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  • 1
    Article
    Article
    2010
    ISSN: 0034-6527 
    Language: English
    In: The Review of economic studies, 2010-04-01, Vol.77 (2), p.595-632
    Description: This paper empirically studies the effects of service offshoring on white-collar employment, using data for more than 100 US occupations over the period 1997-2006. A model of firm behaviour based on separability allows derivation of the labour demand elasticity with respect to service offshoring for each occupation. Estimation is performed with quasi-maximum likelihood, to account for high degrees of censoring in the employment variable. The estimated elasticities are then related to proxies for the skill level and the degree of tradability of the occupations. Results suggest that service offshoring is skill-biased, because it increases employment in more skilled occupations relative to less skilled occupations. At a given skill level, however, service offshoring penalizes tradable occupations relative to non-tradable occupations.
    Subject(s): Analysis ; Outsourcing
    ISSN: 0034-6527
    E-ISSN: 1467-937X
    Source: JSTOR Arts & Sciences I
    Source: Business Source Ultimate
    Source: EconLit with Full Text
    Source: Oxford Journals 2016 Current and Archive A-Z Collection
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  • 2
    Language: English
    In: Journal of economic surveys, 2009-04, Vol.23 (2), p.197-249
    Description: This paper reviews the empirical literature on the effects of offshoring and foreign activities of multinational enterprises on developed countries' labour markets. Results suggest that material offshoring worsens wage inequality between skilled and unskilled workers; it also seems to make employment more volatile, by raising the elasticity of labour demand and the risk of job losses. Service offshoring exerts at most small negative effects on total employment, and changes the composition of the workforce in favour of high‐skilled white‐collar employees. Multinationals tend to substitute domestic and foreign labour in response to changes in relative wages across countries; substitutability is weak, however, and mainly driven by horizontal, market‐seeking foreign direct investments.
    Subject(s): Developed countries ; Multinational enterprises ; Labour market ; Offshoring ; Skilled labor ; Outsourcing ; Foreign investments ; International business enterprises
    ISSN: 0950-0804
    E-ISSN: 1467-6419
    Source: Business Source Ultimate
    Source: EconLit with Full Text
    Source: Alma/SFX Local Collection
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  • 3
    Article
    Article
    2010
    ISSN: 0034-6527 
    Language: English
    In: The Review of economic studies, 2010-04-01, Vol.77 (2), p.595-632
    Description: This paper empirically studies the effects of service offshoring on white-collar employment, using data for more than 100 US occupations over the period 1997-2006. A model of firm behaviour based on separability allows derivation of the labour demand elasticity with respect to service offshoring for each occupation. Estimation is performed with quasi-maximum likelihood, to account for high degrees of censoring in the employment variable. The estimated elasticities are then related to proxies for the skill level and the degree of tradability of the occupations. Results suggest that service offshoring is skill-biased, because it increases employment in more skilled occupations relative to less skilled occupations. At a given skill level, however, service offshoring penalizes tradable occupations relative to non-tradable occupations.
    Subject(s): Employment ; Occupations ; Offshoring ; Marine engineering ; Industrial engineering ; Materials science ; Elasticity of demand ; Mechanical engineering ; Civil engineering ; Aerospace engineering
    ISSN: 0034-6527
    E-ISSN: 1467-937X
    Source: JSTOR Arts & Sciences I
    Source: Business Source Ultimate
    Source: EconLit with Full Text
    Source: Oxford Journals 2016 Current and Archive A-Z Collection
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  • 4
    Article
    Article
    2012
    ISSN: 0013-0133 
    Language: English
    In: The Economic journal (London), 2012-12-01, Vol.122 (565), p.1206-1243
    Description: We find a robust negative correlation between Italian firms' productivity and their export share to low-income destinations. To account for this surprising fact, we marry Verhoogen (2008) with Eaton et al. (2011), by introducing firm heterogeneity in product quality and country heterogeneity in quality consumption in a framework featuring firm and market-specific shocks in entry costs and demand, and estimate the model's parameters structurally by the simulated method of moments. The estimated preference for quality turns out to be monotonically increasing in foreign destinations' income. The model also predicts a negative correlation between firms' R&D intensity and their export share to low-income destinations, a finding supported by our data. Overall, our results strongly suggest high-quality firms should concentrate their sales in high-income markets.
    Subject(s): Productivity ; International trade ; Trade ; Cost of entry ; Revenue ; Standard error ; Exporters ; Modeling ; Exports ; Fixed costs
    ISSN: 0013-0133
    E-ISSN: 1468-0297
    Source: JSTOR Arts & Sciences I
    Source: Business Source Ultimate
    Source: EconLit with Full Text
    Source: Oxford Journals A-Z Collection
    Source: Alma/SFX Local Collection
    Source: EBSCOhost EJS
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  • 5
    Language: English
    In: The Economic journal (London), 2018-03, Vol.128 (609), p.612-651
    Description: We study the determinants of firm‐level heterogeneity in a model where innovation choices upon entry affect the variance of productivity draws. In equilibrium, productivity is Pareto distributed with a shape parameter that depends on industry‐level characteristics. We show that export opportunities, by increasing the pay‐offs in the tail, induce firms to invest in bigger projects with more dispersed outcomes. When more productive firms pay higher wages, trade amplifies wage dispersion by making firms more unequal. These results are consistent with how firm size, innovation and wage heterogeneity vary in a panel of US industries and states.
    Subject(s): Analysis ; Exports
    ISSN: 0013-0133
    E-ISSN: 1468-0297
    Source: Business Source Ultimate
    Source: EconLit with Full Text
    Source: Oxford Journals A-Z Collection
    Source: Alma/SFX Local Collection
    Source: EBSCOhost EJS
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  • 6
    Language: English
    In: Journal of public economic theory, 2021-02, Vol.23 (1), p.69-104
    Description: Two countries set their enforcement noncooperatively to deter native and foreign individuals from committing a crime in their territory. Crime is mobile, ex ante (migration) and ex post (fleeing), and criminals hiding abroad after committing a crime in a country must be extradited. When extradition is not too costly, countries overinvest in enforcement: insourcing foreign criminals is more costly than paying the extradition cost. When extradition is sufficiently costly, instead, significant enforcement may induce criminals to flee the country whose law they infringed on. The fear of paying the extradition cost enables the countries to coordinate on the efficient outcome.
    Subject(s): Criminals ; Enforcement ; Extradition
    ISSN: 1097-3923
    E-ISSN: 1467-9779
    Source: Alma/SFX Local Collection
    Source: © ProQuest LLC All rights reserved〈img src="https://exlibris-pub.s3.amazonaws.com/PQ_Logo.jpg" style="vertical-align:middle;margin-left:7px"〉
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  • 7
    Article
    Article
    2012
    ISSN: 0305-9049 
    Language: English
    In: Oxford bulletin of economics and statistics, 2012-02, Vol.74 (1), p.20-57
    Description: This article studies the effects of service offshoring on the skill composition of labour demand, using novel comparable data for nine Western European countries between 1990 and 2004. The results show that service offshoring raises the relative demand for high‐ and medium‐skilled workers. Its effects are qualitatively identical, and quantitatively similar, to those of material offshoring. Additional evidence suggests, however, that the two types of offshoring may work through different channels: complementarity between imported services and domestic skills in the case of service offshoring, substitution of low‐skilled labour in the case of material offshoring. Overall, the effects are not large in economic terms.
    Subject(s): F17 ; J23 ; Outsourcing
    ISSN: 0305-9049
    E-ISSN: 1468-0084
    Source: Business Source Ultimate
    Source: EconLit with Full Text
    Source: Alma/SFX Local Collection
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  • 8
    Article
    Article
    2014
    ISSN: 0013-0133 
    Language: English
    In: The Economic journal (London), 2014-05-01, Vol.124 (576), p.507-539
    Description: We study, both theoretically and empirically, how trade imbalances affect the structure of countries' exports and wage inequality. We show that, in a Heckscher—Ohlin model with a continuum of goods, a Southern (Northern) trade surplus leads to an increase (reduction) in the average skill intensity of exports, in the relative demand for skills and in the skill premium in both countries. We provide robust support for the mechanism underlying these predictions using a large panel of countries observed over the past 30 years. Our results suggest that the large and growing North-South trade imbalances arisen over the last three decades may have exacerbated wage inequality worldwide.
    Subject(s): Income inequality ; Trade ; International trade ; Industrial productivity ; Offshoring ; Trade surplus ; Imports ; Gross domestic product ; Trade deficits ; Exports ; Equality ; Balance of trade ; Analysis
    ISSN: 0013-0133
    E-ISSN: 1468-0297
    Source: JSTOR Arts & Sciences I
    Source: Business Source Ultimate
    Source: EconLit with Full Text
    Source: Oxford Journals A-Z Collection
    Source: Alma/SFX Local Collection
    Source: EBSCOhost EJS
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  • 9
    Language: English
    In: World economy, 2010-12, Vol.33 (12), p.1836-1869
    Description: This paper studies the effects of offshoring on post‐displacement wages using a large and nationally representative sample of US workers displaced from a manufacturing industry during the 1990s. The empirical results based on Mincerian regressions of individual re‐employment earnings on industry‐level offshoring proxies, show that the effects of offshoring on post‐displacement wages are negative, although not economically large. The preferred specifications suggest, in fact, that a one percentage point increase in offshoring in the pre‐displacement industry reduces earnings on the new job by approximately 0.3–0.6 per cent. These figures imply that the cumulative rise in offshoring over the sample period may have led to a drop of between US$110 and US$330 in the yearly re‐employment wages of US displaced workers. While the magnitude of the effect is largely independent of individual characteristics such as gender, age, occupation and educational level, it does depend on the duration of non‐employment and on workers’ industrial reallocation after displacement. In particular, the effects are relatively stronger for individuals who stay longer before finding a new job, as well as for those who leave the pre‐displacement industry after the job loss.
    Subject(s): Outsourcing ; Wages ; Displaced workers ; Analysis
    ISSN: 0378-5920
    E-ISSN: 1467-9701
    Source: Business Source Ultimate
    Source: EconLit with Full Text
    Source: Alma/SFX Local Collection
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  • 10
    Language: English
    In: Labour (Rome, Italy), 2012, Vol.26 (4), p.492-513
    Description: .  In this paper, we study the effects of inward foreign direct investment (FDI) and trade on relative skilled labour demand in Poland, Hungary, and the Czech Republic. Our estimates show significant heterogeneity in the FDI effect across the three economies: the effect is always significantly positive for Hungary, weakly negative for Poland, and negligible for the Czech Republic. As to trade, we find much more homogeneity in coefficient estimates, which are generally negative for all countries, although significant only in the case of Hungary.
    Subject(s): Arbeitskräftebedarf ; Ungarn ; Fachkraft ; Produzierendes Gewerbe ; Qualifikationsstruktur ; Polen ; Außenhandel ; Internationaler Vergleich ; Auslandsinvestition ; Tschechische Republik ; Multinationales Unternehmen ; Auswirkung ; Beschäftigungsstruktur ; J31 ; F23 ; F16 ; Foreign investments
    ISSN: 1467-9914
    ISSN: 1121-7081
    E-ISSN: 1467-9914
    Source: Business Source Ultimate
    Source: EconLit with Full Text
    Source: Alma/SFX Local Collection
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