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  • 1
    Article
    Article
    2016
    ISSN: 1101-1262 
    Language: English
    In: The European Journal of Public Health, 12/2016, Vol.26(6), pp.1080-1080
    ISSN: 1101-1262
    E-ISSN: 1464-360X
    Source: Oxford University Press (via CrossRef)
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  • 2
    Language: English
    In: BMC public health, 01 April 2010, Vol.10(1), p.223
    Description: Abstract Background Attitudes towards intimate partner violence against women (IPVAW) has been suggested as one of the prominent predictor of IPVAW. In this study, we take a step back from individual-level variables and examine relationship between societal-level measures and sex differences in attitudes towards IPVAW. Methods We used meta-analytic procedure to synthesize the results of most recent data sets available from Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) of 17 countries in sub-Saharan Africa conducted between 2003 and 2007. Pooled odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were computed for all countries. Test of heterogeneity, sensitivity analysis, and meta-regression were also carried out. Results Women were twice as likely to justify wife beating than men (pooled OR = 1.97; 95% CI 1.53- 2.53) with statistically significant heterogeneity. The magnitude in sex disparities in attitudes towards IPVAW increased with increasing percentage of men practicing polygamy in...
    Subject(s): Public Health
    ISSN: 1471-2458
    E-ISSN: 1471-2458
    Source: Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)
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  • 3
    Language: English
    In: PLoS ONE, 2011, Vol.6(12), p.e27738
    Description: Intimate partner violence against women (IPVAW) is a serious and widespread problem worldwide. Much of the research on IPVAW focused on individual-level factors and attention has been paid to the contextual factors. The aim of this study was to develop and test a model of individual- and community-level factors associated with IPVAW. ; We conducted a (multivariate) multilevel structural equation analysis on 8731 couples nested within 883 communities in Nigerian Demographic and Health Survey 2008. Variables included in the model were derived from respondents' answers to the experience of IPVAW, attitudes towards wife beating and witnessing physical violence in childhood. We found that women that witnessed physical violence were more likely to have tolerant attitudes towards IPVAW and women with tolerant attitudes were more likely to have reported spousal IPVAW abuse. Women with husbands with tolerant attitudes towards IPVAW were more likely to have reported spousal abuse. We found that an increasing proportion of women in the community with tolerant attitudes was significantly positively associated with spousal sexual and emotional abuse, but not significantly associated with spousal physical abuse. In addition, we found that an increasing proportion of men in the community with tolerant attitudes and an increasing proportion of women who had witnessed physical violence in the community was significantly positively associated with spousal physical abuse, but not significantly associated with spousal sexual and emotional abuse. There was a positive correlation between all three types of IPVAW at individual- and community-level. ; We found that community tolerant attitudes context in which people live is associated with exposure to IPVAW even after taking into account individual tolerant attitudes. Public health interventions designed to reduce IPVAW must address people and the communities in which they live in order to be successful.
    Subject(s): Research Article ; Biology ; Mathematics ; Medicine ; Social And Behavioral Sciences ; Public Health And Epidemiology ; Women's Health ; Mathematics ; Non-clinical Medicine
    E-ISSN: 1932-6203
    Source: PLoS
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  • 4
    Language: English
    In: Journal of Family Violence, 2011, Vol.26(2), pp.109-116
    Description: There has been increased advocacy to involve healthcare providers in domestic violence prevention through screening for it in healthcare. The extent and determinants of screening for Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) against women in a healthcare facility in Kano, Nigeria was assessed. Two hundred and seventy four healthcare providers responded to the Domestic violence healthcare provider survey probing the frequency of screening for IPV, staff attitudes towards domestic abuse, efficacy in screening, availability of support networks and staff/patient safety in regard to IPV inquiry. T -test and logistic regression were employed to study determinants of screening. The majority of participants (74%) had not screened for IPV during the preceding 3 months. Male gender, old age, and being of Yoruba ethnic belonging increased the likelihood of screening. With increasing perceived efficacy and increasing blame of the victim for abuse the likelihood of screening for IPV increased. Implications of findings for staff education and research are discussed.
    Subject(s): Intimate partner violence ; Screening ; Extent ; Determinants ; Health care providers ; Nigeria
    ISSN: 0885-7482
    E-ISSN: 1573-2851
    Source: Springer Science & Business Media B.V.
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  • 5
    Language: English
    In: BMC public health, 29 April 2010, Vol.10, pp.223
    Description: Attitudes towards intimate partner violence against women (IPVAW) has been suggested as one of the prominent predictor of IPVAW. In this study, we take a step back from individual-level variables and examine relationship between societal-level measures and sex differences in attitudes towards IPVAW. We used meta-analytic procedure to synthesize the results of most recent data sets available from Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) of 17 countries in sub-Saharan Africa conducted between 2003 and 2007. Pooled odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were computed for all countries. Test of heterogeneity, sensitivity analysis, and meta-regression were also carried out. Women were twice as likely to justify wife beating than men (pooled OR = 1.97; 95% CI 1.53- 2.53) with statistically significant heterogeneity. The magnitude in sex disparities in attitudes towards IPVAW increased with increasing percentage of men practicing polygamy in each country. Furthermore, magnitude in sex disparities in attitudes towards IPVAW decreased monotonically with increasing adult male and female literacy rate, gender development index, gross domestic product and human development index. This meta-analysis has provided evidence that women were more likely to justify IPVAW than men in sub-Saharan Africa. Our results revealed that country's socio-economic factors may be associated with sex differential in attitudes towards IPVAW.
    Subject(s): Prejudice ; Sexual Partners ; Women ; Domestic Violence -- Psychology
    ISSN: 1471-2458
    E-ISSN: 1471-2458
    Source: MEDLINE/PubMed (U.S. National Library of Medicine)
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  • 6
    Language: English
    In: Journal of interpersonal violence, August 2008, Vol.23(8), pp.1056-1074
    Description: Attitudes toward intimate partner violence (IPV) were compared between Zambian and Kenyan men on sociodemographic, attitudinal, and structural predictors of such attitudes. Data were retrieved from the latest Demographic and Health Surveys in each country. The results showed that many men in Zambia (71%) and Kenya (68%) justified IPV to punish a woman for transgression from normative domestic roles. In priority order, sociodemographic, autonomy, and access-to-information indicators predicted attitudes toward IPV in both countries. Whereas in Kenya, education reduced the likelihood of justifying IPV, the reverse was observed in Zambia. Access to information reduced the likelihood of justifying IPV among men in Zambia but not in Kenya. Men's positive attitudes toward women's autonomy reduced the likelihood of justifying IPV in Kenya but not in Zambia. Differences in specific predictors between the countries demonstrate the significance of capitalizing on need-adapted interventions...
    Subject(s): Attitudes Toward Violence ; Men ; Predictors ; Zambia ; Kenya ; Social Welfare & Social Work ; Sociology & Social History ; Psychology
    ISSN: 0886-2605
    E-ISSN: 1552-6518
    Source: Sage Journals (Sage Publications)
    Source: SAGE HSS (Sage Publications)
    Source: SAGE Criminology (Sage Publications)
    Source: SAGE Journals (Sage Publications)
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  • 7
    Language: English
    In: ITALIAN JOURNAL OF PEDIATRICS, 2011, Vol. 37(13)
    Description: ackground: Diarrhoea disease which has been attributed to poverty constitutes a major cause of morbidity and mortality in children aged five and below in most low-and-middle income countries. This study sought to examine the contribution of individual and neighbourhood socio-economic characteristics to caregivers treatment choices for managing childhood diarrhoea at household level in sub-Saharan Africa. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanMethods: Multilevel multinomial logistic regression analysis was applied to Demographic and Health Survey data conducted in 11 countries in sub-Saharan Africa. The unit of analysis were the 12,988 caregivers of children who were reported to have had diarrhoea two weeks prior to the survey period. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanResults: There were variability in selecting treatment options based on several socioeconomic characteristics. Multilevel-multinomial regression analysis indicated that higher level of education of both the caregiver and that of the partner, as well as caregivers occupation were associated with selection of medical centre, pharmacies and home care as compared to no treatment. In contrast, caregivers partners occupation was negatively associated with selection medical centre and home care for managing diarrhoea. In addition, a low-level of neighbourhood socio-economic disadvantage was significantly associated with selection of both medical centre and pharmacy stores and medicine vendors. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanConclusion: In the light of the findings from this study, intervention aimed at improving on care seeking for managing diarrhoea episode and other childhood infectious disease should jointly consider the influence of both individual SEP and the level of economic development of the communities in which caregivers of these children resides.
    Subject(s): Medical And Health Sciences ; Medicin Och Hälsovetenskap ; Medicine ; Medicin
    ISSN: 1720-8424
    Source: Uppsala University Library
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  • 8
    In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, March 2007, Vol.21(1), pp.106-117
    Description: The treatment and management of congenital heart disease (CHD) has improved dramatically over the past 25 years, necessitating re‐evaluation of satisfaction with care and well‐being among CHD children and their parents (PCCHD). The present study reviews the published literature over the past 25 years on parental satisfaction with the paediatric care of CHD and well‐being among the parents, with the specific aim of: (a) assessing the extent of psychosocial problems and grade of satisfaction with care and (b) modelling factors associated with satisfaction and well‐being among the parents. There is general agreement in the literature that PCCHD experience psychosocial morbidity to a higher degree than parents of children with other paediatric conditions and parents of healthy children. The research on satisfaction with care among PCCHD is not conclusive, though there is considerable agreement that a substantial proportion of PCCHD may not be receiving adequate information regarding the ill‐child's condition, treatment and medical prognosis. Finally, based on the review of factors affecting satisfaction and well‐being, a model is generated indicating that interactions between parental perception of CHD, psychosocial resources and social vulnerability may account for differences in well‐being among PCCHD, which in turn may explain differences in satisfaction with care among them. A holistic approach to the care of CHD that acknowledges the role of parents’ perception of CHD, need for psychosocial resources and social vulnerability in the adaptation process is recommended to improve parental satisfaction with the care of CHD.
    Subject(s): Congenital Heart Disease ; Parents ; Satisfaction ; Well‐Being ; Psychosocial Resources ; Social Vulnerability ; Family Health ; Review
    ISSN: 0283-9318
    E-ISSN: 1471-6712
    Source: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
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  • 9
    Language: English
    In: Scandinavian journal of caring sciences, March 2007, Vol.21(1), pp.106-17
    Description: The treatment and management of congenital heart disease (CHD) has improved dramatically over the past 25 years, necessitating re-evaluation of satisfaction with care and well-being among CHD children and their parents (PCCHD). The present study reviews the published literature over the past 25 years on parental satisfaction with the paediatric care of CHD and well-being among the parents, with the specific aim of: (a) assessing the extent of psychosocial problems and grade of satisfaction with care and (b) modelling factors associated with satisfaction and well-being among the parents. There is general agreement in the literature that PCCHD experience psychosocial morbidity to a higher degree than parents of children with other paediatric conditions and parents of healthy children. The research on satisfaction with care among PCCHD is not conclusive, though there is considerable agreement that a substantial proportion of PCCHD may not be receiving adequate information regarding the ill-child's condition, treatment and medical prognosis. Finally, based on the review of factors affecting satisfaction and well-being, a model is generated indicating that interactions between parental perception of CHD, psychosocial resources and social vulnerability may account for differences in well-being among PCCHD, which in turn may explain differences in satisfaction with care among them. A holistic approach to the care of CHD that acknowledges the role of parents' perception of CHD, need for psychosocial resources and social vulnerability in the adaptation process is recommended to improve parental satisfaction with the care of CHD.
    Subject(s): Models, Theoretical ; Patient Satisfaction ; Heart Diseases -- Congenital ; Parents -- Psychology
    ISSN: 0283-9318
    ISSN: 19739087
    E-ISSN: 19739095
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  • 10
    In: Journal of Occupational Health, May 2011, Vol.53(3), pp.214-221
    Subject(s): Burnout ; Bus Driver ; Social Support ; Workplace Violence
    ISSN: 1348-9585
    E-ISSN: 1348-9585
    Source: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
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