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  • 1
    Article
    Article
    2018
    ISSN: 1763-0061 
    Language: French
    In: Tracés (Lyons, France), 01 December 2018, Vol.35, pp.187-206
    Description: This article asks methodological questions about studying infrastructure with some of the tools and perspectives of ethnography. Infrastructure is both relational and ecological – it means different things to different groups and it is part of the balance of action, tools, and the built environment, inseparable from them. It also is frequently mundane to the point of boredom, involving things such as plugs, standards, and bureaucratic forms. Some of the difficulties of studying infrastructure are how to scale up from traditional ethnographic sites, how to manage large quantities of data such as those produced by transaction logs, and how to understand the interplay of online and offline behavior. Some of the tricks of the trade involved in meeting these challenges include studying the design of infrastructure, understanding the paradoxes of infrastructure as both transparent and opaque, including invisible work in the ecological analysis, and pinpointing the epistemological status...
    Subject(s): Infrastructure ; Information Technology ; Standard ; Ethnography ; Methodology ; Infrastructures ; Social Sciences (General)
    ISSN: 1763-0061
    E-ISSN: 1963-1812
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  • 2
    Article
    Article
    2010
    Language: French
    In: Revue d'anthropologie des connaissances, 2010, Vol.4-1(1), pp.18-35
    Description: 〈marquage typemarq="gras"〉RéSUMé〈/marquage〉〈!-- 306:'resume_fr' --〉Les objets-frontière décrits dans l’article original de 1989 (Star et Griesemer) comportent trois éléments : la flexibilité interprétative, la structure des besoins et des arrangements du processus de travail...
    Subject(s): Objet-Frontière ; Infrastructure ; Catégorie Résiduelle ; Anomalie ; Candidat Objet-Frontière ; Psychology
    E-ISSN: 1760-5393
    Source: Cairn.info
    Source: Cairn.info - Revues
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  • 3
    Article
    Article
    2010
    ISSN: 1760-5393 
    Language: French
    In: Revue d'anthropologie des connaissances, 30 June 2010, Issue 1, pp.18-35
    Description: RéSUMéLes objets-frontière décrits dans l'article original de 1989 (Star et Griesemer) comportent trois éléments : la flexibilité interprétative, la structure des besoins et des arrangements du processus de travail et de l'informatique et la dynamique à l'œuvre entre des utilisations mal structurées des objets et d'autres plus adaptées. L'utilisation de ce concept a surtout concerné la flexibilité interprétative qui, souvent, a été confondue avec le mouvement d'aller et retour entre les aspects bien et mal structurés des arrangements. Les objets-frontière ne sont pas utiles à n'importe quel niveau d'échelle, non plus sans la sans prise en compte du modèle dans son ensemble. Cet article examine ces aspects de l'architecture des objets-frontière. Il présente également une des façons dont les objets-frontière sont apparus en tant que concept dans les travaux antérieurs de Star. La conclusion portera sur des considérations méthodologiques, notamment sur la façon d'étudier les systèmes d'objets-frontière et les infrastructures.
    Subject(s): Objet-Frontière ; Infrastructure ; Catégorie Résiduelle ; Anomalie ; Candidat Objet-Frontière ; Boundary Object ; Infrastructure ; Residual Category ; Anomaly ; Boundary Object Candidate ; Psychology
    ISSN: 1760-5393
    E-ISSN: 1760-5393
    Source: Cairn.info
    Source: Cairn.info - Revues
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  • 4
    Article
    Article
    2010
    ISSN: 0162-2439 
    Language: English
    In: Science, Technology, & Human Values, September 2010, Vol.35(5), pp.601-617
    Description: There are three components to boundary objects as outlined in the original 1989 article. Interpretive flexibility, the structure of informatic and work process needs and arrangements, and, finally, the dynamic between ill-structured and more tailored uses of the objects. Much of the use of the concept has concentrated on the aspect of interpretive flexibility and has often mistaken or conflated this flexibility with the process of tacking back-and-forth between the ill-structured and well-structured aspects of the arrangements. Boundary objects are not useful at just any level of scale or without full consideration of the entire model. The article discusses these aspects of the architecture of boundary objects and includes a discussion of one of the ways that boundary objects appeared as a concept in earlier work done by Star. It concludes with methodological considerations about how to study the system of boundary objects and infrastructure.
    Subject(s): Boundary Objects ; Leigh Star ; Grounded Theory ; Sciences (General)
    ISSN: 0162-2439
    E-ISSN: 1552-8251
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  • 5
    Article
    Article
    2010
    ISSN: 1760-5393 
    Language: French
    In: Revue d'anthropologie des connaissances, 30 June 2010, Issue 1, pp.114-161
    Description: RéSUMéNous analysons le développement à grande échelle d'un logiciel spécifique, le Worm Community System (WCS), système collaboratif conçu pour une communauté de généticiens dispersés géographiquement. La création de cet outil infrastructurel a rencontré des défis complexes, allant du simple manque de ressources aux échecs et compromis complexes en termes de communication intellectuelle et organisationnelle. Malgré des utilisateurs satisfaits du système et de son interface, et malgré l'ample évaluation et analyse des besoins des utilisateurs, de leurs avis et analyses, de nombreux utilisateurs avaient des difficultés à se connecter et à s'en servir. Cette étude a été réalisée à une période où Internet et ses programmes utilitaires connaissaient un développement sans précédent (1991-1994) et où beaucoup de participants se tournaient vers le World Wide Web pour leurs échanges d'informations. Avec le modèle des niveaux d'apprentissage de Bateson, nous analysons les niveaux de complexité infrastructurelle impliqués dans l'accès au système et dans la communication concepteur - utilisateur. Nous analysons la connexion entre le développement de systèmes destinés à assister des formes spécifiques de travail collaboratif au niveau de la connaissance, la transformation organisationnelle locale et les changements infrastructurels à grande échelle.
    Subject(s): Infrastructure ; Collaboration ; Organisation Informatique ; Conception Participante ; Ethnographie ; Internet ; Informatique Scientifique ; Infrastructure ; Collaboratory ; Organizational Computing ; Participatory Design ; Ethnography ; Internet ; Scientific Computing ; Psychology
    ISSN: 1760-5393
    E-ISSN: 1760-5393
    Source: Cairn.info
    Source: Cairn.info - Revues
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  • 6
    Language: French
    In: Revue d'anthropologie des connaissances, 2010, Vol.4-1(1), pp.114-161
    Description: 〈marquage typemarq="gras"〉RéSUMé〈/marquage〉〈!-- 992:'resume_fr' --〉Nous analysons le développement à grande échelle d’un logiciel spécifique, le Worm Community System (WCS), système collaboratif conçu pour une communauté de généticiens dispersés géographiquement. La création...
    Subject(s): Infrastructure ; Collaboration ; Organisation Informatique ; Conception Participante ; Ethnographie ; Internet ; Informatique Scientifique ; Psychology
    E-ISSN: 1760-5393
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  • 7
    Book
    Book
    2017
    ISBN: 9783839431269  ISBN: 9783837631265  ISBN: 9783732831265 
    Language: German
    Description: Susan Leigh Star's (1954-2010) research encompasses aspects of infrastructural and social theory, knowledge ecologies, feminism and theories of marginality. For the first time, this volume introduces the American science and technology sociologist's most important writings in German. Her texts on border objects, marginality, infrastructures and standards are commented upon by academics and scientists in these fields, and analyzed for their relevance to media studies. With commentaries by Geoffrey C. Bowker, Cora Bender, Ulrike Bergermann, Monika Dommann, Christine Hanke, Bernhard Nett, Jörg Potthast, Gabriele Schabacher, Cornelius Schubert, Erhard Schüttpelz and Jörg Strübing.
    Subject(s): Infrastruktur ; Mediensoziologie ; Media ; Medien ; Infrastructure ; Science And Technology Studies ; Sociology Of Media ; Standards ; Technology ; Medienwissenschaft ; Susan Leigh Star ; Boundary Objects ; Grenzobjekte ; Media Studies ; Media Theory ; Medientheorie ; Technologie
    ISBN: 9783839431269
    ISBN: 9783837631265
    ISBN: 9783732831265
    Source: DOAB (OAPEN Foundation)
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  • 8
    Article
    Article
    1995
    ISSN: 00010782 
    Language: English
    In: Communications of the ACM, 01 September 1995, Vol.38(9), p.41
    Description: Abstract not available.
    Subject(s): Engineering ; Computer Science ; Mathematics
    ISSN: 00010782
    E-ISSN: 1557-7317
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  • 9
    Article
    Article
    1988
    ISSN: 00377791 
    Language: English
    In: Social Problems, 1 June 1988, Vol.35(3), pp.197-205
    Description: Le but de ce numéro spécial est de montrer que la sociologie de la science et de la technologie touche certaines questions qui sont au centre même de la sociologie. Les articles proviennent de différents pays et d'écoles de pensée. Sujets traités : la notion d'écologie du lieu de travail transférée au travail scientifique| observations empiriques concernant la connaissance tacite et la connaissance locale | usages symbolique et politique des ordinateurs| science et technologie en tant que problèmes sociaux| innovation technologique et changement social.
    Subject(s): Sociology & Social History;
    ISSN: 00377791
    E-ISSN: 15338533
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  • 10
    Article
    Article
    1997
    ISSN: 1360-7804 
    Language: English
    In: Sociological research online, 1997, Vol.2(1)
    Description: Anselm Strauss was my teacher and my friend. I think all of his students would echo that statement: Anselm was someone for whom learning, teaching, working and playing were inextricably combined. This was not incidental to his intellectual contributions. Sociology was meant to be part of life, ongoing, entwined ... not a thing set apart. Certainly not a thing set apart within a classroom, or in a discipline, or in effete theoretical formulations. Sociology meant an ongoing series of conversations. These conversations took all manner of shapes -- between the theorists of the past and we the living, between European movies and Dewey's pragmatism, between the costumes of people on the streets of San Francisco and the formal sociology of Georg Simmel. I was lucky to be part of those conversations for nearly twenty years, from the time I began as his graduate student at the University of California, San Francisco, in the 1970s, to his death on September 5, 1996. This is a personal and scholarly memoir, not an intellectual biography or a formal statement of Strauss's accomplishments. The biography is yet to be written, the formal statements have appeared in a number of venues in the last six months, including a brief obituary in the last edition of this journal. David Maines' (1991) excellent festschrift for Anselm gives a good overview of some of his students' and colleagues' appreciation and analysis of his work. Adapted from the source document.
    Subject(s): Anselm Strauss ; Sociology
    ISSN: 1360-7804
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