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  • 1
    Language: English
    Description: Global developments in basic income have reinvigorated political debates on the necessity of progressing to universal basic income implementation. Basic income is a powerful strategy for addressing poverty gaps and growing inequality. This book provides new insights and strategies from an Australian political economy perspective to respond to implementation challenges and distributive justice. The book positions the disability dimension and disability pensions in relation to basic income to explore strategies for strengthening universal provisions. It illustrates the need for socially just conditions and adequate financing to underpin redistribution as a way of safeguarding the sustainability of basic income.
    Subject(s): Labor economics
    ISBN: 9783030323486
    ISBN: 303032348X
    Source: Springer Economics and Finance eBooks 2020 English/International
    Source: © ProQuest LLC All rights reserved〈img src="https://exlibris-pub.s3.amazonaws.com/PQ_Logo.jpg" style="vertical-align:middle;margin-left:7px"〉
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  • 2
    Language: English
    In: The Australian journal of social issues, 2015, Vol.50 (3), p.253-276
    Description: This article is based on a historical-comparative policy and discourse analysis of the principles underpinning the Australian disability income support system. It determines that these principles rely on a conception of disability that sustains a system of coercion and paternalism that perpetuates disability; this is referred to as disablism. The article examines the construction of disability in Australian income support across four major historical epochs spanning the period 1908-2007. Contextualisation of the policy trajectory and discourses of the contemporary disability pension regime for the time period 2008-now is also provided. The system was found to have perpetuated disablism through the generation of disability categories on the basis of normalcy and ableness as a condition of citizenship. Two major themes were found to have interacted with the ideology of disablism. The first theme - Commonwealth authority - set the tone for legitimising the regulation of disabled citizens. The second theme - conservative sanctioned paternalism and coercion - reflected the tensions between the paternalistic concern for income support provision while attempting to prevent idleness and welfare dependency. This article argues that a non-disabling provision based on social citizenship, rather than responsible or productive citizenship, counters the tendency for authoritarian and paternal approaches.
    Subject(s): People with disabilities ; Pensions ; Employment ; Government policy ; Disability insurance ; disability policy ; Australia ; income support ; citizenship ; discourse ; Disability insurance--Government policy ; People with disabilities--Pensions ; People with disabilities--Employment ; History ; Social policy ; Disability pensions ; Disabled persons ; Laws, regulations and rules ; Analysis ; Social aspects
    ISSN: 0157-6321
    E-ISSN: 1839-4655
    Source: Academic Search Ultimate
    Source: Wiley Online Library All Journals
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  • 3
    Language: English
    In: Journal of nursing management, 2020-07, Vol.28 (5), p.1030-1040
    Description: Aims This study identifies and analyses the risk factors contributing to nursing turnover in Saudi Arabia and identifies practical solutions to decrease turnover and encourage nurses to stay in their jobs. Background Saudi Arabia has a unique nursing profile, as the majority of the nursing workforce are expatriates. The Saudi health care system relies on contracted expatriate nurses to provide most of the direct patient health care. For nurses from other countries, Saudi Arabia can be a challenging place to work due to a range of factors including personal, policy and organisational variables. There is a high turnover of expatriate nurses, and this has been long‐standing problem for the Saudi Arabian health care system. Method A cross‐sectional survey design among nurses in Saudi Arabia including 502 nurses, of whom 83.7% are female. Structural equation modelling is used to examine the relationships between the study variables. Confirmatory factor analysis is used to create and validate the measurement models for variables. Results The analysis of the survey data identifies that Filipino nurses are more likely to intend to leave their current position than other expatriates, including Malaysian, Pakistani, Indian or local Saudi nurses. Many expatriates identify discrimination as an important contributing factor for their intention to leave, citing that the national salary remuneration for nurses should be based on competency and delivery of care. Furthermore, several independent variables are found to be significant predictors of anticipated turnover, including discrimination; social support from immediate supervisor; organisational commitment; and autonomy. Conclusions This study provides the most comprehensive information available to date about the factors that influence nurses’ desire to leave their current job and provides evidence for better health workforce planning in Saudi Arabia. This study strongly indicates that the main factor related to turnover is the unfair and unequal salaries paid to nurses of different nationalities in Saudi Arabia. Implications for Nursing Management The findings relating to both Saudi and foreign nurse employment could be helpful to policymakers and the Ministry of Health in Saudi Arabia.
    Subject(s): structural equation modelling ; personnel management ; turnover ; nursing staff ; organisational factors ; Employment - statistics & numerical data ; Personnel Turnover - statistics & numerical data ; Cross-Sectional Studies ; Humans ; Middle Aged ; Male ; Workforce - standards ; Job Satisfaction ; Saudi Arabia ; Employment - standards ; Adult ; Female ; Surveys and Questionnaires ; Nursing
    ISSN: 0966-0429
    E-ISSN: 1365-2834
    Source: Alma/SFX Local Collection
    Source: © ProQuest LLC All rights reserved〈img src="https://exlibris-pub.s3.amazonaws.com/PQ_Logo.jpg" style="vertical-align:middle;margin-left:7px"〉
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  • 4
    Language: English
    In: Scandinavian journal of disability research : SJDR, 2016-04-02, Vol.18 (2), p.106-117
    Description: The long-term vision of economic security and social participation for people with a disability held by disability activists and policy-makers has not been realized on a global scale. This is despite the implementation of various poverty alleviation initiatives by international and national governments. Indeed within advanced Western liberal democracies, the inequalities and poverty gaps have widened rather than closed. This article is based on findings from a historical-comparative policy and discourse analysis of disability income support system in Australia and the Basic Income model. The findings suggest that a model such as Basic Income, grounded in principles of social citizenship, goes some way to maintaining an adequate level of subsistence for people with a disability. This article concludes by presenting some challenges and a commitment to transforming income support policy.
    Subject(s): Disability ; Social policy ; Poverty ; Pensions ; Egalitarianism ; Neoliberalism ; disability policy ; disability pension ; universal income support ; neoliberalism ; poverty ; economic security
    ISSN: 1501-7419
    E-ISSN: 1745-3011
    Source: Academic Search Ultimate
    Source: Directory of Open Access Journals
    Source: © ProQuest LLC All rights reserved〈img src="https://exlibris-pub.s3.amazonaws.com/PQ_Logo.jpg" style="vertical-align:middle;margin-left:7px"〉
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  • 5
    Language: English
    In: Acta geologica Sinica (Beijing), 2019-05, Vol.93 (S1), p.5-5
    Subject(s): Carbon cycle (Biogeochemistry)
    ISSN: 1000-9515
    E-ISSN: 1755-6724
    Source: Alma/SFX Local Collection
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  • 6
    Language: English
    In: Neurosurgery, 2014-08-01, Vol.75 (2), p.152-162
    Description: Abstract BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) continue to be a devastating problem with limited treatment options. Previous research applying controlled vacuum to TBI in a rat model resulted in smaller injuries and more rapid recovery. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of the application of a controlled vacuum (mechanical tissue resuscitation) to TBI in a large-animal model. The magnitude of vacuum, length of application, and length of delay between injury and the application of mechanical tissue resuscitation were investigated. METHODS: Localized, controlled cortical injuries were created in swine. Vacuums of −50 and −100 mm Hg were compared. Mechanical tissue resuscitation for 3 or 5 days was compared. Delays of 0, 3, or 6 hours between the creation of the TBI and the initiation of mechanical tissue resuscitation were examined. Analysis included histological assessments, computed tomographic perfusion, and magnetic resonance imaging (T2, proton magnetic spectra). RESULTS: A −100 mm Hg vacuum resulted in significantly smaller mean contused brain and hemorrhage volumes compared with −50 mm Hg and controls. Magnetic resonance spectra of treated animals returned to near baseline values. All 10 animals with 5-day mechanical tissue resuscitation treatment survived. Three of 6 animals treated for 3 days died after the discontinuation of treatment. A 3-hour delay resulted in similar results as immediate treatment. A 6-hour delay produced significant, but lesser responses. CONCLUSION: Application of mechanical tissue resuscitation to TBI was efficacious in the large-animal model. Application of −100 mm Hg for 5 days resulted in significantly improved outcomes. Delays of up to 3 hours between injury and the initiation of treatment did not diminish the efficacy of the mechanical tissue resuscitation treatment.
    Subject(s): Brain - blood supply ; Animals ; Negative-Pressure Wound Therapy ; Swine ; Hemorrhage - etiology ; Brain - pathology ; Models, Animal ; Hemorrhage - prevention & control ; Brain Injuries - therapy ; Brain Injuries - pathology ; Disease Models, Animal ; Traumatic brain injury ; Neurosurgery ; Index Medicus
    ISSN: 0148-396X
    E-ISSN: 1524-4040
    Source: Oxford Journals A-Z Archive
    Source: Hellenic Academic Libraries Link
    Source: © ProQuest LLC All rights reserved〈img src="https://exlibris-pub.s3.amazonaws.com/PQ_Logo.jpg" style="vertical-align:middle;margin-left:7px"〉
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  • 7
    Language: English
    In: Journal of paleolimnology, 2017-04, Vol.57 (4), p.307-319
    Description: Sediment core PI-6 from Lake Petén Itzá, Guatemala, possesses an ~85-ka record of climate and environmental change from lowland Central America. Variations in sediment lithology suggest large and abrupt changes in precipitation during the last glacial and deglacial periods, and into the early Holocene. We measured stable carbon isotope ratios of total organic carbon and long-chain n-alkanes from the core, the latter representing a largely allochthonous (terrestrial) source of organic matter, to reveal past shifts in the relative proportion of C3–C4 terrestrial biomass. We sought to test whether stable carbon isotope results were consistent with other paleoclimate proxies measured in the PI-6 core, and if extraction and isotope analysis of n-alkanes is warranted. The largest δ13C variations are associated with Heinrich Events. Carbon isotope values in sediments deposited during the last glacial maximum indicate moderate precipitation with little fluctuation. The deglacial was a period of pronounced climate variability, e.g. a relatively warm and moist Bølling–Allerød, but a cool and dry Younger Dryas. Arid periods of the deglacial were inferred from samples with high δ13C values in total organic carbon, which reflect times of greater proportions of C4 plants. These inferences are supported by stable isotope measurements on ostracod shells and relative abundance of grass pollen from the same depths in core PI-6. Similar trends in carbon stable isotopes measured on bulk organic carbon and n-alkanes suggest that carbon isotope measures on bulk organic carbon in sediments from this lake are sufficient to infer past climate-driven shifts in local vegetation.
    Subject(s): Sedimentology ; Compound-specific isotope analysis ; Earth Sciences ; n -Alkanes ; Sediment geochemistry ; Climate Change ; Geology ; Tropical paleolimnology ; Physical Geography ; Freshwater & Marine Ecology ; Pleistocene paleoclimate ; Paleontology ; Proxy ; Precipitation (Meteorology) ; Analysis ; Paleolimnology
    ISSN: 0921-2728
    E-ISSN: 1573-0417
    Source: Alma/SFX Local Collection
    Source: ProQuest Central
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  • 8
    Language: English
    In: Journal of sociology and social welfare, 2016-09-01, Vol.43 (3), p.9
    Subject(s): Income distribution ; Forecasts and trends ; Guaranteed annual income ; Laws, regulations and rules ; Analysis
    ISSN: 0191-5096
    E-ISSN: 1949-7652
    Source: HeinOnline Law Journal Library
    Source: Alma/SFX Local Collection
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  • 9
    Language: English
    In: Canadian journal of occupational therapy (1939), 2005-12, Vol.72 (5), p.301-308
    Description: Background. Measurement of assistive technology outcomes is complex because many factors (e.g., environment and model of service delivery) influence the successful use of the technology. Purpose. Using the example of measuring the outcomes of word cueing technology, this paper presents an approach for measuring assistive technology outcomes. Method. The Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM) was administered to 29 children with physical and learning disabilities, between the ages of 3.9 and 19 years. Participants were provided with WordQ, a software program designed to assist the development of writing skills. Follow-up data were collected through telephone interviews. Results. The COPM findings supported the effectiveness of WordQ Version 1 to enhance written productivity, with a mean performance change score of 3.5 (SD = 1.5). The COPM was an effective tool for measuring clients' perceived outcome of word cueing technology. Telephone interview was considered a successful method for collecting outcome data. Practice Implications. A mix of tools and methodologies should be used to gain a comprehensive understanding of the impact of assistive technology.
    Subject(s): Cues ; Occupational Therapy ; Outcome Assessment (Health Care) ; Humans ; Child, Preschool ; Male ; Learning Disorders - rehabilitation ; Adolescent ; Writing ; Adult ; Female ; Software ; Disabled Children - rehabilitation ; Child ; Index Medicus
    ISSN: 0008-4174
    E-ISSN: 1911-9828
    Source: Alma/SFX Local Collection
    Source: © ProQuest LLC All rights reserved〈img src="https://exlibris-pub.s3.amazonaws.com/PQ_Logo.jpg" style="vertical-align:middle;margin-left:7px"〉
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  • 10
    Language: English
    In: Urban education (Beverly Hills, Calif.), 2016-09, Vol.51 (7), p.748-769
    Description: The Urban Teaching Barriers survey was created to assess barriers to urban teaching careers. Pre-service teachers (N = 377) completed this instrument, along with questionnaires that assessed urban teaching intentions and urban teaching self-efficacy. Six barrier domains were identified that tapped concerns over (a) lack of resources, (b) insufficient urban teacher preparation training, (c) cultural competency, (d) safety, (e) personal concerns, and (f) lack of support. The barrier subscales were differentially related to urban teaching intentions and teaching self-efficacy. These results as well as suggestions for future research are discussed.
    ISSN: 0042-0859
    E-ISSN: 1552-8340
    Source: Alma/SFX Local Collection
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