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  • 1
    Language: German
    In: Zeitschrift für Parlamentsfragen, 2011, Vol.42(2), pp.229-246
    Description: // IN GERMAN: Bei den Kongresswahlen vom November 2010 haben die Demokraten eine historische Niederlage erlitten. Im Repräsentantenhaus konnten die Republikaner 64 Sitze hinzugewinnen und übernahmen mit 242 von 435 Sitzen die Mehrheit. Im Senat konnten sie sechs Mandate zusätzlich erobern, sind aber mit 47 von 100 Sitzen weiterhin in der Minderheit. Vor allem vier Gründe sind für diesen Wahlausgang verantwortlich zu machen: erstens waren die Demokraten aufgrund der großen Gewinne 2006 und 2008 elektoral besonders gefährdet. Zweitens profitierten die Republikaner von einem starken Widerstand gegenüber der politischen Agenda des Präsidenten. Drittens gelang es den Republikanern, die Wahl mit einem weitgehend einheitlichen Programm zu nationalisieren. Und viertens vermochten es Obama und die Demokraten im Kongress nicht, die teilweise beträchtlichen Erfolge der ersten beiden Amtsjahre einer breiten Öffentlichkeit besser zu verkaufen". Im Hinblick auf die Präsidentschaftswahlen 2012 ist das Ergebnis jedoch nur bedingt aussagekräftig. In einer elektoral sehr volatilen Situation wird vermutlich vor allem die wirtschaftliche Lage eine zentrale Rolle im Wahlkampf spielen. Mittelfristig sind die Republikaner durch den nach der Wahl von 2010 erfolgenden Neuzuschnitt der Wahlkreise begünstigt. // IN ENGLISH: The 2010 Congressional election ended with a grave loss for the Democrats. Mainly four reasons were responsible for these results: first, due to their wins in 2006 and 2008, Democrats were electorally more exposed than Republicans; second, the Republicans benefited from strong sentiments against Obama and the Democratic agenda; third, Republicans succeeded in nationalizing the election; and fourth, President Obama and his fellow Democrats did not manage sufficiently to convince a majority of voters of the benefits of the passed legislation. Although President Obama's name was not on the ballot, the election turned out to be a national referendum on his first two years in office. Particularly the moderate middle got decimated in the election of 2010. The Blue Dogs lost half of their caucus, and several long term Democratic congressmen did not return to Congress. The tea party's results are mixed. While they managed to turn out conservative voters, they lost several Senate seats by running unelectable candidates. It is too early to predict the 2012 results, but Republicans will surely benefit from redistricting. In the end, it is safe to assume that the election will be decided by which state the economy will be in. Reprinted by permission of the VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften, Germany
    Subject(s): Parliamentary Elections ; Democratic Parties ; Republican Parties ; Public Opinion ; Party Politics ; Heads of State ; Electoral Results ; Political Conditions ; U.S.A. ; Political Science
    ISSN: 0340-1758
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  • 2
    Article
    Article
    2013
    ISSN: 0340-1758 
    Language: German
    In: Zeitschrift fur Parlamentsfragen, 0, 2013, Vol.44(1), pp.3-21
    Description: The 2012 Congressional election has basically confirmed the power distribution on Capitol Hill. Although the Republicans lost several seats in the House of Representatives, they still own a decisive majority. In the Senate, Democrats could not only hold on to their majority, but they even won two additional seats from the Republicans. Due to continued partisan polarization on Capitol Hill, the next two years will again be influenced by a conflict-oriented and slow political process between Congress and the White House. The heated discussions between President Barack Obama and the Republicans in Congress about the debt ceiling (2011) and the fiscal cliff (2012) might serve as examples in this regard. Due to "gerrymandering", the electoral landscape in the coming years will be very advantageous to Republicans. President Obama will need to intensify his dealings with Congress on an institutional as well as a personal level, if he intends to have Congress pass the most important projects on the president's political agenda for his second term. Adapted from the source document.
    Subject(s): Legislative Bodies ; Political Parties ; Presidents ; Elections ; Majorities ; Partisanship ; Polarization ; Debts ; Redistricting ; Political Behavior; Political Behavior ; Article
    ISSN: 0340-1758
    Source: © ProQuest LLC All rights reserved〈img src="https://exlibris-pub.s3.amazonaws.com/PQ_Logo.jpg" style="vertical-align:middle;margin-left:7px"〉
    Source: Worldwide Political Science Abstracts
    Source: ProQuest Politics Collection
    Source: ProQuest Social Sciences Premium Collection
    Source: Politics Collection
    Source: Social Science Premium Collection
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  • 3
    In: Zeitschrift für Parlamentsfragen, 2017(2), p.249
    ISSN: 0340-1758
    Source: wiso Fachzeitschriften (GBI-Genios Deutsche Wirtschaftsdatenbank GmbH) 〈img src="http://exlibris-pub.s3.amazonaws.com/wiso_logo.jpg" style="vertical-align:middle;margin-left:7px"〉
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  • 4
    Language: English
    In: Zeitschrift für Parlamentsfragen, 2017, Vol.48(2), p.249
    Description: In the 2016 Congressional elections in the USA, the Republican Party succeeded in confirming its majorities in both the Senate and the House of Representatives. Although they lost two seats in the Senate and six seats in the House they managed to win a majority of the decisive battleground states. The Republicans managed to retain an advantage in the House for the foreseeable future thanks to gerrymandered seats and a shrinking number of competitive seats in this chamber. The results can be interpreted as an endorsement of the status quo on Capitol Hill. The re-election rates of 97 percent (House) and 93 percent (Senate) are among the highest numbers in recent years. The 2016 elections turned out to be a successful year for incumbents both Republican and Democratic. President Donald Trump enjoys therefore a unified government, at least until the midterm elections of 2018. It will be interesting to see whether he will succeed in implementing his legislative agenda within the U.S. system...
    Subject(s): United States–Us ; Election Districts ; Checks and Balances ; Midterm Elections ; Majorities ; Election Results ; Political Parties ; Redistricting ; Congressional Elections ; Presidents ; Clearing Houses ; Political Parties ; Legislatures ; Elections ; Composition ; Legislatures ; Government/Political Systems; Legislatures ; Politics; National-Level Politics
    ISSN: 0340-1758
    E-ISSN: 1862-2534
    Source: © ProQuest LLC All rights reserved〈img src="https://exlibris-pub.s3.amazonaws.com/PQ_Logo.jpg" style="vertical-align:middle;margin-left:7px"〉
    Source: International Bibliography of the Social Sciences
    Source: Worldwide Political Science Abstracts
    Source: International Bibliography of the Social Sciences (IBSS)
    Source: ProQuest Business Collection
    Source: ProQuest Politics Collection
    Source: ProQuest Social Sciences Premium Collection
    Source: ProQuest Sociology Collection
    Source: Politics Collection
    Source: Social Science Premium Collection
    Library Location Call Number Volume/Issue/Year Availability
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  • 5
    Language: German
    In: Zeitschrift für Parlamentsfragen, 1 January 2011, Vol.42(2), pp.229-246
    Description: The 2010 Congressional election ended with a grave loss for the Democrats. Mainly four reasons were responsible for these results: first, due to their wins in 2006 and 2008, Democrats were electorally more exposed than Republicans; second, the Republicans benefited from strong sentiments against Obama and the Democratic agenda; third, Republicans succeeded in nationalizing the election; and fourth, President Obama and his fellow Democrats did not manage sufficiently to convince a majority of voters of the benefits of the passed legislation. Although President Obama's name was not on the ballot, the election turned out to be a national referendum on his first two years in office. Particularly the moderate middle got decimated in the election of 2010. The Blue Dogs lost half of their caucus, and several long term Democratic congressmen did not return to Congress. The tea party's results are mixed. While they managed to turn out conservative voters, they lost several Senate seats by running unelectable candidates. It is too early to predict the 2012 results, but Republicans will surely benefit from redistricting. In the end, it is safe to assume that the election will be decided by which state the economy will be in.
    Subject(s): Government;
    ISSN: 03401758
    E-ISSN: 18622534
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  • 6
    In: Zeitschrift für Parlamentsfragen, 2018, Vol.49(4), pp.827-837
    ISSN: 0340-1758
    Source: CrossRef
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  • 7
    Language: German
    In: Zeitschrift für Parlamentsfragen, 1 January 2013, Vol.44(1), pp.3-21
    Description: The 2012 Congressional election has basically confirmed the power distribution on Capitol Hill. Although the Republicans lost several seats in the House of Representatives, they still own a decisive majority. In the Senate, Democrats could not only hold on to their majority, but they even won two additional seats from the Republicans. Due to continued partisan polarization on Capitol Hill, the next two years will again be influenced by a conflict-oriented and slow political process between Congress and the White House. The heated discussions between President Barack Obama and the Republicans in Congress about the debt ceiling (2011) and the fiscal cliff (2012) might serve as examples in this regard. Due to "gerrymandering", the electoral landscape in the coming years will be very advantageous to Republicans. President Obama will need to intensify his dealings with Congress on an institutional as well as a personal level, if he intends to have Congress pass the most important projects on the president's political agenda for his second term.
    ISSN: 03401758
    E-ISSN: 18622534
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  • 8
    In: Zeitschrift für Parlamentsfragen, 2018(4), p.827
    ISSN: 0340-1758
    Source: wiso Fachzeitschriften (GBI-Genios Deutsche Wirtschaftsdatenbank GmbH) 〈img src="http://exlibris-pub.s3.amazonaws.com/wiso_logo.jpg" style="vertical-align:middle;margin-left:7px"〉
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  • 9
    Language: English
    In: Zeitschrift für Parlamentsfragen, 2018, Vol.49(4), p.827
    Description: Since Donald Trump was elected president, the U. S. political system of "checks and balances" has been facing previously unknown challenges. With no prior political experience, Trump over the last two years has tried to roll back the legislative successes of his predecessor Barack Obama and to implement his own political agenda. This essay focuses on the abilities and restrictions of the office of the U.S. president. During his first two years in office Trump could rely on a "unified government", i.e. on Republi- can majorities, in the next two years he faces a "divided government", since the Republicans kept control of the U.S. Senate, while loosing their majority in the U.S. House of Representatives. Additionally, U.S. politics are being dominated by an unprecedented political polarization.
    Subject(s): United States–Us ; Polarization ; Checks and Balances ; Majorities ; Divided Government ; Political Parties ; Politics ; Presidents ; Legislatures ; Polarization ; Politics ; Legislatures
    ISSN: 0340-1758
    E-ISSN: 1862-2534
    Source: © ProQuest LLC All rights reserved〈img src="https://exlibris-pub.s3.amazonaws.com/PQ_Logo.jpg" style="vertical-align:middle;margin-left:7px"〉
    Source: International Bibliography of the Social Sciences
    Source: Worldwide Political Science Abstracts
    Source: International Bibliography of the Social Sciences (IBSS)
    Source: ProQuest Business Collection
    Source: ProQuest Politics Collection
    Source: ProQuest Social Sciences Premium Collection
    Source: ProQuest Sociology Collection
    Source: Politics Collection
    Source: Social Science Premium Collection
    Library Location Call Number Volume/Issue/Year Availability
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  • 10
    Language: German
    In: Zeitschrift für Parlamentsfragen, 2015, Vol.46(3), p.459
    Description: In the 2014 Congressional election the Republican party was able to expand its majority in the House of Representatives while winning back the majority in the Senate, resulting in a "divided government" in the 114th US Congress. It became clear that political parties in the USA increasingly have to deal with the phenomenon of a "dual electorate", with the consequence that electorates in Congressional elections ("midterms") differ from presidential elections. In addition, Democrats had to deal with an immensely unpopular Pres Barack Obama, even though he was not on the ballot. Moreover, they could not benefit from a recovering economy. Several recent developments in U.S. elections also need discussion, particularly gerrymandering and sorting as well as the lately increased political polarization and the future of filibusters. It remains to be seen whether Democrats and Republicans can find a more cooperative approach for the remaining time of President Obama's term. The 2016 presidential...
    Subject(s): United States–Us ; Elections ; Polarization ; Political Parties ; Legislatures ; Polarization ; Legislatures ; Presidential Elections ; Unpopular ; Political Parties ; Political Economy; Political Economy ; House of Representatives ; Republican Party
    ISSN: 0340-1758
    E-ISSN: 1862-2534
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