The journal of gene medicine, 2002-05, Vol.4 (3), p.229-239
A number of properties have relegated the use of Moloney murine leukemia virus (Mo‐MLV)‐based retrovirus vectors primarily to ex vivo protocols. Direct implantation of retrovirus producer cells can bypass some of the limitations, and in situ vector production may result in a large number of gene transfer events. However, the fibroblast nature of most retrovirus packaging cells does not provide for an effective distribution of vector producing foci in vivo, especially in the brain. Effective development of new retrovirus producer cells with enhanced biologic properties may require the testing of a large number of different cell types, and a quick and efficient method to generate them is needed.
Moloney murine leukemia virus (Mo‐MLV) gag‐pol and env genes and retrovirus vector sequences carrying lacZ were cloned into different minimal HSV/AAV hybrid amplicons. Helper virus‐free amplicon vectors were used to co‐infect glioma cells in culture. Titers and stability of retrovirus vector production were assessed.
Simultaneous infection of two glioma lines, Gli‐36 (human) and J3T (dog), with both types of amplicon vectors, generated stable packaging populations that produced retrovirus titers of 0.5–1.2×105 and 3.1–7.1×103 tu/ml, respectively. Alternatively, when cells were first infected with retrovirus vectors followed by infection with HyRMOVAmpho amplicon vector, stable retrovirus packaging populations were obtained from Gli‐36 and J3T cells producing retrovirus titers comparable to those obtained with a traditional retrovirus packaging cell line, ΨCRIPlacZ.
This amplicon vector system should facilitate generation of new types of retrovirus producer cells. Conversion of cells with migratory or tumor/tissue homing properties could result in expansion of the spatial distribution or targeting capacity, respectively, of gene delivery by retrovirus vectors in vivo. Copyright © 2002 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
packaging lines ; gene therapy ; HSV amplicons ; retroviral vectors ; hybrid vectors ; Cell Line ; Genetic Therapy ; Transduction, Genetic ; Simplexvirus - genetics ; In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence ; Virus Assembly ; Blotting, Northern ; Animals ; Gene Amplification ; RNA, Viral - genetics ; Moloney murine leukemia virus - physiology ; Mice ; Genetic Vectors ; 3T3 Cells ; Index Medicus
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