics ; Financial Economics and Regulation ; International Economics
    ISBN: 9781849804950
    ISBN: 1849804958
    Source: Edward Elgar Economics 2011
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  • 5
    Article
    Article
    2005
    ISSN: 1523-9721 
    Language: English
    In: Public finance and management, 2005-03-22, Vol.5 (2), p.266
    Subject(s): Aged ; Demographic aspects ; Old age assistance ; Planning ; Social aspects
    ISSN: 1523-9721
    E-ISSN: 1523-9721
    Source: Business Source Ultimate
    Source: EconLit with Full Text
    Source: Alma/SFX Local Collection
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  • 6
    Language: English
    In: Development and change, 1999-04, Vol.30 (2), p.217-235
    Description: The age structure in many developing countries is changing—the population is ageing. There is increasing concern over the social and economic costs of caring for this ageing population, and the capacity of the state to finance the expected rising social expenditure has come to dominate the debate on the economics of population ageing. In this context the elderly are considered primarily as consumers and ‘dependent’ on the working population. Following the Keynesian and post‐Keynesian literature, this article argues that such a view of the elderly is incorrect, for several reasons. Firstly, empirical evidence shows that the aged do not consume (relative to their income) more than the rest of the population. Secondly, the issue of ‘dependency’ of the aged should be put in the broader context of the dependency of the unemployed and under‐employed in a market economy. Thirdly, the focus of the debate should move away from consumption and towards production; and finally, since the old make claims on the national output on the basis of their accumulated assets, savings and pensions, the distributional issues (with regard to assets as well as incomes) have to be an integral part of any pension system in order to alleviate poverty among the elderly.
    ISSN: 0012-155X
    E-ISSN: 1467-7660
    Source: Business Source Ultimate
    Source: Hellenic Academic Libraries Link
    Source: EconLit with Full Text
    Source: Academic Search Ultimate
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  • 7
    Article
    Article
    1997
    ISSN: 0271-2075 
    Language: English
    In: Public administration and development, 1997-12-01, Vol.17 (5), p.562
    Description: The World Bank has come a long way since its birth just over 50 years ago. With its twin institution, the IMF, it was given the task of channelling resources and providing finance for the reconstruction of a war ravaged Europe. The present book, written by some of the prominent economists at the Bank, charts its evolution and thinking in celebration of the Bank's 50th anniversary. Despite the book's uncritical tone (which at times turns into self congratulation), it offers some useful information on the development of the Bank's operations.
    Subject(s): Banking ; Structural adjustment
    ISSN: 0271-2075
    E-ISSN: 1099-162X
    Source: Business Source Ultimate
    Source: Hellenic Academic Libraries Link
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  • 8
    Language: English
    In: Capital & Class, 2005-07-01, Vol.86 (86), p.165-170
    Description: Messkoub reviews Banking on Death or Investing in Life: The History and Future of Pensions by Robin Blackburn.
    Subject(s): Blackburn, Robin ; Book reviews ; Economic growth ; History ; Labor unions ; Market positioning ; Nonfiction ; Pension funds ; Pension plans ; Pensions ; Retirement
    ISSN: 0309-8168
    E-ISSN: 2041-0980
    Source: International Bibliography of the Social Sciences (IBSS)
    Source: Business Source Ultimate
    Source: Academic Search Ultimate
    Source: Sociological Abstracts
    Source: Get It Now
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  • 9
    Review
    Review
    2006
    ISSN: 0022-0388 
    Language: English
    In: Journal of Development Studies, 2006-04-01, Vol.42 (3), p.535-536
    Description: Living Longer: Ageing, Development and Social Protection, edited by Peter Lloyd-Sherlock, is reviewed.
    Subject(s): Aging ; Book reviews ; Books ; Nonfiction ; Social research ; Social services
    ISSN: 0022-0388
    E-ISSN: 1743-9140
    Source: International Bibliography of the Social Sciences (IBSS)
    Source: Business Source Ultimate
    Source: EconLit with Full Text
    Source: Academic Search Ultimate
    Source: Sociological Abstracts
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  • 10
    Review
    Review
    2001
    ISSN: 0954-1748 
    Language: English
    In: Journal of International Development, 2001-03, Vol.13 (2), p.291-292
    Description: Affluence and poverty in the Middle East is reviewed.
    Subject(s): Affluence ; Economic development ; Poverty
    ISSN: 0954-1748
    E-ISSN: 1099-1328
    Source: International Bibliography of the Social Sciences (IBSS)
    Source: Business Source Ultimate
    Source: Hellenic Academic Libraries Link
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