Blood, 1998, Vol.92 (3), p.908-919
Hematopoietic stem cells are capable of extensive self-renewal and expansion, particularly during embryonic growth. Although the molecular mechanisms involved with stem cell maintenance remain mysterious, it is now clear that an intraembryonic location, the aorta-gonad-mesonephros (AGM) region, is a site of residence and, potentially, amplification of the definitive hematopoietic stem cells that eventually seed the fetal liver and adult bone marrow. Because several studies suggested that morphologically defined hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells in the AGM region appeared to be attached in clusters to the ventrally located endothelium of the dorsal aorta, we derived cell lines from this intraembryonic site using an anti-CD34 antibody to select endothelial cells. Analysis of two different AGM-derived CD34(+) cell lines revealed that one, DAS 104-8, efficiently induced fetal-liver hematopoietic stem cells to differentiate down erythroid, myeloid, and B-lymphoid pathways, but it did not mediate self-renewal of these pluripotent cells. In contrast, a second cell line, DAS 104-4, was relatively inefficient at the induction of hematopoietic differentiation. Instead, this line provoked the expansion of early hematopoietic progenitor cells of the lin-CD34(+)Sca-1(+)c-Kit+ phenotype and was proficient at maintaining fetal liver-derived hematopoietic stem cells able to competitively repopulate the bone marrow of lethally irradiated mice. These data bolster the hypothesis that the endothelium of the AGM region acts to mediate the support and differentiation of hematopoietic stem cells in vivo.
Abridged Index Medicus ; Animals ; Aorta - embryology ; Biological and medical sciences ; Cell Communication ; Cell Differentiation ; Cell differentiation, maturation, development, hematopoiesis ; Cell Division ; Cell Lineage ; Cell physiology ; Cell Survival ; Coculture Techniques ; Endothelium - cytology ; Endothelium - physiology ; Fundamental and applied biological sciences. Psychology ; Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental ; Gonads - embryology ; Hematopoietic Stem Cells - cytology ; Liver - cytology ; Liver - embryology ; Mesonephros - embryology ; Mice ; Mice, Inbred C57BL ; Molecular and cellular biology ; Polymerase Chain Reaction ; RNA, Messenger - analysis ; Stromal Cells - physiology
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American Society of Hematology
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