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  • 1
    Article
    Article
    2012
    ISSN: 0049-1241 
    Language: English
    In: Sociological methods & research, 2012-11, Vol.41 (4), p.570-597
    Description: This article discusses process tracing as a methodology for testing hypotheses in the social sciences. With process tracing tests, the analyst combines preexisting generalizations with specific observations from within a single case to make causal inferences about that case. Process tracing tests can be used to help establish that (1) an initial event or process took place, (2) a subsequent outcome also occurred, and (3) the former was a cause of the latter. The article focuses on the logic of different process tracing tests, including hoop tests, smoking gun tests, and straw in the wind tests. New criteria for judging the strength of these tests are developed using ideas concerning the relative importance of necessary and sufficient conditions. Similarities and differences between process tracing and the deductive-nomological model of explanation are explored.
    ISSN: 0049-1241
    E-ISSN: 1552-8294
    Source: Alma/SFX Local Collection
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  • 2
    Article
    Article
    2010
    ISSN: 0043-8871 
    Language: English
    In: World politics, 2010-01, Vol.62 (1), p.120-147
    Description: This article discusses developments in the field of qualitative methodology since the publication of King, Keohane, and Verba's (KKV's) Designing Social Inquiry. Three areas of the new methodology are examined: (1) process tracing and causal-process observations; (2) methods using set theory and logic; and (3) strategies for combining qualitative and quantitative research. In each of these areas, the article argues, the new literature encompasses KKV's helpful insights while avoiding their most obvious missteps. Discussion focuses especially on contrasts between the kind of observations that are used in qualitative versus quantitative research, differences between regression-oriented approaches and those based on set theory and logic, and new approaches for bringing out complementarities between qualitative and quantitative research. The article concludes by discussing research frontiers in the field of qualitative methodology.
    Subject(s): Review Articles ; Methodology ; 1960 ; Social sciences ; Bennett, Andrew ; Collier, David, 1942 ; Research ; George, Brady, Gerring, Goertz, Ragin, Alexander L., Henry E., John, --, Gary, --, Charles C ; Books ; Book reviews
    ISSN: 0043-8871
    E-ISSN: 1086-3338
    Source: JSTOR Arts & Sciences I
    Source: Project MUSE - Premium Collection
    Source: HeinOnline Law Journal Library
    Source: Alma/SFX Local Collection
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  • 3
    Book
    Book
    2009
    ISBN: 9780521118835  ISBN: 0521118832  ISBN: 0521134323  ISBN: 9780521134323 
    Language: English
    Description: This book contributes to emerging debates in political science and sociology on institutional change. Its introductory essay proposes a new framework for analyzing incremental change that is grounded in a power-distributional view of institutions and that emphasizes ongoing struggles within but also over prevailing institutional arrangements. Five empirical essays then bring the general theory to life by evaluating its causal propositions in the context of sustained analyses of specific instances of incremental change. These essays range widely across substantive topics and across times and places, including cases from the United States, Africa, Latin America, and Asia. The book closes with a chapter reflecting on the possibilities for productive exchange in the analysis of change among scholars associated with different theoretical approaches to institutions.
    Subject(s): Institutional economics ; Organizational change
    ISBN: 9780521118835
    ISBN: 0521118832
    ISBN: 0521134323
    ISBN: 9780521134323
    Source: Cambridge Core All Books
    Source: Ebook Central - Academic Complete
    Source: © ProQuest LLC All rights reserved〈img src="https://exlibris-pub.s3.amazonaws.com/PQ_Logo.jpg" style="vertical-align:middle;margin-left:7px"〉
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  • 4
    Article
    Article
    2015
    ISSN: 0963-6412 
    Language: English
    In: Security studies, 2015-04-03, Vol.24 (2), p.200-218
    Description: This article offers a state of the art of methodological writings on process tracing. Its goal is to encourage the more self-conscious and transparent use of this method in security studies. The article considers process tracing for both theory testing and theory development. First, with theory testing, the article discusses the logic of historical explanation and the use of sequential analysis. It then focuses attention on two kinds of process-tracing tests: hoop tests and smoking gun tests. The article explores the mechanics through which these tests allow investigators to pass judgment on hypotheses. Second, with theory development, the article examines the use of counterfactual analysis and inductive discovery in the process of novel hypothesis formulation. The article shows how process-tracing researchers use event analysis to formulate original explanations of specific outcomes in particular cases.
    ISSN: 0963-6412
    E-ISSN: 1556-1852
    Source: Academic Search Ultimate
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  • 5
    Article
    Article
    2008
    ISSN: 0010-4140 
    Language: English
    In: Comparative political studies, 2008-04, Vol.41 (4-5), p.412-436
    Description: In comparative research, analysts conceptualize causation in contrasting ways when they pursue explanation in particular cases (case-oriented research) versus large populations (population-oriented research). With case-oriented research, they understand causation in terms of necessary, sufficient, INUS, and SUIN causes. With population-oriented research, by contrast, they understand causation as mean causal effects. This article explores whether it is possible to translate the kind of causal language that is used in case-oriented research into the kind of causal language that is used in population-oriented research (and vice versa). The article suggests that such translation is possible, because certain types of INUS causes manifest themselves as variables that exhibit partial effects when studied in population-oriented research. The article concludes that the conception of causation adopted in case-oriented research is appropriate for the population level, whereas the conception of causation used in population-oriented research is valuable for making predictions in the face of uncertainty.
    Subject(s): Methodology ; Causation
    ISSN: 0010-4140
    E-ISSN: 1552-3829
    Source: HeinOnline Law Journal Library
    Source: Alma/SFX Local Collection
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  • 6
    Article
    Article
    2007
    ISSN: 0010-4140 
    Language: English
    In: Comparative political studies, 2007-02, Vol.40 (2), p.122-144
    Description: Leading methods for pursuing qualitative research in the field of comparative politics are discussed. On one hand, qualitative researchers in this field use a variety of methods of theory development: procedures for generating new hypotheses, tools for pursuing conceptual innovation, and techniques for identifying populations of homogeneous cases. On the other hand, they employ both within-case and cross-case methods of theory testing. Within-case methods include techniques for identifying intervening mechanisms and testing multiple observable implications of theories. Cross-case methods include a host of approaches for assessing hypotheses about necessary and sufficient causes. The article discusses the distinctive leverage offered by qualitative research for addressing questions in comparative politics.
    Subject(s): Qualitative research ; Comparative government ; Study and teaching ; Methods
    ISSN: 0010-4140
    E-ISSN: 1552-3829
    Source: HeinOnline Law Journal Library
    Source: Alma/SFX Local Collection
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  • 7
    Article
    Article
    2017
    ISSN: 1049-0965 
    Language: English
    In: PS, political science & politics, 2017-10, Vol.50 (4), p.1115-1119
    Subject(s): The Association ; Business ; Institutional economics ; Presidents (Organizations) ; Works ; Analysis ; Thelen, Kathleen
    ISSN: 1049-0965
    E-ISSN: 1537-5935
    Source: Cambridge Journals 2015 HSS Package
    Source: Alma/SFX Local Collection
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  • 8
    Article
    Article
    2016
    ISSN: 1356-3467 
    Language: English
    In: New political economy, 2016-09-02, Vol.21 (5), p.493-499
    Description: This essay examines the role of mechanisms and Bayesian inference in process tracing. With respect to mechanisms, I argue that the core of process tracing with causal inference is the identification of mechanisms understood as intervening events. Events are different from standard intervening variables when used with process tracing, because events are treated as sets in which cases can have membership. With respect to Bayesian analysis, I concur with recent writings that suggest Bayesian inference is at the heart of process tracing. The Bayesian nature of process tracing explains why it is inappropriate to view qualitative research as suffering from a small-N problem and certain standard causal identification problems. More generally, the paper shows how the power of process tracing as a qualitative methodology depends on and grows from its set-theoretic underpinnings.
    Subject(s): Bayesianism ; set theory ; Process tracing ; mechanisms
    ISSN: 1356-3467
    E-ISSN: 1469-9923
    Source: Taylor & Francis:Master (3349 titles)
    Source: EconLit with Full Text
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  • 9
    Book
    Book
    2015
    ISBN: 9781107110021  ISBN: 1107525632  ISBN: 1107110025  ISBN: 9781107525634 
    Language: English
    Description: Against the backdrop of an explosion of interest in new techniques for data collection and theory testing, this volume provides a fresh programmatic statement about comparative-historical analysis. It examines the advances and distinctive contributions that CHA has made to theory generation and the explanation of large-scale outcomes that newer approaches often regard as empirically intractable. An introductory essay locates the sources of CHA's enduring influence in core characteristics that distinguish this approach, such as its attention to process and its commitment to empirically grounded, deep case-based research. Subsequent chapters explore broad research programs inspired by CHA work, new analytic tools for studying temporal processes and institutional dynamics, and recent methodological tools for analyzing sequences and for combining CHA work with other approaches. This volume is essential reading for scholars seeking to learn about the sources of CHA's enduring influence and its contemporary analytical and methodological techniques.
    Subject(s): Methodology ; Social sciences ; Research
    ISBN: 9781107110021
    ISBN: 1107525632
    ISBN: 1107110025
    ISBN: 9781107525634
    Source: Cambridge Core All Books
    Source: © ProQuest LLC All rights reserved〈img src="https://exlibris-pub.s3.amazonaws.com/PQ_Logo.jpg" style="vertical-align:middle;margin-left:7px"〉
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  • 10
    Article
    Article
    2000
    ISSN: 0304-2421 
    Language: English
    In: Theory and society, 2000-08-01, Vol.29 (4), p.507-548
    Subject(s): Narratology ; Contrafactuals ; Mathematical sequences ; Social theories ; Path dependent economic models ; Narrative history ; Coal ; Increasing returns ; Path dependence ; Capitalism ; Philosophy of the Social Sciences ; Sociology ; Social Sciences, general ; Methodology ; History, theory and methodology
    ISSN: 0304-2421
    E-ISSN: 1573-7853
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives (DFG Nationallizenzen)
    Source: JSTOR Arts & Sciences II
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives (Through 1996)
    Source: Alma/SFX Local Collection
    Source: © ProQuest LLC All rights reserved〈img src="https://exlibris-pub.s3.amazonaws.com/PQ_Logo.jpg" style="vertical-align:middle;margin-left:7px"〉
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