IEEE transactions on applied superconductivity, 2015-02, Vol.25 (1), p.1-4
Roebel cables made of high temperature superconducting (HTS) coated conductors can carry high currents with a compact design and reduced ac losses. Therefore, they are good candidates for manufacturing coils for HTS applications such as motors and generators. In this paper, we present the experimental dc and ac characterization of several coils assembled from a 5-m-long Roebel cable built at Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, which differ in the number of turns and turn-to-turn spacing. Our experiments, which are supported by finite-element-method calculations, show that a more tightly wound Roebel coil, despite having a lower critical (and therefore operating) current, can produce a higher magnetic field than a loosely wound one. For a given magnetic field produced at the coil's center, all the coils have similar ac losses, with the exception of the most loosely wound one, which has much higher losses due to the relatively large current needed to produce the desired field. The experiments presented in this paper are carried out on the geometry of pancake coils made of Roebel cables, but they are exemplary of a more general strategy, based on coupling experiments and numerical simulations, that can be used to optimize the coil design, with respect to different parameters, such as tape quantity, size, or ac loss, the relative importance of which is dictated by the specific application.
Coils ; Superconducting cables ; Critical current density (superconductivity) ; Power cables ; Conductors ; Loss measurement ; Magnetic fields ; Finite element method ; High temperature superconductors ; Usage ; Numerical analysis ; Innovations
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