Annals of botany, 2006-06, Vol.97 (6), p.943-951
• Background and Aims The effect of heating and cooling on cambial activity and cell differentiation in part of the stem of Norway spruce (Picea abies) was investigated. • Methods A heating experiment (23–25 °C) was carried out in spring, before normal reactivation of the cambium, and cooling (9–11 °C) at the height of cambial activity in summer. The cambium, xylem and phloem were investigated by means of light- and transmission electron microscopy and UV-microspectrophotometry in tissues sampled from living trees. • Key Results Localized heating for 10 d initiated cambial divisions on the phloem side and after 20 d also on the xylem side. In a control tree, regular cambial activity started after 30 d. In the heat-treated sample, up to 15 earlywood cells undergoing differentiation were found to be present. The response of the cambium to stem cooling was less pronounced, and no anatomical differences were detected between the control and cool-treated samples after 10 or 20 d. After 30 d, latewood started to form in the sample exposed to cooling. In addition, almost no radially expanding tracheids were observed and the cambium consisted of only five layers of cells. Low temperatures reduced cambial activity, as indicated by the decreased proportion of latewood. On the phloem side, no alterations were observed among cool-treated and non-treated samples. • Conclusions Heating and cooling can influence cambial activity and cell differentiation in Norway spruce. However, at the ultrastructural and topochemical levels, no changes were observed in the pattern of secondary cell-wall formation and lignification or in lignin structure, respectively.
xylem ; cell differentiation ; cambium ; phloem ; cooling ; Norway spruce ; transmission electron microscopy ; heating ; light microscopy ; Picea abies ; UV-microspectrophotometry ; Dormancy ; Lignin ; Cell growth ; Phloem ; Xylem ; Cooling ; Tracheids ; Cell walls ; Sieve elements ; Cambium ; Picea - ultrastructure ; Microscopy, Electron, Transmission ; Climate ; Cold Temperature ; Picea - physiology ; Plant Stems - cytology ; Hot Temperature ; Cell Wall - ultrastructure ; Cell Differentiation - physiology ; Picea - cytology ; Spectrophotometry, Ultraviolet ; Plant Stems - physiology ; Original
JSTOR Ecology & Botany II
Academic Search Ultimate
Alma/SFX Local Collection
Oxford Journals 2016 Current and Archive A-Z Collection
Permalink to record