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  • 1
    Article
    Article
    2016
    ISSN: 0013-0133 
    Language: English
    In: The Economic journal (London), 2016-10, Vol.126 (596), p.F66-F95
    Description: This article studies the impact of permanent and transitory shocks to income on parental investments in children. We use panel data on family income and an index of investments in children, from the Children of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth. We find that there is partial insurance of parental investments against permanent income shocks but the magnitude of the estimated responses is small. We cannot reject the hypothesis of full insurance against temporary shocks. Another interpretation of our findings is that insurance possibilities are limited but the fact that skill is a non‐separable function of parental investments over time results in small reactions of these investments to income shocks, especially at later ages.
    Subject(s): Parenting ; Investments ; Parent and child
    ISSN: 0013-0133
    E-ISSN: 1468-0297
    Source: Business Source Ultimate
    Source: EconLit with Full Text
    Source: Oxford Journals A-Z Collection
    Source: Alma/SFX Local Collection
    Source: © ProQuest LLC All rights reserved〈img src="https://exlibris-pub.s3.amazonaws.com/PQ_Logo.jpg" style="vertical-align:middle;margin-left:7px"〉
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  • 2
    Language: English
    In: American economic journal. Economic policy, 2014-11-01, Vol.6 (4), p.135-173
    Description: This paper provides new estimates of the medium- and long-term impacts of Head Start on health and behavioral problems. We identify these impacts using discontinuities in the probability of participation induced by program eligibility rules. Our strategy allows us to identify the effect of Head Start for the individuals in the neighborhoods of multiple discontinuities. Participation in the program reduces the incidence of behavioral problems, health problems, and obesity of male children at ages 12 and 13. It lowers depression and obesity among adolescents, and it reduces engagement in criminal activities and idleness for young adults.
    Subject(s): Preschool education ; Entitlement programs ; Family size ; Preschool children ; Standard deviation ; Children ; Child care ; Age ; Age groups ; Overweight
    ISSN: 1945-7731
    E-ISSN: 1945-774X
    Source: EconLit with Full Text
    Source: JSTOR Arts & Sciences VI
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  • 3
    Article
    Article
    2019
    ISSN: 0013-0133  ISSN: 1468-0297 
    Language: English
    In: The Economic journal (London), 2019-01-01, Vol.129 (617), p.172-208
    Description: We study a Chilean programme that combines home visits to households in extreme poverty with guaranteed access to social services. Its goal was to connect marginalised families to the social system to improve their living conditions. Programme impacts are identified using regression discontinuity exploring the fact that eligibility is a discontinuous function of an index of family income and assets. There is no evidence of short or long-term effects on employment or housing. However, we find short and medium-term impacts on the take-up of subsidies and employment services among families without access to the welfare system prior to the intervention.
    Subject(s): Economics ; Samhällsvetenskap ; Economics and Business ; Social Sciences ; Nationalekonomi ; Ekonomi och näringsliv
    ISSN: 0013-0133
    ISSN: 1468-0297
    E-ISSN: 1468-0297
    Source: Business Source Ultimate
    Source: EconLit with Full Text
    Source: Oxford Journals A-Z Collection
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  • 4
    Language: English
    In: Journal of labor economics, 2020-01-01, Vol.38 (1), p.261-320
    Description: We study how parental leave benefit levels affect household labor supply, family income, and child outcomes, exploiting the speed premium (SP) in the Swedish leave system. The SP grants mothers higher benefits for a subsequent child without reestablishing eligibility through market work if two births occur within a prespecified interval. We use the spacing eligibility cutoffs in a regression discontinuity framework and find that the SP improves educational outcomes of the older child but not those of the younger. Impacts are likely driven by increased maternal time and the quality of maternal time relative to the counterfactual mode of care.
    Subject(s): Economics ; Samhällsvetenskap ; Economics and Business ; Social Sciences ; Nationalekonomi ; Ekonomi och näringsliv
    ISSN: 0734-306X
    ISSN: 1537-5307
    E-ISSN: 1537-5307
    Source: Business Source Ultimate
    Source: EconLit with Full Text
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  • 5
    Text Resource
    Text Resource
    2016
    ISSN: 0013-0133  ISSN: 1468-0297 
    Language: English
    In: Economic Journal, 2016, Vol.126 (596), p.F66
    Description: This article studies the impact of permanent and transitory shocks to income on parental investments in children. We use panel data on family income and an index of investments in children, from the Children of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth. We find that there is partial insurance of parental investments against permanent income shocks but the magnitude of the estimated responses is small. We cannot reject the hypothesis of full insurance against temporary shocks. Another interpretation of our findings is that insurance possibilities are limited but the fact that skill is a non-separable function of parental investments over time results in small reactions of these investments to income shocks, especially at later ages.
    Subject(s): Economics ; Samhällsvetenskap ; Economics and Business ; Social Sciences ; Nationalekonomi ; Ekonomi och näringsliv
    ISSN: 0013-0133
    ISSN: 1468-0297
    E-ISSN: 1468-0297
    Source: Business Source Ultimate
    Source: EconLit with Full Text
    Source: Oxford Journals A-Z Collection
    Source: Alma/SFX Local Collection
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  • 6
    Language: English
    Description: Although many students suffer from anxiety and depression, and students often identify school pressure and concerns about their futures as the main reasons for their worries, little is known about the consequences of a selective school environment on students’ physical and mental health. In this paper, we draw on rich administrative data and the features of the high school assignment system in the largest Norwegian cities to consider the long-term consequences of enrollment in a more selective high school. Using a regression discontinuity analysis, we show that eligibility to enroll in a more selective high school increases the probability of enrollment in higher education and decreases the probability of diagnosis or treatment by a general medical practitioner for psychological symptoms and diseases. We further document that enrolling in a more selective high school has a greater positive impact when there are larger changes in the student–teacher ratio, teachers’ age, and the proportion of female teachers. These findings suggest that changes in teacher characteristics are important for better understanding the effects of a more selective school environment.
    Subject(s): School Selectivity, Mental Health ; Samfunnsvitenskap
    ISSN: 0804-6824
    Source: Brage Consortium Repository
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  • 7
    Language: English
    In: DP SAM, 2020
    Description: Although many students suffer from anxiety and depression, and students often identify school pressure and concerns about their futures as the main reasons for their worries, little is known about the consequences of a selective school environment on students’ physical and mental health. In this paper, we draw on rich administrative data and the features of the high school assignment system in the largest Norwegian cities to consider the long-term consequences of enrollment in a more selective high school. Using a regression discontinuity analysis, we show that eligibility to enroll in a more selective high school increases the probability of enrollment in higher education and decreases the probability of diagnosis or treatment by a general medical practitioner for psychological symptoms and diseases. We further document that enrolling in a more selective high school has a greater positive impact when there are larger changes in the student–teacher ratio, teachers’ age, and the proportion of female teachers. These findings suggest that changes in teacher characteristics are important for better understanding the effects of a more selective school environment.
    Subject(s): School Selectivity, Mental Health
    Source: NORA - Norwegian Open Research Archives
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  • 8
    Text Resource
    Text Resource
    2014
    ISSN: 1945-7731  ISSN: 1945-774X 
    Language: English
    In: American Economic Journal, 2014, Vol.6 (4), p.135
    Description: This paper provides new estimates of the medium- and long-term impacts of Head Start on health and behavioral problems. We identify these impacts using discontinuities in the probability of participation induced by program eligibility rules. Our strategy allows us to identify the effect of Head Start for the individuals in the neighborhoods of multiple discontinuities. Participation in the program reduces the incidence of behavioral problems, health problems, and obesity of male children at ages 12 and 13. It lowers depression and obesity among adolescents, and it reduces engagement in criminal activities and idleness for young adults.
    Subject(s): Economics ; Samhällsvetenskap ; Economics and Business ; Social Sciences ; Nationalekonomi ; Ekonomi och näringsliv
    ISSN: 1945-7731
    ISSN: 1945-774X
    E-ISSN: 1945-774X
    Source: EconLit with Full Text
    Source: JSTOR Arts & Sciences VI
    Library Location Call Number Volume/Issue/Year Availability
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  • 9
    Language: German
    Description: Provider: Deutsche Digitale Bibliothek - Institution: Deutsche Nationalbibliothek - Data provided by Europeana Collections- All metadata published by Europeana are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, Europeana requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources including Europeana
    Subject(s): Wirkungsanalyse ; (stw)Verhalten ; USA ; (stw)USA ; (stw)Wirkungsanalyse ; (stw)Kinderbetreuung ; Wirtschaft ; Bildungsausgaben ; Verhalten ; (stw)Bildungsfinanzierung ; Bildungsfinanzierung ; Kinderbetreuung ; (stw)Gesundheit ; (stw)Regression ; Gesundheit ; Regressionsanalyse
    Source: Europeana Collections
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  • 10
    Language: English
    In: Veterinary medicine (Auckland), 2015, Vol.6 (default), p.193-202
    Description: Canine hip dysplasia (CHD) is the most common inherited polygenic orthopedic trait in dogs with the phenotype influenced also by environmental factors. This trait was described in the dog in 1935 and leads to a debilitating secondary hip osteoarthritis. The diagnosis is confirmed radiographically by evaluating signs of degenerative joint disease, incongruence, and/or passive hip joint laxity. There is no ideal medical or surgical treatment so prevention based on controlled breeding is the optimal approach. The definitive CHD diagnosis based on radiographic examination involves the exposure to ionizing radiation under general anesthesia or heavy sedation but the image does not reveal the underlying genetic quality of the dog. Phenotypic expression of CHD is modified by environmental factors and dogs with a normal phenotype can be carriers of some mutations and transmit these genes to their offspring. Programs based on selection of dogs with better individual phenotypes for breeding are effective when strictly applied but remain inferior to the selection of dogs based on estimation of breeding values. Molecular studies for dissecting the genetic basis of CHD are ongoing, but progress has been slow. In the future, the recommended method to improve hip quality in controlled breeding schemes, which will allow higher selection pressure, would be based on the estimation of the genomic breeding value. Since 2012, a commercial DNA test has been available for Labrador Retrievers using a blood sample and provides a probability for development of CHD but we await evidence that this test reduces the incidence or severity of CHD.
    Subject(s): Dysplasia ; Phenotype ; Dogs ; Development and progression ; Genetic aspects ; Gene expression ; Observations ; Identification and classification ; Diseases ; Hip joint ; Disease prevention ; Genomes ; Arthritis ; Joint surgery ; Veterinary medicine ; Age
    ISSN: 2230-2034
    E-ISSN: 2230-2034
    Source: PubMed Central
    Source: © ProQuest LLC All rights reserved〈img src="https://exlibris-pub.s3.amazonaws.com/PQ_Logo.jpg" style="vertical-align:middle;margin-left:7px"〉
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