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  • 1
    Article
    Article
    2015
    ISSN: 0007-1080 
    In: British Journal of Industrial Relations, March 2015, Vol.53(1), pp.49-69
    Description: Most ontinental uropean labour markets and welfare states have experienced a substantial transformation. ermany is a case in point as it exhibits increasing levels of employment and a growing share of low pay and non‐standard work. The article claims that changes in labour market institutions play a major role, but changes in industrial relations at the sectoral level and individual firms' staffing practices are equally important. Regarding labour market institutions, the pattern found in ermany shows sequences of reforms addressing the margins of the labour market and contributing to a growing dualization of employment. This dualization trend was reinforced by micro‐level dynamics in industrial relations and company employment practices, where we can observe growing reliance on mechanisms of internal flexibility for the skilled core workforce and increasing use of non‐standard types of employment in less specifically skilled occupations, in particular in the private service sector. Hence, the adjustment of the erman model can only be understood by taking into account the interaction of policy change and actors' adaptive behaviour.
    Subject(s): Firm Theory ; Marketization ; Labour Market ; Institutionalism ; Industrial Management ; Germany ; Europe ; Economics;
    ISSN: 0007-1080
    E-ISSN: 1467-8543
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  • 2
    Article
    Article
    2016
    ISSN: 0514-2776 
    In: Zeitschrift für Sozialreform, 01/1/2016, Vol.62(1)
    ISSN: 0514-2776
    E-ISSN: 2366-0295
    Source: Walter de Gruyter (via CrossRef)
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  • 3
    Article
    Article
    2018
    ISSN: 0514-2776 
    In: Zeitschrift für Sozialreform, 2018(2), p.111
    ISSN: 0514-2776
    Source: wiso Fachzeitschriften (GBI-Genios Deutsche Wirtschaftsdatenbank GmbH) 〈img src="http://exlibris-pub.s3.amazonaws.com/wiso_logo.jpg" style="vertical-align:middle;margin-left:7px"〉
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  • 4
    Language: German
    In: Wirtschaftsdienst, Jan 2013, Vol.93(1)
    Subject(s): Unemployment Insurance ; Social Security Financing ; Financing Methods ; European Policy ; European Union ; Labour Market ; Labour Market Structure ; Financial Services ; Europe ; Economics
    ISSN: 0043-6275
    Source: © ProQuest LLC All rights reserved〈img src="https://exlibris-pub.s3.amazonaws.com/PQ_Logo.jpg" style="vertical-align:middle;margin-left:7px"〉
    Source: International Bibliography of the Social Sciences
    Source: International Bibliography of the Social Sciences (IBSS)
    Source: ProQuest Business Collection
    Source: ProQuest Politics Collection
    Source: ProQuest Social Sciences Premium Collection
    Source: ProQuest Sociology Collection
    Source: Social Science Premium Collection
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  • 5
    In: Zeitschrift für Sozialreform, 2018, Vol.64(2), pp.111-119
    Subject(s): Sociology & Social History;
    ISSN: 0514-2776
    E-ISSN: 2366-0295
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  • 6
    Article
    Article
    2010
    ISSN: 1475-1461 
    Language: English
    In: Socio-Economic Review, July 2010, Vol.8(3), pp.564-569
    Description: A review forum on Wolfgang Streeck, Reforming Capitalism: Institutional Change in the German Political Economy (Oxford, Oxford U Press, 2009).
    Subject(s): Political Economy ; Federal Republic of Germany ; Sociology: History and Theory; Theories, Ideas, & Systems ; Article
    ISSN: 1475-1461
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  • 7
    Article
    Article
    2015
    ISSN: 1614-3485 
    Language: English
    In: Journal for Labour Market Research, 2015, Vol.48(2), pp.81-95
    Description: This paper gives an overview of the transformation of the German labour market since the mid-1990s with a special focus on the changing patterns of labour market segmentation or ‘dualisation’ of employment in Germany. While labour market duality in Germany can partially be attributed to labour market reforms promoting, in particular, non-standard forms of employment and allowing for an expansion of low pay, structural changes in the economy as well as strategic choices by employers and social partners also play a prominent role. Our main argument is that the liberalization of non-standard contracts has contributed to the expansion of overall labour market inclusion and job growth in Germany and that at least some forms of non-standard work provide stepping stones into permanent regular jobs. Atypical contracts do not necessarily undermine the dominance of standard employment relationships and job quality in this primary segment but rather form a supplementary part of employment in sectors and occupations that depend on more flexible and maybe cheaper forms of labour. Dieser Beitrag gibt einen Überblick über den Wandel des deutschen Arbeitsmarktes seit Mitte der 90er Jahre, wobei der Fokus auf der Entwicklung der Arbeitsmarktsegmentierung oder der „Dualisierung“ der Beschäftigungsverhältnisse in Deutschland liegt. Während die Dualisierung des deutschen Arbeitsmarktes teilweise auf Arbeitsmarktreformen, die vor allem verschiedene Arten von atypischer Beschäftigung und die Verbreitung von Niedriglohn fördern, zurückgeführt werden kann, spielen ebenso strukturelle Veränderungen in der Wirtschaft sowie strategische Entscheidungen von Arbeitgeber und Tarifpartner eine entschiedene Rolle. Unser Hauptargument ist, dass die Liberalisierung atypischer Arbeitsverträge die gesamte Arbeitsmarkintegration und das Beschäftigungswachstum in Deutschland gefördert hat und dass zumindestens einige Formen atypischer Beschäftigung ein Sprungbrett in unbefristete Normalarbeitsverträge darstellen. Atypische Arbeitsverträge müssen nicht zwingend die vorherrschende Stellung von Normalarbeitsverhältnissen und die Arbeitsplatzqualität im primären Arbeitsmarkt untergraben, sondern sie stellen eine zusätzliche Art von Beschäftigung in Branchen und Berufen dar, die auf mehr Flexibilität ausgerichtet sind.
    Subject(s): Germany ; Labour market reforms ; Dualisation ; Non-standard work
    ISSN: 1614-3485
    E-ISSN: 1867-8343
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  • 8
    Article
    Article
    2018
    ISSN: 0514-2776 
    In: Zeitschrift für Sozialreform, 2018(3), p.261
    ISSN: 0514-2776
    Source: wiso Fachzeitschriften (GBI-Genios Deutsche Wirtschaftsdatenbank GmbH) 〈img src="http://exlibris-pub.s3.amazonaws.com/wiso_logo.jpg" style="vertical-align:middle;margin-left:7px"〉
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  • 9
    Language: English
    In: Journal of European Social Policy, February 2011, Vol.21(1), pp.73-87
    Description: Dualization is a recurrent concept in analysing the political economy of labour market reforms in European countries. While it helps to make sense of changes at the margin of labour markets, so far, it remains unclear whether there are repercussions for standard employees. The paper examines this question by assessing changes in the German labour market. We argue that the growing availability of non-standard work increases pressure on core workers to accept more flexibility. The study yields two results. First, labour market reforms were, indeed, targeted at outsiders and continued in small and sometimes contradictory steps. The direction of change was determined by the socio-economic problem pressure of the respective period, but independent of government composition. Second, while insiders objected to such marginal flexibilization in principle — once the reforms were in place — they reacted with wage moderation and other instruments, thus strengthening their competitiveness...
    Subject(s): Germany ; Dualization ; Labour Market Reform ; Atypical Employment ; Standard Employment Relationship ; Institutional Change ; Sociology & Social History ; International Relations
    ISSN: 0958-9287
    E-ISSN: 1461-7269
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  • 10
    Article
    Article
    2016
    ISSN: 0043-6275 
    Language: German
    In: Wirtschaftsdienst, 2016, Vol.96(6), pp.433-439
    Description: Die Sharing Economy ist das Sinnbild für neue, internetbasierte Geschäftsmodelle, die innerhalb weniger Jahre weltweit etabliert werden können. Mit diesen Geschäftsmodellen sind einerseits Hoffnungen auf mehr Wachstum und mehr Beschäftigung und andererseits Sorgen vor unsicheren Beschäftigungsverhältnissen verbunden. Überwiegen die Chancen die Risiken? Sollte der Staat massiv regulieren? This article analyses the pros and cons of the new profit-oriented sharing economy. It summarises existing studies on the economic effects of Uber and Airbnb with a special focus on the repercussions for the labor market. It turns out that both business models could lead to additional revenues and employment rather than just crowding-out existing business models. However, unfair competition, exploitation of the self-employed and the destruction of cheap housing seem to be issues. Therefore, the authors conclude that neither laissez-faire nor a ban is the right answer. In order to allow for more growth and employment, appropriate regulation is needed.
    Subject(s): Economics ; Economic Policy ; Labor Economics ; Macroeconomics/Monetary Economics//Financial Economics ; Social Policy ; European Integration ; J2 ; J8 ; K2 ; Economics;
    ISSN: 0043-6275
    E-ISSN: 1613-978X
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